The Quarterly
PSMT 2013 10-K

Pricesmart Inc (PSMT) SEC Annual Report (10-K) for 2013

PSMT 2014 10-K
PSMT 2013 10-K PSMT 2014 10-K



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549


FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013

OR

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 000-22793


PRICESMART, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

DELAWARE

33-0628530

(State of other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

9740 SCRANTON RD, SAN DIEGO, CA 92121

(Address of principal executive offices, Zip Code)


Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (858) 404-8800


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:


Common Stock, $0.0001 Par Value


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  ☑     No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.             Yes  ¨     No  ☑


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports); and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☑     No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes   ☑    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   ☑


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definition of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting Company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer   ☑

Accelerated filer ¨

Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).         Yes  ¨     No  ☑


The aggregate market value of the Registrant's voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant as of the last day of the Registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter was $1,515,946,254 based on the last reported sale price of $74.15 per share on the NASDAQ Global Select Market on February 28, 2013 .


As of October 18, 2013 , 30,233,507 shares of Common Stock were outstanding.


DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE


Portions of the Company's Annual Report for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 are incorporated by reference into Part II of this Form 10-K.


Portions of the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on January 22, 2014 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.



PRICESMART, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K FOR

THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED AUGUST 31, 2013



TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page

PART I

Item 1.

Business

1

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

5

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

9

Item 2.

Properties

9

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

12

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

12

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

13

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

13

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

13

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

13

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

13

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

13

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

13

Item 9B.

Other Information

15

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

17

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

17

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

17

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

17

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

17

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

18

Signatures

31


i


PART I

Item 1. Business


General

This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements concerning PriceSmart, Inc.'s ("PriceSmart" or the "Company") anticipated future revenues and earnings, adequacy of future cash flow, projected warehouse club openings, the Company's performance relative to competitors and related matters. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements containing the words "expect," "believe," "will," "may," "should," "project," "estimate," "anticipated," "scheduled" and like expressions, and the negative thereof. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the statements, including foreign exchange risks, political or economic instability of host countries, and competition, as well as those risks described in the Company's U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission reports, including the risk factors referenced in this Form 10-K. See Part I, Item 1A "Risk Factors."

PriceSmart's business consists primarily of international membership shopping warehouse clubs similar to, but smaller in size than, warehouse clubs in the United States. The Company's ownership in all subsidiaries as of August 31, 2013 is 100%, and they are presented on a consolidated basis as wholly owned subsidiaries. The number of warehouse clubs in operation, as of August 31, 2013 , for each country or territory are as follows:


Country/Territory

Number of

Warehouse Clubs

in Operation as of August 31, 2013

Number of

Warehouse Clubs

in Operation as of August 31, 2012

Anticipated warehouse

club openings

in fiscal year 2014

Colombia

3


1


-


Panama

4


4


-


Costa Rica

5


5


1


Dominican Republic

3


3


-


Guatemala

3


3


-


El Salvador

2


2


-


Honduras

2


2


1


Trinidad

4


4


-


Aruba

1


1


-


Barbados

1


1


-


U.S. Virgin Islands

1


1


-


Jamaica

1


1


-


Nicaragua

1


1


-


Totals

31


29


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During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively. Additionally, in February 2013, the Company acquired property located in La Union, Cartago, Costa Rica, upon which it opened its sixth membership warehouse club in Costa Rica on October 18, 2013. Finally, in February 2013, the Company acquired land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras upon which it anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014.


No new warehouse clubs were opened during fiscal year 2012. During fiscal year 2011, the Company opened a new warehouse club in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic ("Arroyo Hondo") on November 5, 2010 and a new membership warehouse club in Barranquilla, Colombia on August 19, 2011.






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International Warehouse Club Business

The Company owns and operates U.S.-style membership shopping warehouse clubs through wholly owned subsidiaries operating in Latin America and the Caribbean using the trade name "PriceSmart." The warehouse clubs sell basic high quality consumer goods at low prices to individuals and businesses. Sales are typically comprised of approximately 52% U.S. and other internationally sourced merchandise and approximately 48% locally sourced merchandise. By offering low prices on high quality brand name and private label merchandise to PriceSmart members, the warehouse clubs seek to generate sufficient sales volumes to operate profitably at relatively low gross profit margins.

The Company ships its U.S. and other internationally sourced merchandise directly to its warehouse clubs or to the Company's consolidation points ("distribution centers"). The goods are allocated for container-based shipment via ocean freight from the distribution centers to the Company's warehouse clubs, thereby maximizing freight volume per shipment in order to lower supply chain costs. Additionally, the Company is adding regional distribution centers in some of its markets (currently Costa Rica and Panama) to improve merchandise flow and reduce costs, the benefit of which can be passed on to our members in the form of lower merchandise prices.  

The typical no-frills warehouse club-type buildings range in size from 48,000 to 87,000 square feet and are located primarily in urban areas to take advantage of dense populations and relatively higher levels of disposable income. Product selection includes perishable foods and basic consumer products.  Ancillary services include food courts in all clubs and tire and photo centers in some clubs.  Substantially all shoppers pay an annual membership fee.

Business Strategy

The Company's business strategy is to efficiently operate U.S.-style membership warehouse clubs in selected Latin American and Caribbean markets, selling high quality merchandise to businesses and families. The Company offers a limited number of stock keeping units (SKU's) covering a wide range of products. The Company charges an annual membership fee to its customers.  These fees combined with warehouse and distribution operating efficiencies and volume purchasing enable PriceSmart to operate its business on lower merchandise margins than conventional retail stores and wholesalers.  The combination of annual membership fees, operating efficiencies and low margins enable PriceSmart to offer its members high quality merchandise at very competitive prices which, in turn, enhances the value of the PriceSmart membership. The Company also seeks to provide fair wages and benefits to PriceSmart employees, as well as a fair return to PriceSmart stockholders.


Generally, the Company's earnings and cash flow from operations improve as sales increase.  Higher sales provide greater purchasing power and often result in lower product prices from the Company's suppliers. As the Company's and individual PriceSmart locations' sales volumes increase, operating efficiencies are often realized through the leveraging of fixed costs and by the introduction of more efficient operating processes.  Further, increased sales permit the Company to leverage its selling, general and administrative expenses. Sales growth in our existing locations (comparable warehouse club sales) creates the highest degree of cost leverage due to the operating efficiencies within our warehouse club format. The Company seeks to increase sales by adding new PriceSmart locations both in existing markets and new markets where management believes new locations will provide long-range value to both our members and our stockholders.   From time to time the Company expands existing locations and makes other improvements to existing locations in order to enhance the value of our members' shopping experience. The Company prioritizes initiatives that it expects will have the greatest impact on increasing sales. 


Membership Policy

PriceSmart believes that membership reinforces customer loyalty while enabling PriceSmart to offer its high quality merchandise at low prices, thereby providing value to its members. Membership fees provide a continuing source of revenue, which is passed on to its members in the form of lower prices on merchandise. PriceSmart has three types of members: Business, Diamond (individual), and Platinum (individual).


Effective June 1, 2012, the Company raised the annual membership fee by approximately $5.00 in most markets. The annual fee for a Diamond membership in these markets is now approximately $35.00 (entitling members to two cards). With this membership fee increase, PriceSmart believes it will be able to offer continued value to its members in their future purchases.


Businesses qualify for Business membership. The Company promotes business membership through its marketing programs and by offering certain merchandise targeted primarily to businesses such as restaurants, hotels, convenience stores, offices and institutions. Business members pay an annual membership fee of approximately the equivalent of $30 for a primary and secondary membership card and approximately $10 for additional add-on membership cards.


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In October 2012, the Company launched the Platinum membership account in Costa Rica. Platinum members pay an annual membership fee of approximately $75.00 for a primary membership card for which they receive an annual 2% rebate of their purchases on most items, up to a maximum annual rebate of $500.00. The Platinum membership program is currently being evaluated to determine if Platinum membership should be offered in other of the Company's markets.


The average membership fee per membership account sold during fiscal year 2013 increased to $33.86 from $30.39.


The Company recognizes membership income over the 12-month term of the membership.  Deferred membership income is presented separately on the consolidated balance sheet and totaled $16.5 million and $13.7 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , respectively.  PriceSmart's membership agreements provide that PriceSmart members may cancel their membership and may receive a refund of the prorated share of their remaining membership fee if they so request.  The Company's historical rate of membership fee refunds has been approximately 0.5% of membership income.

Expansion Plans

The Company focuses significant management attention on improving the operations of its existing locations, not only through improvements in operational efficiencies, but also improvements in buildings and equipment, all targeted at improving sales and profits.  Improvements include building expansion and the replacement of fixtures and equipment to reduce repair expenses, improve energy efficiency and display merchandise more effectively.  During fiscal year 2013, the Company invested approximately $19.3 million in improvements to existing clubs.


The Company continues to explore and evaluate potential options for new sites in several of the countries in which it has already established a strong market presence and in Colombia.  During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively. Additionally, in February 2013, the Company acquired property located in La Union, Cartago, Costa Rica, upon which it opened its sixth membership warehouse club in Costa Rica on October 18, 2013. Finally, in February 2013, the Company acquired land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras upon which it anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014.


Intellectual Property Rights

It is the Company's policy to obtain appropriate proprietary rights protection for trademarks by filing applications for registration of eligible trademarks with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and in certain foreign countries. The Company relies on copyright and trade secret laws to protect its proprietary rights. The Company attempts to protect its trade secrets and other proprietary information through agreements with its employees, consultants and suppliers and other similar measures. There can be no assurance, however, that the Company will be successful in protecting its proprietary rights. While management believes that the Company's trademarks, copyrights and other proprietary know-how have significant value, changing technology and the competitive marketplace make the Company's future success dependent principally upon its employees' technical competence and creative skills for continuing innovation. 

In August 1999, the Company and Associated Wholesale Grocers, Inc. ("AWG") entered into an agreement regarding the trademark "PriceSmart" and related marks containing the name "PriceSmart." The Company agreed not to use the "PriceSmart" mark or any related marks containing the name "PriceSmart" in connection with the sale or offer for sale of any goods or services within AWG's territory of operations, including the following ten states: Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Iowa, Texas, Illinois, Tennessee and Kentucky. The Company, however, may use the mark "PriceSmart" or any mark containing the name "PriceSmart" on the internet or any other global computer network whether within or outside such territory, and in any national advertising campaign that cannot reasonably exclude the territory, and the Company may use the mark in connection with various travel services. AWG has agreed not to oppose any trademark applications filed by the Company for registration of the mark "PriceSmart" or related marks containing the name "PriceSmart," and AWG has further agreed not to bring any action for trademark infringement against the Company based upon the Company's use outside the territory (or with respect to the permitted uses inside the territory) of the mark "PriceSmart" or related marks containing the name "PriceSmart."


3


Competition


The Company's international merchandising business competes with a wide range of international, regional, national and local retailers and wholesalers.  The Company's industry is highly competitive, based on factors such as price, merchandise quality and selection, warehouse location and member service.  Some of the Company's competitors may have greater resources, buying power and name recognition.  In the countries in which the Company operates, the Company does not currently face direct competition from U.S. membership warehouse club operators.  However, it does face competition from various retail formats such as hypermarkets, supermarkets, cash and carry, and specialty stores, including those within Latin America that are owned and operated by a large U.S. based retailer.  The Company has competed effectively in these markets in the past and expects to continue to do so in the future due to the unique nature of the membership warehouse club format.  The Company has noted that certain retailers are making investments in upgrading their locations within the Company's markets.  These actions may result in increased competition within the Company's markets.  Further, it is possible that additional U.S. warehouse club operators may decide to enter the Company's markets and compete more directly with PriceSmart in a similar warehouse club format.


Employees

As of August 31, 2013 , the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries had a total of 6,371 employees. Approximately 95% of the Company's employees were employed outside of the United States, and approximately 1,165 employees in certain of the Company's subsidiaries are represented by Unions. All remaining employees are non-union. The Company considers its employee relations to be very good.

Seasonality

Historically, the Company's merchandising businesses have experienced holiday retail seasonality in their markets. In addition to seasonal fluctuations, the Company's operating results fluctuate quarter-to-quarter as a result of economic and political events in markets served by the Company, the timing of holidays, weather, the timing of shipments, product mix, and currency effects on the cost of U.S.-sourced products which may make these products more or less expensive in local currencies and therefore more or less affordable. Because of such fluctuations, the results of operations of any quarter are not indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full fiscal year or any future quarter. In addition, there can be no assurance that the Company's future results will be consistent with past results or the projections of securities analysts.


Working Capital Practices

Information about the Company's working capital practices is incorporated herein by reference to Part II, Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Liquidity and Capital Resources."


Financial Information about Segments and Geographic Areas


Financial information about segments and geographic areas is incorporated herein by reference to Part II, Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations-Net Warehouse Club Sales by Segments" and Part II, Item 8 "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data Segment: Notes to Financial Statements, Note 15-Segments."

Other Information

PriceSmart, Inc. was incorporated in the State of Delaware in 1994.  The Company's principal executive offices are located at 9740 Scranton Road, San Diego, California 92121.  The Company's telephone number is (858) 404-8800.  The Company's website home page on the Internet is www.pricesmart.com.  The Company makes its website content available for information purposes only.  It should not be relied upon for investment purposes, nor is it incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K.


Available Information

The PriceSmart, Inc. website or internet address is www.pricesmart.com. On this website the Company makes available, free of charge, its annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports, and the annual report to the stockholders as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing such material with or furnishing it to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The Company's SEC reports can be accessed through the investor relations section of its website under "SEC Filings." All of the Company's filings with the SEC may also be obtained at the SEC's Public Reference Room at Room 1580, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549. For information regarding the


4


operation of the SEC's Public Reference Room, please contact the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Additionally, the SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC at www.sec.gov.  The Company will make available its annual report on Form 10-K and its annual Proxy Statement for the fiscal year 2013 at the internet address http://materials.proxyvote.com/741511 as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing such material with or furnishing it to the SEC.


Item 1A. Risk Factors

In evaluating the Company's business, you should consider the following discussion of risk factors, in addition to other information contained in this report as well as the Company's other public filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

The Company's financial performance is dependent on international operations, which exposes it to various risks. The Company's international operations account for nearly all of the Company's total revenues. The Company's financial performance is subject to risks inherent in operating and expanding the Company's international membership warehouse club business, which include: (i) changes in and interpretation of tariff and tax laws and regulations, as well as inconsistent enforcement of laws and regulations; (ii) the imposition of foreign and domestic governmental controls; (iii) trade restrictions; (iv) difficulty and costs associated with international sales and the administration of an international merchandising business; (v) thefts, and the general level of crime or concern over security; (vi) product registration, permitting and regulatory compliance; (vii) volatility in foreign currency exchange rates; and (viii) general political as well as economic and business conditions.  Circumstances relating to these risks may arise, which may then result in disruption to the Company's sales, banking transactions, operations, merchandise shipments, and currency exchange rates, any of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business and results of operations.

Any failure by the Company to manage its widely dispersed operations could adversely affect the Company's business. As of August 31, 2013 , the Company had in operation 31 warehouse clubs in 12 countries and one U.S. territory ( five in Costa Rica; four each in Panama and Trinidad; three each in Guatemala, the Dominican Republic and in Colombia; two each in El Salvador and Honduras; and one each in Aruba, Barbados, Jamaica, Nicaragua and the United States Virgin Islands).  The Company will need to continually evaluate the adequacy of the Company's existing infrastructure, systems and procedures, including warehouse management, financial controls, inventory controls and safety controls within the operation of a warehouse environment. Moreover, the Company will be required to continually analyze the sufficiency of the Company's inventory distribution channels and systems and may require additional or expanded facilities in order to support the Company's operations. The Company may not adequately anticipate all the changing demands that will be imposed on these systems. Any inability or failure to retain effective personnel or to update the Company's internal systems or procedures as required could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Company faces significant competition. The Company's international merchandising businesses compete with exporters, wholesalers, local retailers and trading companies in various international markets. Some of the Company's competitors have greater resources, buying power and name recognition.  In the countries in which the Company operates, the Company does not currently face direct competition from U.S. membership warehouse club operators. However it does face competition from various retail formats such as hypermarkets, supermarkets, cash and carry, home improvement centers, electronic retailers and specialty stores, including those within Latin America that are owned and operated by a large U.S. based retailer. The Company has noted that certain retailers are making investments in upgrading their locations which may result in increased competition. Further, it is possible that current U.S. warehouse club operators may decide to enter the Company's markets and compete more directly with PriceSmart in a similar warehouse club format.  The Company may be required to implement price reductions in order to remain competitive should any of the Company's competitors reduce prices in any of the Company's markets. Moreover, the Company's ability to operate profitably in its markets, particularly small markets, may be adversely affected by the existence or entry of competing warehouse clubs or discount retailers.

Future sales growth depends, in part, on the Company's ability to successfully open new warehouse clubs. As the growth rate of the existing warehouse clubs is impacted by, among other things, the physical limitations of the warehouse clubs, as well as the amount of merchandise that can be safely stored and displayed in the warehouse clubs and also the number of members that can be accommodated during business hours, future sales growth would depend, in part, upon the Company's acquiring suitable sites for additional warehouse clubs. Land for purchase or lease, or buildings to be leased, in the size, and locations in those markets that would be suitable for new PriceSmart warehouse clubs may be limited in number or not be available or financially feasible. In this regard, the Company competes with other retailers and businesses for suitable locations. Additionally, local land use and other regulations restricting the construction and operation of the Company's warehouse clubs and environmental regulations may impact its ability to find suitable locations, and increase the cost of constructing, leasing and operating its warehouse


5


clubs. Limitations on the availability of appropriate sites for new warehouse clubs in the areas targeted by the Company could have a material adverse effect on the future growth of the Company.


In some cases, the Company has more than one warehouse club in a single metropolitan area, and the Company intends to continue to open new warehouse clubs in areas where it already has warehouse clubs. A new warehouse club in an area already served by existing warehouse clubs may draw members away from existing warehouse clubs and adversely affect comparable warehouse club sales performance.


The Company also intends to open warehouse clubs in new markets. The risks associated with entering a new market include potential difficulties in attracting members due to a lack of familiarity with PriceSmart and the Company's lack of familiarity with local member preferences. In addition, entry into new markets may bring the Company into competition with new competitors or with existing competitors with a large, established market presence. As a result, the Company's new warehouse clubs might not be successful in new markets.


The Company might not identify in a timely manner or effectively respond to changes in consumer trends and changes in consumer preferences for merchandise and shopping modalities, which could adversely affect its relationship with members, demand for its products and market share. The Company's success depends, in part, on its ability to identify and respond to trends in demographics and changes in consumer preferences for merchandise and shopping modalities. It is difficult to consistently and successfully predict the products and services the Company's members will demand. Failure to timely identify or effectively respond to changing consumer tastes, preferences and spending patterns could adversely affect the Company's relationship with its members, the demand for its products and its market share. If the Company is not successful at predicting sales trends and adjusting purchases accordingly, the Company might have excess inventory which could result in additional markdowns and have an adverse effect on margins (net sales less merchandise costs) and operating income.


The Company faces difficulties in the shipment of, and inherent risks in the importation of, merchandise to its warehouse clubs. The Company's warehouse clubs typically import nearly half or more of the merchandise that they sell, which originates from various countries and is transported over long distances, typically over water, which results in: (i) substantial lead times needed between the procurement and delivery of product, thus complicating merchandising and inventory control methods; (ii) the possible loss of product due to theft or potential damage to, or destruction of, ships or containers delivering goods; (iii) product markdowns as a result of it being cost prohibitive to return merchandise upon importation; (iv) product registration, tariffs, customs and shipping regulation issues in the locations the Company ships to and from; and (v) ocean freight and duty costs. Moreover, each country in which the Company operates has different governmental rules and regulations regarding the importation of foreign products. Changes to the rules and regulations governing the importation of merchandise may result in additional delays, costs or barriers in the Company's deliveries of products to its warehouse clubs or may affect the type of products it selects to import. In addition, only a limited number of transportation companies service the Company's regions. The inability or failure of one or more key transportation companies to provide transportation services to the Company, any collusion among the transportation companies regarding shipping prices or terms, changes in the regulations that govern shipping tariffs or the importation of products, or any other disruption in the Company's ability to transport the Company's merchandise could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business and results of operations.


The Company is exposed to weather and other natural disaster risks. The Company's operations are subject to volatile weather conditions and natural disasters, such as earthquakes and hurricanes, which are encountered in the regions in which the Company's warehouse clubs are located and which could result in significant damage to, destruction of, or temporary closure of, the Company's warehouse clubs. Warehouse club closures associated with heavy rains, local flooding and government advisories to stay off the roads during a natural disaster, such as a hurricane, could result in many days of lost sales. Similar risks could negatively affect the Company's business if they were to arise in any of various points on its international merchandise distribution chain, in particular the Company's distribution centers or ports of origin or destination. Losses from business interruption may not be adequately compensated by insurance and could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations.


General economic conditions could adversely impact the Company's business in various respects. A slowdown in the U.S. and international economies or other economic conditions affecting discretionary consumer spending, such as employment rates, business conditions, inflation, fuel and energy costs, consumer debt levels, lack of available credit, interest rates, tax rates, consumer spending patterns, customer preferences and other economic factors in each of the Company's foreign markets may adversely affect its business by reducing overall consumer purchasing power and could negatively impact the Company's growth, sales and profitability. In addition, a significant decline in the economies of the countries in which the Company's warehouse clubs are located may lead to increased governmental ownership or regulation of the economy, higher interest rates, increased barriers to entry such as higher tariffs and taxes, and reduced demand for goods manufactured in the United States.  Factors such as declining expatriate remittances, reduced tourism, and less foreign investment could negatively impact the economies of Latin America and


6


the Caribbean. The potential for economic instability, the impact of a global recession and its duration, the potential for failures or realignments of financial institutions and the related impact on available consumer credit could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations.


The Company is subject to changes in relationships and agreements with third parties with which the Company does business and/or from which the Company acquires merchandise. The Company has important ongoing relationships with various third-party suppliers of services and merchandise. These include, but are not limited to, local and regional merchandise suppliers, information technology suppliers, warehouse facilities and equipment suppliers, financial institutions, credit card issuers and processors, and lessors. Significant changes in those relationships or the agreements which govern the terms through which business is conducted including the Company's ability to purchase merchandise in sufficient quantities and at competitive prices, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operation. In this regard, the manner in which the Company acquires merchandise, either directly from the parent company or through a local subsidiary or distributor, is subject to change from time to time based on changes initiated by the supplier and for reasons beyond the control of the Company. Significant changes or disruptions in how the Company acquires merchandise from these suppliers could negatively affect the Company's access to such merchandise, as well as the cost of merchandise to the Company and hence its members, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business and results of operations.


The Company relies extensively on computer systems to process transactions, summarize results and manage its business. Failure to adequately maintain the Company's systems and disruptions in its systems could harm its business and adversely affect its results of operations. Given the number of individual transactions the Company has each year, the Company seeks to maintain uninterrupted operation of its business-critical computer systems. The Company's computer systems, including back-up systems, are subject to damage or interruption from power outages, computer and telecommunications failures, computer viruses, internal or external security breaches, catastrophic events such as fires, earthquakes, tornadoes and hurricanes, and errors by its employees. If the Company's computer systems and back-up systems are damaged or cease to function properly, the Company may have to make significant investments to fix or replace them, and it may suffer interruptions in its operations in the interim. Any material interruption in the Company's computer systems could have a material adverse effect on its business or results of operations.


The Company could be subject to additional tax liabilities. The Company is required to file federal and state tax returns in the United States and various other tax returns in foreign jurisdictions. The preparation of these tax returns requires the Company to interpret the applicable tax laws and regulations in effect in such jurisdictions, which affects the amount of tax paid by the Company. The Company, in consultation with its tax advisors, bases its tax returns on interpretations that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The tax returns, however, are subject to routine reviews by the various taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which the Company files its returns. As part of these reviews, a taxing authority may disagree with respect to the interpretations the Company used to calculate its tax liability and therefore require the Company to pay additional taxes. In addition, the Company computes its income tax provision based on enacted tax rates in the countries in which it operates. As the tax rates vary among countries, a change in earnings attributable to the various jurisdictions in which the Company operates could result in an unfavorable change in our overall tax provision. Reviews, interpretations and changes in earnings within jurisdictions could have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.


A few of the Company's stockholders own approximately 29.7% of the Company's voting stock as of August 31, 2013 , which may make it difficult to complete some corporate transactions without their support and may impede a change in control. Robert E. Price, the Company's Chairman of the Board, and affiliates of Mr. Price, including Price Charities, The Price Group, LLC and various trusts, collectively beneficially own approximately 29.7% of the Company's outstanding shares of common stock. The percentage of stock controlled by these entities decreased from 29.8% to 29.7% during  fiscal year 2013 as a result of various public and private sales of the Company's stock by these stockholders and the increase in common stock outstanding.  As a result of their beneficial ownership, these stockholders have the ability to significantly affect the outcome of all matters submitted to the Company's stockholders for approval, including the election of directors. In addition, this ownership could discourage the acquisition of the Company's common stock by potential investors and could have an anti-takeover effect, possibly depressing the trading price of the Company's common stock.  


The loss of key personnel could harm the Company's business. The Company depends to a large extent on the performance of its senior management team and other key employees, such as U.S. expatriates in certain locations where the Company operates. The loss of the services of any members of the Company's senior management or other key employees could have a material adverse effect on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. The Company does not maintain key- man life insurance on any executive.

The Company is subject to volatility in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company conducts operations in Latin America and the Caribbean, and as such is subject to both economic and political instabilities that can cause volatility in foreign currency exchange rates or weak economic conditions. As of August 31, 2013 , the Company had a total of 31 warehouse clubs


7


operating in 12 foreign countries and one U.S. territory, 24 of which operate under currencies other than the U.S. dollar. For fiscal year 2013 , approximately 79% of the Company's net warehouse club sales were in foreign currencies. The Company may enter into additional foreign countries in the future or open additional locations in existing countries, which may increase the percentage of net warehouse sales denominated in foreign currencies. Volatility and uncertainties regarding the currencies in the Company's countries could have a material impact on the Company's operations in future periods.

The Company faces the risk of exposure to product liability claims, a product recall and adverse publicity. The Company markets and distributes products purchased from third-party suppliers and products prepared by the Company for resale, including meat, dairy and other food products which exposes the Company to the risk of product liability claims, a product recall and adverse publicity. The Company may inadvertently redistribute food products or prepare food products that are contaminated, which may result in illness, injury or death if the contaminants are not eliminated by processing at the food service or consumer level. The Company generally seeks contractual indemnification and insurance coverage from its major suppliers for product purchased from third-party suppliers and carries product liability insurance for product prepared by the Company. However, if the Company does not have adequate insurance or contractual indemnification available, product liability claims relating to products that are contaminated or otherwise harmful could have a material adverse effect on the Company's ability to successfully market its products and on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, even if a product liability claim is not successful or is not fully pursued, the negative publicity surrounding a product recall or any assertion that the Company's products caused illness or injury could have a material adverse effect on the Company's reputation with existing and potential customers and on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations.


Potential future impairments of long lived assets could adversely affect the Company's future results of operations and financial position. Long-lived assets are assessed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. An impairment loss would be measured and recognized if the sum of the expected future undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset were determined to be impaired, an impairment loss to write-down the carrying value of the asset to fair value by using quoted market prices, when available, would be required. When a quoted market price is not available, an estimated fair value would be determined through other valuation techniques. The Company has used projected cash flows to reflect the expected commercial, competitive and other factors related to its long-lived assets. These future tests may result in a determination that these assets have been impaired. If at any time the Company determines that an impairment has occurred, it will be required to reflect the impaired value as a charge, resulting in a reduction in earnings in the quarter such impairment is identified and a corresponding reduction in the Company's net asset value.  A material reduction in earnings resulting from such a charge could cause the Company to fail to be profitable in the period in which the charge is taken or otherwise to fail to meet the expectations of investors and securities analysts, which could cause the price of the Company's stock to decline.

Write-offs of goodwill and other intangible assets could adversely affect the Company's future results of operations and financial position. Goodwill and intangible assets deemed to have indefinite lives are not amortized but instead are subject to annual assessments and, if deemed necessary, goodwill impairment tests. As of August 31, 2013 , the Company had goodwill of approximately $36.4 million . The Company performed assessments and, if deemed necessary, impairment tests on goodwill as of August 31, 2013.  The Company's assessment and testing of reported goodwill was performed at the entity level for fiscal year 2013 and fiscal year 2012 . The Company's assessments or impairment testing found no significant change in those reporting units' assets and liabilities since fiscal year 2010; with each reporting unit's fair value determination substantially exceeding its carrying amount in fiscal year 2010 or impairment testing of the carrying amount of goodwill of reporting unit goodwill did not exceed the implied fair value of that goodwill.    Accordingly no impairment losses were recorded in fiscal years 2013 and 2012 . In the future, the Company will perform similar reviews for reporting entities where goodwill has been recorded.  If at any time the Company determines that an impairment has occurred, the Company will be required to reflect the impaired value as a part of operating income, resulting in a reduction in earnings in the period such impairment is identified and a corresponding reduction in the Company's net asset value. A material reduction in earnings resulting from such a charge could cause the Company to fail to be profitable or increase the amount of its net loss in the period in which the charge is taken or otherwise fail to meet the expectations of investors and securities analysts, which could cause the price of the Company's stock to decline.


The Company faces increased public company compliance risks and compliance risks related to the Company's international operations. In the United States and within the international markets where the Company operates there are multiple laws and regulations that relate to the Company's business and operations. These laws and regulations are subject to change and any failure by the Company to effectively manage its operations and reporting obligations as required by the various laws and regulations can result in the Company incurring significant legal costs, fines as well as disruptions to the Company's business and operations. Such failure could also result in investor loss of confidence in the Company, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's stock price.



8


The Company faces increased compliance risks associated with compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Section 404 requires management of public companies to evaluate, and the independent auditors to attest to, the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. The Company's internal controls over financial reporting are designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and include those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the Company's transactions and the dispositions of its assets; (2) provide reasonable assurance that the Company's transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with appropriate authorizations; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effect on its financial statements. Any failure to effectively implement necessary or appropriate new or improved internal controls, to resolve difficulties encountered in their implementation or remediate identified material weaknesses could harm the Company's operating results, cause it to fail to meet reporting obligations, result in management being required to give a qualified assessment of the Company's internal controls over financial reporting or the Company's independent auditors providing an adverse opinion regarding their attestation of the effectiveness of the Company's internal controls over financial reporting. Any such result could cause investors to lose confidence in the Company's reported financial information, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company's stock price.


If remediation costs or hazardous substance contamination levels at certain properties for which the Company maintains financial responsibility exceed management's current expectations, the Company's financial condition and results of operations could be adversely impacted. In connection with its spin-off from Price Enterprises, Inc., or PEI, in 1997, the Company agreed to indemnify PEI for all of PEI's liabilities (including indemnification obligations for environmental liabilities) arising out of PEI's prior ownership of certain properties. The Company's ownership of real properties and its agreement to indemnify PEI could subject it to certain environmental liabilities. Certain of these properties are located in areas of current or former industrial activity, where environmental contamination may have occurred. The Company monitors the soil and groundwater at these locations as may be required by law. If the Company were to incur costs for remediating contamination at these sites which exceed management's current expectations, the Company's financial condition and results of operations could be adversely impacted.



Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.




9


Item 2. Properties


At August 31, 2013 , PriceSmart operated 31 membership warehouse clubs, as detailed below:


Location

Own land

and building

Lease land

and/or building

LATIN AMERICA SEGMENT

Colombia (1)

3


-


Panama

3


1


Guatemala

1


2


Costa Rica (2)

5


-


El Salvador

2


-


Honduras (3)

1


1


Nicaragua

1


-


CARIBBEAN SEGMENT

Dominican Republic

3


-


Aruba

-


1


Barbados

1


-


Trinidad

3


1


U.S. Virgin Islands

-


1


Jamaica

1


-


Total

24


7



(1)

During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively. The Company continues to explore other potential sites for future warehouse clubs in other major cities in Colombia. 

(2)

In February 2013, the Company acquired property located in La Union, Cartago, Costa Rica, upon which the Company opened its sixth membership warehouse club in Costa Rica on October 18, 2013.

(3)

In February 2013, the Company acquired land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras upon which it anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014.


10


As of August 31, 2013 , the Company's warehouse club buildings occupied a total of approximately 2,104,480 square feet of which 420,647 square feet were on leased property.


The following is a summary of other leased facilities:

Location

Facility Type

Own land
and building

Lease land
and/or building

LATIN AMERICA SEGMENT

Bogota, Colombia

Central Offices

-


1


Panama

Storage and Distribution Facility

-


1


Costa Rica

Storage and Distribution Facility

-


1


CARIBBEAN SEGMENT

Barbados 

Storage Facility 

-


1


Chaguanas, Trinidad

Employee Parking

-


1


Chaguanas, Trinidad

Container Parking

-


1


Jamaica

Storage Facility

-


1


Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Central Offices

-


1


U.S. SEGMENT

San Diego, CA

Corporate Headquarters

-


1


Miami, FL

Distribution Facility

-


1


Total

-


10






11


The following is a summary of the warehouse clubs and Company facilities located on leased property:


Approximate

Square

Current Lease

Remaining

Option(s)

Location

Facility Type

Date Opened

Footage

Expiration Date

to Extend

Via Brazil, Panama

Warehouse Club

December 4, 1997

68,696


October 31, 2026

10 years

Miraflores, Guatemala

Warehouse Club

April 8, 1999

66,059


December 31, 2020

5 years

Pradera, Guatemala

Warehouse Club

May 29, 2001

48,438


May 28, 2021

none

Tegucigalpa, Honduras

Warehouse Club

May 31, 2000

64,735


May 30, 2020

none

Oranjestad, Aruba

Warehouse Club

March 23, 2001

64,627


March 23, 2021

10 years

Port of Spain, Trinidad

Warehouse Club

December 5, 2001

54,046


July 5, 2031

none

St. Thomas, U.S.V.I.

Warehouse Club

May 4, 2001

54,046


February 28, 2020

10 years

Barbados 

Storage Facility

December 1, 2012

12,517


November 30, 2015

3 years

Chaguanas, Trinidad

Employee Parking

May 1, 2009

4,944


April 30, 2024

none

Chaguanas, Trinidad

Container Parking

April 1, 2010

65,340


March 31, 2015

none

Jamaica

Storage Facility

September 1, 2012

17,000


February 28, 2014

3 years

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Central Offices

June 1, 2010

2,002


May 31, 2015

1 year

Bogota, Colombia

Central Offices

October 21, 2010

4,100


December 20, 2014

none

San Diego, CA

Corporate Headquarters

April 1, 2004

39,225


August 31, 2015

5 years

Miami, FL

Distribution Facility

March 1, 2008

274,652


July 31, 2021

10 years

Panama

Storage and Distribution Facility

August 15, 2012


25,690



August 15, 2015

mutual agreement

Costa Rica

Storage and Distribution Facility

January 28, 2013


37,674



January 27, 2014

3 years


Item 3. Legal Proceedings

We are often involved in claims arising in the ordinary course of business seeking monetary damages and other relief. Based upon information currently available to us, none of these claims is expected to have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.


Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.



12


PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

The information required by Item 5 is incorporated herein by reference to PriceSmart's Annual Report to Stockholders for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 under the heading "Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities."

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The information required by Item 6 is incorporated herein by reference to PriceSmart's Annual Report to Stockholders for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 under the heading "Selected Financial Data."

Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The information required by Item 7 is incorporated herein by reference to PriceSmart's Annual Report to Stockholders for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 under the heading "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations."

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The information required by Item 7A is incorporated herein by reference to PriceSmart's Annual Report to Stockholders for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 under the heading "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk."

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

The information required by Item 8 is incorporated herein by reference to PriceSmart's Annual Report to Stockholders for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 under the heading "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

None.



13



Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.

As of August 31, 2013 , under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management, including the Company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the Company carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e). These disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in its periodic reports with the SEC is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the SEC's rules and forms, and that the information is accumulated and communicated to the Company's management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The design of any disclosure controls and procedures also is based in part on certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions.

Based upon their evaluation, the principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that the Company's disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

(b) Management's report on internal control over financial reporting

Internal control over financial reporting refers to the process designed by, or under the supervision of, the Company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer, and effected by its board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, and includes those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company's assets; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and that receipts and expenditures are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Company's management and directors; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Internal control over financial reporting cannot provide absolute assurance of achieving financial reporting objectives because of its inherent limitations. Internal control over financial reporting is a process that involves human diligence and compliance and is subject to lapses in judgment and breakdowns resulting from human failures. Internal control over financial reporting also can be circumvented by collusion or improper management override. Because of such limitations, there is a risk that material misstatements may not be prevented or detected on a timely basis by internal control over financial reporting. However, these inherent limitations are known features of the financial reporting process. Therefore, it is possible to design into the process safeguards to reduce, though not eliminate, this risk.

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over the Company's financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act. Under the supervision, and with the participation, of the Company's management, including its principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting.  Management has used the framework set forth in the report entitled "Internal Control-Integrated Framework" published by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission to evaluate the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting. Based on its evaluation, management has concluded that the Company's internal control over financial reporting was effective as of August 31, 2013 , the end of its most recent fiscal year.


14



Ernst & Young LLP, the Company's independent registered public accounting firm, has issued an attestation report on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2013 , as stated in their report which is included herein.

(c) Changes in internal control over financial reporting.

There have been no changes in the Company's internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) or 15d-15(f) of the Exchange Act), during the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 , that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

The certifications required by Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 are filed as Exhibit 31.1 and 31.2 to this report.




Item 9B. Other Information

Not applicable.


15


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders of PriceSmart, Inc.

We have audited PriceSmart, Inc.'s internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1992 Framework) (the COSO criteria). PriceSmart, Inc.'s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company's internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.


We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.


A company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company's internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.


Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.


In our opinion, PriceSmart, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2013, based on the COSO criteria.


We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the 2013 consolidated financial statements of PriceSmart, Inc. and our report dated October 30, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

/s/ Ernst & Young LLP

San Diego, California

October 30, 2013




16


PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

PriceSmart has adopted a code of ethics that applies to its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, controller, and to all of its other officers, directors, employees and agents. The code of ethics is available on PriceSmart's web site at http://pricesmart.com/Investor/Corporate-Governance/Conduct.aspx. PriceSmart intends to disclose on its website future amendments to, or waivers from, certain provisions of its code of ethics within four business days following the date of such amendment or waiver.

The additional information required by Item 10 is incorporated herein by reference from PriceSmart's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the headings "Election of Directors," "Information Regarding Directors," "Information Regarding the Board," "Executive Officers of the Company" and "Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act."

Item 11. Executive Compensation

The information required by Item 11 is incorporated herein by reference from PriceSmart's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the heading "Compensation Discussion and Analysis."

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

The information required by Item 12 is incorporated herein by reference from PriceSmart's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the headings "Securities Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management" and "Equity Compensation Plan Information."

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

The information required by Item 13 is incorporated herein by reference from PriceSmart's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the headings "Certain Transactions" and "Information Regarding Directors."

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

The information required by Item 14 is incorporated herein by reference from PriceSmart's definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders under the heading "Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm."


17


PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

(a) The documents listed in the following table, which are included in its Annual Report to Stockholders, are incorporated herein by reference to the portions of this Annual Report on Form 10-K filed as Exhibit 13.1 hereto.

(1) and (2) Financial Statements

Index to Consolidated Financial Statements

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Consolidated Balance Sheets

Consolidated Statements of Income

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income


Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Schedules not included herein have been omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

(3) The following exhibits are filed as part of this Form 10-K and this list includes the Exhibit Index.


Exhibit

Number

Description

3.1(1)

Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.

3.2(19)

Certificate of Amendment of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.

3.3(18)

Certificate of Amendment of Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company.

3.4(1)

Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company.

3.5(20)

Amendment to Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company.

4.1(22)

Specimen of Common Stock certificate.

10.1(a)(48)

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Award Grant Notice and Restricted Stock Unit Award Agreement under the 2002 Equity Participation Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.1(b)*

Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement (Director Option) under the 2001 Equity Participation Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.1(c)*

Form of Non-Qualified Stock Option Agreement (Director Option) under the 2002 Equity Participation Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.2(a)(32)

International Loan Swap Agreement with Citibank, N.A. dated as of February 13, 2008.

10.2(b)(37)

Loan Facility Agreement between PriceSmart (Trinidad) Limited and First Caribbean International Bank (Trinidad & Tobago) Limited dated February 19, 2009.

10.2(c)(39)

Loan Agreement dated August 13, 2009 between PriceSmart, SA. and the Bank of Nova Scotia.

10.3(a)(2)**

Employment Agreement between Price Enterprises, Inc. and Robert M. Gans, dated September 20, 1994.


18


10.3(b)(3)**

Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between Price Enterprises, Inc. and Robert M. Gans, dated April 28, 1997.

10.3(c)(1)**

Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of September 2, 1997.

10.3(d)(4)**

Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of March 31, 1999.

10.3(e)(5)**

Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of November 22, 1999.

10.3(f)(5)**

Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of July 18, 2000.

10.3(g)(6)**

Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of September 26, 2001.

10.3(h)(6)**

Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 16, 2001.

10.3(i)(7)**

Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of November 19, 2002.

10.3(j)(8)**

Tenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 22, 2003.

10.3(k)(9)**

Eleventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of July 24, 2003.

10.3(l)(30)**

Twelfth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of September 24, 2004.

10.3(m)(23)**

Thirteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of February 10, 2005.

10.3(n)(25)**

Fourteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of September 26, 2005.

10.3(o)(27)**

Fifteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of March 1, 2006.

10.3(p)(31)**

Sixteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of September 25, 2006.

10.3(q)(28)**

Seventeenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 1, 2007.

10.3(r)(34)**

Eighteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 1, 2007.

10.3(s)(32)**

Nineteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 1, 2008.

10.3(t)(35)**

Twentieth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 1, 2008.

10.3(u)(36)**

Twenty-First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of November 13, 2008.

10.3(v)(37)**

Twenty-Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 1, 2009.

10.3(w)(40)**

Twenty-Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 1, 2009.

10.3(x)(41)**

Twenty-Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 1, 2010.

10.3(y)(44)**

Twenty-Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 6, 2010.


19


10.3(z)(45)**

Twenty-Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 10, 2011.

10.3(aa)(46)**

Twenty-Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of April 1, 2011.

10.3(ab)(47)**

Twenty-Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 1, 2011.

10.3(ac)(47)**

Twenty-Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 1, 2011.

10.3(ad)(49)**

Thirtieth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of October 1, 2012.

10.3(ae)(50)**

Thirty-First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Robert M. Gans, dated as of January 1, 2013.

10.4(a)(45)**

Employment Agreement between the Company and John M. Heffner, dated January 31, 2011.

10.4(b)(46)**

First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John M. Heffner, dated April 1, 2011.

10.4(c)(47)**

Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John M. Heffner, dated November 18, 2011.

10.4(d)(50)**

Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John M. Heffner, dated January 1, 2013.

10.5(10)

Form of Indemnity Agreement.

10.8(a)(13)**

Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas D. Martin, dated March 31, 1998.

10.8(b)(4)**

First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas D. Martin, dated March 31, 1999.

10.8(c)(5)**

Second Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas D. Martin, dated November 22, 1999.

10.8(d)(11)**

Third Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 11, 2000.

10.8(e)(14)**

Fourth Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 24, 2001.

10.8(f)(6)**

Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated October 16, 2001.

10.8(g)(12)**

Fifth Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin, dated January 16, 2002.

10.8(h)(9)**

Sixth Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin, dated January 22, 2003.

10.8(i)(20)**

Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin, dated March 15, 2004.

10.8(j)(24)**

Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin, dated March 3, 2005.

10.8(k)(27)**

Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2006.

10.8(l)(28)**

Tenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 1, 2007.

10.8(m)(29)**

Eleventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2007.

10.8(n)(32)**

Twelfth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 1, 2008.


20


10.8(o)(33)**

Thirteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2008.

10.8(p)(36)**

Fourteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated November 13, 2008.

10.8(q)(37)**

Fifteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 1, 2009.

10.8(r)(38)**

Sixteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2009.

10.8(s)(41)**

Seventeenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 1, 2010.

10.8(t)(41)**

Eighteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated February 1, 2010.

10.8(u)(42)**

Nineteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 15, 2010.

10.8(v)(45)**

Twentieth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 10, 2011.

10.8(w)(46)**

Twenty-First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2011.

10.8(x)(46)**

Twenty-Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated April 1, 2011.

10.8(y)(47)**

Twenty-Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated November 18, 2011.

10.8(z)(48)**

Twenty-Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2012.

10.8(aa)(50)**

Twenty-Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated January 1, 2013.

10.8(ab)(51)**

Twenty-Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Thomas Martin dated March 1, 2013.

10.10(36)

Letter Agreement between RBTT Bank Ltd. and PriceSmart (Trinidad) Limited dated November 20, 2008.

10.11(36)

Shareholders' Agreement between Pricsmarlandco, S.A. and JB Enterprises Inc. dated September 29, 2008.

10.12(36)

Shareholder Agreement between Fundacion Tempus Fugit and PriceSmart Panama, S.A. dated September 24, 2008.

10.13(15)

Trademark Agreement between the Company and Associated Wholesale Grocers, Inc., dated August 1, 1999.

10.14(14)

Master Agreement between the Company and Payless ShoeSource Holdings, Ltd., dated November 27, 2000.

10.15(a)(12)**

Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated January 16, 2002.

10.15(b)(8)**

First Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and William J. Naylon, dated January 22, 2003.

10.15(c)(19)**

Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated February 1, 2004.

10.15(d)(23)**

Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of February 16, 2005.

10.15(e)(26)**

Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 11, 2006.


21


10.15(f)(27)**

Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of March 1, 2006.

10.15(g)(28)**

Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 1, 2007.

10.15(h)(32)**

Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 1, 2008.

10.15(i)(36)**

Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of November 13, 2008.

10.15(j)(37)**

Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 1, 2009.

10.15(k)(41)**

Tenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 1, 2010.

10.15(l)(45)**

Eleventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 10, 2011.

10.15(m)(46)**

Twelfth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of April 1, 2011.

10.15(n)(47)**

Thirteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of November 18, 2011.

10.15(m)(50)**

Fourteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and William Naylon, dated as of January 1, 2013.

10.16(a)(6)**

Employment Agreement between the Company and John D. Hildebrandt, dated as of June 1, 2001.

10.16(b)(6)**

Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated as of October 16, 2001.

10.16(c)(12)**

First Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 16, 2002.

10.16(d)(9)**

Second Amendment of Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 22, 2003.

10.16(e)(20)**

Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 15, 2004.

10.16(f)(24)**

Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 9, 2005.

10.16(g)(27)**

Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2006.

10.16(h)(28)**

Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 1, 2007.

10.16(i)(29)**

Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2007.

10.16(j)(32)**

Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 1, 2008.

10.16(k)(33)**

Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2008.

10.16(l)(36)**

Tenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated November 13, 2008.

10.16(m)(37)**

Eleventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 1, 2009.

10.16(n)(38)**

Twelfth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2009.


22


10.16(o)(38)**

Thirteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated April 1, 2009.

10.16(p)(41)**

Fourteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 1, 2010.

10.16(q)(41)**

Fifteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated February 1, 2010.

10.16(r)(42)**

Sixteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 15, 2010.

10.16(s)(45)**

Seventeenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 10, 2011.

10.16(t)(46)**

Eighteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2011.

10.16(u)(46)**

Nineteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated April 1, 2011.

10.16(v)(47)**

Twentieth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated November 18, 2011.

10.16(w)(48)**

Twenty-First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2012.

10.16(x)(50)**

Twenty-Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated January 1, 2013.

10.16(y)(51)**

Twenty-Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and John Hildebrandt, dated March 1, 2013.

10.17(16)**

2001 Equity Participation Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.18(a)(7)**

Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated as of January 11, 2000.

10.18(b)(7)**

First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 24, 2001.

10.18(c)(7)**

Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated June 1, 2001.

10.18(d)(7)**

Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated October 16, 2001.

10.18(e)(7)**

Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 16, 2002.

10.18(f)(9)**

Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated November 19, 2002.

10.18(g)(9)**

Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 22, 2003.

10.18(h)(20)**

Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 15, 2004.

10.18(i)(24)**

Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 9, 2005.

10.18(j)(27)**

Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2006.

10.18(k)(28)**

Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 1, 2007.

10.18(l)(29)**

Tenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2007.

10.18(m)(32)**

Eleventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 1, 2008.


23


10.18(n)(33)**

Twelfth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2008.

10.18(o)(36)**

Thirteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated November 13, 2008.

10.18(p)(37)**

Fourteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 1, 2009.

10.18(q)(38)**

Fifteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2009.

10.18(r)(41)**

Sixteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 1, 2010.

10.18(s)(42)**

Seventeenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 15, 2010.

10.18(t)(45)**

Eighteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 10, 2011.

10.18(u)(46)**

Nineteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2011.

10.18(v)(46)**

Twentieth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated April 1, 2011.

10.18(w)(47)**

Twenty-First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated November 18, 2011.

10.18(x)(48)**

Twenty-Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2012.

10.18(y)(50)**

Twenty-Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated January 1, 2013.

10.18(z)(51)**

Twenty-Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Brud Drachman, dated March 1, 2013.

10.19(17)**

2002 Equity Participation Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.20(a)(21)**

Employment Agreement by and between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte, dated as of June 3, 2004.

10.20(b)(21)**

First Amendment to Employment Agreement by and between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte, dated as of August 2, 2004.

10.20(c)(25)**

Second Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte, dated as of September 26, 2005.

10.20(d)(27)**

Third Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte, dated as of March 1, 2006.

10.20(e)(31)**

Fourth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of September 25, 2006.

10.20(f)(28)**

Fifth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of January 1, 2007.

10.20(g)(34)**

Sixth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 1, 2007.

10.20(h)(34)**

Seventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 31, 2007.

10.20(i)(32)**

Eighth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of January 1, 2008.

10.20(j)(35)**

Ninth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 1, 2008.


24


10.20(k)(36)**

Tenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of November 13, 2008.

10.20(l)(37)**

Eleventh Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of January 1, 2009.

10.20(m)(40)**

Twelfth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 1, 2009.

10.20(n)(41)**

Thirteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of January 1, 2010.

10.20(o)*

Fourteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of July 15, 2010.

10.20(p)(44)**

Fifteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 6, 2010.

10.20(q)(45)**

Sixteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of January 10, 2011.

10.20(r)(46)**

Seventeenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of April 1, 2011.

10.20(s)(47)**

Eighteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 1, 2011.

10.20(t)(47)**

Nineteenth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of November 18, 2011.

10.20(u)(49)**

Twentieth Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of October 1, 2012.

10.20(v)(50)**

Twenty-First Amendment to Employment Agreement between the Company and Jose Luis Laparte dated as of January 1, 2013.

10.21(a)(32)

Promissory Note entered into between PSMT Barbados and Citibank, N.A. dated November 15, 2007.

10.22(a)(40)

Loan Agreement entered into between PriceSmart and ScotiaBank El Salvador dated September 1, 2009.

10.23(41)

Loan Agreement entered into between PriceSmart Honduras, S.A. de C.V. and ScotiaBank El Salvador S.A., dated January 12, 2010.

10.24(42)

Loan Agreement entered into between PriceSmart Honduras, a subsidiary of PriceSmart Inc., and Banco del Pais, S.A. dated March 16, 2010.

10.25(42)

PriceSmart Honduras S.A. de C.V. Certificate of Deposit, as security in favor of Banco del Pais, S.A. dated March 16, 2010.

10.26(43)

Commercial Mortgage Loan Agreement dated August 31, 2010 between PriceSmart Panama, S.A. and Metrobank, S.A.

10.27(44)

Loan Agreement between PriceSmart Colombia, S.A.S. and Citibank, N.A., dated as of November 1, 2010.

10.28(44)

Deposit Agreement between PriceSmart, Inc. and Citibank, N.A., New York, dated as of November 24, 2010.

10.29(44)

Purchase Agreement between PriceSmart Colombia S.A.S. and Cementos Argos S.A., dated as of May 16, 2010.

10.29(a)(44)

Addenda No. 1 to Purchase Agreement between PriceSmart Colombia S.A.S. and Cementos Argos S.A., dated as of July 26, 2010.

10.29(b)(44)

Addenda No. 2 to Purchase Agreement between Colombia S.A.S. and Cementos Argos S.A., dated as of October 22, 2010.

10.30(46)

Loan Agreement between PriceSmart Colombia, S.A.S. and Scotiabank & Trust (Cayman) Ltd., dated March 14, 2011.

10.30(49)

Loan Agreement between PSMT (Barbados Inc. and Citicorp Merchant Bank Limited, dated August 30, 2012.


25


10.31**

Form of Restricted Stock Award Grant Notice and Restricted Stock Award Agreement under the 2002 Equity Participation Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.32(52)**

2013 Equity Incentive Award Plan of PriceSmart, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the definitive Proxy Statement for the Company's 2013 Annual Meeting of Stockholders filed with the Commission on December 5, 2012)

10.33(52)**

Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement under the 2013 Equity Incentive Award Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

10.34(52)**

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement under the 2013 Equity Incentive Award Plan of PriceSmart, Inc. for Employees of Foreign Subsidiaries.

10.35(52)**

Form of Restricted Stock Unit Agreement for Non-Employee Directors under the 2013 Equity Incentive Award Plan of PriceSmart, Inc.

13.1*

Portions of the Company's Annual Report to Stockholders for the year ended August 31, 2013.

21.1*

Subsidiaries of the Company.

23.1*

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.

31.1*

Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

31.2*

Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.1*#

Certifications Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

32.2*#

Certifications Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

*

Filed herewith as an exhibit.

**

Management contract or compensatory plan or arrangement required to be filed as an exhibit to this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

#

These certifications are being furnished solely to accompany this Report pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, and are not being filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are not to be incorporated by reference into any filing of PriceSmart, Inc. whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

(1)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 1997 filed with the Commission on November 26, 1997.

(2)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.14 to Amendment No. 1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-4 of Price Enterprises, Inc. filed with the Commission on November 3, 1994.

(3)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Price Enterprises, Inc. for the quarter ended June 8, 1997 filed with the Commission on July 17, 1997.

(4)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 1999 filed with the Commission on July 15, 1999.

(5)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2000 filed with the Commission on November 29, 2000.

(6)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2001 filed with the Commission on November 29, 2001.

(7)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2002 filed with the Commission on November 29, 2002.

(8)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2003 filed with the Commission on April 14, 2003.


26


(9)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2003 filed with the Commission on December 16, 2003.

(10)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to Amendment No. 1 to the Company's Registration Statement on Form 10 filed with the Commission on August 1, 1997.

(11)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 29, 2000 filed with the Commission on April 11, 2000.

(12)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2002 filed with the Commission on July 15, 2002.

(13)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 1998 filed with the Commission on November 25, 1998.

(14)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2001 filed with the Commission on April 16, 2001.

(15)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 1999 filed with the Commission on November 29, 1999.

(16)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit A to the definitive Proxy Statement dated December 7, 2001 for the Company's 2002 Annual Meeting of Stockholders filed with the Commission on December 10, 2001.

(17)

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit A to the definitive Proxy Statement dated December 11, 2002 for the Company's 2003 Annual Meeting of Stockholders filed with the Commission on December 11, 2002.

(18)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2004 filed with the Commission on November 24, 2004.

(19)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 29, 2004 filed with the Commission on April 14, 2004.

(20)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2004 filed with the Commission on July 15, 2004.

(21)

Incorporated by reference to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Commission on October 8, 2004.

(22)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Registration Statement on Form S-3 filed with the Commission on December 2, 2004.

(23)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2005 filed with the Commission on April 14, 2005.

(24)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2005 filed with the Commission on June 15, 2005.

(25)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2005 filed with the Commission on January 17, 2006.

(26)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2006 filed with the Commission on April 14, 2006.

(27)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2006 filed with the Commission on July 14, 2006.

(28)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2007 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2007.

(29)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2007 filed with the Commission on July 3, 2007.

(30)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2004 filed with Commission on January 14, 2005.

(31)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2006 filed with the Commission on November 13, 2006.

(32)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 29, 2008 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2008.

(33)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2008 filed  with the Commission on July 10, 2008.

(34)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K/A amendment 2 for the year ended August 31, 2007 filed with the Commission on July 11, 2008.

(35)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2008 filed with the Commission on November 12, 2008.

(36)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q/A for the quarter ended November 30, 2008 filed with the Commission on January 14, 2009.

(37)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2009 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2009.

(38)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2009 filed with the Commission on July 10, 2009.


27


(39)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2009 filed with the Commission on November 9, 2009.

(40)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2009 filed with the Commission on January 8, 2010.

(41)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2010 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2010.

(42)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2010 filed with the Commission on July 9, 2010.

(43)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended August 31, 2010 filed with the Commission on November 9, 2010.

(44)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2010 filed with the Commission on January 7, 2011.

(45)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 28, 2011 filed with the Commission on April 7, 2011.

(46)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2011 filed with the Commission on July 8, 2011.

(47)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2011 filed with the Commission on January 9, 2012.

(48)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2012 filed with the Commission on July 9, 2012.

(49)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended November 30, 2012 filed with the Commission on January 9, 2013.

(50)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended February 29, 2013 filed with the Commission on April 9, 2013.

(51)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended May 31, 2013 filed with the Commission on July 10, 2013.

(52)

Incorporated by reference to the Company's Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed April 4, 2013.



Schedules not included herein have been omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is included in the consolidated financial statements or notes thereto.

(b)               Financial Statement Schedules


1)  

Schedule II – Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013.


28



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm


The Board of Directors and Stockholders of PriceSmart, Inc.


We have audited the consolidated financial statements of PriceSmart, Inc. as of August 31, 2013 and 2012, and for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013, and have issued our report thereon dated October 30, 2013 (incorporated herein by reference). Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in Item 15(b)1. This schedule is the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this schedule based on our audits.


In our opinion, the financial statement schedule referred to above, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, present fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.


/s/ Ernst & Young LLP


San Diego, California

October 30, 2013





29


SCHEDULE II

PRICESMART, INC.

VALUATION AND QUALIFYING ACCOUNTS

(amounts in thousands)


Balance at

Beginning

of Period

Charged to

Costs and

Expenses

Deductions

Balance at

End of

Period

Allowance for doubtful accounts:

Year ended August 31, 2011

$

15


$

(12

)

$

2


$

5


Year ended August 31, 2012

$

5


$

8


$

(12

)

$

1


Year ended August 31, 2013

$

1


$

64


$

(65

)

$

-



30


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this Annual Report on Form 10-K to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

Dated:

October 30, 2013

PRICESMART, INC.

By:

/s/     JOSE LUIS LAPARTE

Jose Luis Laparte

Director, Chief Executive Officer and President

(Principal Executive Officer)

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Annual Report on Form 10-K has been signed by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

Signature

Title

Date

/s/    JOSE LUIS LAPARTE

Director, Chief Executive Officer and President (Principal Executive Officer)

October 30, 2013

Jose Luis Laparte

/s/   JOHN M. HEFFNER

Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)

October 30, 2013

John M. Heffner

/s/    ROBERT E. PRICE

Chairman of the Board

October 30, 2013

Robert E. Price

/s/ SHERRY S. BAHRAMBEYGUI

Director

October 30, 2013

Sherry S. Bahrambeygui

/s/ MITCHELL G. LYNN

Director

October 30, 2013

Mitchell G. Lynn

/s/ GONZALO BARRUTIETA

Director

October 30, 2013

Gonzalo Barrutieta

/s/    KATHERINE L. HENSLEY

Director

October 30, 2013

Katherine L. Hensley

/s/   LEON C. JANKS

Director

October 30, 2013

Leon C. Janks

/s/ EDGAR ZURCHER

Director

October 30, 2013

Edgar Zurcher


31


Exhibit 13.1

PRICESMART, INC.

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND

OTHER INFORMATION

August 31, 2013



Page

Selected Financial Data

1

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

4

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

35

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of August 31, 2013 and 2012

36

Consolidated Statements of Income for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013

37

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013

38

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013

39

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013

41

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

43

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

82

Directors and Executive Officers of the Company

84

Additional Information

88


i


PRICESMART, INC.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected consolidated financial data presented below is derived from the Company's consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. This selected financial data should be read in conjunction with "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" and the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto included elsewhere in this report.

Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

(in thousands, except income (loss) per common share)

OPERATING RESULTS DATA:

Net warehouse club sales (1)

$

2,239,266


$

1,999,364


$

1,674,788


$

1,365,537


$

1,224,123


Export sales

23,059


15,320


8,831


4,139


3,679


Membership income

33,820


26,957


22,817


19,742


17,903


Other income (1)

3,667


3,522


3,585


3,290


3,378


Total revenues

2,299,812


2,045,163


1,710,021


1,392,708


1,249,083


Total cost of goods sold (1)

1,929,428


1,715,981


1,431,025


1,160,247


1,045,381


Total selling, general and administrative (1)

240,924


220,639


189,032


157,960


144,528


Preopening expenses

1,525


617


1,408


1,123


515


Asset impairment and closure costs (gains)

-


-


-


18


(249

)

Operating income

127,935


107,926


88,556


73,360


58,908


Total other income (expense)

(4,724

)

(5,212

)

800


(1,120

)

(1,782

)

Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes, losses of unconsolidated affiliates and net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

123,211


102,714


89,356


72,240


55,702


Provision for income taxes

(38,942

)

(35,053

)

(27,468

)

(22,787

)

(13,069

)

Losses of unconsolidated affiliates

(4

)

(15

)

(52

)

(22

)

(21

)

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

-


-


-


(132

)

(265

)

Net income from continuing operations attributable to PriceSmart

84,265


67,646


61,836


49,299


42,347


Discontinued operations income (loss), net of tax

-


(25

)

(86

)

16


(28

)

Net income attributable to PriceSmart

$

84,265


$

67,621


$

61,750


$

49,315


$

42,319


INCOME PER COMMON SHARE -BASIC: (2)

Income from continuing operations attributable to PriceSmart

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


$

1.66


$

1.43


Discontinued operations, net of tax

-


-


-


-


-


Basic net income per common share attributable to PriceSmart

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


$

1.66


$

1.43


INCOME PER COMMON SHARE -DILUTED: (2)

Income from continuing operations attributable to PriceSmart

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


$

1.65


$

1.43


Discontinued operations, net of tax

-


-


-


-


-


Diluted net income per common share attributable to PriceSmart

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


$

1.65


$

1.43


Weighted average common shares - basic

29,647


29,554


29,441


29,254


28,959


Weighted average common shares - diluted

29,681


29,582


29,457


29,281


29,058





(1)

The Company receives cash consideration from its vendors for product demonstrations. Prior to fiscal year 2013, the Company recorded this consideration as Other income. However, cash or equity consideration received from a vendor is


1


presumed to be a reduction of cost of sales when it is recognized in the income statement. Additionally, reimbursements of costs incurred by the customer to sell the vendor's products are treated as a reduction of the related cost when recognized in the income statement. Therefore, the Company has accordingly recorded such consideration as a reduction to cost of sales and a reduction to related costs incurred to sell the vendor's products starting in fiscal year 2013. The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013. These reclassifications did not impact consolidated operating income or net income.

The following table summarizes the impact of these reclassifications (in thousands):


Years Ended August 31,

2012

2011

2010

2009

Revenues:

Net warehouse club sales-as previously reported

$

2,000,046


$

1,675,247


$

1,365,801


$

1,224,331


Reclassifications

(682

)

(459

)

(264

)

(208

)

Net warehouse club sales-as currently reported

$

1,999,364


$

1,674,788


$

1,365,537


$

1,224,123


Other income-as previously reported

8,422


7,352


6,209


5,715


Reclassifications

(4,900

)

(3,767

)

(2,919

)

(2,337

)

Other income-as currently reported

$

3,522


$

3,585


$

3,290


$

3,378


Cost of goods sold:

Total cost of goods sold-as previously reported

1,718,780


1,433,028


1,161,797


1,046,614


Reclassifications

(2,799

)

(2,003

)

(1,550

)

(1,234

)

Total cost of goods sold reported

$

1,715,981


$

1,431,025


$

1,160,247


$

1,045,380


Selling, general and administrative:

Total selling, general and administrative-as previously reported

223,422


191,255


159,593


145,839


Reclassifications

(2,783

)

(2,223

)

(1,633

)

(1,311

)

Total selling, general and administrative-as currently reported

$

220,639


$

189,032


$

157,960


$

144,528


Net effect on operating income

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-



(2)

Effective September 1, 2009 (fiscal year 2010), the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board guidance that addresses whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities and, therefore, have a potential dilutive effect on earnings per share ("EPS").  This guidance was applied retrospectively to fiscal year 2009.  Fiscal year 2009 previously reported diluted net income per share using the treasury stock method to calculate the dilutive common shares outstanding during the period.  The prior method resulted in diluted income per share from continuing operations attributable to PriceSmart, Inc. of $1.45 for the fiscal years 2009.




2



PRICESMART, INC.

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA- (Continued)

As of August 31,

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

(in thousands)

BALANCE SHEET DATA:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

121,874


$

91,248


$

76,817


$

73,346


$

44,193


Short-term restricted cash

$

5,984


$

1,241


$

1,240


$

1,240


$

10


Total assets

$

826,039


$

735,712


$

664,328


$

572,565


$

487,373


Long-term debt, net of current portion

$

60,263


$

71,422


$

60,451


$

53,005


$

37,120


Total PriceSmart stockholders' equity

$

481,049


$

418,914


$

375,838


$

336,043


$

300,398


Dividends paid on common stock (3)

$

18,133


$

18,120


$

17,934


$

14,895


$

19,551



(3)

On November 27, 2012, January 25, 2012, January 19, 2011, January 27, 2010, and January 29, 2009, the Company declared a cash dividend on its common stock.





3





PRICESMART, INC.

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF

FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This annual report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements concerning the Company's anticipated future revenues and earnings, adequacy of future cash flow, proposed warehouse club openings, the Company's performance relative to competitors and related matters. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements containing the words "expect," "believe," "will," "may," "should," "project," "estimate," "anticipated," "scheduled," and like expressions, and the negative thereof. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially, including the following risks: the Company's financial performance is dependent on international operations, which exposes the Company to various risks; any failure by the Company to manage its widely dispersed operations could adversely affect its business; the Company faces significant competition; future sales growth depends, in part, on the Company's ability to successfully open new warehouse clubs; the Company might not identify in a timely manner or effectively respond to changes in consumer trends and changes in consumer preferences for merchandise and shopping modalities, which could adversely affect its relationship with members, demand for its products and market share; the Company faces difficulties in the shipment of, and risks inherent in the importation of, merchandise to its warehouse clubs; the Company is exposed to weather and other natural disaster risks; general economic conditions could adversely impact the Company's business in various respects; the Company is subject to changes in relationships and agreements with third parties with which the Company does business and/or from which the Company acquires merchandise; the Company relies extensively on computer systems to process transactions, summarize results and manage its business. Failure to adequately maintain the Company's systems and disruptions in its systems could harm its business and adversely affect its results of operations; the Company could be subject to additional tax liabilities; a few of the Company's stockholders own approximately 29.7% of the Company's voting stock, which may make it difficult to complete some corporate transactions without their support and may impede a change in control; the loss of key personnel could harm the Company's business; the Company is subject to volatility in foreign currency exchange rates; the Company faces the risk of exposure to product liability claims, a product recall and adverse publicity; potential future impairments of long lived assets could adversely affect the Company's future results of operations and financial position; write-offs of goodwill and other intangible assets could adversely affect the Company's future results of operations and financial position; the Company faces increased public company compliance risks and compliance risks related to the Company's international operations; the Company faces increased compliance risks associated with compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002; if remediation costs or hazardous substance contamination levels at certain properties for which the Company maintains financial responsibility exceed management's current expectations, the Company's financial condition and results of operations could be adversely impacted. The risks described above as well as the other risks detailed in the Company's U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") reports, including the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2013 filed on October 30, 2013 pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  See "Part II - Item 1A - Risk Factors," could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. These risks are not the only risks that the Company faces. The Company could also be affected by additional factors that apply to all companies operating globally and in the U.S., as well as other risks that are not presently known to the Company or that the Company currently considers to be immaterial.




4


PriceSmart's business consists primarily of operating international membership shopping warehouse clubs similar to, but smaller in size than, warehouse clubs in the United States. The Company's ownership in all subsidiaries as of August 31, 2013 is 100% and they are presented on a consolidated basis as wholly owned subsidiaries. The number of warehouse clubs in operation as of August 31, 2013 , for each country or territory are as follows:


Number of

Warehouse Clubs

in Operation as of August 31, 2013

Number of

Warehouse Clubs

in Operation as of August 31, 2012

Anticipated warehouse

club openings

in fiscal year 2014

Country/Territory

Colombia

3


1


-


Panama

4


4


-


Costa Rica

5


5


1


Dominican Republic

3


3


-


Guatemala

3


3


-


El Salvador

2


2


-


Honduras

2


2


1


Trinidad

4


4


-


Aruba

1


1


-


Barbados

1


1


-


U.S. Virgin Islands

1


1


-


Jamaica

1


1


-


Nicaragua

1


1


-


Totals

31


29


2



During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively. Additionally, in February 2013, the Company acquired property located in La Union, Cartago, Costa Rica, upon which it opened its sixth membership warehouse club in Costa Rica on October 18, 2013. Finally, in February 2013, the Company acquired land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras upon which it anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014.


The Company's warehouse clubs are located in Latin America and the Caribbean, and its corporate headquarters, U.S. buying operations and distribution centers are located primarily in the United States. The Company's reportable segments are based on management's organization of these locations into operating segments by general geographic location. The Company's operating segments are the United States, Latin America and the Caribbean.



5



General Economic Factors


The economies in the major PriceSmart markets, such as Panama, Costa Rica and Trinidad, continue to experience moderate to strong year-over-year growth. Specific events in some of the smaller countries in which the Company has warehouse clubs, such as increases in value-added taxes, reduced economic activity, currency devaluations and other factors, are contributing to a more challenging retail environment in those markets, adversely impacting sales growth.


The Company does not currently face direct competition from U.S. branded membership warehouse club operators. However, it does face competition from various retail formats such as hypermarkets, supermarkets, cash and carry, home improvement centers, electronic retailers and specialty stores, including those within Central America that are owned and operated by a large U.S. based retailer. The Company has competed effectively in these markets in the past and expects to continue to do so in the future due to the unique nature of the membership warehouse club format. The Company has noted that certain retailers are making investments in upgrading their stores and adding new locations within the Company's markets resulting in increased competition. For example, Cost-U-Less, a cash and carry, low price operator with which the Company competes in St. Thomas, recently opened a location in Barbados. Further, it is possible that U.S. warehouse club operators may decide to enter the Company's markets and compete more directly with PriceSmart in a similar warehouse club format.


Many PriceSmart markets are susceptible to foreign currency exchange rate volatility. Currency exchange rate changes either increase or decrease the cost to the Company's subsidiaries of imported products purchased in U.S. dollars and priced in local currency. Approximately 52% of the Company's net warehouse sales are comprised of products purchased in U.S. dollars and imported into the markets where PriceSmart warehouse clubs are located, but approximately 79% of the Company's net warehouse sales are in foreign currencies.


Currency exchange rate fluctuations affect affect the Company's consolidated sales as local currency denominated sales are translated to U.S. dollars. Also, as a result of local currency fluctuations, the Company revalues all U.S. dollar-denominated monetary assets and liabilities within the Company's markets that do not use the U.S. dollar as their functional currency. These monetary assets and liabilities include, but are not limited to, excess cash permanently reinvested offshore, U.S. dollar-denominated long-term debt used to finance land acquisition and the construction of warehouse clubs, and U.S. dollar-denominated accounts payable related to the purchase of merchandise.


The Company seeks to manage its foreign exchange risk by (1) adjusting selling prices from time to time; (2) obtaining local currency loans from banks within certain markets where it is economical to do so and where management believes the risk of devaluation and the level of U.S. dollar denominated liabilities warrants this action; (3) reducing the time between the acquisition of product in U.S. dollars and the settlement of that purchase in local currency; and (4) by entering into cross-currency interest rate swaps and forward currency derivatives. The Company has local currency-denominated long-term loans in Honduras and Guatemala; has cross-currency interest rate swaps and forward currency derivatives in Colombia and has forward currency derivatives in Costa Rica. Turbulence in the currency markets can have a significant impact on the value of the foreign currencies within the countries in which the Company operates. For example, in the first quarter of fiscal year 2012, concerns related to European sovereign debt contributed to a 9.3% devaluation of the Colombian peso against the U.S. dollar, resulting in the Company's Colombian subsidiary recording approximately $1.5 million in currency losses upon the translation of U.S. dollar denominated liabilities. Future volatility and uncertainties regarding the currencies in the Company's countries could have a material impact on the Company's operations in future periods. However, there is no way to accurately forecast how currencies may trade in the future and, as a result, the Company cannot accurately project the impact of the change in rates on the Company's future demand for imported products, reported sales, or financial results.




6


Business Strategy

The Company's business strategy is to offer for sale to businesses and families a limited number of stock keeping units (SKU's) covering a wide range of products at the lowest possible prices. The Company charges an annual membership fee to its customers. These fees combined with warehouse and distribution operating efficiencies and volume purchasing enable PriceSmart to operate its business on lower merchandise margins than conventional retail stores. The combination of annual membership fees, operating efficiencies and low margins enable PriceSmart to offer its members high quality merchandise at very competitive prices which, in turn, enhances the value of the PriceSmart membership.



Current and Future Management Actions


Generally, the Company's operating efficiencies, earnings and cash flow from operations improve as sales increase. Higher sales provide greater purchasing power and often result in lower product prices from the Company's suppliers. Further, increased sales permit the Company to leverage its selling, general and administrative expenses. Sales growth in our existing locations (comparable warehouse club sales) creates the highest degree of expense leverage. Therefore, the Company prioritizes initiatives that it expects will have the greatest impact on increasing sales, particularly within our existing locations. Looking forward to the next several quarters, the following items are likely to have an impact on the Company's business and the results of operations.


The Company seeks to increase sales by attracting new members and growing sales with existing members in its warehouse clubs and by adding new PriceSmart warehouse clubs. During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively. Additionally, in February 2013, the Company acquired property located in La Union, Cartago, Costa Rica, upon which it anticipates opening its sixth membership warehouse club in Costa Rica in the fall of 2013. Finally, in February 2013, the Company acquired land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras upon which it anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014. The Company continues to explore other potential sites for future warehouse clubs in its markets. The Company's continued focus on initiatives to increase comparable warehouse club sales within existing warehouse clubs locations allowed the Company to increase comparable warehouse club sales for the 52-week period ended September 1, 2013 9.0% compared to the same 52-week period the prior year. In addition the Company increased the number of member accounts 13.5% over the prior year.


Effective June 1, 2012, the Company raised the annual membership fee by approximately $5.00 in most markets. The annual fee for a Diamond membership in these markets is now approximately $35.00 (entitling members to two cards). A membership fee helps PriceSmart offer high quality merchandise at low prices, providing value to its members. In October 2012, the Company launched the Platinum membership account in Costa Rica. Platinum members pay an annual membership fee of approximately $75.00 for a primary membership card for which they receive an annual 2% rebate of their purchases on most items, up to a maximum annual rebate of $500.00. The Platinum membership program is currently being evaluated to determine if Platinum membership should be offered in other of the Company's markets.


Logistics and distribution operations are an important part of what allows PriceSmart to deliver high quality merchandise at low prices to our members. The Company continues to explore areas to improve efficiency, lower costs and ensure a good flow of merchandise to our warehouse clubs. The Company is adding regional distribution centers in some of its markets (currently Costa Rica and Panama) to improve merchandise flow and lower operating costs, the benefit of which can be passed on to our members in the form of lower merchandise prices.


Purchasing land and constructing warehouse clubs is the Company's single largest capital investment.  Securing land for warehouse club locations is challenging within the Company's markets, especially in Colombia, because suitable sites at a price that would provide a rate of return on the Company's investment that would make the development of a warehouse club economically feasible are difficult to find. Although the Company has entered into real estate leases in the past and will likely do so in the future, the Company's preference is to own rather than lease real estate. Real estate ownership provides a number of advantages as compared to leasing, including lower operating expenses, flexibility to expand or otherwise enhance PriceSmart buildings, long-term control over the use of the property and the residual value that the real estate may have in future years.  In order to secure warehouse club locations, the Company occasionally has to purchase more land than is actually needed for the warehouse club facility.  To the extent that the Company acquires property in excess of what is needed for a particular warehouse club, the Company generally plans to either sell or develop the excess property. The excess land at Alajuela and Brisas is being held for development by the joint ventures, which commenced in fiscal year 2011. A similar development strategy is being employed for the Company's excess land at the San Fernando, Trinidad and Arroyo Hondo, Dominican Republic locations where the properties are fully owned by the Company. The profitable sale or development of real estate is highly dependent on real estate marker conditions.


7




Financial highlights for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2013 included:

Net warehouse club sales increased 13.9% over the comparable prior year period. The Company had two additional warehouse clubs in the quarter (both in Cali, Colombia) compared to the fourth quarter of fiscal 2012. Comparable warehouse club sales (that is, sales in the warehouse clubs that have been open for greater than 13 1/2 calendar months) for the 13 weeks ended September 1, 2013 grew 9.3% .

Membership income for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2013 increased 24.1% to $9.0 million .

Warehouse sales gross profits (net warehouse club sales less associated cost of goods sold) in the quarter increased 12.0% over the prior year period, and warehouse sales gross profits as a percent of net warehouse sales were 15.1%, a reduction of 25 basis points from the same period last year.

Selling, general and administrative expenses, including pre-opening expenses decreased 37 basis points as a percentage of sales compared to the fourth quarter of last year.

Operating income for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2013 was $33.0 million, an increase of $5.1 million over the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2012.

Net income for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2013 was $20.8 million, or $0.69 per diluted share, compared to $17.7 million, or $0.58 per diluted share, in the comparable prior year period.



Financial highlights for fiscal year 2013 included:


Net warehouse club sales increased 12.0% to $2.2 billion for fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 and reflected the sales of two additional clubs for a portion of the year.

Membership income for fiscal year 2013 was $33.8 million, an increase of 25.5% compared to fiscal year 2012. The number of membership accounts at year end was 1,095,513.

Gross profits (net warehouse sales less associated cost of goods sold) increased 11.3%. Gross profits as a percent of net warehouse sales were 14.8% for the full year, a decrease of 10 basis points (0.10%) from fiscal year 2012.

Selling, general and administrative expenses, including pre-opening expenses, improved 24 basis points as a percent of sales (0.24%).

Operating income for fiscal year 2013 was $127.9 million, an increase of 18.5% from the prior year.

Foreign exchange transactions resulted in a net loss of $954,000 for the fiscal year 2013 compared to a net loss in fiscal year 2012 of $525,000.

Net income for fiscal year 2013 was $84.3 million, or $2.78 per diluted share, compared to $67.6 million, or $2.24 per diluted share, in the prior year.




8


Comparison of Fiscal Year 2013 to 2012 and Fiscal Year 2012 to 2011


The following discussion and analysis compares the results of operations for each of the three fiscal years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes included elsewhere in this report.


Certain percentages presented are calculated using actual results prior to rounding.  The Company's fiscal year ends on August 31. Unless otherwise noted, all tables present dollar amounts in thousands.



Net Warehouse Club Sales

Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012

(1)


2011 (1)

Amount

% Change

Amount

% Change

Amount

Net Warehouse Club Sales

$

2,239,266



12.0

%


$1,999,364


19.4

%


$

1,674,788



(1)

The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013; see "Selected Financial Data" for further detail.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


Net warehouse club sales grew 12.0% in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 with the Company recording positive sales growth in all countries.  Colombia, in particular, experienced strong sales growth with the addition of two warehouse clubs in fiscal year 2013 (North and South Cali, Colombia). Overall sales growth was predominantly driven by transaction growth of 8.8%.  The average value of each transaction grew 2.9%. 


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


Net warehouse club sales grew 19.4% in fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011.  The sales growth in the year reflected sales from one additional warehouse club in fiscal year 2012 (Barranquilla, Colombia) compared to fiscal year 2011. Overall sales growth was predominantly driven by transaction growth of 17.7%.  The average value of each transaction grew 1.4%.



Comparable Sales


The Company reports comparable warehouse club sales on a "same week" basis with 13 weeks in each quarter beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. The periods are established at the beginning of the fiscal year to provide as close a match as possible to the calendar month and quarter that is used for financial reporting purposes. This approach equalizes the number of weekend days and weekdays in each period for improved sales comparison, as the Company experiences higher warehouse club sales on the weekends. Further, each of the warehouse clubs used in the calculations was open for at least 13 1/2 calendar months before its results for the current period were compared with its results for the prior period. For example, the sales related to the warehouse club opened in Cali, Colombia ("Canas Gordas") on October 19, 2012 will not be used in the calculation of comparable warehouse club sales until January 2014.  In addition, sales related to the warehouse club opened in Cali, Colombia ("Menga") on May 3, 2013 will not be used in the calculation of comparable warehouse club sales until July 2014.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


Comparable warehouse club sales for the 52-week period ended September 1, 2013 increased 9.0% compared to the same 52-week period last year.


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


Comparable warehouse club sales for the 52-week period ended September 2, 2012 increased 14.5% compared to the same 52-week period last year.




9


Net Warehouse Club Sales by Segments


The following tables indicate the net warehouse club sales and the percentage growth in net warehouse club sales during fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011 in the segments in which the Company operates.


The first warehouse club in Colombia opened on August 19, 2011. During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively.


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012 (1)


2011 (1)

Amount

% of net

revenue

Amount

% of net

revenue

Amount

% of net

revenue

Latin America

$

1,515,211


67.7

%

$

1,315,917


65.8

%

$

1,060,379


63.3

%

Caribbean

724,055


32.3

%

683,447


34.2

%

614,409


36.7

%

Net Warehouse Club Sales

$

2,239,266


100.0

%

$

1,999,364


100.0

%

$

1,674,788


100.0

%


(1)

The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013; see "Selected Financial Data" for further detail.


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

Year-over-year increase

% change

Year-over-year increase

% change

Latin America

$

199,294


15.1

%

$

255,538


24.1

%

Caribbean

40,608


5.9

%

69,038


11.2

%

Net Warehouse Club Sales

$

239,902


12.0

%

$

324,576


19.4

%


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


The higher net warehouse club sales growth in Latin America compared to the Caribbean reflects the sales associated with two additional warehouse clubs in this segment in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 (North and South Cali, Colombia) and improved economic conditions in those larger and more diversified markets, particularly Panama and Costa Rica. Within the Caribbean segment, the Company saw small positive growth in the single club island markets, with stronger growth in Trinidad. There was no change in the number of warehouse clubs in the Caribbean segment between fiscal year 2012 and fiscal year 2013. We expect Latin America sales growth to continue to outpace Caribbean sales growth as the next two warehouse clubs we expect to open are located in Costa Rica and Honduras.


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


The higher net warehouse club sales growth in Latin America compared to the Caribbean reflects the sales associated with an additional warehouse club in this segment in fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011 (Barranquilla, Colombia) and improved economic conditions in those larger and more diversified markets. There was no change in the number of warehouse clubs in the Caribbean segment between fiscal year 2011 and fiscal year 2012.



10


Net Warehouse Club Sales by Category

The following table indicates the approximate percentage of net sales accounted for by each major category of items sold by the Company during the fiscal years ended August 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011.

Fiscal Years Ended

August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Sundries (including health and beauty aids, tobacco, alcoholic beverages, soft drinks, cleaning and paper products and pet supplies)

26

%

26

%

26

%

Food (including candy, snack foods, dry and fresh foods)

53

%

53

%

52

%

Hardlines (including major appliances, small appliances,  electronics, hardware, office supplies, garden and patio, sporting goods, business machines and automotive supplies)

13

%

13

%

14

%

Softlines (including apparel, domestics, cameras, jewelry, housewares, media, toys and home furnishings)

6

%

6

%

6

%

Other (including one-hour photo and food court)

2

%

2

%

2

%

100

%

100

%

100

%


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


There was no change in the mix of major category sales between fiscal year 2013 and 2012.


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


The slight trend toward a higher mix of food continued in fiscal year 2012 was driven by growth in grocery and bakery.



Export Sales 


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012


2011

Amount

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Increase from

prior year

 %

Change

Amount

Export sales

$

23,059



7,739



50.5

%


$

15,320



$

6,489



73.5

%


$

8,831



The increases in export sales in both years were due to increased direct sales to a single institutional customer (retailer) in the Philippines consistent with each of the past two fiscal years for which the Company earns an approximately 5% margin.



Membership Income


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Amount

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Membership Income

$

33,820


$

6,863


25.5

%

$

26,957


$

4,140


18.1

%

$

22,817


Membership income % to net warehouse club sales

1.5

%



1.3

%



1.4

%

Number of total accounts

1,095,513

129,912


13.5

%

965,601

133,101


16.0

%

832,500



11


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


The Company ended the fiscal year with 1,095,513 membership accounts.  Membership income, which is recognized ratably over the one-year life of the membership, grew 25.5% for the twelve months ended August 31, 2013 compared to same period in the prior year.  The average membership fee per membership account sold during fiscal year 2013 increased to $33.86 from $30.39. The increase in the annual fee in most markets which took effect in June 2012 along with the Platinum membership introduced in Costa Rica in November 2012 contributed 10.1% to the increased membership income recognized in the quarter compared to the same period a year ago. The membership renewal rate for the 12-month period ended August 31, 2013 was 85%.

Comparison of 2012 to 2011


The Company ended fiscal year 2012 with 965,601 membership accounts.  Membership income grew 18.1% for the twelve months ended August 31, 2012 compared to same period in the prior year.  The average membership fee per membership account sold during fiscal year 2012 increased to $30.39 from $29.41 in the prior year primarily because of an increase in the fee charged for membership beginning on June 1 in selected markets. The membership renewal rate for the 12-month periods ended August 31, 2012 and 2011 was 88%.


Other Income


Other income consists of rental income, advertising revenue, and other miscellaneous revenue.


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

Amount

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Other income

$

3,667



$

145



4.1

%


$

3,522



$

(63

)


(1.8

)%


$

3,585



(1)

The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statement of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013; see selected financial data for further detail.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


The increase in Other income for fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 resulted primarily from growth in rental income.

Comparison of 2012 to 2011


For fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011, rental income decreased $159,000.  The decrease in rental income was a result of the sale in the third quarter of fiscal year 2011 of the former warehouse club in Los Pueblos, Panama, for which the Company had received $281,000 of rental income in that fiscal year and a decrease in third-party royalties and construction services of approximately $168,000. This was offset by new tenant leases within the San Fernando, Trinidad location.



12


Gross Margin


Warehouse Sales Gross Profit and Gross Margin

Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

Amount

Increase from

prior year

% to sales

Amount

Increase from

prior year

% to sales

Amount

% to sales

Warehouse club sales

$

2,239,266


$

239,902


100.0

%

$

1,999,364


$

324,576


100.0

%

$

1,674,788


100.0

%

Less associated cost of goods

1,907,632


206,300


85.2

%

1,701,332


278,679


85.1

%

1,422,653


84.9

%

Warehouse gross profit margin

$

331,634


$

33,602


14.8

%

$

298,032


$

45,897


14.9

%

$

252,135


15.1

%

(1)

The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013; see "Selected Financial Data" for further detail.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


For fiscal year 2013, warehouse gross profit increased due to higher sales, but gross margins as a percent of warehouse club sales were lower than fiscal year 2012 by 10 basis points. This margin reduction resulted from price reductions across nearly all merchandise categories and countries implemented throughout the year, reflecting the Company's efforts to provide value to our members through on-going price reductions. The decrease in overall warehouse gross profit margins due to price reductions was partially offset by changes in merchandise mix within the major categories that had a small positive increase on warehouse gross profit margins as a percent of sales.

Comparison of 2012 to 2011


For the fiscal year 2012, warehouse gross profit increased due to higher sales, but gross margins as a percent of warehouse club sales were lower than fiscal year 2011 by 14 basis points. Price reductions across most merchandise categories and geographies and higher importation costs on the initial investment in merchandise to supply the Barranquilla warehouse club during the first six months of operations, which adversely affected full year 2011 warehouse gross profit margins, combined to account for a 14 basis point (0.14%) reduction in warehouse gross profit margin as a percent of sales in the fiscal year.


Export Sales Gross Profit Margin


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012


2011

Amount

Increase from

prior year

% to sales

Amount

Increase from

prior year

% to sales

Amount

% to sales

Export sales

$

23,059



$

7,739



100.0

%


$

15,320



$

6,489



100.0

%


$

8,831



100.0

%

Less associated cost of goods sold

21,796



7,147



94.5

%


14,649



6,277



95.6

%


8,372



94.8

%

Export sales gross profit margin

$

1,263



$

592



5.5

%


$

671



$

212



4.4

%


$

459



5.2

%

The increase in export sales gross margin dollars in each fiscal year was due to increased direct sales to an institutional customer (retailer) in the Philippines for which the Company generally earns lower margins than those obtained through its warehouse club sales.




13


Selling, General and Administrative Expenses


Warehouse Club Operations

Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Increase from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Warehouse club operations expense

$

194,140



8.7

%


$

14,522



8.1

%


$

179,618



9.0

%


$

27,022



17.7

%


$

152,596



9.1

%

(1)

The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013; see selected financial data for further detail.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012

Warehouse club operations expense decreased 31 basis points (0.31%) as a percent of net warehouse sales in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012, despite the additional expenses associated with the Canas Gordas (Cali South) Colombia warehouse club and the Menga (Cali North) Colombia for portions of the year. The Company experienced positive expense leverage in nearly all its major operating cost categories. In addition, the year-over-year comparison benefited from a $777,000 charge taken last year associated with past debit card fees.

Comparison of 2012 to 2011


Warehouse club operations expense as a percent of net warehouse sales decreased 12 basis points (0.12%) in fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011. A reduction in depreciation expense contributed 13 basis points (0.13%) of improvement primarily because of the $2.3 million charge taken in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2011 to correct errors in the calculation of depreciation expense in prior periods. Offsetting the reduced depreciation expenses was an increase in credit card expense, which added 8 basis points (0.08%) of cost largely related to increased transaction fees for certain debit cards in some countries, including a $777,000 charge taken in fiscal year 2012 for past debit card transaction fees that had not been previously charged to the Company by its third-party processor. Expenses related to payroll, utilities and repair and maintenance all decreased as a percent of sales.


General and Administrative Expenses


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012


2011

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Increase from prior year

%

Change

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Increase from prior year

%

Change

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

General and Administrative Expenses

$

46,784



2.1

%


$

5,763



14.0

%


$

41,021



2.1

%


$

4,585



12.6

%


$

36,436



2.2

%

Comparison of 2013 to 2012

The expenses associated with the Company's corporate and U.S. buying operations grew 14.0% in fiscal year 2013 compared to the year earlier period, largely driven by increased salaries and benefits including stock compensation expense. However, as a percentage of sales, general and administrative expenses were basically flat.



14


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


Increased salaries and benefits for the Company's corporate and U.S. buying operations, including stock compensation expense resulting from restricted stock granted in January 2012 for approximately $1.6 million, accounted for most of the increase in general and administrative expenses for fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011. The decrease in general and administrative expenses as a percentage of warehouse club sales was due to sales increasing at a greater rate than general and administrative expenses.


Pre-Opening Expenses


Expenses incurred before a warehouse club is in operation are captured in pre-opening expenses. 


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012


2011

Amount

Increase

from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Increase

from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Pre-opening expenses

$

1,525



$

908



147.2

%


$

617



$

(791

)


(56.2

)%


$

1,408



Comparison of 2013 to 2012


The majority of pre-opening expenses incurred in fiscal year 2013 were related to the activities of the Canas Gordas and Menga, Colombia warehouse clubs which opened during the year. In addition a small amount of pre-opening expenses were incurred in conjunction with the warehouse clubs planned to be opened in fiscal year 2014 in Cartago, Costa Rica and Tegucigalpa, Honduras.


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


The majority of pre-opening expenses incurred in fiscal year 2012 were related to the activities of the Canas Gordas (Cali South) Colombia warehouse club which opened on October 19, 2012. In the prior year, pre-opening expenses were related to the Barranquilla, Colombia warehouse club and the Arroyo Hondo warehouse club which opened in Colombia in August 2011 and in the Dominican Republic in November 2010, respectively.


Operating Income


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Increase/

(decrease) from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Increase/

(decrease) from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

% to warehouse club sales

Operating income

$

127,935



5.7

%


20,009



18.5

%


$

107,926



5.4

%


$

19,370



21.9

%


$

88,556



5.3

%

(1)

The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years reported prior to 2013 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013; see "Selected Financial Data" for further detail.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012 and 2012 to 2011


Operating income improved by $20.0 million compared to the prior year period, resulting from higher sales and membership income, an increase in warehouse margins and the leveraging of selling, general and administrative costs, all of which were partially offset by an increase in pre-opening expenses.




15


Interest Expense


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012


2011

Amount

Change from prior year

Amount

Change from prior year

Amount

Interest expense on loans

$

3,748


$

(429

)

$

4,177


$

(165

)

4,342


Interest expense related to hedging activity

1,821


465


1,356


906


450


Capitalized interest

(1,353

)

(1,103

)

(250

)

626


(876

)

Net interest expense

$

4,216


$

(1,067

)

$

5,283


$

1,367


$

3,916



Comparison of 2013 to 2012 and 2012 to 2011

Interest expense reflects borrowings by the Company's wholly owned foreign subsidiaries to finance new warehouse club construction and land acquisition and ongoing working capital requirements. The decrease in net interest expense for the fiscal year 2013 is primarily due to higher level of capitalized interest associated with the construction of warehouse clubs in Colombia and Costa Rica. Additionally, there is a slight increase in net interest expense incurred related to third-party loans and hedging activity.


The increase in interest expense for fiscal year 2012 is due to an increase in debt incurred by the Company, primarily to finance its initial investment in Colombia, including the cost of land and warehouse club construction.  For fiscal year 2012, the capitalized interest is related to the final construction activities for the Barranquilla, Colombia warehouse club, the build out of the excess land in San Fernando, Trinidad and the commencement of construction activities for the Cañas Gordas, Colombia warehouse club.  For the same period in fiscal year 2011, the capitalized interest is related to the final construction activities for the Arroyo Hondo, Dominican Republic warehouse club and the construction for the Barranquilla, Colombia warehouse club.


Other Income (Expense), net


Other income consists of gain or loss on sale of assets and currency gain or loss.

Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013


2012

2011

Amount

Change from

prior year

%

Change

Amount

Change from

prior year

 %

Change

Amount

Gain or (Loss) on sale of assets

(889

)

(577

)

184.9


(312

)

(1,075

)

(140.9

)

763


Currency Gain or (Loss)

(954

)

(429

)

81.7


(525

)

(3,626

)

(116.9

)

3,101


Total other income (expense)

$

(1,843

)

$

(1,006

)

120.2

%

$

(837

)

$

(4,701

)

(121.7

)%

$

3,864



Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the respective entity (primarily U.S. Dollars) are revalued to the functional currency using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. These foreign exchange transaction gain (losses), including repatriation of funds, are recorded as currency gain or losses.


Comparison of 2013 to 2012


The currency loss in fiscal year 2013 was driven by losses resulting from currency devaluations in Colombia, Guatemala, Honduras and Jamaica, offset by gains recognized in Costa Rica.

Comparison of 2012 to 2011


The currency loss in fiscal year 2012 was driven by a $1.5 million net loss in Colombia resulting from a peso devaluation in the first quarter of the fiscal year, offset by net foreign exchange gains in other countries. In the prior fiscal year, the Company's $3.1 million net gain included a $646,000 net gain in Colombia.



16


A summary of asset disposal activity for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011 is as follows (in thousands):


Historical Cost

Accumulated Depreciation

Other Costs

Proceeds from disposal

Gain/(Loss) recognized

Fiscal Year 2013 (1)

5,282


4,129


-


264


(889

)

Fiscal Year 2012 (1)

4,700


4,250


-


138


(312

)

Fiscal Year 2011 (2)

$

17,965


$

11,328


$

(188

)

$

7,588


$

763



(1)     Asset disposal activity consisted mainly of normally scheduled asset replacement and upgrades.


(2)     On April 9, 2010, the Company relocated one of its three warehouse clubs in Panama City, Panama ("Los Pueblos") to the recently completed new warehouse club ("Brisas").  The Company leased the Los Pueblos site to Juan Diaz Properties, S.A./ Ace International Hardware Corporation ("ACE") under a lease agreement with an option to purchase.  ACE exercised its option to purchase the property and on March 23, 2011 the Company's Panama subsidiary entered into a land sale agreement with ACE.  The sales price of the property was approximately $5.3 million.   Additionally, on March 23, 2011, the Company's Panama subsidiary entered into a land sale agreement with OD Panama S.A. (an affiliate of Office Depot, Mexico) for the sale of approximately 28,322 square feet of undeveloped land located adjacent to the Panama, Via Brasil location for approximately $2.1 million.  Gonzalo Barrutieta, who has served as a member of the Company's board of directors since February 2008, is a board member of Office Depot, Mexico.



Provision for Income Taxes


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Amount

Increase/(decrease)

from prior year

Amount

Increase/(decrease)

from prior year

Amount

Current tax expense

$

36,268


$

2,350


$

33,918


$

7,843


$

26,075


Net deferred tax provision (benefit)

$

2,674


$

1,539


$

1,135


$

(258

)

$

1,393


Provision for income taxes

$

38,942


$

3,889


$

35,053


$

7,585


$

27,468


Effective tax rate

31.6

%


34.1

%


30.7

%


Comparison of 2013 to 2012

        For fiscal year 2013, the decrease in the effective rate versus the prior year was primarily attributable to the following factors: (i) 0.6% of the decrease results from changes in the valuation allowance against net operating losses of the Company's Colombia affiliate; (ii) 0.7% of the decrease results from a valuation allowance recorded in fiscal year 2012 against California net operating loss (NOL) due to adoption of single sales factor apportionment; (iii) 0.3% of the decrease results from prior period credit card processing fees recorded in fiscal year 2012 for which the Company did not recognize a tax benefit.


Comparison of 2012 to 2011


For fiscal year 2012, the increase in the effective rate versus the prior year was primarily attributable to the following factors: (i) during fiscal year 2012, the Company recorded a valuation allowance of $697,000 against its California net operating loss (NOL) because it does not anticipate being able to utilize the NOL (the Company elected single sales factor election apportionment in its fiscal year 2012 tax return and intends to do the same in subsequent years; such election significantly reduces the California apportionment factor and, therefore, California taxable income); (ii) in fiscal year 2011, the Company recorded a $3.1 million decrease in tax expense due to the correction of an error identified in the Company's reconciliations of net deferred tax assets related to net operating and capital loss carryforwards to its tax returns.




17


Liquidity and Capital Resources

Financial Position and Cash Flow


The Company requires cash to fund its operating expenses and working capital requirements, including the investment in merchandise inventories, acquisition of land and construction of new warehouse clubs, expansion of existing warehouse clubs and distribution centers, acquisitions of fixtures and equipment, routine upgrades and maintenance of fixtures and equipment within existing warehouse clubs, investments in joint ventures in Panama and Costa Rica to own and operate commercial retail centers located adjacent to the new warehouse clubs, the purchase of treasury stock upon the vesting of restricted stock awards and payment of dividends to stockholders. The Company's primary sources for funding these requirements are cash and cash equivalents on hand and cash generated from operations.  The Company evaluates on a regular basis whether it may need to borrow additional funds to cover any shortfall in the Company's ability to generate sufficient cash from operations to meet its operating and capital requirements. As such, the Company may enter into or obtain additional loans and/or credit facilities to provide additional liquidity when necessary.

The following table summarizes the cash and cash equivalents held by foreign subsidiaries of the Company (in thousands). Repatriation of such cash and cash equivalents held by foreign subsidiaries may require the Company to accrue and pay taxes. However, management believes that its U.S. current asset position is sufficient to meet its U.S. liquidity requirements. The Company has no plans at this time to repatriate cash and cash equivalents through the payment of cash dividends by the foreign subsidiaries to the Company and, therefore, has not accrued taxes that would be due from repatriation.


August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Cash and Cash Equivalents held by foreign subsidiaries

$

75,108


$

59,868


Cash and Cash Equivalents held domestically

46,766


31,380


Total Cash and Cash Equivalents

$

121,874


$

91,248



     The Company's cash flows are summarized as follows (in thousands):

Fiscal Years Ended

August 31,

2013

2012

Net cash provided by (used in) continuing operating activities

$

130,633


$

89,490


Net cash provided by (used in) discontinued operations

-


399


Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

(71,812

)

(52,567

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

(21,806

)

(25,082

)

Effect of exchange rates

(6,389

)

2,191


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

$

30,626


$

14,431




18


The Company's operating activities provided cash for all periods presented as summarized below.  


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

Increase/(Decrease)

2013

2012

2011

2013 to 2012

2012 to 2011

Net Income

$

84,265


$

67,621


$

61,750


$

16,644


$

5,871


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

24,444


23,739


21,154


705


2,585


Loss /(Gain) on sale of assets

889


312


486


577


(174

)

Gain on sale of excess real estate In Panama

-


-


(1,249

)

-


1,249


Asset impairment and Closure costs

-


-


-


-


-


Deferred income taxes

3,049


2,128


642


921


1,486


Stock-based compensation expenses

4,966


4,031


3,285


935


746


Other non-cash operating activities

3


36


128


(33

)

(92

)

Net non-cash related expenses

33,351


30,246


24,446


3,105


5,800


Net Income from operating activities reconciled for non-cash operating activities

117,616


97,867


86,196


19,749


11,671


Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities not including Merchandise Inventories

29,387


15,434


35,373


13,953


(19,939

)

Changes in Merchandise Inventories

(16,370

)

(23,811

)

(46,043

)

7,441


22,232


Net cash provided by discontinued operating activities

-


399


73


(399

)

326


Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

130,633


$

89,889


75,599


40,744


14,290


The 24.6%  increase in Net Income from Operating Activities for fiscal year 2013  compared to fiscal year 2012 was primarily due to year-over-year increases in warehouse sales of 12.0% .  Net non-cash related expenses increased for fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 primarily due to an increase in depreciation expenses (reflective of the continuing investment activities in warehouse clubs), an increase in deferred income taxes, an increase in the loss on sales of assets primarily related to normal asset replacement activity and an increase in the amortization of stock-based compensation year over year.  The Company's merchandise inventories increased by $16.4 million in fiscal year 2013, reflecting a 12% growth in sales. In the previous fiscal year, merchandise inventories increased $23.8 million, reflecting a 19% growth in sales. In fiscal year 2013, the Company acquired inventory for two additional clubs as the Company opened its second and third clubs in South and North Cali, Colombia in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively.


The 9.5% increase in Net Income from Operating Activities for fiscal year 2012  compared to fiscal year 2011  was primarily due to increases in year-over-year warehouse sales of 19.4% .   Net non-cash related expenses increased for fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011 primarily due to an increase in depreciation expenses (reflective of the continuing investment activities in warehouse clubs) and an increase in deferred income taxes for approximately $1.5 million, offset by the gain on sales of assets primarily related to the sale of former "Los Pueblos" warehouse club in Panama City that was relocated to another location in Panama City, Panama during fiscal year 2011 for approximately $1.2 million.  The decrease in cash used for inventory in fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011 resulted primarily from the fact that fiscal year 2011 included the recording of inventory acquired for the addition of two new warehouse clubs Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (November 5, 2010) and Barranquilla, Colombia (August 19, 2011). 




19


The Company's use of cash in investing activities for the period presented is summarized below:

Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

Increase/(Decrease)

2013

2012

2011

2013 to 2012

2012 to 2011

Land acquisitions

$

12,794


$

10,943


$

6,814


$

1,851


$

4,129


Warehouse club expansion, construction, and land improvements

37,855


25,998


24,859


11,857


1,139


Acquisition of fixtures and equipment

19,278


15,764


15,360


3,514


404


Increase in capital contributions to joint ventures

550


-


-


550


-


Proceeds on sale of excess real estate in Panama

-


-


(7,406

)

-


7,406


Deposits for land purchase option

1,599


-


-


1,599


-


Proceeds from disposals of property and equipment

(264

)

(138

)

(182

)

(126

)

44


Net cash flows (provided by) used in investing activities

$

71,812


$

52,567


$

39,445


$

19,245


$

13,122



Net cash used in investing activities was higher in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 by approximately $19.2 million primarily due to the increase in the number of land acquisitions and land deposits and an increase in warehouse club construction and expansion activity in fiscal year 2013 compared to fiscal year 2012 .


Net cash used in investing activities was higher in fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011 by approximately $13.1 million primarily due to a increase in the number of land acquisitions and an increase in warehouse club construction and expansion activity in fiscal year 2012 compared to fiscal year 2011 . In addition, the Company recorded proceeds from the sales of real estate in Panama in fiscal year 2011 of approximately $7.4 million that offset the use of cash used in investing activities in fiscal year 2011.


Net cash used in financing activities for the period presented is summarized below:


Fiscal Years Ended August 31,

Decrease/(Increase)

2013

2012

2011

2013 to 2012

2012 to 2011

New bank loans, offset by establishment of certificates of deposit held against loans and payments on existing bank loans

$

(1,667

)

$

(5,335

)

$

(10,891

)

$

3,668


$

5,556


Cash dividend payments

(18,133

)

(18,120

)

(17,934

)

(13

)

(186

)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options, restricted stock awards and unit vestings and the tax benefit related to these transactions

1,461


1,527


896


(66

)

631


Purchase of treasury stock related to vesting of restricted stock

(3,467

)

(3,154

)

(2,711

)

(313

)

(443

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing  activities

$

(21,806

)

$

(25,082

)

$

(30,640

)

$

3,276


$

5,558



Net cash used in financing activities decreased in fiscal year 2013 over fiscal year 2012 primarily due to the reduction in the amounts of certificates of deposits held against loans in fiscal year 2013 of approximately $2.0 million and the reduction of short-term loan pay downs of approximately $2.3 million, offset by normally scheduled payments in fiscal year 2013.  In addition, cash used for the purchase of treasury stock in connection with the vesting of restricted stock increased, primarily as a result of increases in the Company's stock price.


Net cash used in financing activities increased in fiscal year 2012 over fiscal year 2011 primarily due to a decrease in net borrowings resulting from normally scheduled loan payments.  Loans obtained in fiscal year 2012 were primarily offset by


20


certificates of deposit established as collateral for those loans. The increase in dividend payments reflected the increase in the number outstanding shares available for dividends as the dividend declared remained flat for fiscal year 2012 .  In addition, cash used for the purchase of treasury stock in connection with the vesting of restricted stock increased as a result of increases in the Company's stock price.


The following table summarizes the dividends declared and paid during fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011.

First Payment

Second Payment

Declared

Amount

Record Date

Date Paid

Amount

Record Date

Date Paid

Amount

11/27/12

$

0.60


12/10/12

12/21/12

$

0.30


8/15/13

8/30/13

$

0.30


1/25/12

0.60


2/15/12

2/29/12

0.30


8/15/12

8/31/12

0.30


1/19/11

0.60


2/15/11

2/28/11

0.30


8/15/11

8/31/11

0.30



The Company anticipates the ongoing payment of semi-annual dividends in subsequent periods, although the actual declaration of future dividends, the amount of such dividends, and the establishment of record and payment dates is subject to final determination by the Board of Directors at its discretion after its review of the Company's financial performance and anticipated capital requirements. 


Financing Activities

On August 30, 2012 the Company's Barbados subsidiary entered into a loan agreement with Citicorp Merchant Bank Limited.  The agreement established a credit facility for BDS$8.0 million (Barbados Dollars), equivalent to approximately USD $4.0 million. The interest rate is set at the Barbados Prime Lending Rate less 2.0%.  The loan term is seven years with interest and principal payments due quarterly.  This loan is secured by assets of the Company's Barbados subsidiary. On October 3, 2012, the Company obtained the proceeds from the BDS$8.0 million loan.


On January 13, 2012, the Company's Guatemala subsidiary paid off its local currency-loan to Banco Industrial, S.A., for approximately $5.2 million.


On December 22, 2011, the Company's Guatemala subsidiary entered into a loan agreement based in Quetzales with Banco Industrial, S.A., for the equivalent amount of $8.9 million to be paid over ten years.  A portion of the proceeds of this loan was used to pay off the $5.2 million local-currency loan described above. The loan has a variable interest rate, which will be fixed for the first three years to an interest rate of 8% per year.  Thereafter, the interest rate will be negotiable according to market conditions.


On March 14, 2011, the Company's Colombia subsidiary entered into a loan agreement with Scotiabank & Trust (Cayman) Ltd.  The agreement establishes a credit facility for $16.0 million to be disbursed in several tranches.  The interest rate is set at the three-month LIBOR rate plus 0.7%.  The loan term is five years with interest only payments and a balloon payment at maturity.  This loan is secured by a time deposit of $16.0 million pledged by the Company's Costa Rican subsidiary.  The deposit will earn interest at a rate equal to three-month LIBOR.  The first tranche of $8.0 million was funded on April 1, 2011, and the Company secured this portion of the loan with an $8.0 million secured time deposit.  The second tranche of $2.0 million was funded on July 28, 2011, and the Company secured this portion of the loan with a $2.0 million secured time deposit.  The Company drew down the third and final tranche of $6.0 million on September 30, 2011, and the Company secured this portion of the loan with a $6.0 million secured time deposit.  On January 31, 2012 the Company's Colombia subsidiary and Scotiabank & Trust (Cayman) Ltd., amended and restated the March 14, 2011 loan agreement.  The amendment increased the credit facility by $16.0 million; as a result the total credit facility with Scotiabank & Trust (Cayman) Ltd. is for $32.0 million.  The interest rate on the incremental amount of the facility as the tranches are drawn is three-month LIBOR rate plus 0.6%.  The loan term continues to be five years with interest only payments and a balloon payment at maturity.  The deposits will earn interest at a rate equal to three-month LIBOR.  The first tranche of $8.0 million from the incremental $16.0 million of the credit facility was funded on February 21, 2012, and the Company secured this portion of the loan with an $8.0 million secured time deposit pledged by the Company's Costa Rica subsidiary.


On November 25, 2010, the Company's Barbados subsidiary paid off its Barbados local currency loan to Citicorp Merchant Bank Limited for approximately $3.3 million.


21


On November 1, 2010, the Company's Colombia subsidiary entered into a loan agreement with Citibank, N.A. in New York.  The agreement establishes a credit facility for $16.0 million to be disbursed in two tranches of $8.0 million each.  The interest rate is set at the six-month LIBOR rate plus 2.4%.  The loan term is five years with interest only payments and a balloon payment at maturity.  The credit facility is renewable for an additional five-year period at the option of the Company's Colombia subsidiary.  This loan is secured by a time deposit pledged by the Company equal to the amount outstanding on the loan.  The deposit will earn interest at a rate of six month LIBOR plus 1.6%.  The Company received the first of the two tranches of $8.0 million and made a restricted deposit of $8.0 million during November 2010.


Derivatives


The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations. One risk managed by the Company using derivative instruments is interest rate risk.  To manage interest rate exposure, the Company enters into hedge transactions (interest rate swaps) using derivative financial instruments.  The objective of entering into interest rate swaps is to eliminate the variability of cash flows in the LIBOR interest payments associated with variable-rate loans over the life of the loans.  As changes in interest rates impact the future cash flow of interest payments, the hedges provide a synthetic offset to interest rate movements.


In addition, the Company is exposed to foreign currency and interest rate cash flow exposure related to a non-functional currency long-term debt of one of its wholly owned subsidiaries. To manage this foreign currency and interest rate cash flow exposure, the Company's subsidiary entered into a cross currency interest rate swap that converts its foreign currency denominated floating interest payments to functional currency fixed interest payments during the life of the hedging instrument.  As changes in foreign exchange and interest rates impact the future cash flow of interest payments, the hedge is intended to offset changes in cash flows attributable to interest rate and foreign exchange movements.

The Company is also exposed to foreign-currency exchange-rate fluctuations on U.S. dollar denominated liabilities within its international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar.  The Company manages these fluctuations, in part, through the use of non-deliverable forward foreign-exchange contracts that are intended to offset changes in cash flow attributable to currency exchange movements.  The contracts are intended primarily to economically address exposure to U.S. dollar merchandise inventory expenditures made by the Company's international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar. Currently, these contracts do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting. The Company seeks to mitigate foreign-currency exchange-rate risk with the use of these contracts and does not intend to engage in speculative transactions. These contracts do not contain any credit-risk-related contingent features.  The forward currency hedges are not effective cash flow hedges because the notional amount and maturity date of the forward contract does not coincide with the accounts payable balance and due dates.  The hedge ineffectiveness is measured by use of the "hypothetical derivative method," and the Company records the changes in the fair value of the forward contract related to the re-measurement of the payable at spot exchange rates as exchange rate gains or losses.  The implied interest rate included within the forward contract is reflected in earnings as interest expense.


For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative is reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction is determined to be ineffective. None of the derivative instruments designated and qualified as cash flow hedges were determined to be ineffective for the periods reported herein.


22


The following table summarizes agreements for which the Company has recorded cash flow hedge accounting transactions during the twelve months ended August 31, 2013:


Subsidiary

Date entered into

Derivative Financial Counter-party

Derivative Financial Instruments

Initial
US Notional Amount (in thousands)

Bank US loan Held with

Floating Leg (swap counter-party)

Fixed Rate for PSMT Subsidiary

Settlement Reset Date

Effective Period of Swap

Colombia

11-Dec-12

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

4.79

%

March, June, September and December, beginning on March 5, 2013

December 5, 2012 - December 5, 2014

Colombia

21-Feb-12

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.6%

6.02

%

February, May, August and November beginning on May 22, 2012

February 21, 2012 - February 21, 2017

Colombia

17-Nov-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Citibank, N.A.

Variable rate 6-month Eurodollar Libor plus 2.4%

5.85

%

May 3, 2012 and semi-annually thereafter

November 3, 2011 - November 3, 2013

Colombia

21-Oct-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

2,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

5.30

%

January, April, July and October, beginning on October 29, 2011

July 29, 2011 - April 1, 2016

Colombia

21-Oct-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

6,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

5.45

%

March, June, September and December, beginning on October 29, 2011

September 29, 2011 - April 1, 2016

Colombia

5-May-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

6.09

%

January, April, July and October, beginning on July 5, 2011

April 1, 2011 - April 1, 2016

Trinidad

20-Nov-08

Royal Bank of Trinidad & Tobago

Interest rate swaps

$

8,900


Royal Bank of Trinidad & Tobago

Variable rate 1-year Libor plus 2.75%

7.05

%

Annually on August 26

September 25, 2008 - September 26, 2013

Barbados

13-Feb-08

Citibank, N.A.

Interest rate swaps

$

4,500


Citibank, N.A.

Variable rate 9-month Libor plus 1.5%

5.22

%

Semi-annually on November 15 and May 15

November 15, 2007 - November 14, 2012




23


The Company measures the fair value for all financial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis during the reporting period.  The Company has designated the interest rate swaps and cross-currency interest rate swap agreements as hedging instruments and has accounted for them under hedge accounting rules.  The following table summarizes the fair value of interest rate swaps and cross-currency interest rate swaps that qualify for derivative hedge accounting (in thousands, except footnote data):


Liability Derivatives as of August 31,

2013

2012

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Cross currency interest rate swaps (1)(2)

Other non-current assets

$

1,505


Other non-current assets

$

-


Interest rate swaps (3)

Other long-term liabilities

$

(14

)

Other long-term liabilities

$

(216

)

Cross currency interest rate swap (3)(4)

Other long-term liabilities

-


Other long-term liabilities

(983

)

Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments (5)

$

1,491


$

(1,199

)


(1)

The effective portion of the cross-currency interest rate swap was recorded as income or a loss to Accumulated other comprehensive (income)/loss for $(1.0) million and $983,000 as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.

(2)

The Company has recorded a deferred tax liability amount with an offset to other comprehensive income - tax of $(497,000) as of August 31, 2013 related to Other non-current assets for the cross-currency interest rate swap. The Company did not record a deferred tax liability amount with an offset to other comprehensive income - tax as of August 31, 2012.

(3)

The effective portion of the interest rate swaps was recorded as income or a loss to Accumulated other comprehensive (income)/loss for $10,000 and $ 162,000 net of tax, as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.  The Company has recorded a deferred tax asset amount with an offset to other comprehensive income - tax of $4,000 and $54,000 as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.

(4)

The Company has recorded a deferred tax asset amount with an offset to the tax valuation allowance of $325,000 as of August 31, 2012 related to Other long-term liabilities for the cross-currency interest rate swaps. The Company did not record a deferred tax asset amount with an offset to the tax valuation allowance as of August 31, 2013.

(5)

Derivatives listed on the above table were designated as cash flow hedging instruments.


The Company did not have any open forward foreign exchange contracts outstanding as of August 31, 2013 .


The following table summarizes the fair value of foreign currency forward contracts that do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting (in thousands):

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Derivatives designated as fair value hedging instruments

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Foreign currency forward contracts

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

$

-


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

$

27


Foreign currency forward contracts

Other accrued expenses

-


Other accrued expenses

(3

)

Net fair value of derivatives designated as hedging instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting

$

-


$

24













24


Short-Term Borrowings and Long-Term Debt

Short-term borrowings consist of lines of credit which are secured by certain assets of the Company and its subsidiaries. The short-term borrowing facilities are summarized below (in thousands):

Facilities Used

Total Amount of Facilities

Short-term Borrowings

Letters of Credit

Facilities Available

Weighted average interest rate of loans outstanding

August 31, 2013

$

35,863



$

-



$

588



$

35,275



N/A

August 31, 2012

$

36,967



$

-



$

774



$

36,193



N/A


As of August 31, 2013 , the Company had approximately $25.0 million of short-term facilities available in the U.S. that require the Company to comply with certain quarterly financial covenants, which include debt service and leverage ratios. As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, the Company was in compliance with respect to these covenants.


As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , the Company, together with its wholly owned subsidiaries, had $73.0 million and $78.7 million , respectively, outstanding in long-term borrowings.  The decrease during the current period primarily relates to normally scheduled payments of principal of approximately $7.6 million offset by the addition of long-term loans of approximately $4.0 million. Translation adjustment gains also decreased long-term debt, primarily due to the translation of foreign denominated debt of subsidiaries whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar for approximately $2.0 million. These foreign currency translation adjustments are recorded within Other Comprehensive Income. The carrying amount of the non-cash assets assigned as collateral for long-term debt was $55.2 million and $59.6 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , respectively. The carrying amount of the cash assets assigned as collateral for long-term debt was $33.8 million and $36.9 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , respectively.


As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , the Company had approximately $55.9 million and $58.0 million , respectively, of long-term loans in Trinidad, Barbados, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras and Colombia that require these subsidiaries to comply with certain annual or quarterly financial covenants, which include debt service and leverage ratios. During the fourth quarter, the Company detected that it was not in compliance with the covenants described in the underlying contract in the Barbados subsidiary. The Company obtained a written waiver from the bank with respect to any non-compliance for fiscal year 2013. As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , the Company was in compliance with all covenants, amended covenants or had received a written waiver from the bank with respect to any non-compliance.





25


Contractual Obligations

As of August 31, 2013 , the Company's commitments to make future payments under long-term contractual obligations were as follows (in thousands):

Payments due in:

Contractual obligations

Less than

1 Year

1 to 3

Years

4 to 5

Years

After

5 Years

Total

Long-term debt and interest (1)

$

16,873



$

48,893



$

13,957



$

4,162



$

83,885


Operating leases (2)

7,362



13,600



13,872



29,792



$

64,626


Additional capital contribution commitments to
 joint ventures (3)

3,113



-



-



-



$

3,113


Data recovery services (4)

40



-



-



-



$

40


Distribution center services (5)

125



41



-



-



$

166


Warehouse club construction commitments (6)

3,027



-



-



-



$

3,027


Total

$

30,540



$

62,534



$

27,829



$

33,954



$

154,857



(1)

Long-term debt includes debt with both fixed and variable interest rates.  The Company has used variable rates as of August 31, 2013 to calculate future estimated payments related to the variable rate items.  For the portion of the loans subject to interest rate swaps and cross currency interest rate swap, the Company has used the fixed interest rates as set by the interest rate swaps.

(2)

Operating lease obligations have been reduced by approximately $749,000 to reflect the amounts net of sublease income.

(3)

Amounts shown are the contractual capital contribution requirements for the Company's investment in the joint ventures that the Company has agreed to make; however, the parties intend to seek alternate financing for these projects. On September 26, 2012, the Company contributed an additional $300,000 to Price Plaza Alajuela, S.A. and maintained its 50% interest in the joint venture. On October 26, 2012, the Company contributed an additional $250,000 to Golf Park Plaza S.A. and maintained its 50% interest in the joint venture. The contributions were a portion of the Company's required additional future contributions under the joint venture agreement.

(4)

Amounts shown are the minimum payments under contract for the Company's offsite data recovery services agreement.

(5)

Amounts shown are the minimum payments under contractual distribution center services agreements for Mexico City.

(6)

The amounts shown represent contractual obligations for construction services not yet rendered.


Income Tax Liabilities


The Company has as of August 31, 2013 approximately $1.3 million in net liabilities for income taxes associated with uncertain tax benefits for which the timing of future of payment is uncertain.


Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements


The Company does not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have had, or are reasonably likely to have, a material current or future effect on its financial condition or consolidated financial statements.

Repurchase of Equity Securities and Re-issuance of Treasury Shares


At the vesting dates for restricted stock awards to Company employees, the Company repurchases a portion of the shares that have vested at the prior day's closing price per share, with the funds used to pay the employees' minimum statutory tax withholding requirements related to the vesting of restricted stock awards.  The Company does not have a stock repurchase program.

Shares of common stock repurchased by the Company are recorded at cost as treasury stock and result in the reduction of stockholders' equity in the Company's Consolidated Balance Sheets.  The Company may reissue these treasury shares.  When treasury shares are reissued, the Company uses the first in/first out ("FIFO") cost method for determining cost of the reissued shares.  If the issuance price is higher than the cost, the excess of the issuance price over the cost is credited to additional paid-in capital ("APIC").  If the issuance price is lower than the cost, the difference is first charged against any credit balance in APIC from treasury stock and the balance is charged to retained earnings.



26


The following table summarizes the shares repurchased during fiscal years 2013 and 2012 :


Period

(a)

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

2013

(b)

Average Price

Paid Per Share

2013

(a)

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

2012

(b)

Average Price

Paid Per Share

2012

1 st  quarter ended November 30,

-


$

-


-


$

-


2 nd  quarter ended February 28 or February 29,

41,774


77.43


41,910


67.82


3 rd  quarter ended May 31,

660


77.83


2,418


71.80


4 th  quarter ended August 31,

2,026


89.40


2,045


68.89


Total fiscal year

44,460


$

81.55


46,373


$

68.07



The following table summarizes the shares re-issued during fiscal years 2013 and 2012 :


Period

(a)

Total Number of

Shares Re-issued

2013

(b)

Average Cost

Paid Per Share

2013

(a)

Total Number of

Shares Re-issued

2012

(b)

Average Cost

Paid Per Share

2012

1 st  quarter ended November 30,

-


$

-


-


$

-


2 nd  quarter ended February 28 or February 29,

-


-


196,850


25.16


3 rd  quarter ended May 31,

-


-


-


 -


4 th  quarter ended August 31,

-


-


-


 -


Total fiscal year

-


$

-


196,850


$

25.16






27


Critical Accounting Estimates


The preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements requires that management make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  Some of the Company's accounting policies require management to make difficult and subjective judgments, often as a result of the need to make estimates of matters that are inherently uncertain. Management continues to review its accounting policies and evaluate its estimates, including those related to contingencies and litigation, deferred taxes, merchandise inventories, and long-lived assets.  The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the present circumstances. Using different estimates could have a material impact on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.


Contingencies and Litigation: In the ordinary course of business, the Company is periodically named as a defendant in various lawsuits, claims and pending actions and is exposed to tax risks (other than income tax). The principal risks that the Company insures against are workers' compensation, general liability, vehicle liability, property damage, employment practices, errors and omissions, fiduciary liability and fidelity losses. If a potential loss arising from these lawsuits, claims, actions and non-income tax issues is probable and reasonably estimable, the Company records the estimated liability based on circumstances and assumptions existing at the time.  The estimates affecting the Company's litigation reserves can be affected by new claims filed after the balance sheet date with respect to events occurring prior to the balance sheet date and developments in pending litigation that may affect the outcome of the litigation.  While the Company believes the recorded liabilities are adequate, there are inherent limitations in projecting the outcome of litigation and in evaluating the probable additional tax associated with various non-income tax filing positions.  As such, the Company is unable to make a reasonable estimate of the sensitivity to change of estimates affecting its recorded liabilities.  As additional information becomes available, the Company assesses the potential liability and revises its estimates as appropriate. 


Income Taxes: The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences and carry-forwards are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts expected to be realized. As of August 31, 2013, the Company evaluated its deferred tax assets and liabilities and determined that a valuation allowance is necessary for certain foreign deferred tax asset balances, primarily because of the existence of significant negative objective evidence, such as the fact that certain subsidiaries are in a cumulative loss position for the past three years, indicating that certain net operating loss carry-forward periods are not sufficient to realize the related deferred tax assets.  


The Company had U.S. federal and state tax net operating loss carry-forwards, or NOLs, at August 31, 2013 of approximately $19.2 million and $8.0 million, respectively. In calculating the tax provision, and assessing the likelihood that the Company will be able to utilize the federal deferred tax assets, the Company considered and weighed all of the evidence, both positive and negative, and both objective and subjective. The Company factored into its analysis the inherent risk of forecasting revenue and expenses over an extended period of time and also considered the potential risks associated with its business. Because of the Company's U.S. income from continuing operations and based on projections of future taxable income in the United States, the Company was able to determine that there was sufficient positive evidence to support the conclusion that it was more likely than not that the Company would be able to realize all of its U.S. federal NOLs by generating sufficient taxable income during the carry-forward period. However, if the Company does not achieve its projections of future taxable income in the United States, the Company could be required to take a charge to earnings related to the recoverability of these deferred tax assets. Due to the deemed change of ownership (as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code) in October 2004, there are annual limitations in the amount of U.S. taxable income that may be offset by NOLs. The NOLs generated prior to the deemed ownership change date are limited on an annual basis. The Company made a single sales factor election on its California tax return for fiscal year 2012 and intends to do the same for fiscal year 2013, after which time application is mandatory. Application of the single sales factor significantly reduced the California apportionment factor and, therefore, California taxable income. As a result, the Company maintains a valuation allowance on substantially all of its California NOLs. The Company had net foreign deferred tax assets of $9.8 million and $8.7 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, respectively.



28


The Company and its subsidiaries are required to file federal and state income tax returns in the United States and various other tax returns in foreign jurisdictions. The preparation of these tax returns requires the Company to interpret the applicable tax laws and regulations in effect in such jurisdictions, which could affect the amount of tax paid by the Company. The Company, in consultation with its tax advisors, bases its tax returns on interpretations that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The tax returns, however, are subject to routine reviews by the various federal, state and foreign taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which the Company or one of its subsidiaries file tax returns. As part of these reviews, a taxing authority may disagree with respect to the income tax positions taken by the Company ("uncertain tax positions") and, therefore, require the Company or one of its subsidiaries to pay additional taxes.

The Company accrues an amount for its estimate of probable additional income tax liability.  In certain cases, the impact of an uncertain income tax position on the income tax return must be recognized at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant tax authority.  An uncertain income tax position will not be recognized if it has less than 50% likelihood of being sustained. This requires significant judgment, the use of estimates, and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws. When facts and circumstances change, the Company reassesses these probabilities and records any changes in the consolidated financial statements as appropriate.   There were no material changes in the Company's uncertain income tax positions for the periods ended on August 31, 2013 and 2012. The Company has not provided for U.S. deferred taxes on cumulative non-U.S. undistributed earnings as such earnings are deemed by the Company to be indefinitely reinvested. It is not practicable to determine the U.S. federal income tax liability that would be associated with such earnings because of the complexity of the computation.


Value-Added Tax Receivable – The Company within the course of its normal business pays Value Added Tax ("VAT") or similar taxes ("input VAT") in most of the countries it operates in on merchandise and/or services it acquires. The Company also collects VAT or similar taxes on behalf of the government ("output taxes") for merchandise and/or services it sells. If the output VAT exceeds the input VAT, then the difference is remitted to the government, usually on a monthly basis. If the input VAT exceeds the output VAT, this creates a VAT receivable. The Company either requests a refund of this VAT receivable or applies the balance to expected future VAT payables. In some countries where the Company operates, the governments have implemented additional collection procedures, such as requiring credit card processor to remit a portion of sales processed via credit card directly to the government, converting this amount into a VAT receivable. These procedures alter the natural offset of input and output VAT and force the Company to process significant refund claims on a recurring basis. These refund processes can take anywhere from several months to several years to complete. In most countries where the Company operates, the VAT refund process is defined and structured with regular refunds or offsets. However, in one country the government has alleged that there is no defined process in the law to allow them to refund this VAT receivable. The Company together with its tax and legal advisers is currently appealing this interpretation in court and, further reinforced by recent favorable jurisprudence on this matter, expects to prevail. Therefore, the Company has not placed an allowance on the amounts of VAT receivable. The balance of the VAT receivable in this country was $4.3 million and $3.7 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, respectively.


The Company's policy for classification and presentation of VAT receivables is as follows:


• Short-term VAT receivables, recorded as Other current assets: This classification is used for any countries where the Company's subsidiary has generally demonstrated the ability to use the VAT receivable within one year. The Company also classifies as short-term any approved refunds or credit notes to the extent that the Company expects to receive the refund or use the credit notes within one year.


• Long-term VAT receivables, recorded as Other non-current assets: This classification is used for amounts not approved for refund or credit in countries where the Company's subsidiary has not demonstrated the ability to obtain refunds within one year and/or for amounts or countries which are subject to outstanding disputes.


Long-lived Assets : The Company periodically evaluates its long-lived assets for indicators of impairment.  Indicators that an asset may be impaired are:


the asset's inability to continue to generate income from operations and positive cash flow in future periods;

loss of legal ownership or title to the asset;

significant changes in its strategic business objectives and utilization of the asset(s); and

the impact of significant negative industry or economic trends.


29


Management's judgments are based on market and operational conditions at the time of the evaluation and can include management's best estimate of future business activity, which in turn drives estimates of future cash flows from these assets. These periodic evaluations could cause management to conclude that impairment factors exist, requiring an adjustment of these assets to their then-current fair market value. Future business conditions and/or activity could differ materially from the projections made by management causing the need for additional impairment charges.  No impairment charges have been recorded during fiscal year 2013 .


Recent Accounting Pronouncements


FASB ASC 405 ASU 2013-04 - Obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements.


In February 2013, the FASB issued amendments providing guidance for the recognition, measurement, and disclosure of obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements for which the total amount of the obligation within the scope of this update is fixed at the reporting date, except for obligations addressed within existing guidance in U.S. GAAP. The guidance requires an entity to measure those obligations as the sum of the amount the reporting entity agreed to pay on the basis of its arrangement among its co-obligors and any additional amount the reporting entity expects to pay on behalf of its co-obligors. The guidance in this update also requires an entity to disclose the nature and amount of the obligation as well as other information about those obligations. The amendment was retrospectively effective for the Company as of September 1, 2013. Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


FASB ASC 220 ASU 2013-02 - Reporting of amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income.


In February 2013, the FASB issued amended guidance for the presentation requirements for reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendment requires the Company to provide additional information about reclassifications of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendment was effective as of March 1, 2013.  The Company adopted this guidance on March 1, 2013. Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


FASB ASC 220 ASU 2011-05 - Presentation of comprehensive income.


In June 2011, the FASB issued guidance to amend the presentation of comprehensive income to allow an entity the option to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements.  In both choices, an entity is required to present each component of net income along with total net income, each component of other comprehensive income along with a total for other comprehensive income, and a total amount for comprehensive income. The guidance eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders' equity.  The amended guidance was effective for annual and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2011 and was to be applied retrospectively. The Company adopted this guidance on September 1, 2012.  Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


FASB ASC 350 ASU 2010-28 - When to perform step 2 of the Goodwill impairment test.


In December 2010, the FASB issued amended guidance concerning testing for impairment of goodwill where an entity has one or more reporting units whose carrying value is zero or negative.  The amended guidance requires the entity to perform a test to measure the amount, if any, of impairment to goodwill by comparing the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill.  The Company was required to adopt this amended guidance for fiscal years or interim periods within those years after December 15, 2011.  The Company adopted this guidance on September 1, 2012.  The adoption of the amended guidance did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements or disclosures to those financial statements.


Seasonality

Historically, the Company's merchandising businesses have experienced holiday retail seasonality in their markets. In addition to seasonal fluctuations, the Company's operating results fluctuate quarter-to-quarter as a result of economic and political events in markets served by the Company, the timing of holidays, weather, the timing of shipments, product mix, and currency effects on the cost of U.S.-sourced products which may make these products more or less expensive in local currencies and therefore more or less affordable. Because of such fluctuations, the results of operations of any quarter are not indicative of the results that may be achieved for a full fiscal year or any future quarter. In addition, there can be no assurance that the Company's future results will be consistent with past results or the projections of securities analysts.


30



Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

The Company is exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates and commodity price risk. These market risks arise in the normal course of business, and the Company does not engage in speculative trading activities. To manage the risk arising from these exposures, the Company utilizes interest rate swaps, cross-currency interest rate swaps, non-deliverable foreign currency forward contracts and loans denominated in foreign currencies. For a discussion of the Company's accounting policies for derivative instruments and further disclosures, please see Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Note 12 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.


Interest Rate Risk


The Company is exposed to changes in interest rates as a result of its short-term borrowings and long-term debt borrowings. The Company has mitigated a portion of its interest rate risk by managing the mix of fixed and variable rate debt and by entering into interest rate swaps and cross-currency interest rate swaps to hedge interest rate risk. The notional amount, interest payment and maturity dates of the swap match the terms of the associated debt.


The table below provides information about the Company's financial instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. For debt obligations, the table represents the principal cash flows and related weighted-average interest rates by expected maturity dates. For interest rate swaps, including cross-currency interest rate swaps, the table represents the contractual cash flows and weighted-average interest rates by the contractual maturity date, unless otherwise noted. The notional amounts are used to calculate contractual cash flows to be exchanged under the contracts. The weighted-average variable rates are based upon prevailing market interest rates and the outstanding balances as of August 31, 2013.


31


Expected Fiscal Year Maturity

(Amounts in thousands)

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

Thereafter

Total

Long-Term Debt:

Long-term debt with fixed interest rate

9,729


12,146


4,204


879


879


3,003


30,840


Weighted-average interest rate

6.33

%

6.53

%

7.47

%

8.00

%

8.00

%

8.00

%

6.96

%

Long-term debt with variable interest rate

3,028


2,566


24,927


9,256


1,693


710


42,180


Weighted-average interest rate

2.56

%

2.56

%

2.11

%

2.70

%

3.98

%

5.85

%

2.62

%

Total Long-Term Debt

12,757


14,711


29,131


10,135


2,572


3,714


73,020


Derivatives:

Interest Rate Swaps:

Variable to fixed interest

4,500


-


-


-


-


-


4,500


Weighted-average pay rate

7.05

%

-

%

-

%

-

%

-

%

-

%

7.05

%

Weighted-average receive rate

3.43

%

-

%

-

%

-

%

-

%

-

%

3.43

%

Cross-Currency Interest Rate Swaps:

Variable to fixed interest

8,000


8,000


16,000


8,000


-


-


40,000


Weighted-average pay rate

5.85

%

4.79

%

5.75

%

6.02

%

-

%

-

%

4.67

%

Weighted-average receive rate

2.83

%

0.98

%

0.97

%

0.86

%

-

%

-

%

1.13

%



The Company carries investments in cash-equivalent debt instruments, which accrue income at variable rates of interest. The following table provides information about these cash-equivalent debt instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates.

Expected Fiscal Year Maturity

(Amount in thousands)

2014

2015

2016

2017

Thereafter

Total

Certificates of Deposit

Certificates of Deposit with variable interest rate

-


24,000


8,000


-


-


32,000


Weighted-average interest rate

-

%

0.32

%

0.26

%

-

%

-

%

0.31

%



32


Foreign Currency Risk


The Company has foreign currency risks related to its sales, operating expenses and financing transactions in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. As of August 31, 2013 , the Company had a total of 31 consolidated warehouse clubs operating in 12 foreign countries and one U.S. territory, 24 of which operate under currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Approximately 52% of the Company's net warehouse sales are comprised of products purchased in U.S. dollars and imported into the markets where PriceSmart warehouse clubs are located, but approximately 79% of the Company's net warehouse sales are in foreign currencies. The Company may enter into additional foreign countries in the future or open additional locations in existing countries, which may increase the percentage of net warehouse sales denominated in foreign currencies.


Currency exchange rate changes either increase or decrease the cost of imported products that the Company purchases in U.S. dollars and prices in local currency. Price changes can impact the demand for those products in the market. Currency exchange rates also affect the reported sales of the consolidated company when local currency-denominated sales are translated to U.S. dollars. In addition, the Company revalues all U.S. dollar denominated assets and liabilities within those markets that do not use the U.S. dollar as its functional currency. These assets and liabilities include, but are not limited to, excess cash permanently reinvested offshore and the value of items shipped from the U.S. to the Company's foreign markets. The gain or loss associated with this revaluation, net of reserves, is recorded in other income (expense).


Foreign currencies in most of the countries where the Company operates have historically devalued against the U.S. dollar and are expected to continue to devalue.  The following tables summarize by country, for those countries with functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar, the weakening of the countries' currency against the U.S. dollar (devaluation) or the strengthening of their currencies (revaluation):

Revaluation/(Devaluation)

Twelve Months Ended August 31,

2013

2012

Country

% Change

% Change

Colombia

(6.15

)%

(2.63

)%

Costa Rica

(1.29

)%

2.21

 %

Dominican Republic

(9.57

)%

(2.65

)%

Guatemala

(0.24

)%

(1.59

)%

Honduras

(4.17

)%

(4.06

)%

Jamaica

(13.67

)%

(4.25

)%

Nicaragua

(4.98

)%

(5.00

)%

Trinidad

(0.50

)%

0.07

 %


The Company seeks to manage its foreign exchange risk by (1) adjusting prices on U.S. dollar goods on a periodic basis to maintain its target margins after taking into account changes in exchange rates; (2) obtaining local currency loans from banks within certain markets where it is economical to do so and where management believes the risk of devaluation and the level of U.S. dollar denominated liabilities warrants this action; (3) reducing the time between the acquisition of product in U.S. dollars and the settlement of that purchase in local currency; and (4) by entering into cross-currency interest rate swaps and forward currency derivatives. The Company has local currency-denominated long-term loans in Honduras and Guatemala and has cross-currency interest rate swaps and forward currency derivatives in Colombia.



33


The Company is exposed to foreign exchange risks related to local currency denominated cash and cash equivalents held within entities whose functional currency is non-U.S. dollar, to local currency denominated debt obligations within entities whose functional currency is non-U.S. dollar, to U.S. dollar denominated intercompany debt balances within entities whose functional currency is non-U.S. dollar and to non-U.S. dollar denominated debt within entities whose functional currency is U.S. dollar. The following table discloses the effect on local currency denominated cash and cash equivalents, foreign currency denominated debt, and U.S. dollar denominated intercompany debt relative to hypothetical negative currency movements in the countries listed in the table above, based on balances as of August 31, 2013 :

Overall weighted negative currency movement (1)

Decline in Local currency denominated cash and cash equivalents (in thousands) (2)

Decline in local currency denominated debt obligations (in thousands) (2)

Losses based on change in U.S. dollar denominated inter-company debt balances (in thousands) (3)

5

%

$

1,636


$

635


$

2,809


10

%

$

3,272


$

1,271


$

5,617


20

%

$

6,544


$

2,542


$

11,235


(1) Negative currency movement is assumed to be a negative movement of all currencies in all locations.

(2) Fluctuations in the value of these accounts are recorded in accumulated comprehensive income (loss), a separate component of stockholders' equity, and disclosed within the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income as Other comprehensive income (loss), net tax: Foreign currency translation adjustments.

(3)  These losses would be recorded to other income (expense).


In addition, the Company is exposed to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations associated with its U.S. dollar denominated debt obligations. The Company hedges a portion of the currency risk inherent in the interest and principal payments associated with this debt through the use of cross-currency interest rate swaps. The terms of these swap agreements are commensurate with the underlying debt obligations. The aggregate fair value of these swaps was in a net asset position of approximately $1.0 million at August 31, 2013 and a net liability position of approximately $1.1 million at August 31, 2012 . A hypothetical 10% increase in the currency exchange rates underlying these swaps from the market rates at August 31, 2013 would have resulted in a further increase in the value of the swaps of approximately $3.6 million . Conversely, a hypothetical 10% decrease in the currency exchange rates underlying these swaps from the market rates at August 31, 2013 would have resulted in a change from asset to liability position for a net decrease in the value of the swaps of approximately of $4.4 million .


The Company uses non-deliverable forward foreign exchange contracts to address exposure to U.S. dollar merchandise inventory expenditures made by the Company's international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar. Currently, these contracts do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting. The Company has not entered into any forward foreign exchange contracts as of August 31, 2013 .



There are certain limitations inherent in the sensitivity analysis presented, primarily due to the assumptions that exchange rates change in a parallel fashion. In addition, the analysis is unable to reflect the complex market reactions that normally would arise from the market shifts modeled. Moreover, changes in the fair value of foreign currency derivatives are offset by changes in the cash flows of the underlying hedged foreign currency transactions.


Commodity Price Risk


The increasing price of oil and certain commodities could have a negative effect on the Company's operating costs and sales. Higher oil prices can negatively impact the economic growth of the countries in which the Company operates, thereby reducing the buying power of our members. Higher oil prices can also increase the Company's operating costs, particularly utilities and distribution expenses. Inflationary pressures on various commodities also may impact consumer spending. The Company does not currently seek to hedge commodity price risk.



34



Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm


The Board of Directors and Stockholders of PriceSmart, Inc.


We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of PriceSmart, Inc. as of August 31, 2013 and 2012, and the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders' equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.


We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.


In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of PriceSmart, Inc. at August 31, 2013 and 2012, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended August 31, 2013, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.


We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), PriceSmart, Inc.'s internal control over financial reporting as of August 31, 2013, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (1992 Framework) and our report dated October 30, 2013 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.



/s/ Ernst & Young LLP


San Diego, California

October 30, 2013




35

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(amounts in thousands, except share data)



August 31,

2013

2012

ASSETS

Current Assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

121,874


$

91,248


Short-term restricted cash

5,984


1,241


Receivables, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $0 and $1 as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, respectively

3,130


3,361


Merchandise inventories

217,413


201,043


Deferred tax assets – current, net

6,290


5,619


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

20,890


19,067


Total current assets

375,581


321,579


Long-term restricted cash

34,775


36,505


Property and equipment, net

338,478


299,567


Goodwill

36,364


36,886


Deferred tax assets – long term

12,871


14,835


Other non-current assets (includes $1,505 as of August 31, 2013 for the fair value of derivative instruments)

19,866


18,781


Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

8,104


7,559


Total Assets

$

826,039


$

735,712


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY



Current Liabilities:



Accounts payable

199,425


173,198


Accrued salaries and benefits

17,862


14,729


Deferred membership income

16,528


13,747


Income taxes payable

8,059


8,193


Other accrued expenses

20,136


17,515


Long-term debt, current portion

12,757


7,237


Deferred tax liability – current

111


122


Total current liabilities

274,878


234,741


Deferred tax liability – long-term

2,622


2,191


Long-term portion of deferred rent

4,440


4,336


Long-term income taxes payable, net of current portion

2,184


2,512


Long-term debt, net of current portion

60,263


71,422


Other long-term liabilities (includes $14 and $1,199 for the fair value of derivative instruments and $589 and $396 for the defined benefit plans as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, respectively)

603


1,596


Total liabilities

344,990


316,798


Equity:



Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 45,000,000 shares authorized; 30,924,392 and 30,855,651 shares issued and 30,234,506 and 30,210,255 shares outstanding (net of treasury shares) as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, respectively

3


3


Additional paid-in capital

390,581


384,154


Tax benefit from stock-based compensation

8,016


6,680


Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(41,475

)

(33,182

)

Retained earnings

143,871


77,739


Less: treasury stock at cost; 689,886 and 645,426 shares as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, respectively

(19,947

)

(16,480

)

Total equity

481,049


418,914


Total Liabilities and Equity

$

826,039


$

735,712


See accompanying notes.


36

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(amounts in thousands, except per share data)


Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Revenues:

Net warehouse club sales

$

2,239,266


$

1,999,364


$

1,674,788


Export sales

23,059


15,320


8,831


Membership income

33,820


26,957


22,817


Other income

3,667


3,522


3,585


Total revenues

2,299,812


2,045,163


1,710,021


Operating expenses:

Cost of goods sold:

Net warehouse club

1,907,632


1,701,332


1,422,653


Export

21,796


14,649


8,372


Selling, general and administrative:

Warehouse club operations

194,140


179,618


152,596


General and administrative

46,784


41,021


36,436


Pre-opening expenses

1,525


617


1,408


Total operating expenses

2,171,877


1,937,237


1,621,465


Operating income

127,935


107,926


88,556


Other income (expense):

Interest income

1,335


908


852


Interest expense

(4,216

)

(5,283

)

(3,916

)

Other income (expense), net

(1,843

)

(837

)

3,864


Total other income (expense)

(4,724

)

(5,212

)

800


Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes and loss of unconsolidated affiliates

123,211


102,714


89,356


Provision for income taxes

(38,942

)

(35,053

)

(27,468

)

Income (loss) of unconsolidated affiliates

(4

)

(15

)

(52

)

Income from continuing operations

84,265


67,646


61,836


Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

-


(25

)

(86

)

Net income

$

84,265


$

67,621


$

61,750


Net income per share:

Basic net income per share from continuing operations

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


Basic net income per share from discontinued operations, net of tax

-


-


-


Basic net income per share

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


Diluted net income per share from continuing operations

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


Diluted net income per share from discontinued operations, net of tax

-


-


-


Diluted net income per share

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


Shares used in per share computations:

Basic

29,647


29,554


29,441


Diluted

29,681


29,582


29,457


Dividends per share

$

0.60


$

0.60


$

0.60


See accompanying notes.


37

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(AMOUNTS IN THOUSANDS)




Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Net income

$

84,265


$

67,621


$

61,750


Other Comprehensive Income, net of tax:

Foreign currency translation adjustments (3)

$

(10,359

)

$

(1,187

)

$

(947

)

     Defined benefit pension plans:

Prior service cost arising during period

-


-


(266

)

Net gain (loss) arising during period

(274

)

191


(7

)

Amortization of prior service cost included in net periodic pensions cost

196


8


-


     Total defined benefit pension plans

(78

)

199


(273

)

Unrealized gains (losses) on change in fair value of interest rate swaps (1)

2,144


(398

)

(172

)

Foreign currency translation differences for merger of foreign operations (2)(3)

-


(5,604

)

-


Correction of foreign currency translations for prior years related to foreign operations affecting property and equipment (2) (3)

-


(3,277

)

(4,851

)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

(8,293

)

(10,267

)

(6,243

)

Comprehensive income

$

75,972


$

57,354


$

55,507



(1)

See Note 12 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.

(2)

See Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation.

(3)

Translation adjustments arising in translating the financial statements of a foreign entity have no effect on the income taxes of that foreign entity. They may, however, affect: (a) the amount, measured in the parent entity's reporting currency, of withholding taxes assessed on dividends paid to the parent entity and (b) the amount of taxes assessed on the parent entity by the government of its country. The Company has determined that the reinvestment of earnings of its foreign subsidiaries are indefinite because of the long-term nature of the Company's foreign investment plans. Therefore, deferred taxes are not provided for on translation adjustments related to unremitted earnings of the Company's foreign subsidiaries.




38

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

FOR EACH OF THE THREE YEARS IN THE PERIOD ENDED AUGUST 31, 2013

(amounts in thousands)



Common Stock

Additional Paid-in

Tax benefit from stock-based

Accumulated other comprehensive

Retained Earnings (Accumulated

Treasury Stock

Shares

Amount

Capital

compensation

 loss

deficit)

Shares

Amount

Total Equity

Balance at August 31, 2010

30,625


$

3


$

379,368


$

4,490


$

(16,672

)

$

(15,578

)

727


$

(15,568

)

$

336,043


Purchase of treasury stock

-


-


-


-


-


-


69


(2,711

)

(2,711

)

Issuance of restricted stock

71


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Forfeiture of restricted stock awards

(6

)

-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Exercise of stock options

6


-


144


-


-


-


-


-


144


Stock-based compensation

-


-


4,037


752


-


-


-


-


4,789


Dividend paid to stockholders

-


-


-



-


(17,934

)

-


-


(17,934

)

Net income

-


-


-


-



61,750


-


-


61,750


Other comprehensive income (loss)

-


-


-


-


(6,243

)

-


-


-


(6,243

)

Balance at August 31, 2011

30,696


$

3


$

383,549


$

5,242


$

(22,915

)

$

28,238


796


$

(18,279

)

$

375,838


Purchase of treasury stock

-


-


-


-


-


-


46


(3,154

)

(3,154

)

Issuance of treasury stock

(197

)

-


(4,953

)

-


-


-


(197

)

4,953


-


Issuance of restricted stock

353


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Forfeiture of restricted stock awards

(2

)

-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Exercise of stock options

6


-


89


-


-


-


-


-


89


Stock-based compensation

-


-


5,469


1,438


-


-


-


-


6,907


Dividend paid to stockholders

-


-


-


-


-


(18,120

)

-


-


(18,120

)

Net income

-


-


-


-


-


67,621


-


-


67,621


Other comprehensive income (loss)

-


-


-


-


(10,267

)

-


-


-


(10,267

)


39

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

FOR EACH OF THE THREE YEARS IN THE PERIOD ENDED AUGUST 31, 2013

(amounts in thousands)



Common Stock

Additional Paid-in

Tax benefit from stock-based

Accumulated other comprehensive

Retained Earnings (Accumulated

Treasury Stock

Shares

Amount

Capital

compensation

 loss

deficit)

Shares

Amount

Total Equity

Balance at August 31, 2012

30,856


$

3


$

384,154


$

6,680


$

(33,182

)

$

77,739


645


$

(16,480

)

$

418,914


Purchase of treasury stock

-


-


-


-


-


-


45


(3,467

)

(3,467

)

Issuance of restricted stock

64


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Forfeiture of restricted stock awards

(2

)

-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Exercise of stock options

6


-


125


-


-


-


-


-


125


Stock-based compensation

-


-


6,302


1,336


-


-


-


-


7,638


Dividend paid to stockholders

-


-


-


-


-


(18,133

)

-


-


(18,133

)

Net income

-


-


-


-


-


84,265


-


-


84,265


Other comprehensive income (loss)

-


-


-


-


(8,293

)

-


-


-


(8,293

)

Balance at August 31, 2013

30,924


$

3


$

390,581


$

8,016


$

(41,475

)

$

143,871


690


$

(19,947

)

$

481,049


See accompanying notes.


40

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(amounts in thousands)



Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Operating Activities:

Net income including noncontrolling interests

$

84,265


$

67,621


$

61,750


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

24,444


23,739


21,154


Allowance for doubtful accounts

(1

)

(4

)

(10

)

Loss on sale of  property and equipment

889


312


486


Gain on sale of excess real estate in Panama

-


-


(1,249

)

Deferred income taxes

3,049


2,128


642


Discontinued operations

-


25


86


Excess tax (benefit) deficiency on stock-based compensation

(1,336

)

(1,438

)

(752

)

Equity in losses of unconsolidated affiliates

4


15


52


Stock-based compensation

6,302


5,469


4,037


Change in operating assets and liabilities:

Receivables, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accrued salaries and benefits, deferred membership income and other accruals

6,307


5,668


(3,657

)

Merchandise inventories

(16,370

)

(23,811

)

(46,043

)

Accounts payable

23,080


9,766


39,030


Net cash provided by (used in) continuing operating activities

130,633


89,490


75,526


Net cash provided by (used in) discontinued operating activities

-


399


73


Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

130,633


89,889


75,599


Investing Activities:

Additions to property and equipment

(69,927

)

(52,705

)

(47,033

)

Deposits for land purchase option agreements

(1,599

)

-


-


Proceeds from disposal of property and equipment

264


138


182


Proceeds on sale of excess real estate in Panama

-


-


7,406


Capital contributions to joint ventures

(550

)

-


-


Net cash flows provided by (used in) investing activities

(71,812

)

(52,567

)

(39,445

)

Financing Activities:

Proceeds from bank borrowings

3,979


75,924


45,261


Repayment of bank borrowings

(7,646

)

(67,259

)

(39,232

)

Cash dividend payments

(18,133

)

(18,120

)

(17,934

)

Release of (addition to) restricted cash

2,000


(14,000

)

(16,920

)

Excess tax (deficiency) benefit on stock-based compensation

1,336


1,438


752


Purchase of treasury stock

(3,467

)

(3,154

)

(2,711

)

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

125


89


144


Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

(21,806

)

(25,082

)

(30,640

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

(6,389

)

2,191


(2,043

)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

30,626


14,431


3,471


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

91,248


76,817


73,346


Cash and cash equivalents at end of year

$

121,874


$

91,248


$

76,817



41

PRICESMART, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(amounts in thousands)




Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

Cash paid during the period for:

Interest, net of amounts capitalized

$

3,885


$

4,837


$

3,686


Income taxes

$

35,781


$

29,135


$

22,389


Supplemental non-cash item:

Cancellation of loan to Prico Enterprise joint venture

$

-


$

(473

)

$

-



42

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS




NOTE 1 – COMPANY OVERVIEW AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

PriceSmart, Inc.'s ("PriceSmart" or the "Company") business consists primarily of international membership shopping warehouse clubs similar to, but smaller in size than, warehouse clubs in the United States.  As of August 31, 2013 , the Company had 31 consolidated warehouse clubs in operation in 12 countries and one U.S. territory ( five in Costa Rica, four each in Panama and Trinidad, three each in Guatemala, Colombia and in the Dominican Republic, two each in El Salvador and Honduras and one each in, Aruba, Barbados, Jamaica, Nicaragua and the United States Virgin Islands), of which the Company owns 100% of the corresponding legal entities (see Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies).  In November 2010, the Company through its Colombian subsidiary acquired land in Barranquilla, Colombia.  The Company constructed a new membership warehouse club on this site which opened on August 19, 2011. During fiscal 2013, the Company opened its second and third clubs in Colombia. These clubs are in south and north Cali and opened in October 2012 and May 2013, respectively. Additionally, in February 2013, the Company acquired property located in La Union, Cartago, Costa Rica, upon which it opened its sixth membership warehouse club in Costa Rica on October 18, 2013. Finally, in February 2013, the Company acquired land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras upon which it anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014.


The Company continues to explore other potential sites for future warehouse clubs including other major cities in Colombia.  The initial warehouse club sales and membership sign-ups experienced with the opening of the Barranquilla warehouse club has reinforced the Company's belief that Colombia could be a market for multiple PriceSmart warehouse clubs.  In addition to the warehouse clubs operated directly by the Company, during fiscal year 2011, there was one warehouse club in operation in Saipan, Micronesia licensed to and operated by local business people, from which the Company earned a small royalty fee.  This agreement was terminated on August 9, 2011 in connection with the Company's termination of its lease of its former warehouse club located in Guam.  As a result, the Company no longer receives royalty fees and now has no third party licensing agreements. 


Basis of Presentation - The consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of PriceSmart, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries. Intercompany transactions between the Company and its subsidiaries have been eliminated in consolidation.


In accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board's ("FASB") revised guidance establishing general accounting standards and disclosure of subsequent events, the Company has evaluated subsequent events through the date and time these financial statements were issued. 


    Reclassifications to consolidated balance sheet recorded during fiscal year 2013 for fiscal year 2012 - Certain reclassifications to the consolidated balance sheet have been made to prior fiscal year amounts to conform to the presentation in the current fiscal year. These reclassifications did not impact consolidated total assets, total current liabilities or total liabilities. Included within these reclassifications were reclassifications of Value Added Tax from Prepaid expenses and other current assets to Other non-current assets of approximately $13.3 million (see Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Polices for further details).


















43

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Reclassifications to consolidated statement of income recorded during fiscal year 2013 for fiscal year 2012 and 2011- The Company receives cash consideration from its vendors for product demonstrations. Prior to fiscal year 2013, the Company recorded this consideration as Other income. However, cash or equity consideration received from a vendor is presumed to be a reduction of cost of sales when it is recognized in the income statement. Additionally, reimbursements of costs incurred by the customer to sell the vendor's products are treated as a reduction of the related cost when recognized in the income statement. Therefore, the Company has accordingly recorded such consideration as a reduction to cost of sales and a reduction to related costs incurred to sell the vendor's products starting in fiscal year 2013. The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated statements of income for fiscal years 2012 and 2011 to conform to the presentation in fiscal year 2013. These reclassifications did not impact consolidated operating income or net income. The following table summarizes the impact of these reclassifications (in thousands):


Fiscal Year 2012

Fiscal Year 2011

Three Months Ended

(unaudited)

November 30, 2011

February 29, 2012

May 31, 2012

August 31, 2012

Total Fiscal Year 2012

Total Fiscal Year 2011

Revenues:

Net warehouse club sales-as previously reported

$

468,329


$

537,816


$

494,898


$

499,003


$

2,000,046


$

1,675,247


Reclassifications

(137

)

(197

)

(151

)

(197

)

(682

)

(459

)

Net warehouse club sales-as currently reported

$

468,192


$

537,619


$

494,747


$

498,806


$

1,999,364


$

1,674,788


Other income-as previously reported

$

1,776


$

2,165


$

2,163


$

2,318


$

8,422


$

7,352


Reclassifications

(1,097

)

(1,230

)

(1,294

)

(1,279

)

(4,900

)

(3,767

)

Other income-as currently reported

$

679


$

935


$

869


$

1,039


$

3,522


$

3,585


Cost of goods sold:

Net warehouse club-as previously reported

$

400,481


$

459,313


$

421,512


$

422,825


$

1,704,131


$

1,424,656


Reclassifications

(616

)

(805

)

(788

)

(590

)

(2,799

)

(2,003

)

Net warehouse club-as currently reported

$

399,865


$

458,508


$

420,724


$

422,235


$

1,701,332


$

1,422,653


Selling, general and administrative:

Warehouse club operations-as previously reported

$

42,509


$

46,384


$

46,197


$

47,311


$

182,401


$

154,819


Reclassifications

(618

)

(622

)

(657

)

(886

)

(2,783

)

(2,223

)

Warehouse club operations-as currently reported

$

41,891


$

45,762


$

45,540


$

46,425


$

179,618


$

152,596


Net effect on operating income

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-










44

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)




Prior period adjustments recorded during fiscal year 2012 - During fiscal year 2007 and during the first quarter of fiscal year 2012, the Company merged in each period a wholly owned subsidiary formed to purchase, develop and serve as a holding company for the land and buildings used by certain operating warehouse clubs (each, a "Landco") with one of the wholly owned subsidiaries formed to operate these warehouse clubs (each, an "Opco").  Each of the Landco entities involved in these mergers had a functional and reporting currency in U.S. dollars, and each of the related Opco entities that they were merged into had a foreign currency as a functional currency and U.S. dollars as a reporting currency.  In each of these mergers, the Opco was the surviving entity, with the assets, liabilities and equity accounts of the Landco being transferred to the Opco and the Landco subsidiary ceasing to exist.  Since the Landco entity ceased to exist, and all relevant economic activities previously performed by the Landco no longer existed, a significant change in economic facts and circumstances was determined to have taken place, indicating that the functional currency had changed as the assets were transferred to the Opco. Upon this transfer, the Company was required to remeasure the non-monetary balance sheet items at historical exchange rates in order to produce the same result in terms of the functional currency that would have occurred if those items had been initially recorded in the foreign functional currency.  As a result of the 2012 merger, and the resulting translation adjustments, the Company recorded in the first quarter of fiscal year 2012 a charge to comprehensive income for approximately $5.6 million  relating to the fiscal year 2012 merger, with a corresponding reduction to Property and equipment, net for the same amount.

During the first quarter of fiscal year 2012, the Company identified errors in the consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2011 and for fiscal years previous to 2009.  The errors related to incorrect (i) accounting for the 2007 merger described above which impacted the translation of Property and equipment, net from foreign currencies to U.S. dollars and the related offset to Accumulated other comprehensive loss; and (ii) the translation of Property and equipment, net from foreign currencies to U.S. dollars and the related offset to Accumulated other comprehensive loss.  The correction of these errors would have decreased comprehensive income by $6.4 million in fiscal year 2007 and increased comprehensive income by $3.1 million in fiscal year 2011.  The total of these corrections, which was recorded in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 as a charge to comprehensive income was approximately $3.3 million . The Company decreased Property and equipment, net and increased Accumulated other comprehensive loss by the same amount.

The Company analyzed the impact of these items and concluded that neither error would be material to any individual period, taking into account the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements in the Current Year Financial Statements ("SAB 108").  In accordance with the relevant guidance, management evaluated the materiality of errors from a quantitative and qualitative perspective.  Based on such evaluation, the Company concluded that correcting the cumulative errors, which decreased comprehensive income by approximately $3.3 million for the three month period ended November 30, 2011, was immaterial to the expected full year results for fiscal 2012 and financial position as presented on the consolidated balance sheet.  Correcting the error would not have had a material impact on any individual prior period presented in the 2011 Form 10-K nor would it have affected the trend of financial results.  As provided by SAB 108, the error correction did not require the restatement of the consolidated financial statements for prior periods.


As a result of recording (i) the fiscal year 2012 merger and the resulting translation adjustment, (ii) the correction of the accounting for the 2007 merger, and (iii) the correction of an error in translation of Property and equipment, net from foreign currencies to U.S. dollars, the Company recorded an increase to Accumulated other comprehensive loss for $8.9 million within the first quarter of fiscal year 2012.


 Prior period adjustments recorded during fiscal year 2011- The Company identified errors in the consolidated financial statements for prior periods.  The errors relate to incorrect (i) translation of depreciation expense from foreign currencies to U.S. dollars and the related translation of foreign currencies to U.S. dollars for accumulated depreciation; and (ii)  the Company's reconciliation of net deferred tax assets related to net operating and capital loss carry-forwards to its tax returns.  The correction of the depreciation expense would have increased selling, general and administrative expenses: warehouse club operations in fiscal years 2009 and 2010 by approximately $406,000 and  $431,000 , respectively.  The total of these corrections, which was recorded in fiscal year 2011 as a charge to selling, general and administrative: warehouse club operations was approximately $2.3 million .  During fiscal year 2011, the Company also reclassified the balance sheet presentation at August 31, 2011, which increased accumulated depreciation by approximately $4.9 million and accumulated other comprehensive loss by the same amount.  Separately, the Company identified an error in its reconciliation of net deferred tax assets related to net operating and capital loss carry-forwards to its tax returns.  This correction decreased the tax expense for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2009 by approximately  $485,000 .  The impact of this correction, recorded to provision for income taxes during fiscal year 2011 was a decrease to tax expense of approximately $3.1 million .  The Company has analyzed the impact of these two items and concluded


45

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


that neither error would be material to any individual period, taking into account the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements in the Current Year Financial Statements ("SAB 108").  In accordance, with the relevant guidance, management evaluated the materiality of errors from a quantitative and qualitative perspective.  Based on such evaluation, the Company concluded that correcting the cumulative errors, which increased net income by approximately $800,000 for the twelve months ended August 31, 2011, was immaterial to fiscal year 2011 results and had no effect on the trend of financial results.  As provided by SAB 108, the error correction did not require the restatement of the consolidated financial statements for prior periods, and the correction was permitted to be made in the consolidated financial statements for the period ended August 31, 2011.



NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Principles of Consolidation – The consolidated financial statements of the Company included herein include the assets, liabilities and results of operations of the Company's wholly owned subsidiaries and the investments and operating results of joint ventures recorded under the equity method.  All significant inter-company accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC, and reflect all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) that are, in the opinion of management, necessary to fairly present the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. As of August 31, 2013 all of the Company's subsidiaries are wholly-owned. Additionally, the Company's ownership interest in real estate development joint ventures as of August 31, 2013 is listed below:

Real Estate Development Joint Ventures

Countries

Ownership

Basis of Presentation

GolfPark Plaza, S.A.

Panama

50.0

%

Equity (1)

Price Plaza Alajuela PPA, S.A.

Costa Rica

50.0

%

Equity (1)

(1)

Purchases of joint venture interests are recorded as investment in unconsolidated affiliates on the consolidated balance sheets.


Use of Estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.  

Variable Interest Entities –   The Company reviews and determines at the start of each arrangement, or subsequently if a reconsideration event occurs, whether any of its investments in joint ventures constitute a Variable Interest Entity ("VIE") and whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement in a VIE. The Company has determined that the joint ventures for GolfPark Plaza and Price Plaza Alajuela are VIEs.  The Company has determined that it is not the primary beneficiary of the VIEs and, therefore, has accounted for these entities under the equity method. 

Cash and Cash Equivalents –  Cash and cash equivalents represent cash and short-term investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased and proceeds due from credit and debit card transactions, which are generally settled within a few days of the underlying transaction.

Restricted Cash –    The changes in restricted cash are disclosed within the consolidated statement of cash flows based on the nature of the restriction. The following table summarizes the restricted cash reported by the Company (in thousands):


46

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Short-term restricted cash:

Restricted for Honduras loan (1)

$

1,200


$

1,200


Restricted cash in Honduras for purchase of property (1)

3,148


-


Restricted cash for land purchase option agreements

1,599


-


Other short-term restricted cash (2)

37


41


Total short-term restricted cash

$

5,984


$

1,241


Long-term restricted cash:

Restricted cash for Honduras loan (1)

$

1,720


$

3,720


Restricted cash for Colombia bank loans

32,000


32,000


Other long-term restricted cash (2)

1,055


785


Total long-term restricted cash

$

34,775


$

36,505


Total restricted cash

$

40,759


$

37,746


(1)

Restricted cash as of August 31, 2013 in Honduras consists mainly of $3.1 million in funds held in escrow related to the purchase of land as of August 31, 2013 and $1.2 million and $1.7 million related to loans.


(2)

The other restricted cash consist mainly of cash deposits held within banking institutions in compliance with federal regulatory requirements in Costa Rica and Panama.


Value Added Tax Receivable - The Company within the course of its normal business pays Value Added Tax ("VAT") or similar taxes ("input VAT") in most of the countries it operates in on merchandise and/or services it acquires. The Company also collects VAT or similar taxes on behalf of the government ("output taxes") for merchandise and/or services it sells. If the output VAT exceeds the input VAT, then the difference is remitted to the government, usually on a monthly basis. If the input VAT exceeds the output VAT, this creates a VAT receivable. The Company either requests a refund of this VAT receivable or applies the balance to expected future VAT payables. In some countries where the Company operates, the governments have implemented additional collection procedures, such as requiring credit card processor to remit a portion of sales processed via credit card directly to the government, converting this amount into a VAT receivable. These procedures alter the natural offset of input and output VAT and force the Company to process significant refund claims on a recurring basis. These refund processes can take anywhere from several months to several years to complete. In most countries where the Company operates, the VAT refund process is defined and structured with regular refunds or offsets. However, in one country the government has alleged that there is no defined process in the law to allow them to refund this VAT receivable. The Company together with its tax and legal advisers is currently appealing this interpretation in court and, further reinforced by recent favorable jurisprudence on this matter, expects to prevail. Therefore, the Company has not placed any type of allowance on the amounts of VAT receivable. The balance of the VAT receivable in this country was $4.3 million and $3.7 million as of August 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.


The Company's policy for classification and presentation of VAT receivables is as follows:


• Short-term VAT receivables, recorded as Other current assets: This classification is used for any countries where the Company's subsidiary has generally demonstrated the ability to use the VAT receivable within one year. The Company also classifies as short-term any approved refunds or credit notes to the extent that the Company expects to receive the refund or use the credit notes within one year.


• Long-term VAT receivables, recorded as Other non-current assets: This classification is used for amounts not approved for refund or credit in countries where the Company's subsidiary has not demonstrated the ability to obtain refunds within one year and/or for amounts which are subject to outstanding disputes. An allowance is provided against VAT balances in dispute when the Company does not expect to eventually prevail in its recovery.



47

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


The following table summarizes the VAT receivables reported by the Company (in thousands):

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Other current assets

$

5,458


$

5,591


Other non-current assets

$

12,875


$

13,313



Lease Accounting – Certain of the Company's operating leases where the Company is the lessee (see Revenue Recognition Policy for lessor accounting) provide for minimum annual payments that increase over the life of the lease. The aggregate minimum annual payments are expensed on the straight-line basis beginning when the Company takes possession of the property and extending over the term of the related lease including renewal options when the exercise of the option is reasonably assured as an economic penalty may be incurred if the option is not exercised. The amount by which straight-line rent exceeds actual lease payment requirements in the early years of the leases is accrued as deferred rent and reduced in later years when the actual cash payment requirements exceed the straight-line expense. The Company also accounts in its straight-line computation for the effect of any "rental holidays" and lessor-paid tenant improvements. In addition to the minimum annual payments, in certain locations, the Company pays additional contingent rent based on a contractually stipulated percentage of sales.


Fair Value Measurements –  The Company measures the fair value for all financial and nonfinancial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the consolidated financial statements on a recurring or nonrecurring basis.  The fair value of an asset is the price at which the asset could be sold in an orderly transaction between unrelated, knowledgeable and willing parties able to engage in the transaction. A liability's fair value is defined as the amount that would be paid to transfer the liability to a new obligor in a transaction between such parties, not the amount that would be paid to settle the liability with the creditor.


The Company has established a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring and revaluing fair value. These tiers include: Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets; Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable; and Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions. The Company was not required to revalue any assets or liabilities utilizing Level 1 or Level 3 inputs at the balance sheet dates.  The Company's Level 2 assets and liabilities revalued at the balance sheet dates, on a recurring basis, primarily included cash flow hedges (interest rate swaps and cross-currency interest rate swaps) and forward foreign exchange contracts.  In addition, the Company utilizes Level 2 inputs in determining the fair value of long-term debt.  The Company has elected not to revalue long-term debt because this debt will be settled at the carrying value and not at the fair market value.  The Company did not make any significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value tiers during the periods reported on herein.

Nonfinancial assets and liabilities are revalued and recognized at fair value subsequent to initial recognition when there is evidence of impairment.   For the periods reported, no impairment of such nonfinancial assets was recorded.


The disclosure of fair value of certain financial assets and liabilities recorded at cost is as follows:

Cash and cash equivalents: The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.


Short-term restricted cash: The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.


Long-term restricted cash: Long-term restricted cash primarily consists of auto renewable 3-12 month certificates of deposit, which are held as collateral on our long-term debt. The carrying value approximates fair value due to the maturity of the underlying certificates of deposit within the normal operating cycle of the Company.


Accounts receivable:   The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these accounts.

Short-term debt: The carrying value approximates fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Long-term debt: The fair value of debt is generally measured using a discounted cash flow analysis based on current market interest rates for similar types of financial instruments.  These inputs are not quoted prices in active markets but they are either directly or indirectly observable; therefore, they are classified as Level 2 inputs. The carrying value and fair value of the Company's debt as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 is as follows (in thousands):


48

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Carrying Value

Fair Value

Carrying Value

Fair Value

Long-term debt, including current portion

$

73,020


$

72,576


$

78,659


$

80,830



Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities-    The Company uses derivative financial instruments for hedging and non-trading purposes to manage its exposure to changes in interest and currency exchange rates.  In using derivative financial instruments for the purpose of hedging the Company's exposure to interest and currency exchange rate risks, the contractual terms of a hedged instrument closely mirror those of the hedged item, providing a high degree of risk reduction and correlation. Contracts that are effective at meeting the risk reduction and correlation criteria (effective hedge) are recorded using hedge accounting.   If a derivative financial instrument is an effective hedge, changes in the fair value of the instrument will be offset in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) until the hedged item completes its contractual term.  If any portion of the hedge is deemed ineffective, the change in fair value of the hedged assets or liabilities will be immediately recognized in earnings during the period.   Instruments that do not meet the criteria for hedge accounting, or contracts for which the Company has not elected hedge accounting, are valued at fair value with unrealized gains or losses reported in earnings during the period of the change.  Valuation techniques utilized in the fair value measurement of assets and liabilities presented on the Company's consolidated balance sheets were not changed from previous practice during the reporting period. 


Cash Flow Instruments. The Company is a party to receive floating interest rate, pay fixed-rate interest rate swaps to hedge the interest rate risk of certain U.S. denominated debt within its international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S dollar. The swaps are designated as cash flow hedges of interest expense risk.  These instruments are considered effective hedges and are recorded using hedge accounting.   The Company is also a party to receive variable interest rate, pay fixed interest rate cross-currency interest rate swaps to hedge the interest rate and currency exposure associated with the expected payments of principal and interest of U.S. denominated debt within its international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S dollar. The swaps are designated as cash flow hedges of the currency risk related to payments on the U.S. denominated debt.  These instruments are also considered to be effective hedges and are recorded using hedge accounting.  Under cash flow hedging, the effective portion of the fair value of the derivative, calculated as the net present value of the future cash flows, is deferred on the consolidated balance sheets in accumulated other comprehensive loss. If any portion of an interest rate swap is determined to be an ineffective hedge, the gains or losses from changes in fair value would be recorded directly in the consolidated statements of income. Amounts recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss are released to earnings in the same period that the hedged transaction impacts consolidated earnings. See Note 12 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities for information on the fair value of interest rate swaps and cross-currency interest rate swaps as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 .


Fair Value Instruments. The Company is exposed to foreign-currency exchange-rate fluctuations in the normal course of business. The Company is also exposed to foreign-currency exchange-rate fluctuations on U.S. dollar denominated liabilities within its international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar.  The Company manages these fluctuations, in part, through the use of non-deliverable forward foreign-exchange contracts that are intended to offset changes in cash flow attributable to currency exchange movements.  The contracts are intended primarily to economically address exposure to U.S. dollar merchandise inventory expenditures made by the Company's international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar. Currently, these contracts are treated for accounting purposes as fair value instruments and do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting, and as such the Company does not apply derivative hedge accounting to record these transactions. As a result, these contracts are valued at fair value with unrealized gains or losses reported in earnings during the period of the change. The Company seeks to mitigate foreign-currency exchange-rate risk with the use of these contracts and does not intend to engage in speculative transactions. These contracts do not contain any credit-risk-related contingent features.

The Company seeks to manage counterparty risk associated with these contracts by limiting transactions to counterparties with which the Company has an established banking relationship. There can be no assurance, however, that this practice effectively mitigates counterparty risk. The contracts are limited to less than one year in duration. See Note 12 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities for information on the fair value of open, unsettled forward foreign-exchange contracts as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 .



49

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


The following table summarizes financial assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis in the Company's consolidated balance sheet as of  August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 (in thousands) for derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting:  

Assets and Liabilities as of August 31, 2013:

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets

(Level 1)

Significant Other Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

Significant Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)

Total

Other non-current assets - (Cross-currency interest rate swaps)

$

-


$

1,505


$

-


$

1,505


Other long-term liabilities – (Interest rate swaps)

-


(14

)

-


(14

)

Other long-term liabilities – (Cross-currency interest rate swaps)

-


-


-


-


Total 

$

-


$

1,491


$

-


$

1,491



Assets and Liabilities as of August 31, 2012:

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets

(Level 1)

Significant Other Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

Significant Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)

Total

Other non-current assets - (Cross-currency interest rate swaps)

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


Other long-term liabilities – (Interest rate swaps)

-


(216

)

-


(216

)

Other long-term liabilities – (Cross-currency interest rate swaps)

-


(983

)

-


(983

)

Total 

$

-


$

(1,199

)

$

-


$

(1,199

)



The following table summarizes financial assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis in the Company's consolidated balance sheet as of  August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 (in thousands) for derivatives that do not qualify for hedge accounting: 

Assets and Liabilities as of August 31, 2013

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)

Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)

Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)

Total

Prepaid expenses and other current assets (Foreign currency forward contracts)

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


Other accrued expenses (Foreign currency forward contracts)

-


-


-


-


Net fair value of derivatives designated as hedging instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-




50

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Assets and Liabilities as of August 31, 2012

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)

Significant Other Observable Inputs
(Level 2)

Significant Unobservable Inputs
(Level 3)

Total

Prepaid expenses and other current assets (Foreign currency forward contracts)

$

-


$

27


$

-


$

27


Other accrued expenses (Foreign currency forward contracts)

-


(3

)

-


(3

)

Net fair value of derivatives designated as hedging instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting

$

-


$

24


$

-


$

24



As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012, the Company had no significant measurements of financial assets or liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis.


Goodwill – The table below presents goodwill resulting from certain business combinations as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 (in thousands).  The change in goodwill is a result of foreign exchange translation losses.

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Change

Goodwill

$

36,364


$

36,886


$

(522

)


The Company reviews goodwill at the entity level for impairment. The Company first reviews qualitative factors for each reporting unit, in determining if an annual goodwill test is required. If the Company's review of qualitative factors indicates a requirement for a test of goodwill impairment, the Company then will assess whether the carrying amount of a reporting unit is greater than zero and exceeds its fair value established during the Company's prior test of goodwill impairment ("established fair value"). If the carrying amount of a reporting unit at the entity level is greater than zero and its established fair value exceeds its carrying amount, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered not impaired. If either the carrying amount of the reporting unit is not greater than zero or if the carrying amount of the entity exceeds its established fair value, the Company performs a second test to determine whether goodwill has been impaired and to calculate the amount of that impairment.


Revenue Recognition – The Company recognizes merchandise sales revenue when title passes to the customer. Membership income represents annual membership fees paid by the Company's warehouse club members, which are recognized ratably over the 12-month term of the membership.  Membership refunds are prorated over the remaining term of the membership; accordingly, no refund reserve is required to be established for the periods presented.  The Company recognizes and presents revenue-producing transactions on a net of value added/sales tax basis.  


The Company began offering Platinum memberships in Costa Rica during fiscal year 2013, which provides members with a 2% rebate on most items, up to an annual maximum of $500.00 . Platinum members can apply this rebate to future purchases at the warehouse club at the end of the annual membership period.  The Company records this 2% rebate as a reduction of revenue at the time of the sales transaction. Accordingly, the Company has reduced warehouse sales and has accrued a liability within other accrued expenses. The rebate expires within six months of the membership renewal date. However, the Company has determined that in the absence of relevant historical experience, the Company is not able to make a reasonable estimate of rebate redemptions and accordingly has assumed a 100% redemption rate. The Company will periodically review expired unused rebates outstanding, and the expired unused rebates will be recognized as Revenues: Other income on the consolidated statements of income.

The Company recognizes gift certificate sales revenue when the certificates are redeemed. The outstanding gift certificates are reflected as other accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets. These gift certificates generally have a one-year stated expiration date from the date of issuance. However, the absence of a large volume of transactions for gift certificates impairs the Company's ability to make a reasonable estimate of the redemption levels for gift certificates; therefore, the Company assumes a 100% redemption rate prior to expiration of the gift certificate. The Company periodically reviews unredeemed outstanding gift certificates, and the gift certificates that have expired are recognized as Revenues: Other income on the consolidated statements of income.


51

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Operating leases, where the Company is the lessor, with lease payments that have fixed and determinable rent increases are recognized as revenue on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company also accounts in its straight-line computation for the effect of any "rental holidays." Contingent rental revenue is recognized as the contingent rent becomes due per the individual lease agreements.


Cost of Goods Sold – The Company includes the cost of merchandise, food service and bakery raw materials, and one hour photo supplies in cost of goods sold. The Company also includes in cost of goods sold the external and internal distribution and handling costs for supplying merchandise, raw materials and supplies to the warehouse clubs. External costs include inbound freight, duties, drayage, fees, insurance, and non-recoverable value-added tax related to inventory shrink, spoilage and damage. Internal costs include payroll and related costs, utilities, consumable supplies, repair and maintenance, rent expense, building and equipment depreciation at its distribution facilities and payroll and other direct costs for in store demonstrations.

Vendor consideration consists primarily of volume rebates, time-limited product promotions, slotting fees, demonstration reimbursements and prompt payment discounts. Volume rebates that are not threshold based are incorporated into the unit cost of merchandise reducing the inventory cost and cost of goods sold. Volume rebates that are threshold based are recorded as a reduction to cost of good sold when the Company achieves established purchase levels that are confirmed by the vendor in writing or upon receipt of funds. On a quarterly basis, the Company calculates the amount of rebates recorded in cost of goods sold that relates to inventory on hand and this amount is reclassified as a reduction to inventory, if significant. Product promotions are generally linked to coupons that provide for reimbursement to the Company from vendor rebates for the product being promoted.  Slotting fees are related to consideration received by the Company from vendors for preferential "end cap" placement of the vendor's products within the warehouse club. Demonstration reimbursements are related to consideration received by the Company from vendors for the in store promotion of the vendors' products. The Company records the reduction in cost of goods sold on a transactional basis for these programs. Prompt payment discounts are taken in substantially all cases, and therefore, are applied directly to reduce the acquisition cost of the related inventory, with the resulting effect recorded to cost of goods sold when the inventory is sold.


Selling, General and Administrative – Selling, general and administrative costs are comprised primarily of expenses associated with warehouse operations. Warehouse operations include the operating costs of the Company's warehouse clubs, including all payroll and related costs, utilities, consumable supplies, repair and maintenance, rent expense, building and equipment depreciation, and bank and credit card processing fees. Also included in selling, general and administrative expenses are the payroll and related costs for the Company's U.S. and regional purchasing and management centers. 


Pre-Opening Costs – The Company expenses pre-opening costs (the costs of start-up activities, including organization costs and rent) as incurred.


Asset Impairment Costs –   The Company periodically evaluates its long-lived assets for indicators of impairment. Management's judgments are based on market and operational conditions at the time of the evaluation and can include management's best estimate of future business activity. These periodic evaluations could cause management to conclude that impairment factors exist, requiring an adjustment of these assets to their then-current fair value. Future business conditions and/or activity could differ materially from the projections made by management causing the need for additional impairment charges.

Contingencies and Litigation –   The Company accounts and reports for loss contingencies if (a) information available prior to issuance of the consolidated financial statements indicates that it is probable that an asset had been impaired or a liability had been incurred at the date of the consolidated financial statements and (b) the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated.  

Foreign Currency Translation – The assets and liabilities of the Company's foreign operations are translated to U.S. dollars when the functional currency in the Company's international subsidiaries is the local currency and not U.S. dollars. Assets and liabilities of these foreign subsidiaries are translated to U.S. dollars at the exchange rate on the balance sheet date, and revenue, costs and expenses are translated at average rates of exchange in effect during the period. The corresponding translation gains and losses are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income or loss.  These adjustments will affect net income upon the sale or liquidation of the underlying investment.


52

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the respective entity, (primarily U.S. Dollars) are revalued to the functional currency using the exchange rate on the balance sheet date. These foreign exchange transaction gains (losses), including repatriation of funds, are recorded as Other income (expense) in the consolidated statements of income. The following table summarizes the amounts recorded for the twelve month periods ending August 31, 2013, 2012, and 2011(in thousands):

Twelve Months Ended

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

August 31,2011

Currency gain (loss)

$

(954

)

$

(525

)

$

3,101


Income Taxes – The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributed to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences and carry-forwards are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.  A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to amounts expected to be realized.


The Company and its subsidiaries are required to file federal and state income tax returns in the United States and various other tax returns in foreign jurisdictions. The preparation of these tax returns requires the Company to interpret the applicable tax laws and regulations in effect in such jurisdictions, which could affect the amount of tax paid by the Company. The Company, in consultation with its tax advisors, bases its tax returns on interpretations that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The tax returns, however, are subject to routine reviews by the various federal, state and foreign taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which the Company or one of its subsidiaries file tax returns. As part of these reviews, a taxing authority may disagree with respect to the income tax positions taken by the Company ("uncertain tax positions") and, therefore, require the Company or one of its subsidiaries to pay additional taxes.


The Company accrues an amount for its estimate of probable additional income tax liability.  In certain cases, the impact of an uncertain income tax position on the income tax return must be recognized at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant tax authority.  An uncertain income tax position will not be recognized if it has less than 50% likelihood of being sustained. This requires significant judgment, the use of estimates, and the interpretation and application of complex tax laws. When facts and circumstances change, the Company reassesses these probabilities and records any changes in the consolidated financial statements as appropriate.  There were no material changes in the Company's uncertain income tax positions for the periods ended August 31, 2013 and 2012 .

Recent Accounting Pronouncements


FASB ASC 405 ASU 2013-04 - Obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements.


In February 2013, the FASB issued amendments providing guidance for the recognition, measurement, and disclosure of obligations resulting from joint and several liability arrangements for which the total amount of the obligation within the scope of this update is fixed at the reporting date, except for obligations addressed within existing guidance in U.S. GAAP. The guidance requires an entity to measure those obligations as the sum of the amount the reporting entity agreed to pay on the basis of its arrangement among its co-obligors and any additional amount the reporting entity expects to pay on behalf of its co-obligors. The guidance in this update also requires an entity to disclose the nature and amount of the obligation as well as other information about those obligations. The amendment was retrospectively effective for the Company as of September 1, 2013. Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


FASB ASC 220 ASU 2013-02 - Reporting of amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income.


In February 2013, the FASB issued amended guidance for the presentation requirements for reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendment requires the Company to provide additional information about reclassifications of accumulated other comprehensive income. The amendment was effective as of March 1, 2013.  The Company adopted this guidance on March 1, 2013. Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


53

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



FASB ASC 220 ASU 2011-05 - Presentation of comprehensive income.


In June 2011, the FASB issued guidance to amend the presentation of comprehensive income to allow an entity the option to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements.  In both choices, an entity is required to present each component of net income along with total net income, each component of other comprehensive income along with a total for other comprehensive income, and a total amount for comprehensive income. The guidance eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders' equity.  The amended guidance was effective for annual and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2011 and was to be applied retrospectively. The Company adopted this guidance on September 1, 2012.  Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.


FASB ASC 350 ASU 2010-28 - When to perform step 2 of the Goodwill impairment test.


In December 2010, the FASB issued amended guidance concerning testing for impairment of goodwill where an entity has one or more reporting units whose carrying value is zero or negative.  The amended guidance requires the entity to perform a test to measure the amount, if any, of impairment to goodwill by comparing the implied fair value of the reporting unit goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill.  The Company was required to adopt this amended guidance for fiscal years or interim periods within those years after December 15, 2011.  The Company adopted this guidance on September 1, 2012.  The adoption of the amended guidance did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements or disclosures to those financial statements.



NOTE 3 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET


Property and equipment are stated at historical cost. The historical cost of acquiring an asset includes the costs necessarily incurred to bring it to the condition and location necessary for its intended use. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The useful life of fixtures and equipment ranges from three to 15 years and that of certain components of building improvements and buildings from 10 to 25 years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the life of the improvement or the expected term of the lease. In some locations, leasehold improvements are amortized over a period longer than the initial lease term where management believes it is reasonably assured that the renewal option in the underlying lease will be exercised as an economic penalty may be incurred if the option is not exercised. The sale or purchase of property and equipment is recognized upon legal transfer of property.


Property and equipment consist of the following (in thousands):


August 31,

2013

2012

Land and land improvements

$

100,108


$

89,878


Building and building improvements

228,257


198,967


Fixtures and equipment

119,242


103,250


Construction in progress

23,657


22,409


Total property and equipment, historical cost

471,264


414,504


Less: accumulated depreciation

(132,786

)

(114,937

)

Property and equipment, net

$

338,478


$

299,567






54

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Depreciation and amortization expense (in thousands):

Years Ended

August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Depreciation and amortization expense

$

24,444


$

23,739


$

21,154



During fiscal year 2012, as a result of the merger of wholly owned subsidiaries under the common control of the Company and the correction of currency translation errors, the Company recorded during the first quarter of fiscal year 2012 a decrease in Property and equipment, net of approximately $8.9 million (see Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation).


During fiscal year 2011, as a result of corrections related to the translation of foreign currencies, the Company recorded during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2011 approximately $2.3 million of additional depreciation expense.

The Company capitalizes interest on expenditures for qualifying assets over a period that covers the duration of the activities required to get the asset ready for its intended use, provided that expenditures for the asset have been made and interest cost is being incurred. Interest capitalization continues as long as those activities and the incurrence of interest cost continue. The amount capitalized in an accounting period is determined by applying the capitalization rate (average interest rate) to the average amount of accumulated expenditures for the qualifying asset during the period. The capitalization rates are based on the interest rates applicable to borrowings outstanding during the period.

Total interest capitalized (in thousands):

As of August 31, 2013

As of August 31, 2012

Total interest capitalized

$

4,475


$

4,675


Total interest capitalized (in thousands):

Twelve Months Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Interest capitalized

$

1,353


$

250


$

876




A summary of asset disposal activity for fiscal years 2013, 2012 and 2011 is as follows (in thousands):

Historical Cost

Accumulated Depreciation

Other Costs

Proceeds from disposal

Gain/(Loss) recognized

Fiscal Year 2013

$

5,282


$

4,129


$

-


$

264


$

(889

)

Fiscal Year 2012

$

4,700


$

4,250


$

-


$

138


$

(312

)

Fiscal Year 2011 (1)

$

17,965


$

11,328


$

(188

)

$

7,588


$

763



(1)    On April 9, 2010, the Company relocated one of its three warehouse clubs in Panama City, Panama ("Los Pueblos") to a new location ("Brisas").  The Company leased the Los Pueblos site to Juan Diaz Properties, S.A./ Ace International Hardware Corporation ("ACE") under a lease agreement with an option to purchase.  ACE exercised its option to purchase the property and on March 23, 2011 the Company's Panama subsidiary entered into a land sale agreement with ACE.  The sales price of the property was approximately $5.3 million .   Additionally, on March 23, 2011, the Company's Panama subsidiary entered into a land sale agreement with OD Panama S.A. (an affiliate of Office Depot, Mexico) for the sale of approximately 28,322 square feet of undeveloped land located adjacent to the Panama, Via Brasil location for approximately $2.1 million .  Gonzalo Barrutieta, who has served as a member of the Company's board of directors since February 2008, is a board member of Office Depot, Mexico.

The Company has recorded in other current liabilities at the end of fiscal year 2013 approximately $3.2 million in liabilities, related to the acquisition of land in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, upon which the Company anticipates opening its third warehouse club in Honduras in the spring of 2014. This amount was paid in September 2013.



55

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



NOTE 4 – EARNINGS PER SHARE


The Company presents basic and diluted income per share using the two class method.   The two-class method is an earnings allocation formula that treats a participating security as having rights to earnings that otherwise would have been available to common stockholders and that determines basic income per share  for each class of common stock and participating security according to dividends declared (or accumulated) and participation rights in undistributed earnings that would have been available to common stockholders.   A participating security is defined as a security that may participate in undistributed earnings with common stock.  The Company's capital structure includes securities that participate with common stock on a one for one basis for distribution of dividends.  These are the restricted stock awards authorized within the 1998, 2001 and 2002 Equity Participation Plans of the Company.  In addition, the Company determines the diluted income per share by including the basic weighted average of outstanding stock options and unvested restricted stock units in the calculation of diluted net income per share.


The following table sets forth the computation of net income per share for the twelve months ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (in thousands, except per share amounts):


Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Net income from continuing operations

$

84,265


$

67,646


$

61,836


Less: Allocation of income to unvested stockholders

(1,780

)

(1,337

)

(952

)

Net earnings available to common stockholders from continuing operations

$

82,485


$

66,309


$

60,884


Net earnings (loss) available to common stockholders from discontinued operations

$

-


$

(25

)

$

(86

)

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

29,647


29,554


29,441


Add dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units (two-class method)

34


28


16


Diluted average shares outstanding

29,681


29,582


29,457


Basic net income per share from continuing operations

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


Diluted net income per share from continuing operations

$

2.78


$

2.24


$

2.07


Basic net income (loss) per share from discontinued operations

$

-


$

-


$

-


Diluted net income (loss) per share from discontinued operations

$

-


$

-


$

-




Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Net income:

Income from continuing operations

$

84,265


$

67,646


$

61,836


Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

-


(25

)

(86

)

$

84,265


$

67,621


$

61,750





56

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



NOTE 5 – STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY

Dividends

First Payment

Second Payment

Declared

Amount

Record Date

Date Paid

Amount

Record Date

Date Paid

Amount

11/27/12

$

0.60


12/10/12

12/21/12

$

0.30


8/15/13

8/30/13

$

0.30


1/25/12

$

0.60


2/15/12

2/29/12

$

0.30


8/15/12

8/31/12

$

0.30


1/19/11

$

0.60


2/15/11

2/28/11

$

0.30


8/15/11

8/31/11

$

0.30



The Company anticipates the ongoing payment of semi-annual dividends in subsequent periods, although the actual declaration of future dividends, the amount of such dividends, and the establishment of record and payment dates is subject to final determination by the Board of Directors at its discretion after its review of the Company's financial performance and anticipated capital requirements.


Preferred Stock Authorized Shares


As of August 31, 2013, 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock with a par value of $.0001 , were authorized, but no shares were outstanding.  Upon issuance, our Board of Directors has the ability to define the terms of the preferred shares, including voting rights, liquidation preferences, conversion and redemption provisions and dividend rates.


Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss


The following table disclose the tax effects allocated to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) (in thousands):

For the years ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Before-Tax Amount

Tax (expense) or benefit

Net-of-Tax Amount

Before-Tax Amount

Tax (expense) or benefit

Net-of-Tax Amount

Before-Tax Amount

Tax (expense) or benefit

Net-of-Tax Amount

Foreign currency translation adjustments (1)

$

(10,359

)

$

-


$

(10,359

)

$

(1,187

)

$

-


$

(1,187

)

$

(947

)

$

-


$

(947

)

Defined benefit pension plans:

Prior service cost arising during period

-


-


-


-


-


-


(355

)

89


(266

)

Net gain (loss) arising during period

(365

)

91


(274

)

255


(64

)

191


(9

)

2


(7

)

Amortization of prior service cost included in net periodic pensions cost

260


(64

)

196


10


(2

)

8


-


-


-


Total defined benefit pension plans

(105

)

27


(78

)

265


(66

)

199


(364

)

91


(273

)

Unrealized gains (losses) on change in fair value of interest rate swaps (2)

2,691


(547

)

2,144


(316

)

(82

)

(398

)

(117

)

(55

)

(172

)

Foreign currency translations differences for merger of foreign operations (1)(3)

-


-


-


(5,604

)

-


(5,604

)

-


-


-


Correction of foreign currency translations for prior years related to foreign operations affecting property and equipment (1)(3)

-


-


-


(3,277

)

-


(3,277

)

(4,851

)

-


(4,851

)

Other comprehensive income (loss)

$

(7,773

)

$

(520

)

$

(8,293

)

$

(10,119

)

$

(148

)

$

(10,267

)

$

(6,279

)

$

36


$

(6,243

)


57

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



(1)

Translation adjustments arising in translating the financial statements of a foreign entity have no effect on the income taxes of that foreign entity. They may, however, affect: (a) the amount, measured in the parent entity's reporting currency, of withholding taxes assessed on dividends paid to the parent entity and (b) the amount of taxes assessed on the parent entity by the government of its country. The Company has determined that the reinvestment of earnings of its foreign subsidiaries are indefinite because of the long-term nature of the Company's foreign investment plans. Therefore, deferred taxes are not provided for on translation adjustments related to unremitted earnings of the Company's foreign subsidiaries.

(2)

See Note 12 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.

(3)

See Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation.

The following tables disclose the changes in the balances of each component of other comprehensive loss included as a separate component of equity within the balance sheet and for each component of other comprehensive income, the current period reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income (in thousands):

Twelve Month Period Ended August 31, 2013

Foreign currency translation adjustments

Defined benefit pension plans

Unrealized gains/(losses) on change in fair value of interest rate swaps (1)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

Beginning balance, September 1, 2012

$

(31,962

)

$

(74

)

$

(1,146

)

$

(33,182

)

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

(10,359

)

-


-


(10,359

)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

-


(78

)

2,144


(1)

2,066


Net current-period other comprehensive income

(10,359

)

(78

)

2,144


(8,293

)

Ending balance, August 31, 2013

$

(42,321

)

$

(152

)

$

998


$

(41,475

)


Twelve Month Period Ended August 31, 2012

Foreign currency translation adjustments

Defined benefit pension plans

Unrealized gains/(losses) on change in fair value of interest rate swaps (1)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

Beginning balance, September 1, 2011

$

(21,894

)

$

(273

)

$

(748

)

$

(22,915

)

Other comprehensive income before reclassifications

(10,068

)

(2)

-


-


(10,068

)

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

-


199


(398

)

(1)

(199

)

Net current-period other comprehensive income

(10,068

)

199


(398

)

(10,267

)

Ending balance, August 31, 2012

$

(31,962

)

$

(74

)

$

(1,146

)

$

(33,182

)


(1)

See Note 12 - Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.

(2)

Includes $5.6 million to record foreign currency translation differences for merger of operations, $3.3 million to correct foreign currency translations for prior years related to foreign operations affecting property and equipment and $1.2 million in foreign currency translation adjustments. See Note 1- Company Overview and Basis of Presentation for details.



58

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


The following tables disclose the effects on net income of significant amounts reclassified out of each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss (in thousands):

Twelve Month Period Ended

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

Financial statement line item where effect is presented

Amount reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive (loss) income

Financial statement line item where effect is presented

Amortization of Defined benefit pension plan

Prior service costs

$

260


(1)

$

10


(1)

Actuarial gains (losses)

(365

)

(1)

255


(1)

Total before tax

(105

)

265


Tax benefit

27


Statement of Income- Provision for income taxes

(66

)

Statement of Income- Provision for income taxes

Net of tax

$

(78

)

(1)

$

199


(1)

Unrealized gains/(losses) on change in fair value of interest rate swaps

Cross currency interest rate cash flow hedges

$

1,505


Balance sheet- other non-current assets

$

-


Balance sheet- other non-current assets

Interest rate cash flow hedges

203


Balance sheet- other long-term liabilities

328


Balance sheet- other long-term liabilities

Cross currency interest rate cash flow hedges

983


Balance sheet- other long-term liabilities

(644

)

Balance sheet- other long-term liabilities

Total before tax

2,691


(316

)

Tax expense

(50

)

Balance sheet- Deferred tax assets

(82

)

Balance sheet- Deferred tax assets

Tax expense

(497

)

Balance sheet- Deferred tax liabilities

-


Balance sheet- Deferred tax liabilities

Net of tax

$

2,144


Balance sheet- other long-term liabilities

$

(398

)

Balance sheet- other long-term liabilities


(1) These amounts are included as part of salaries reported within warehouse club operations expense.


Retained Earnings Not Available for Distribution


The following table summarizes retained earnings designated as legal reserves of various subsidiaries which cannot be distributed as dividends to PriceSmart, Inc. according to applicable statutory regulations (in thousands):

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Retained earnings not available for distribution

$

6,872


$

5,490




59

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


NOTE 6 – RETIREMENT PLAN

Defined Contribution Plans


PriceSmart offers a defined contribution 401(k) retirement plan to its U.S. employees, which allows employees to enroll in the plan after 90 days of employment. Enrollment in these plans begins on the first of the month following the employee's eligibility. Effective January 1, 2011, the Company makes nondiscretionary contributions to the 401(k) plan with a 4% "Company Contribution" based on the employee's salary regardless of the employee's own contributions to the plan up to the IRS maximum allowed.  Prior to January 1, 2011, the Company made nondiscretionary contributions to the 401(k) plan equal to 100% of the participant's contribution up to an annual maximum of 4% of base compensation up to the IRS maximum allowed. Employer contributions to the 401(k) plan for the Company's U.S. employees were $1.1 million , $1.0 million and $821,000 during fiscal years 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. The Company has defined contribution plans for its employees in several countries and contributes a percentage of the respective employees' salary. Amounts contributed under these plans were $969,000 , $843,000 and $653,000 during fiscal years 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

Defined Benefit Plan

On January 21, 2011, PS Operations Ltd., a subsidiary of the Company in Trinidad, signed a collective labor agreement with the Oil Workers Trade Union on behalf of the hourly rated weekly paid and hourly rated bi-monthly paid employees who are members of the Union.  This agreement contains a Defined Benefit Plan within the contract for retirement pay.  The Company currently does not intend to fund this obligation.  As a result, the entire amount of the benefit obligation is presented as a long-term liability on the consolidated balance sheets.  The Company will make payments on any obligation that becomes due from available cash.  The following table summarizes the amount of the funding obligation and the line items in which it is recorded on the consolidated balance sheets and consolidated statements of income as of and for the fiscal years ended August 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands):

Other Long-Term Liability

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss

Operating Expenses

Year Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

2011

Start of Period

$

(396

)

$

(471

)

$

99


$

364


$

-


$

-


$

-


Service cost

(83

)

(140

)

-


-


91


140


90


Interest cost

(17

)

(31

)

-


-


17


31


13


Prior service cost (including amortization)

-


-


(15

)

(19

)

15


14


9


Actuarial gains/(losses)

(93

)

246


120


(246

)

(27

)

-


-


Totals

$

(589

)

$

(396

)

$

204


$

99


(1)

$

96


$

185


$

112



(1)

The Company has recorded a deferred tax asset amount of $52,000 and $25,000 as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, relating to the unrealized expense on deferred benefit plan. The Company also recorded accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, for $152,000 and $74,000 as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.


Year Ended August 31,

Valuation Assumptions Used in the Accounting of the Defined Benefit Plan:

2013

2012

Discount rate

2.0

%

3.5

%

Future salary escalation

5.0

%

5.0

%

Percentage of employees assumed to withdraw from Company without a benefit ("turnover")

11.0

%

11.0

%

Percentage of employees assumed to withdraw from Company with a benefit ("disability")

0.5

%

0.5

%




60

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


NOTE 7 – STOCK BASED COMPENSATION

The three types of equity awards offered by the Company are stock options ("options"), restricted stock awards ("RSA's") and restricted stock units ("RSU's").  Compensation related to options is accounted for by applying the valuation technique based on the Black-Scholes model. Compensation related to RSA's and RSU's is based on the fair market value at the time of grant with the application of an estimated forfeiture rate.  The Company recognizes the compensation cost related to these awards over the requisite service period as determined by the grant, amortized ratably or on a straight line basis over the life of the grant.  The Company utilizes "modified grant-date accounting" for true-ups due to actual forfeitures at the vesting dates.  The Company records as additional paid-in capital the tax savings resulting from tax deductions in excess of expense for stock-based compensation or a reduction in paid-in capital from the tax deficiency resulting from stock-based compensation in excess of the related tax deduction, based on the Tax Law Ordering method.  In addition, the Company reflects the tax savings (deficiency) resulting from the taxation of stock-based compensation as a financing cash flow in its consolidated statement of cash flows, rather than as operating cash flows.


RSA's have the same cash dividend and voting rights as other common stock and are considered to be currently issued and outstanding shares of common stock.  RSU's are not issued nor outstanding until vested and do not have the cash dividend and voting rights of common stock.  However, the Company has paid dividend equivalents to the employees with unvested RSU's equal to the dividend they would have received had the shares of common stock underlying the RSU's been actually issued and outstanding.  The providing of dividend equivalents on RSU's is subject to the annual review and final determination by the board of directors at their discretion.  Payments of dividend equivalents to employees are recorded as compensation expense.


The Company adopted the 2013 Equity Incentive Award Plan for the benefit of its eligible employees, consultants and non-employee directors on January 22, 2013 and transferred 233,830 shares available under the three prior equity participation plans into this new plan. This plan allows restricted stock awards and restricted stock units which typically vest between five to ten years. The following table summarizes the shares authorized and shares available for future grants:


Shares available to grant

Shares authorized

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Prior Plans

2,350,000


N/A


194,925


2013 Plan

600,000


782,385


N/A



The following table summarizes the components of the stock-based compensation expense for the twelve-month periods ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (in thousands), which are included in general and administrative expense and warehouse club operations in the consolidated statements of income:


Year Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Options granted to directors

$

113


$

107


$

55


Restricted stock awards

5,268


4,834


3,780


Restricted stock units

921


528


202


Stock-based compensation expense

$

6,302


$

5,469


$

4,037



61

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



The following table summarizes various concepts related to stock-based compensation as of and for the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 :

August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Remaining unrecognized compensation cost (in thousands)

$

25,450


$

25,543


$

8,319


Weighted average period of time over which this cost will approximately be recognized (years)

7


8


3


Excess tax benefit (deficiency) on stock-based compensation (in thousands)

$

1,336


$

1,438


$

752



The Company began issuing restricted stock awards in fiscal year 2006 and restricted stock units in fiscal year 2008.  The restricted stock awards and units vest over a five to ten year period and the unvested portion of the award is forfeited if the employee or non-employee director leaves the Company before the vesting period is completed. Restricted stock awards and units activity for the twelve-months ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 was as follows:


Year Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Grants outstanding at beginning of period

700,893


436,611


558,821


Granted

62,046


399,041


95,700


Forfeited

(3,021

)

(5,230

)

(8,231

)

Vested

(136,494

)

(129,529

)

(209,679

)

Grants outstanding at end of period

623,424


700,893


436,611



The following table summarizes the fair value for restricted stock awards and units for twelve-months of fiscal years 2013 , 2012 and 2011 :


Year Ended August 31,

Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value

2013

2012

2011

Restricted stock awards and units granted

$

80.79


$

67.26


$

41.25


Restricted stock awards and units vested

$

39.33


$

23.46


$

16.72


Restricted stock awards and units forfeited

$

30.88


$

29.30


$

23.58



The following table summarizes the total fair market value of restricted stock awards and units vested for the period (in thousands):

Twelve Months Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Total fair market value of restricted stock awards and units vested

$

10,673


$

8,812


$

8,270




62

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


At the vesting dates of restricted stock awards, the Company repurchases shares at the prior day's closing price per share, with the funds used to pay the employees' minimum statutory tax withholding requirements. The Company expects to continue this practice going forward. The following table summarizes this activity during the period:

Twelve Months Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Shares repurchased

44,460


46,373


69,146


Cost of repurchase of shares (in thousands)

$

3,467


$

3,154


$

2,711



The Company reissues treasury shares as part of its stock-based compensation programs.  The following table summarizes the treasury shares reissued during the period:

Twelve Months Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Reissued treasury shares

-


196,850


-



The following table summarizes the stock options outstanding: 

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Stock Options Outstanding

28,000


36,000



Due to the substantial shift from the use of stock options to restricted stock awards and units, the Company believes stock option activity is no longer significant and that any further disclosure on options is not necessary. 


NOTE 8 – COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

From time to time, the Company and its subsidiaries are subject to legal proceedings, claims and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, the outcome of which, in the opinion of management, would not have a material adverse effect on the Company. The Company evaluates such matters on a case by case basis, and vigorously contests any such legal proceedings or claims which the Company believes are without merit.


The Company is required to file federal and state tax returns in the United States and various other tax returns in foreign jurisdictions. The preparation of these tax returns requires the Company to interpret the applicable tax laws and regulations in effect in such jurisdictions, which could affect the amount of tax paid by the Company. The Company, in consultation with its tax advisors, bases its tax returns on interpretations that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. The tax returns, however, are subject to routine reviews by the various taxing authorities in the jurisdictions in which the Company files its returns. As part of these reviews, a taxing authority may disagree with respect to the interpretations the Company used to calculate its tax liability and therefore require the Company to pay additional taxes.


The Company accrues an amount for its estimate of probable additional income tax liability.  In certain cases, the impact of an uncertain income tax position on the income tax return must be recognized at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant tax authority.  An uncertain income tax position will not be recognized if it has less than 50% likelihood of being sustained (see Note 9 - Income Taxes for additional information).


In evaluating the exposure associated with various non-income tax filing positions, the Company accrues for probable and estimable exposures for non-income tax related tax contingencies.  As of August 31, 2013 and  2012, the Company had recorded within other accrued expenses a total of $2.9 million and $3.3 million , respectively, for various non-income tax related tax contingencies. 


While the Company believes the recorded liabilities are adequate, there are inherent limitations in projecting the outcome of litigation, in estimating probable additional income tax liability taking into account uncertain tax positions and in evaluating the probable additional tax associated with various non-income tax filing positions.  As such, the Company is unable to make a reasonable estimate of the sensitivity to change of estimates affecting its recorded liabilities.  As additional information becomes available, the Company assesses the potential liability and revises its estimates as appropriate.


63

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



The Company is committed under non-cancelable operating leases for the rental of facilities and land (see Note 11 - Leases). The Company is also committed to non-cancelable construction services obligations for various warehouse club developments and expansions. As of August 31, 2013 the Company has approximately $3.0 million in contractual obligations for construction services not yet rendered.

See Note 14 - Unconsolidated Affiliates for a description of additional capital contributions that may be required in connection with joint ventures to develop commercial centers adjacent to PriceSmart warehouse clubs in Panama and Costa Rica.


The Company contracts for distribution center services in Mexico.  The contract for this distribution center's services was renewed on December 31, 2011 for an additional three years, with the applicable fees and rates to be reviewed at the beginning of each calendar year.  Future minimum service commitments related to this contract for the following twelve months is approximately $125,000 and for the remaining of the term is approximately $41,000 .

NOTE 9 – INCOME TAXES

Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes and loss of unconsolidated affiliates includes the following components (in thousands):


Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

United States

$

30,377


$

38,121


$

24,259


Foreign

92,834


64,593


65,097


Income from continuing operations before provision for income taxes and loss of unconsolidated affiliates

$

123,211


$

102,714


$

89,356



Significant components of the income tax provision are as follows (in thousands):


Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Current:

U.S.

$

7,214


$

7,593


$

4,905


Foreign

29,054


26,325


21,170


Total

$

36,268


$

33,918


$

26,075


Deferred:

U.S.

$

3,257


$

1,853


$

375


Foreign

(402

)

(1,031

)

146


Valuation allowance charge (release)

(181

)

313


872


Total

$

2,674


$

1,135


$

1,393


Provision for income taxes

$

38,942


$

35,053


$

27,468



64

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



As of August 31, 2013 , the Company has elected to present the reconciliation of income tax on a percentage basis as compared to a whole dollar basis.  The reconciliation of income tax computed at the Federal statutory tax rate to the provision for income taxes is as follows (in percentages):

Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Federal tax provision at statutory rates

35.0

 %

35.0

 %

35.0

 %

State taxes, net of federal benefit

0.3


0.3


0.8


Differences in foreign tax rates

(3.7

)

(3.6

)

(3.7

)

Permanent items and other adjustments

0.2


2.1


(2.4

)

Increase (decrease) in Foreign valuation allowance

(0.2

)

0.3


1.0


Provision for income taxes

31.6

 %

34.1

 %

30.7

 %

Significant components of the Company's deferred tax assets as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 are shown below (in thousands):

August 31,

2013

2012

Deferred tax assets:

U.S. net operating loss carryforward

$

7,379


$

9,389


Foreign tax credits

2,096


1,568


Deferred compensation

2,087


1,835


U.S. timing differences and alternative minimum tax credits

1,708


1,846


Foreign net operating losses

7,137


7,725


Foreign timing differences:

Accrued expenses and other timing differences

5,179


2,609


Depreciation and Amortization

5,027


4,239


Deferred Income

3,534


2,993


Gross deferred tax assets

34,147


32,204


U.S. deferred tax liabilities (depreciation and other timing differences)

(3,216

)

(2,232

)

Foreign deferred tax liabilities netted against deferred tax assets

(1,638

)

(452

)

U.S. valuation allowance

(700

)

(697

)

Foreign valuation allowance

(9,432

)

(8,368

)

Net deferred tax assets

$

19,161


$

20,455



As of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , the Company had deferred tax liabilities of $2.7 million and $2.3 million , respectively, arising from timing differences in certain subsidiaries.


The effective tax rate for fiscal year 2013 is 31.6% , as compared to the effective tax rate for fiscal year 2012 of 34.1% .  For fiscal year 2013, the decrease in the effective rate versus the prior year was primarily attributable to the following factors: (i) 0.6% of the decrease results from changes in the valuation allowance against net operating losses of the Company's Colombia affiliate; (ii) 0.7% of the decrease results from valuation allowance recorded in the fiscal year 2012 against California net operating loss (NOL) due to adoption of single sales factor apportionment; (iii) 0.3% of the decrease results from prior period credit card processing fees recorded in the fiscal year 2012 for which the Company did not recognize a tax benefit.


For fiscal year 2013, management concluded that a valuation allowance continues to be necessary for certain U.S. and foreign deferred tax assets, primarily because of the existence of significant negative objective evidence, such as the fact that certain subsidiaries are in a cumulative loss position for the past three years, and the determination that certain net operating loss carryforward periods are not sufficient to realize the related deferred tax assets. The Company factored into its analysis the inherent risk of forecasting revenue and expenses over an extended period of time and also considered the potential risks associated with


65

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


its business.  There were no reversals of previously recorded foreign valuation allowances during fiscal year 2011 or 2013. In fiscal year 2012, a valuation allowance of $377,000 was reversed, because the net operating loss for which the valuation allowance was recorded was fully utilized in fiscal year 2012. The Company had net foreign deferred tax assets of $9.8 million and $8.7 million as of August 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.


The Company has U.S. federal and state tax NOL's at August 31, 2013 and 2012 of approximately $19.2 million and $8.0 million , respectively. The Company maintains a valuation allowance on substantially all of its state NOL's due to the adoption of single sale factor apportionment in California, which significantly reduces taxable income in this state. The federal and state NOL's generally expire during periods ranging from 2015 through 2025, unless previously utilized.  Generally for U.S. federal and U.S. Virgin Islands tax reporting purposes, the statute of limitations is three years from the date of filing of the income tax return.  If and to the extent the tax year resulted in a taxable loss, the statute is extended to three years from the filing date of the income tax return in which the carry-forward tax loss was used to offset taxable income in the carry-forward year.   In calculating the tax provision and assessing the likelihood that the Company will be able to utilize the deferred tax assets, the Company considered and weighed all of the evidence, both positive and negative, and both objective and subjective. The Company factored in the inherent risk of forecasting revenue and expenses over an extended period of time and considered the potential risks associated with its business. Using the Company's U.S. income from continuing operations and projections of future taxable income in the U.S., the Company was able to determine that there was sufficient positive evidence to support the conclusion that it was more likely than not that the Company would be able to realize substantially all of its U.S. NOLs by generating sufficient taxable income during the carry-forward period. However, if the Company does not achieve its projections of future taxable income in the U.S., the Company could be required to take a charge to earnings related to the recoverability of these deferred tax assets.


The Company has determined that due to a deemed change of ownership (as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code) in October 2004, there will be annual limitations in the amount of U.S. taxable income of approximately $3.5 million that may be offset by NOLs. The Company does not believe this will impact the recoverability of these NOLs.

The Company does not provide for income taxes which would be payable if undistributed earnings of its foreign subsidiaries were remitted, because the Company considers these earnings to be permanently reinvested as management has no plans to repatriate undistributed earnings and profits of foreign affiliates. As of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , the undistributed earnings of these foreign subsidiaries are approximately $254.8 million and $186.7 million , respectively. Upon distribution of those earnings in the form of dividends or otherwise, the Company would be subject to both U.S. income taxes and withholding taxes payable to the foreign countries, but would also be able to offset unrecognized foreign tax credits.  Determination of the amount of unrecognized deferred U.S. income tax liability is not practicable because of the complexities associated with its hypothetical calculation.


The Company accrues for the estimated additional amount of taxes for uncertain income tax positions if the likelihood of sustaining the tax position does not meet the more likely than not standard for recognition of tax benefits.


A reconciliation of the beginning and ending amount of unrecognized tax benefits is as follows (in thousands):


2013

2012

2011

Balance at beginning of fiscal year

$

11,212


$

13,528


$

13,615


Additions based on tax positions related to the current year

349


575


1,130


Reductions for tax positions of prior years

-


-


-


Settlements

(191

)

(591

)

(643

)

Expiration of the statute of limitations for the assessment of taxes

(1,997

)

(2,300

)

(574

)

Balance at end of fiscal year

$

9,373


$

11,212


$

13,528



As of August 31, 2013, the liability for income taxes associated with uncertain tax benefits was $9.4 million and can be reduced by $8.1 million of tax benefits associated with timing adjustments which are recorded as deferred income taxes. The net amount of $1.3 million , if recognized, would favorably affect the Company's financial statements and favorably affect the Company's effective income tax rate.

The Company expects changes in the amount of unrecognized tax benefits in the next 12 months as the result of a lapse


66

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


in various statutes of limitations. The lapse of statutes of limitations in the 12 -month period ending August 31, 2013 is expected to result in a reduction to long-term income taxes payable totaling $386,000 .


The Company recognizes interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. As of August 31, 2013 and 2012, the Company had accrued $1.0 million and $800,000 , respectively, (before income tax benefit) for the payment of interest and penalties.

The Company has various appeals pending before tax courts in its subsidiaries' jurisdictions.  Any possible settlement could increase or decrease earnings but is not expected to be significant. Audit outcomes and the timing of audit settlements are subject to significant uncertainty.


The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. The Company is generally no longer subject to income tax examinations by tax authorities in its major jurisdictions except for the fiscal years subject to audit as set forth in the table below:


Tax Jurisdiction

Fiscal Years Subject to Audit

U.S. federal

1998, 2000 to 2005, 2007, 2010 to the present

California (U.S.) (state return)

2005, 2007 and 2009 to the present

Florida(U.S.) (state return)

2002 to 2005, 2007 and 2009 to the present

Aruba

2012 to the present

Barbados

2007 to the present

Costa Rica

2010 to the present

Colombia

2010 to the present

Dominican Republic

2009 to the present

El Salvador

2009 to the present

Guatemala

2010 to the present

Honduras

2008, 2009, 2011 to the present

Jamaica

2007 to the present

Mexico

2008 to the present

Nicaragua

2009 to the present

Panama

2010 to the present

Trinidad

2004 to the present

U.S. Virgin Islands

2001 to the present


Generally for U.S. federal and U.S. Virgin Islands tax reporting purposes, the statute of limitations is three years from the date of filing of the income tax return.  If and to the extent the tax year resulted in a taxable loss, the statute is extended to three years from the filing date of the income tax return in which the carryforward tax loss was used to offset taxable income in the carryforward year.  Given the historical losses in these jurisdictions and the Section 382 change in control limitations on the use of the tax loss carryforwards, there is uncertainty and significant variation as to when a tax year is no longer subject to audit.



67

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


NOTE 10 – DEBT

Short-term borrowings consist of lines of credit which are secured by certain assets of the Company and its subsidiaries. The short-term borrowing facilities are summarized below (in thousands):

Facilities Used

Total Amount of Facilities

Short-term Borrowings

Letters of Credit

Facilities Available

Weighted average interest rate of loans outstanding

August 31, 2013

$

35,863


$

-


$

588


$

35,275


N/A

August 31, 2012

$

36,967


$

-


$

774


$

36,193


N/A



Long-term debt consists of the following (in thousands):

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Loans entered into by the Company's subsidiaries with a balloon payment due at the end of the loan term and with non-cash assets and/or cash or cash equivalents assigned as collateral and with established debt covenants

$

23,442


$

27,292


Loans entered into by the Company's Colombia subsidiary for which the subsidiary has entered into a cross-currency interest rate swap with non-cash assets and/or cash or cash equivalents assigned as collateral and with established debt covenants

30,346


32,209


Loans entered into by the Company's subsidiaries for which the subsidiary has entered into a interest rate swap with non-cash assets and/or cash or cash equivalents assigned as collateral and with established debt covenants

6,525


7,875


Loans entered into by the Company's subsidiaries with non-cash assets and/or cash or cash equivalents assigned as collateral and with established debt covenants

12,707


11,283


Total long-term debt

73,020


78,659


Less: current portion

12,757


7,237


Long-term debt, net of current portion

$

60,263


$

71,422



The carrying amount of the non-cash assets assigned as collateral for long-term debt was $55.2 million and $59.6 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , respectively. The carrying amount of the cash assets assigned as collateral for long-term debt was $33.8 million and $36.9 million as of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , respectively.


As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , the Company had approximately $55.9 million and $58.0 million , respectively, of long-term loans in Trinidad, Barbados, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras and Colombia that require these subsidiaries to comply with certain annual or quarterly financial covenants, which include debt service and leverage ratios. During the fourth quarter, the Company detected that it was not in compliance with the covenants described in the underlying contract in the Barbados subsidiary. The Company obtained a written waiver from the bank with respect to any non-compliance for fiscal year 2013. As of August 31, 2013 and August 31, 2012 , the Company was in compliance with all covenants, amended covenants or had received a written waiver from the bank with respect to any non-compliance.



68

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



Annual maturities of long-term debt are as follows (in thousands):

Years Ended August 31,

Amount

2014

$

12,757


2015

14,711


2016

29,131


2017

10,135


2018

2,572


Thereafter

3,714


Total

$

73,020




NOTE 11 – LEASES


The Company is committed under non-cancelable operating leases for the rental of facilities and land. These leases expire or become subject to renewal between January 27, 2014 and July 5, 2031.

As of August 31, 2013, the Company's warehouse clubs occupied a total of approximately 2,104,480 square feet of which 420,647 square feet were on leased property. The following is a summary of the warehouse clubs and Company facilities located on leased property:

Approximate

Square

Current Lease

Remaining

Option(s)

Location

Facility Type

Date Opened

Footage

Expiration Date

to Extend

Via Brazil, Panama

Warehouse Club

December 4, 1997

68,696


October 31, 2026

10 years

Miraflores, Guatemala

Warehouse Club

April 8, 1999

66,059


December 31, 2020

5 years

Pradera, Guatemala

Warehouse Club

May 29, 2001

48,438


May 28, 2021

none

Tegucigalpa, Honduras

Warehouse Club

May 31, 2000

64,735


May 30, 2020

none

Oranjestad, Aruba

Warehouse Club

March 23, 2001

64,627


March 23, 2021

10 years

Port of Spain, Trinidad

Warehouse Club

December 5, 2001

54,046


July 5, 2031

none

St. Thomas, U.S.V.I.

Warehouse Club

May 4, 2001

54,046


February 28, 2020

10 years

Barbados

Storage Facility

December 1, 2012

12,517


November 30, 2015

3 years

Chaguanas, Trinidad

Employee Parking

May 1, 2009

4,944


April 30, 2024

none

Chaguanas, Trinidad

Container Parking

April 1, 2010

65,340


March 31, 2015

none

Jamaica

Storage Facility

September 1, 2012

17,000


February 28, 2014

3 years

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Central Offices

June 1, 2010

2,002


May 31, 2015

1 year

Bogota, Colombia

Central Offices

October 21, 2010

4,100


December 20, 2014

none

San Diego, CA

Corporate Headquarters

April 1, 2004

39,225


August 31, 2015

5 years

Miami, FL

Distribution Facility

March 1, 2008

274,652


July 31, 2021

10 years

Panama

Storage and Distribution Facility

August 15, 2012

25,690


August 15, 2015

mutual agreement

Costa Rica

Storage and Distribution Facility

January 28, 2013

37,674


January 27, 2014

3 years



69

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



The following table summarizes the components of rental expense charged for operating leases of open locations for fiscal years 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (in thousands):  


Years ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Minimum rental payments

$

7,584


$

7,251


$

6,883


Deferred rent accruals

104


193


724


Total straight line rent expense

7,688


7,444


7,607


Contingent rental payments

2,950


2,623


2,070


Common area maintenance expense

1,074


865


792


Rental expense

$

11,712


$

10,932


$

10,469



Future minimum lease commitments for facilities under these leases with an initial term in excess of one year are as follows (in thousands):

Years Ended August 31,

Open

Locations (1)

2014

$

7,362


2015

7,263


2016

6,337


2017

6,858


2018

7,014


Thereafter

29,792


Total

$

64,626


(1)

Operating lease obligations have been reduced by approximately $749,000 to reflect sub-lease income. Certain obligations under leasing arrangements are collateralized by the underlying asset being leased.


The following table summarizes the components of rental income recorded for operating leases for fiscal years 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (in thousands): 

Years ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Minimum rental receipts

$

2,620


$

2,629


$

2,676


Deferred rent accruals

26


(69

)

104


Total straight line rent income

2,646


2,560


2,780


Contingent rental receipts

98


111


99


Common maintenance area income

117


109


60


Rental income

$

2,861


$

2,780


$

2,939





70

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


The Company entered into leases as landlord for rental of land and/or building space for properties it owns. The following is a schedule of future minimum rental income on non-cancelable operating leases with an initial term in excess of one year from owned property as of August 31, 2013 (in thousands):


Years ended August 31,

Amount

2014

$

2,129


2015

1,934


2016

1,634


2017

941


2018

795


Thereafter

3,862


Total

$

11,295



NOTE 12 – DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES

The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations. One risk managed by the Company using derivative instruments is interest rate risk.  To manage interest rate exposure, the Company enters into hedge transactions (interest rate swaps) using derivative financial instruments.  The objective of entering into interest rate swaps is to eliminate the variability of cash flows in the LIBOR interest payments associated with variable-rate loans over the life of the loans.  As changes in interest rates impact the future cash flow of interest payments, the hedges provide a synthetic offset to interest rate movements.


In addition, the Company is exposed to foreign currency and interest rate cash flow exposure related to a non-functional currency long-term debt of one of its wholly owned subsidiaries. To manage this foreign currency and interest rate cash flow exposure, the Company's subsidiary entered into a cross-currency interest rate swap that converts its foreign currency denominated floating interest payments to functional currency fixed interest payments during the life of the hedging instrument.  As changes in foreign exchange and interest rates impact the future cash flow of interest payments, the hedge is intended to offset changes in cash flows attributable to interest rate and foreign exchange movements.


These derivative instruments (cash flow hedging instruments) are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges, with the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss) and reclassified into earnings in the same period or periods during which the hedged transaction is determined to be ineffective.  There were no such amounts recorded for ineffectiveness for the periods reported herein related to the interest rate or cross currency interest rate swaps of long-term debt.


The Company is exposed to foreign-currency exchange-rate fluctuations in the normal course of business. The Company is also exposed to foreign-currency exchange-rate fluctuations on U.S. dollar denominated liabilities within its international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar.  The Company manages these fluctuations, in part, through the use of non-deliverable forward foreign-exchange contracts that are intended to offset changes in cash flow attributable to currency exchange movements.  These contracts are intended primarily to economically address exposure to U.S. dollar merchandise inventory expenditures made by the Company's international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar. Currently, these contracts do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting. The Company seeks to mitigate foreign-currency exchange-rate risk with the use of these contracts and does not intend to engage in speculative transactions. These contracts do not contain any credit-risk-related contingent features.


Cash Flow Hedges


The Company formally documents the hedging relationships for its derivative instruments that qualify for hedge accounting. As of August 31, 2013 , all of the Company's interest rate swap and cross-currency interest rate swaps derivative financial instruments are designated and qualify as cash flow hedges.  The cross-currency interest rate swap agreements convert the Company's foreign currency United States dollar denominated floating interest payments on long-term debt to functional currency fixed interest payments during the life of the hedging instrument.  As changes in foreign exchange and interest rates impact the future cash flow of interest payments, the hedge is intended to offset changes in cash flows attributable to interest rate and foreign currency exchange movements.  Various subsidiaries entered into interest rate swap agreements that fix the interest rate over the life of the underlying loans.


71

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


The following table summarizes agreements for which the Company has recorded cash flow hedge accounting transactions during the twelve months ended August 31, 2013 :


Subsidiary

Date entered into

Derivative Financial Counter-party

Derivative Financial Instruments

Initial
US Notional Amount (in thousands)

Bank US loan Held with

Floating Leg (swap counter-party)

Fixed Rate for PSMT Subsidiary

Settlement Reset Date

Effective Period of Swap

Colombia

11-Dec-12

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

4.79

%

March, June, September and December, beginning on March 5, 2013

December 5, 2012 - December 5, 2014

Colombia

21-Feb-12

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.6%

6.02

%

February, May, August and November beginning on May 22, 2012

February 21, 2012 - February 21, 2017

Colombia

17-Nov-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Citibank, N.A.

Variable rate 6-month Eurodollar Libor plus 2.4%

5.85

%

May 3, 2012 and semi-annually thereafter

November 3, 2011 - November 3, 2013

Colombia

21-Oct-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

2,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

5.30

%

January, April, July and October, beginning on October 29, 2011

July 29, 2011 - April 1, 2016

Colombia

21-Oct-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

6,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

5.45

%

March, June, September and December, beginning on October 29, 2011

September 29, 2011 - April 1, 2016

Colombia

5-May-11

Bank of Nova Scotia ("Scotiabank")

Cross currency interest rate swap

$

8,000


Bank of Nova Scotia

Variable rate 3-month Libor plus 0.7%

6.09

%

January, April, July and October, beginning on July 5, 2011

April 1, 2011 - April 1, 2016

Trinidad

20-Nov-08

Royal Bank of Trinidad & Tobago

Interest rate swaps

$

8,900


Royal Bank of Trinidad & Tobago

Variable rate 1-year Libor plus 2.75%

7.05

%

Annually on August 26

September 25, 2008 - September 26, 2013

Barbados

13-Feb-08

Citibank, N.A.

Interest rate swaps

$

4,500


Citibank, N.A.

Variable rate 9-month Libor plus 1.5%

5.22

%

Semi-annually on November 15 and May 15

November 15, 2007 - November 14, 2012

For the twelve-month periods ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 the Company included the gain or loss on the hedged items (that is, variable-rate borrowings) in the same line item-interest expense-as the offsetting gain or loss on the related interest rate swaps as follows (in thousands):

Income Statement Classification

Interest expense

on Borrowings

Loss on Swaps

Interest expense

Interest expense for the year ended August 31, 2013

$

739


$

1,821


$

2,560


Interest expense for the year ended August 31, 2012

$

767


$

1,356


$

2,123


Interest expense for the year ended August 31, 2011

$

407


$

450


$

857





72

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)



The total notional amount of the Company's pay-fixed/receive-variable interest rate swaps was as follows (in thousands):

Notional Amount as of

August 31,

Floating Rate Payer (Swap Counterparty)

2013

2012

Royal Bank of Trinidad & Tobago (RBTT)

$

4,500


$

5,400


Scotiabank

40,000


32,000


Citibank N.A.

-


2,475


Total

$

44,500


$

39,875



The Company measures the fair value for all financial assets and liabilities that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis or on a nonrecurring basis during the reporting period as further described within Note 2.  The debt fair value is measured as the net present value of the debt cash payments.  This requires estimating the payments and the timing of the payments and taking the discounted cash flow of these payments.  The amount and timing of the cash flows are often determined by the debt instrument assuming no defaults.  The discount rate used to calculate the net present value of the debt is the current risk-free rate plus the risk premium adjustment reflecting the credit rating.  The Company considered the effect of its credit risk (credit standing) on the fair value of the liability in all periods in which the liability was measured at fair value.


The following table summarizes the fair value of interest rate swap and cross-currency interest rate swap derivative instruments that qualify for derivative hedge accounting (in thousands, except footnote data):

Liability Derivatives as of August 31,

2013

2012

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedging instruments

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Cross currency interest rate swaps (1)(2)

Other non-current assets

$

1,505


Other non-current assets

$

-


Interest rate swaps (3)

Other long-term liabilities

(14

)

Other long-term liabilities

(216

)

Cross currency interest rate swap (1)(4)

Other long-term liabilities

-


Other long-term liabilities

(983

)

Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments (5)

$

1,491


$

(1,199

)


(1)

The effective portion of the cross-currency interest rate swap was recorded as income or a loss to Accumulated other comprehensive (income)/loss for $(1.0) million and $983,000 as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.

(2)

The Company has recorded a deferred tax liability amount with an offset to other comprehensive income - tax of $(497,000) as of August 31, 2013 related to Other non-current assets for the cross-currency interest rate swap. The Company did not record a deferred tax liability amount with an offset to other comprehensive income - tax as of August 31, 2012.

(3)

The effective portion of the interest rate swaps was recorded as income or a loss to Accumulated other comprehensive (income)/loss for $10,000 and $ 162,000 net of tax, as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.  The Company has recorded a deferred tax asset amount with an offset to other comprehensive income - tax of $4,000 and $54,000 as of August 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively.

(4)

The Company has recorded a deferred tax asset amount with an offset to the tax valuation allowance of $325,000 as of August 31, 2012 related to Other long-term liabilities for the cross-currency interest rate swaps. The Company did not record a deferred tax asset amount with an offset to the tax valuation allowance as of August 31, 2013.

(5)

Derivatives listed on the above table were designated as cash flow hedging instruments.



73

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Fair Value Instruments


The Company has entered into non-deliverable forward foreign-exchange contracts.  These contracts are treated for accounting purposes as fair value contracts and do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting.  The use of non-deliverable forward foreign-exchange contracts is intended to offset changes in cash flow attributable to currency exchange movements.  These contracts are intended primarily to economically hedge exposure to U.S. dollar merchandise inventory expenditures made by the Company's international subsidiaries whose functional currency is other than the U.S. dollar. The Company does have any open forward foreign exchange contracts as of August 31, 2013 .


For the twelve-month periods ended August 31, 2013, 2012 and 2011 , the Company included in its consolidated statements of income the forward derivative (gain) or loss on the non-deliverable forward foreign-exchange contracts as follows (in thousands):

Twelve Months Ended August 31,

Income Statement Classification

2013

2012

2011

Other income (expense), net

$

580


$

73


$

-



The following table summarizes the fair value of foreign currency forward contracts that do not qualify for derivative hedge accounting (in thousands):

August 31, 2013

August 31, 2012

Derivatives designated as fair value hedging instruments

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Balance Sheet Location

Fair Value

Foreign currency forward contracts

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

$

-


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

$

27


Foreign currency forward contracts

Other accrued expenses

-


Other accrued expenses

(3

)

Net fair value of derivatives designated as hedging instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting

$

-


$

24


NOTE 13 – RELATED-PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Use of Private Plane:   From time to time members of the Company's management use private planes owned in part by La Jolla Aviation, Inc. to travel to business meetings in Latin America and the Caribbean.  La Jolla Aviation, Inc. is solely owned by The Robert and Allison Price Trust, and Robert Price is a Director and Officer of La Jolla Aviation, Inc.  Under the "original use agreement," if the passengers are solely Company personnel, the Company has reimbursed La Jolla Aviation for a portion of the fixed management fee and additional expenses incurred by La Jolla Aviation as a result of the hours flown, including direct charges associated with the use of the plane, landing fees, catering and international fees. If the passengers are not solely PriceSmart, Inc. personnel and if one or more of the passengers is a member of the Price Group (including Robert E. Price), the Company has reimbursed La Jolla Aviation for use of the aircraft based on the amounts the passengers would have paid if they had flown a commercial airline. In July 2013 the Company revised its reimbursement policy related to the use of La Jolla Aviation aircraft when such use involves travel by the Company's Chairman of the Board in his company duties as Chairman of the Board and Chairman of the company's real estate committee.  The Company will reimburse La Jolla Aviation for such travel at the hourly rate of the Company's private aircraft for such travel. The Company incurred expenses of approximately $31,000 , $31,000 and $30,000 for the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively, for these services. 


 Relationship with Aseprismar: Aseprismar is a PriceSmart employee association located in Costa Rica that purchase discarded packaging materials received by the Company from incoming shipments of merchandise. The Company recorded approximately $42,000 , $37,000 and $30,000 in other income from the sale of packaging materials to Aseprismar for the years ended August 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. In addition, the Company also contracts with Aseprismar for freight transportation between the Company's Costa Rica warehouse clubs. The Company incurred approximately $27,000 , $12,000 and $10,000 for freight expense with Aseprismar for the years ended August 2013 , 2012 and 2011 .


Relationships with Edgar Zurcher: Edgar Zurcher is a director of the Company. The Company has accordingly recorded and disclosed related-party expense or income related to the relationships with Edgar Zurcher for the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 .  Mr. Zurcher is a partner in a law firm that the Company utilizes in certain legal matters. The Company incurred


74

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


approximately $14,000 , $26,000 and $63,000 in legal expenses with this firm for the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.  Mr. Zurcher is also a director of a company that owns 40% of Payless ShoeSource Holdings, Ltd., which rents retail space from the Company. The Company has recorded approximately $1.5 million , $1.4 million , and $1.3 million in rental income for this space during the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.  Additionally, Mr. Zurcher is a director of Molinos de Costa Rica Pasta.  The Company paid approximately $409,000 , $367,000 and $313,000 for products purchased from this entity during the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.  Also, Mr. Zurcher is a director of Roma S.A. dba Roma Prince S.A. PriceSmart purchased products from this  entity for approximately $1.3 million , $1.4 million and $1.7 million  for the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.


Relationship with Gonzalo Barrutieta: Gonzalo Barrutieta is a director of the Company. Mr. Barrutieta is also a member of the Board of Directors of Office Depot Mexico, S.A. de C.V., which operates OD Panama, S.A. ("ODP"), which rents retail space from the Company. The Company has recorded approximately $256,000 , $252,000 and $246,000 in rental income and common area maintenance charges for this space during the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 , respectively. Additionally, the Company sold to ODP approximately 28,000 square feet of undeveloped land, located adjacent to the Panama, Via Brasil PriceSmart location, for approximately $2.1 million during the fiscal year ended August 31, 2011. Also, on July 15, 2011 (fiscal year 2011), the Company's joint venture Golf Park Plaza, S.A. ("GPP") and ODP entered into a 30 year operating lease, with an option to buy, of approximately 26,000 square feet of land owned by GPP. As part of this transaction, ODP: (i) made an initial deposit to GPP in the sum of approximately $545,000 at the time of signing the agreement; (ii) paid a second deposit of approximately $436,000 at the time their building was completed and their store opened to the public; (iii) is currently paying monthly rent per the lease clause of the agreement of $1,000 per month starting 365 days from execution of the contract and (iv) will pay an additional $109,000 , less any rental payments previously applied per the lease clause, when ODP exercises its option to purchase the land. ODP opened their store in April of 2013.


Relationships with Price Charities: During the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , the Company sold approximately $189,000 , $98,000 and $86,000 , respectively, of supplies to Price Charities, a charitable non-profit public benefit corporation.  Robert E. Price, the Company's Chairman of the Board, is also Chairman of the Board and President of Price Charities.  Additionally, Sherry S. Bahrambeygui, a director since November 2011, serves as Executive Vice President, Secretary and Vice Chairman of the Boards of Price Charities, fka San Diego Revitalization Corp., and Price Family Charitable Fund. The Company also participates with Price Charities in a charitable program known as "Aprender y Crecer" ("Learn and Grow"), by allowing PriceSmart members to donate money in the warehouse clubs to that program.  The Company collaborates with Price Charities and local charitable groups to use these donations to acquire and deliver supplies to schools in the communities surrounding PriceSmart clubs. The liability for donations received was approximately $3,000 , $16,000 and $13,000 as of August 31, 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 , respectively.  


Relationships with Mitchell G. Lynn: Mitchell G. Lynn has been a director of the Company since November 2011. Mr. Lynn is the founder, owner and General Partner of CRI 2000, LP, dba Combined Resources International (CRI), which designs, develops and manufactures consumer products for international wholesale distribution, primarily through warehouse clubs. The Company paid approximately $381,000 , $285,000 and $280,000 for products purchased from this entity during the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. Mr. Lynn is also a founder and continuing Manager of Early Learning Resources, LLC, dba ECR4Kids (ECR) which designs, manufactures and sells educational/children's products to wholesale dealers. The Company paid approximately $16,000 , $1,000 and $3,300 for products purchased from this entity during the years ended August 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.


Relationship with Price Plaza Alajuela PPA, S.A.: Price Plaza Alajuela PPA, S.A. is a real estate joint venture located in Costa Rica entered into by the Company in 2008 (see Note 14 - Unconsolidated Affiliate). On October 7, 2010, the Company completed an adjustment to the property boundaries between property owned by the Company at its Alajuela, Costa Rica warehouse club and property owned by Price Plaza Alajuela. The purpose of the adjustment to these boundaries is to adjust the land boundaries so that the land parcels owned by each entity can be utilized in the most economical means.  The net effect of the realignment was that the Company purchased an additional 2,099 square feet of land for approximately $38,000 .


The Company believes that each of the related-party transactions described above was on terms that the Company could have obtained from unaffiliated parties.



75

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


NOTE 14 – UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES

The Company determines whether any of the joint ventures in which it has made investments is a Variable Interest Entity ("VIE") at the start of each new venture and if a reconsideration event has occurred.  At this time, the Company also considers whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement in a VIE.  A reporting entity must consolidate a VIE if that reporting entity has a variable interest (or combination of variable interests) that will absorb a majority of the VIE's expected losses, receive a majority of the VIE's expected residual returns, or both. A reporting entity must consider the rights and obligations conveyed by its variable interests and the relationship of its variable interests with variable interests held by other parties to determine whether its variable interests will absorb a majority of a VIE's expected losses, receive a majority of the VIE's expected residual returns, or both.  The reporting entity that is the primary beneficiary of that VIE is required to consolidate that VIE.  


In 2008, the Company entered into real estate joint ventures to jointly own and operate separate commercial retail centers adjacent to warehouse clubs in Panama (Golf Park Plaza, S.A.) and Costa Rica (Plaza Alajuela, S.A.). Due to the initial nature of the joint ventures and the continued commitments for additional financing, the Company determined these joint ventures are VIEs.  Since all rights and obligations are equally absorbed by both parties within each joint venture, the Company has determined that it is not the primary beneficiary of the VIEs and, therefore, has accounted for these entities under the equity method. Under the equity method, the Company's investments in unconsolidated affiliates are initially recorded as an investment in the stock of an investee at cost and are adjusted for the carrying amount of the investment to recognize the investor's share of the earnings or losses of the investee after the date of the initial investment. 


The table below summarizes the Company's interest in these VIEs and the Company's maximum exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with these VIEs as of August 31, 2013 (in thousands):

Entity

Initial Investment

Additional Contributions

Net Loss Inception to Date

Company's Variable

Interest in Entity

Commitment to Future Additional Contributions (1)

Company's

Maximum

Exposure

to Loss in Entity (2)

GolfPark Plaza, S.A.

$

4,616


$

733


(3)

$

(72

)

$

5,277


$

1,767


$

7,044


Price Plaza Alajuela, S.A.

2,193


676


(3)

(42

)

2,827


1,346


4,173


Total

$

6,809


$

1,409


$

(114

)

$

8,104


$

3,113


$

11,217



(1)

The parties intend to seek alternate financing for the project, which could reduce the amount of additional capital each party would be required to provide.  The parties may mutually agree on changes to the project, which could increase or decrease the amount of capital each party is required to contribute.

(2)

The maximum exposure is determined by adding the Company's variable interest in the entity and any explicit or implicit arrangements that could require the Company to provide additional financial support.

(3)

On September 26, 2012 the Company contributed an additional $300,000 to Price Plaza Alajuela, S.A. and maintained its 50% interest in the joint venture. On October 26, 2012, the Company contributed an additional $250,000 to Golf Park Plaza S.A. and maintained its 50% interest in the joint venture. The contributions were a portion of the Company's additional future contributions.


The summarized financial information of the unconsolidated affiliates is as follows (in thousands):

August 31,

2013

August 31,

2012

Current assets

$

606


$

943


Noncurrent assets

7,432


6,056


Current liabilities

999


1,052


Noncurrent liabilities

8


-



76

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Years Ended August 31,

2013

2012

2011

Net loss

$

(8

)

$

(30

)

$

(104

)


NOTE 15 – SEGMENTS

The Company and its subsidiaries are principally engaged in the international operation of membership shopping warehouse clubs in 13 countries/territories that are located in Latin America and the Caribbean.  In addition, the Company operates distribution centers and corporate offices in the United States.  The Company's reportable segments are based on management's organization of these locations into operating segments by general geographic location, used by management in setting up management lines of responsibility, providing support services, and making operational decisions and assessments of financial performance.  The Company's operating segments are the United States, Latin America and the Caribbean.  Segment amounts are presented after converting to U.S. dollars and consolidating eliminations.  Certain revenues and operating costs included in the United States segment have not been allocated, as it is impractical to do so. 


The Company has made reclassifications to the consolidated balance sheet and to the consolidated statements of income recorded during fiscal year 2012 and fiscal year 2011 (see Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation). These reclassifications have been made to prior fiscal year amounts to conform to the presentation in the current fiscal year. The following tables summarize the impact of these reclassifications to the amounts reported for each segment (in thousands):

Twelve Month Period Ended August 31, 2012

United
States
Operations

Latin
American
Operations

Caribbean
Operations

Total

Revenue from external customers-as previously reported

$

15,320


$

1,341,688


$

693,737


$

2,050,745


Reclassifications - front end sales

-


(388

)

(294

)

(682

)

Reclassifications - demonstration income

-


(3,865

)

(1,035

)

(4,900

)

Revenue from external customers-as currently reported

$

15,320


$

1,337,435


$

692,408


$

2,045,163


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)-as previously reported

$

17,781


$

249,925


$

116,557


$

384,263


Reclassification- VAT to long lived assets

-


11,321


1,992


13,313


Reclassifications prepaid assets to long lived assets

-


1,722


(1)

-


1,722


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)-as currently reported

$

17,781


$

262,968


$

118,549


$

399,298












77

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


Twelve Month Period Ended August 31, 2011

United
States
Operations

Latin
American
Operations

Caribbean
Operations

Total

Revenue from external customers-as previously reported

$

8,892


$

1,081,830


$

623,525


$

1,714,247


Reclassifications - front end sales

-


(241

)

(218

)

(459

)

Reclassifications - demonstration income

-


(2,956

)

(811

)

(3,767

)

Revenue from external customers-as currently reported

$

8,892


$

1,078,633


$

622,496


$

1,710,021


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)-as previously reported

$

38,601


$

192,594


$

123,356


$

354,551


Reclassification- VAT to long lived assets

-


11,958


1,983


13,941


Reclassifications prepaid assets to long lived assets

(22,165

)

(2)

19,482


2,683


-


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)-as currently reported

$

16,436


$

224,034


$

128,022


$

368,492




(1)

The Company reclassified prepaid expenses to long-lived assets within the Latin America Operations segment for approximately $1.7 million .

(2)

The Company reclassified approximately $22.2 million of long-lived assets incorrectly allocated to United States operations within the segment reporting at the end of the second quarter to Latin American Operations and Caribbean Operations for approximately $19.5 million and $2.7 million , respectively.



78

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)




United States

Operations

Latin American

Operations

Caribbean

Operations

Reconciling Items (1)

Total

Year ended August 31, 2013

Revenue from external customers

$

23,059


$

1,542,401


$

734,352


$

-


$

2,299,812


Intersegment revenues

877,337


99


4,721


(882,157

)

-


Depreciation and amortization

2,121


13,453


8,870


-


24,444


Operating income

34,132


70,383


23,420


-


127,935


Interest income from external sources

163


1,077


95


-


1,335


Interest income from intersegment sources

2,841


410


556


(3,807

)

-


Interest expense from external sources

8


3,136


1,072


-


4,216


Interest expense from intersegment sources

141


1,061


2,605


(3,807

)

-


Provision for income taxes

11,011


21,921


6,010


-


38,942


Net income

23,200


44,862


16,203


-


84,265


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)

19,114


304,731


113,742


-


437,587


Goodwill

-


31,474


4,890


-


36,364


Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

-


8,104


-


-


8,104


Identifiable assets

103,844


518,313


203,882


-


826,039


Capital expenditures, net

3,456


59,064


7,407


-


69,927


United States

Operations

Latin American

Operations

Caribbean

Operations

Reconciling Items (1)

Total

Year ended August 31, 2012

Revenue from external customers

$

15,320


$

1,337,435


$

692,408


$

-


$

2,045,163


Intersegment revenues

766,462


40


4,726


(771,228

)

-


Depreciation and amortization  (2)

1,782


11,655


10,302


-


23,739


Operating income

30,750


57,657


19,519


-


107,926


Interest income from external sources

220


611


77


-


908


Interest income from intersegment sources

2,430


386


536


(3,352

)

-


Interest expense from external sources

25


4,148


1,110


-


5,283


Interest expense from intersegment sources

62


464


2,826


(3,352

)

-


Provision for income taxes

10,720


18,226


6,107


-


35,053


Net income

20,220


33,264


14,137


-


67,621


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)

17,781


262,968


118,549


-


399,298


Goodwill

-


31,760


5,126


-


36,886


Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

-


7,559


-


-


7,559


Identifiable assets

87,467


441,857


206,388


-


735,712


Capital expenditures, net

1,972


42,116


8,617


-


52,705



79

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


United States

Operations

Latin American

Operations

Caribbean

Operations

Reconciling Items (1)

Total

Year ended August 31, 2011

Revenue from external customers

$

8,892


$

1,078,633


$

622,496


$

-


$

1,710,021


Intersegment revenues

638,684


-


4,875


(643,559

)

-


Depreciation and amortization (3)

1,171


11,683


8,300


-


21,154


Operating income

25,251


48,796


14,509


-


88,556


Interest income from external sources

117


624


111


-


852


Interest income from intersegment sources

2,946


1,076


290


(4,312

)

-


Interest expense from external sources

77


2,648


1,191


-


3,916


Interest expense from intersegment sources

-


1,164


3,148


(4,312

)

-


Provision for income taxes (4)

5,357


18,539


3,572


-


27,468


Net income

22,753


30,471


8,526


-


61,750


Long-lived assets (other than deferred tax assets)

16,436


224,034


128,022


-


368,492


Goodwill

-


32,152


5,209


-


37,361


Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

-


8,063


-


-


8,063


Identifiable assets

63,154


388,325


212,849


-


664,328


Capital expenditures, net

4,979


28,940


13,114


-


47,033



(1)

The reconciling items reflect the amount eliminated on consolidation of intersegment transactions.

(2)

Includes a $1.1 million error that increased expenses in the Caribbean operations and a $313,000 error that increased expenses in the Latin America operations, both of which were related to prior periods. See Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation.

(3)

Includes a $2.0 million error and a $235,000 error that increased expense in the Latin America and Caribbean operations, respectively, related to prior periods.  See Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation.

(4)

Includes a $3.2 million error that decreased expense in the United States operations related to prior periods.  See Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation.


NOTE 16 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

The Company has evaluated all events subsequent to the balance sheet date of August 31, 2013 through the date of issuance of these consolidated financial statements and have determined that, except as set forth below, there are no subsequent events that require disclosure.


Forward foreign exchange contracts entered into after August 31, 2013

The Company's Colombia subsidiary has entered into forward exchange contracts for approximately $3.0 million with settlement dates through November 2013.








80

PRICESMART, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS-(Continued)


NOTE 17 – QUARTERLY FINANCIAL INFORMATION (UNAUDITED)

Summarized quarterly financial information for fiscal years 2013 and 2012 is as follows (in thousands, except per share data):


Fiscal Year 2013

Three Months Ended,

Year Ended,

Nov 30, 2012

Feb 28, 2013

May 31, 2013

Aug 31, 2013

Aug 31, 2013

Total net warehouse club and export sales

$

526,672


$

598,178


$

562,039


$

575,436


$

2,262,325


Total cost of goods sold

$

447,779


$

510,711


$

481,634


$

489,304


$

1,929,428


Net income from continuing operations

$

20,005


$

24,882


$

18,539


$

20,839


$

84,265


Discontinued operations, net of tax

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


Net income

$

20,005


$

24,882


$

18,539


$

20,839


$

84,265


Basic net income per share

$

0.66


$

0.82


$

0.61


$

0.69


$

2.78


Diluted net income per share

$

0.66


$

0.82


$

0.61


$

0.69


$

2.78



Fiscal Year 2012 (1)

Three Months Ended,

Year Ended,

Nov 30, 2011

Feb 29, 2012

May 31, 2012

Aug 31, 2012

Aug 31, 2012

Total net warehouse club and export sales

$

470,441


$

541,078


$

497,515


$

505,650


$

2,014,684


Total cost of goods sold

$

402,025


$

461,800


$

423,346


$

428,810


$

1,715,981


Net income from continuing operations

$

13,996


$

20,217


$

15,708


$

17,725


$

67,646


Discontinued operations, net of tax

$

(7

)

$

3


$

(2

)

$

(19

)

$

(25

)

Net income

$

13,989


$

20,220


$

15,706


$

17,706


$

67,621


Basic net income per share

$

0.47


$

0.67


$

0.52


$

0.58


$

2.24


Diluted net income per share

$

0.47


$

0.67


$

0.52


$

0.58


$

2.24



(1) The fiscal year 2012 data has been updated to reflect the reclassifications as disclosed in Note 1 - Company Overview and Basis of Presentation.



81


MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

The Company's common stock has been quoted and traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol "PSMT" since September 2, 1997. As of October 24, 2013 , there were approximately 28,429 holders of record of the common stock. 

Dates

Stock Price

From

To

High

Low

2013 FISCAL QUARTERS

First Quarter

9/1/2012

11/30/2012

$83.91

$72.44

Second Quarter

12/1/2012

2/28/2013

79.09

70.99

Third Quarter

3/1/2013

5/31/2013

90.48

74.15

Fourth Quarter

6/1/2013

8/31/2013

93.31

83.04

2012 FISCAL QUARTERS

First Quarter

9/1/2011

11/30/2011

$77.71

$57.80

Second Quarter

12/1/2011

2/29/2012

72.80

59.08

Third Quarter

3/1/2012

5/31/2012

83.38

63.49

Fourth Quarter

6/1/2012

8/31/2012

74.71

62.00


Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

There were no sales of unregistered securities during the year ended August 31, 2013 .

Dividends

First Payment

Second Payment

Declared

Amount

Record Date

Date Paid

Amount

Record Date

Date Paid

Amount

11/27/2012

$

0.60


12/10/2012

12/21/2012

$

0.30


8/15/2013

8/30/2013

$

0.30


1/25/2012

$

0.60


2/15/2012

2/29/2012

$

0.30


8/15/2012

8/31/2012

$

0.30


1/19/2011

$

0.60


2/15/2011

2/28/2011

$

0.30


8/15/2011

8/31/2011

$

0.30



The Company anticipates the ongoing payment of semi-annual dividends in subsequent periods, although the actual declaration of future dividends, the amount of such dividends, and the establishment of record and payment dates is subject to final determination by the Board of Directors at its discretion after its review of the Company's financial performance and anticipated capital requirements. 



82


Repurchase of Equity Securities


Upon vesting of restricted stock awarded by the Company to employees, the Company repurchases shares and withholds the amount of the repurchase payment to cover employees' tax withholding obligations. As set forth in the table below, during fiscal year 2013 , the Company repurchased a total of 44,460 shares in the indicated months. These were the only repurchases of equity securities made by the Company during fiscal year 2013 . The Company does not have a stock repurchase program.

Period

(a)

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

(b)

Average Price

Paid Per Share

(c)

Total Number of

Shares Purchased

as Part of

Publicly Announced

Plans or Programs

(d)

Maximum Number

of Shares That May

Yet Be Purchased

Under the

Plans or Programs

September 1, 2012 - September 30, 2012

-



$

-



-


N/A

October 1, 2012 - October 30, 2012

-



-



-


N/A

November 1, 2012 - November 30, 2012

-



-



-


N/A

December 1, 2012 - December 31, 2012

-



-



-


N/A

January 1, 2013 - January 31, 2013

41,774



77.43



-


N/A

February 1, 2013 - February 28, 2013

-



-



-


N/A

March 1, 2013 - March 31, 2013

660



77.83



-


N/A

April 1, 2013 - April 30, 2013

-



-



-


N/A

May 1, 2013 - May 31, 2013

-



-



-


N/A

June 1, 2013 - June 30, 2013

-


-


-

N/A

July 1, 2013 - July 31, 2013

2,026


89.40


-

N/A

August 1, 2013 - August 31, 2013

-


-


-

N/A

Total

44,460


$

77.98


-

N/A


83


DIRECTORS, DIRECTOR NOMINEES AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE COMPANY

Directors

The table below indicates the name, position with the Company and age of each director:


Name

Position

Age

Robert E. Price

Chairman of the Board

71


Sherry S. Bahrambeygui

Director

49


Gonzalo Barrutieta

Director

47


Katherine L. Hensley

Director

76


Leon C. Janks

Director

64


Jose Luis Laparte

Director, Chief Executive Officer and President

47


Mitchell Lynn

Director

64


Edgar Zurcher

Director

62


Information Regarding Directors, and Director Nominees:

Robert E. Price has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company since July 1994 and served as Chief Executive Officer of the Company from April 2006 until July 2010. Mr. Price served as Interim Chief Executive Officer of the Company from April 2003 until April 2006 and also served as Interim President of the Company from April 2003 until October 2004. Mr. Price also served as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company from July 1994 until January 1998. Additionally, Mr. Price served as Chairman of the Board of Price Enterprises, Inc. ("PEI") from July 1994 until November 1999 and was President and Chief Executive Officer of PEI from July 1994 until September 1997. Mr. Price was Chairman of the Board of Price/Costco, Inc. ("Price/Costco") from October 1993 to December 1994. From 1976 to October 1993, he was Chief Executive Officer and a director of The Price Company ("TPC"). Mr. Price served as Chairman of the Board of TPC from January 1989 to October 1993, and as its President from 1976 until December 1990. Mr. Price has been a Manager of The Price Group, LLC since August 2000. Mr. Price's significant experience as an executive and director of warehouse club merchandising businesses, as well as his extensive knowledge of the Company's business, history and culture, contribute to the Board of Directors' conclusion that he should serve as a director of the Company.

Sherry S. Bahrambeygui has been a director of the Company since November 2011. Ms. Bahr