The Quarterly
UPS 2012 10-K

United Parcel Service Inc (UPS) SEC Annual Report (10-K) for 2013

UPS 2014 10-K
UPS 2012 10-K UPS 2014 10-K

Table of Contents


UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

____________________________________ 

Form 10-K

FOR ANNUAL AND TRANSITION REPORTS

PURSUANT TO SECTIONS 13 OR 15(d) OF THE

SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

(Mark One)

x

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013

or

¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number 001-15451

____________________________________  

____________________________________ 

United Parcel Service, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

____________________________________  

Delaware

58-2480149

(State or Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

55 Glenlake Parkway, N.E. Atlanta, Georgia

30328

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

(Zip Code)

(404) 828-6000

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

____________________________________  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Class B common stock, par value $.01 per share

New York Stock Exchange

____________________________________  

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Class A common stock, par value $.01 per share

(Title of Class)

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act.    Yes   ¨     No   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "accelerated filer", "large accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Check one:

Large accelerated filer   x

Accelerated filer   ¨

Non-accelerated filer   ¨

Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

The aggregate market value of the class B common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was $62,370,776,544 as of June 30, 2013 . The registrant's class A common stock is not listed on a national securities exchange or traded in an organized over-the-counter market, but each share of the registrant's class A common stock is convertible into one share of the registrant's class B common stock.

As of January 31, 2014 , there were 211,459,496 outstanding shares of class A common stock and 711,448,882 outstanding shares of class B common stock.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the registrant's definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareowners scheduled for May 8, 2014 are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.


Table of Contents


UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC.

ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

Item 1.

Business

1

Overview

1

Business Strategy

2

Technology

4

Reporting Segments and Products & Services

5

Sustainability

8

Community

9

Reputation

9

Employees

10

Safety

10

Competition

11

Competitive Strengths

11

Government Regulation

12

Where You Can Find More Information

13

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

14

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

18

Item 2.

Properties

18

Operating Facilities

18

Fleet

19

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

20

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20

PART II

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

21

Shareowner Return Performance Graph

22

Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

23

Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

24

Overview

24

Items Affecting Comparability

24

U.S. Domestic Package Operations

27

International Package Operations

32

Supply Chain & Freight Operations

36

Operating Expenses

39

Investment Income and Interest Expense

42

Income Tax Expense

43

Liquidity and Capital Resources

44

New Accounting Pronouncements

53

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

54

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

58

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

60

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

113

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

113

Item 9B.

Other Information

115

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

115

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

116

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

116

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

116

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

116

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

117



Table of Contents


PART I

Cautionary Statement About Forward-Looking Statements

This report includes certain "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements in the future tense, and all statements accompanied by terms such as "believe," "project," "expect," "estimate," "assume," "intend," "anticipate," "target," "plan," and variations thereof and similar terms are intended to be forward-looking statements. We intend that all forward-looking statements we make will be subject to safe harbor protection of the federal securities laws pursuant to Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Our disclosure and analysis in this report, in our Annual Report to Shareholders and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") contain forward-looking statements regarding our intent, belief and current expectations about our strategic direction, prospects and future results. From time to time, we also provide forward-looking statements in other materials we release as well as oral forward-looking statements. Such statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events; they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. Management believes that these forward-looking statements are reasonable as and when made. However, caution should be taken not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements because such statements speak only as of the date when made.

Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or anticipated results. These risks and uncertainties are described in Part I, "Item 1A. Risk Factors" and may also be described from time to time in our future reports filed with the SEC. You should consider the limitations on, and risks associated with, forward-looking statements and not unduly rely on the accuracy of predictions contained in such forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect events, circumstances, changes in expectations, or the occurrence of unanticipated events after the date of those statements.

Item 1.

Business


Overview

United Parcel Service, Inc. ("UPS") was founded in 1907 as a private messenger and delivery service in Seattle, Washington. Today, UPS is the world's largest package delivery company, a leader in the U.S. less-than-truckload industry and the premier provider of global supply chain management solutions. We deliver packages each business day for 1.5 million shipping customers to 7.9  million receivers ("consignees") in over 220 countries and territories. In 2013 , we delivered an average of 16.9 million pieces per day worldwide, or a total of 4.3 billion packages. Total revenue in 2013 was $ 55.4 billion .

We are a global leader in logistics, and we create value for our customers through solutions that lower costs, improve service and provide highly customizable supply chain control and visibility. Customers are attracted to our broad set of services that are delivered as promised through our integrated ground, air and ocean global network.

Our services and integrated network allow shippers to simplify their supply chains by using fewer carriers, and to adapt their transportation requirements and expenditures as their businesses evolve. Across our service portfolio, we also provide control and visibility of customers' inventories and supply chains via our UPS technology platform. The information flow from UPS technology drives improvements for our customers, as well as for UPS, in reliability, flexibility, productivity and efficiency.

Particularly over the last decade, UPS has significantly expanded the scope of our capabilities to include more than package delivery. Our logistics and distribution capabilities give companies the power to easily expand their businesses to new markets around the world. By leveraging our international infrastructure, UPS enables our customers to bridge time zones, cultures, distances and languages to keep the entire supply chain moving smoothly.

We serve the global market for logistics services, which include transportation, distribution, forwarding, ground, ocean and air freight, brokerage and financing. We have three reportable segments: U.S. Domestic Package, International Package and Supply Chain & Freight, all of which are described below. For financial information concerning our reportable segments and geographic regions, refer to note 11 of our consolidated financial statements.


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Business Strategy

Customers leverage our broad array of logistics capabilities; global presence in North America, Europe, Asia and Latin America; reliability; industry-leading technologies; and solutions expertise for competitive advantage in markets where they choose to compete. We prudently invest to expand our integrated global network and our service portfolio. Technology investments create user-friendly shipping, e-commerce, logistics management and visibility tools for our customers, while supporting UPS's ongoing efforts to increase operational efficiencies.

Our service portfolio and investments are rewarded with among the best returns on invested capital and operating margins in the industry. We have a long history of sound financial management. Our consolidated balance sheet reflects financial strength that few companies can match. As of December 31, 2013 , we had a balance of cash and marketable securities of approximately $ 5.245 billion and shareowners' equity of $ 6.488 billion . Our Moody's and Standard & Poor's short-term credit ratings are P-1 and A-1, respectively. Our Moody's and Standard & Poor's long-term credit ratings are Aa3 and A+, respectively. We currently have a negative outlook from Standard & Poor's and a stable outlook from Moody's. Cash generation is a significant strength of UPS. This gives us strong capacity to service our obligations and allows for distributions to shareowners, reinvestment in our businesses and the pursuit of growth opportunities.

We enable and are the beneficiaries of the following trends:

Expansion of Global Trade

Transcontinental and trade across borders is predicted to grow at rates that are in excess of the growth rates of U.S. and global gross domestic production for the foreseeable future. As a result, U.S. and international economies are becoming more inter-connected and dependent on foreign trade.

UPS plays an important role in global trade and is well positioned to take advantage of trade growth, wherever it occurs. Our global presence and productivity enhancing technologies allow customers to expand into new markets. We advocate the expansion of free trade, including the passage of regional trade pacts and the removal of trade barriers. Free trade is a catalyst for job creation, economic growth and improved living standards; additionally, it propels our growth.

Emerging Market Growth

Emerging market opportunities continue to expand. Over the next 15 years, these markets are expected to represent nearly three quarters of global GDP growth, and an increasing proportion of global trade. Emerging markets are understandably a focus of investment and growth for our current customers; in addition, they will be a source of UPS's next generation of customers. To take advantage of these opportunities, UPS will continue to make long-term investments in markets where our customers choose to grow. Over the past ten years, UPS has established a strong market presence in three leading emerging markets: China, Poland, and Turkey. Going forward, the Middle East, Latin America, Africa, and Eastern Europe will become increasingly important for UPS.

Taken together, these two trends (expanding global trade and emerging market growth) underscore why our international business is a catalyst for UPS's growth.

Increasing need for segment expertise in the integrated carrier space

We provide repeatable, scalable sector solutions for our customers. We invest in global capabilities and create value propositions for certain industries where there is a fit between our customers' needs and our offerings. Segments where we bring differentiated value propositions include health care, high-tech, automotive & industrial manufacturing, retail, government, professional and consumer services. By identifying impactful trends, challenges, and opportunities, we are able to apply deep supply chain and segment-specific experience to benefit our customers. We incorporate our insights into our sales-and-solution process, and share these insights in company-sponsored forums and publications. By continuing to learn and share what we know, we not only maintain our competitiveness but also help our customers achieve their business objectives.


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The health care industry faces complex challenges, including the continuing expiration of drug patents and the shifting landscape of regulatory requirements and drug pricing controls that differ by country. The recent introduction of the Drug Quality and Security Act in the U.S., and the earlier passage of new Good Distribution Practice guidelines in Europe, are two examples of this. To counter these challenges, many pharmaceutical companies have embarked on global expansion strategies that require infrastructure. UPS has aligned our resources to serve these needs through a well-developed supply chain management capability that is designed to satisfy regulatory and compliance requirements. Over the past two years, we opened 14 new dedicated health care facilities on four continents. We also expanded our health care network in North America, and are in the process of expanding our presence in Brazil and Mexico. In total, we currently operate nearly 6.5 million square feet of dedicated health care distribution space across an integrated network of 42 facilities. These facilities allow us to provide reliable, secure, cost-effective warehousing and distribution for pharmaceutical firms' supply chains, which, in turn, allow them to easily navigate across and within borders.

We also continue to invest in innovative health care focused transportation solutions, including "UPS Temperature True" and "UPS Proactive Response Secure":

UPS Temperature True - an air freight solution specifically designed to safeguard temperature-sensitive shipments using a portfolio of specialized containers with passive, semi-active, or active refrigeration. This service incorporates monitoring intervention capabilities and provides door-to-door transportation of sensitive products in accordance with precise, measurable operating procedures. In 2013, UPS expanded its Temperature True offering with two additional service levels:

1.

"Temperature True Standard", which provides an ideal solution for air freight passive containers requiring either refrigerated or controlled room temperatures; and

2.

"Temperature True Saver", which is a pioneering temperature-sensitive solution for Ocean Freight shippers.

We also launched UPS Temperature True Packaging to help our small package and freight customers design, validate, and procure their cold chain packaging.

UPS Proactive Response Secure - safeguards the most valuable time- and temperature-sensitive items in the supply chain with contingency plans and financial risk mitigation. In addition to our basic Proactive Response service, insurance capabilities through UPS Capital are available; this is a unique offering in the marketplace.

We will continue to expand our sector offerings, growing not only our physical and market footprint, but also our expertise and technologies to support industry-specific needs. Our growth strategy is to increase the number of customers benefiting from these sector solutions and gain their associated transportation and logistics business.

Logistics Outsourcing

Outsourcing supply chain management is becoming more prevalent, as customers increasingly view professional management and operation of their supply chains as a strategic advantage. This trend enables companies to focus on what they do best. We can meet our customers' needs for outsourced logistics with our global capabilities in customized forwarding, transportation, warehousing, distribution, delivery and post-sales services. As we move deeper into customers' supply chains, we do so with a shared vision on how to best equip our customers with transportation and logistics solutions to better serve their customers. We integrate our technology for efficiencies, visibility and control to ensure that we execute as promised and to provide peace of mind for our customers.

Retail e-Commerce Growth

Throughout much of the world, e-commerce growth continues to outpace traditional lines of business. Our integrated network puts UPS in an ideal position to capitalize on this shift towards residential deliveries. We continue to create new services, supported by UPS technology, that complement the traditional UPS premium home delivery service to address the needs of e-commerce shippers and consignees. Our offerings span a broad spectrum that supports retailers across their value chain, from global sourcing to distribution and returns. We offer cost-sensitive solutions such as UPS SurePost, for shipments where economy takes precedence over speed, and feature-rich solutions, such as our UPS My Choice service that provides consignees with revolutionary visibility and control of their inbound shipments.


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With UPS My Choice, consignees may direct the timing and location of their deliveries before a delivery attempt is made. Premium features include online delivery planners, detailed driver instructions, alternate delivery locations and a two-hour delivery window. Delivery alerts come via the channel chosen by the consignee-email, SMS text, mobile push, and Facebook notifications. We strive to give our customers that ship using UPS My Choice the best delivery experience in the industry-delivery on the first attempt, where and when their customers want it.

In 2013, we further broadened our European business-to-consumer service portfolio by leveraging our Kiala acquisition to create a retail network in the UK and Germany under the brand name "UPS Access Points." Our integrated Access Point network has grown to 11,300 locations across seven European countries, with over 13,000 planned for 2014. This move enhances our cross-border e-commerce offerings for merchants, while also increasing choice for their consumers, who can opt to pick up or drop off their parcels at a retail location convenient to them. Another way that we are facilitating cross-border trade is through our Global e-Commerce Solution, which gives retailers the capability to provide landed cost in local currency with harmonized tariffs. We will continue to make strategic investments in this area that benefit both shippers and consignees, whose influence continues to increase as e-commerce grows.


Technology

Technology powers logistics. We bring industry-leading UPS technology to our customers who, in turn, realize increased productivity, greater control of their supply chains and improved customer experience when they integrate with our technology. Customers benefit through offerings such as:

UPS Quantum View, which can help customers better manage shipments, facilitate tracking, allow for inbound volume planning, manage third-party shipping costs and automatically notify customers of incoming shipments. With visibility into transit times and delivery confirmations, customers can speed up their revenue cycle and collect accounts receivables more quickly.

WorldShip, which is UPS's flagship desktop shipping application, provides middle market and large customers with robust shipping capabilities. Customers can create custom labels, set up shipment alerts, create and upload customs documentation, track and export shipments, create reports and integrate with their enterprise resource planning and accounting systems to streamline shipping with real-time connectivity.

UPS Paperless Invoice, which enables customers to submit a commercial invoice electronically when shipping internationally. This eliminates redundant data entry and errors, while reducing customs holds and paper waste.

UPS Access Point, which provides our customers a convenient alternative to home delivery, allows customers to use shops, convenience stores and other retail locations as a delivery location and a drop off location for return packages. These locations make picking up packages more convenient with extended hours, weekend accessibility and security.

UPS My Choice, which focuses on the consignee, has transformed the residential delivery experience. Receivers can direct the timing and circumstances of their deliveries using their computer, mobile devices or a new Facebook app. This innovative service is powered by the complex integration of real-time route optimization and other technologies with our delivery network. Two years after launching UPS My Choice, we now have nearly 7 million members.

UPS Mobile, which includes the mobile website, m.ups.com, and apps for iPhone, iPad, Android and Kindle Fire devices, is readily available for any customer at any time. Customers can track, ship, find UPS locations, manage UPS My Choice shipments and receive shipment notifications with the convenience of their mobile devices.

UPS OrderLink, which allows multiple-marketplace online auction sellers to ship their orders via ups.com. UPS OrderLink provides simplified shipment processing, access to multiple payment options, including PayPal, and access to order and shipment history.

The UPS Developer Kit, which is comprised of multiple Application Programming Interfaces ("APIs"), helps customers streamline and automate their internal business processes. The UPS Developer Kit APIs allow customers to integrate a wide range of UPS functionality into their business systems and websites such as address validation, shipment scheduling, selection of shipping service levels, tracking and much more.

The UPS Billing Center, which is a secure location for customers to view, download, manage and pay their UPS invoices, helps customers accelerate their billing and payment processes. Customers can assign privileges with administrative controls, manage multiple accounts and create reports using a single simple interface.


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Technology forms the foundation of our reliability and allows us to enhance the customer experience. Technology delivers value to our customers and returns to our shareholders. Recent developments that improve our operational efficiency, flexibility, reliability and customer experience include:

Continuing to rollout telematics to our delivery (domestic and international), freight forwarding and tractor-trailer fleet. Telematics helps UPS determine a truck's performance and condition by capturing data on more than 200 elements, including speed, RPM, oil pressure, seat belt use, number of times the vehicle is placed in reverse and idling time. Together, improved data and driver coaching help reduce fuel consumption, emissions and maintenance costs, while improving driver safety. Additionally, customers experience more consistent pickup times and more reliable deliveries, thereby enhancing their profitability and competitiveness. By the end of 2013, telematics had been installed in over 80,000 vehicles.

Implementing our On Road Integrated Optimization and Navigation system ("ORION"), which employs advanced algorithms to determine the optimal route for each delivery while meeting service commitments.

Converting to keyless entry, which enables drivers to remotely turn the engine off with a button that will unlock the bulkhead door at the same time. In 2013, keyless entry had been installed on all package cars.

Ramping up installations of our Next Generation Small Sort ("NGSS") technology, which reduces the amount of memorization required to sort a package, thereby improving productivity and quality. Employees sort packages to bins tagged with flashing lights, rather than memorizing addresses, allowing us to dramatically reduce training time.

Reporting Segments and Products & Services

As a global leader in logistics, UPS offers a broad range of domestic and export delivery services; the facilitation of international trade; and the deployment of advanced technology to more efficiently manage the world of business. We seek to streamline our customers' shipment processing and integrate critical transportation information into their own business processes, helping them to create supply chain efficiencies, better serve their customers and improve their cash flows.


Global Small Package

UPS's global small package operations provide time-definite delivery services for express letters, documents, small packages and palletized freight via air and ground services. We provide domestic delivery services within 54 countries and export services to more than 220 countries and territories around the world. We handle packages that weigh up to 150 pounds and are up to 165 inches in combined length and girth as well as palletized shipments weighing greater than 150 pounds. All of our package services are supported by numerous shipping, visibility and billing technologies.

UPS handles all levels of service (air, ground, domestic, international, commercial, residential) through one global integrated pickup and delivery network. All packages are commingled within our network, except when necessary to meet their specific service commitments. This enables one UPS driver to pick up our customers' shipments, for any of our services, at the same scheduled time each day. Compared to companies with single service network designs, our integrated network uniquely provides operational and capital efficiencies while being more environmentally-friendly.

We offer same-day pickup of air and ground packages upon request. Customers can schedule pickups for one to five days a week, based on their specific needs. Additionally, we provide our customers with easy access to UPS, with over 157,000 domestic and international entry points including: 39,000 drop boxes; 1,500 customer centers; 4,800 independently owned and operated locations of The UPS Store worldwide; 11,300 Kiala and UPS Access Point locations; 11,400 authorized shipping outlets and commercial counters; 5,500 alliance locations; and 83,900 UPS drivers who can accept packages provided to them.

The growth of online shopping has increased our customers' needs for efficient and reliable returns, resulting in our development of a robust selection of returns services that are available in 150 countries. Options vary based on customer needs and country, and range from cost-effective solutions such as UPS Returns, to more-specialized services such as UPS Returns Exchange. UPS Returns enables shippers to provide their customers with a return shipping label, while UPS Returns Exchange simplifies product exchanges by delivering a replacement item and picking up a return item in the same stop, and assisting with the re-packaging process.

We operate one of the largest airlines in the world, with global operations centered at our Worldport hub in Louisville, Kentucky. Worldport sort capacity, currently at 416,000 packages per hour, has expanded over the years due to volume growth and a centralization effort. Our European air hub is located in Cologne, Germany, and we maintain Asia-Pacific air hubs in Shanghai, China; Shenzhen, China; and Hong Kong. Our regional air hub in Canada is located in Hamilton, Ontario, and our regional air hub for Latin America and the Caribbean is in Miami, Florida.


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In the U.S., Worldport is supported by our regional air hubs in Columbia, South Carolina; Dallas, Texas; Ontario, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Rockford, Illinois. This network design allows for cost-effective package processing in our most technology-enabled facilities while enabling us to use fewer, larger and more fuel-efficient aircraft. Our U.S. ground fleet serves all business and residential zip codes in the contiguous U.S.

U.S. Domestic Package Reporting Segment

UPS is a leader in time-definite, money-back guaranteed, small package delivery services. We offer a full spectrum of U.S. domestic guaranteed ground and air package transportation services. Depending on the delivery speed needed, customers can select from a range of guaranteed time and day-definite delivery options.

Customers can select from same day, next day, two day and three day delivery alternatives. Many of these services offer options that enable customers to specify a time-of-day guarantee for their delivery (e.g. by 8:30, 10:30, noon, end of day, etc.).

Customers can also leverage our extensive ground network to ship using our day-definite guaranteed ground service that serves every U.S. business and residential address. UPS delivers more ground packages than any other carrier, with nearly 12 million ground packages delivered on time every day in the U.S., most within one to three business days.

UPS also offers UPS SurePost, an economy residential ground service for customers with non-urgent, light weight residential shipments. UPS SurePost is a contractual residential ground service that combines the consistency and reliability of the UPS Ground network with final delivery provided by the U.S. Postal Service.

International Package Reporting Segment

Our International Package reporting segment includes the small package operations in Europe, Asia, Canada and Latin America, the Indian sub-continent, Middle East and Africa. UPS offers a wide selection of guaranteed day and time-definite international shipping services.

We offer three guaranteed time-definite express options (Express Plus, Express and Express Saver) to more locations than any other carrier.

In 2013, we introduced UPS Worldwide Express Freight for palletized shipments over 150 pounds from 38 points of origin to 42 points of destination. This service meets the needs of international customers that have palletized freight shipments and require the same speed and reliability as our international express package service. UPS Worldwide Express Freight leverages our unique combination of package and freight networks to provide industry leading transit times with a money-back guarantee.

For international shipments that do not require express services, UPS Worldwide Expedited offers a reliable, deferred, guaranteed day-definite service option. In 2013, we tripled the coverage area for UPS Worldwide Expedited, providing delivery in two-to-five business days to more than 220 countries and territories. This expansion will help UPS customers magnify their global reach and balance delivery speed with cost, no matter where they ship.

For cross-border ground package delivery, we offer UPS Transborder Standard delivery services within Europe, between the U.S. and Canada and between the U.S. and Mexico.

Europe, our largest region outside of the U.S., accounts for roughly half of international revenue and is one of the primary drivers of our growth. Several factors provide us significant additional opportunities, including the highly fragmented nature of the market and the fact that exports make up a significant part of Europe's GDP. We believe there is a continued strong potential for growth in small package exports in Germany, the U.K., France, Italy, Spain and the Netherlands. To accommodate this strong growth, we will complete the expansion of our main European air hub in Cologne, Germany in the first quarter of 2014; it will have the capacity to process 190,000 packages per hour.

Asia remains attractive due to growth rates in intra-Asia trade and the rapidly-expanding Chinese economy. We are bringing faster time-in-transit to customers focused on intra-Asia trade, and reducing transit days from Asia to Europe. Through added flight frequencies, we provide our customers the ability to ship next day to more places in Europe, guaranteed, than any other express carrier. We are continuing to build our presence in China through the expansion of our service capabilities, investing in our transportation network and strengthening brand awareness. Additionally, we serve more than 40 Asia-Pacific countries and territories through more than two dozen alliances with local delivery companies that supplement company-owned operations.


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Additional International highlights include the following:

In South and Central America, we benefit from the strong regional economy. Our offerings include express package delivery in major cities as well as distribution and forwarding.

In 2013, we purchased the assets and operations of two Costa Rican based firms: small package delivery company Union Pak de Costa Rica, S.A., and brokerage company SEISA Brokerage. Both companies have long-standing relationships with UPS as Authorized Service Contractors (ASC). These additions will allow us to better connect Costa Rica's expanding economy to regional and world markets through the UPS network. For Costa Rican shippers, UPS will be better positioned to provide customers one source for small package, freight forwarding, brokerage, and contract logistics, with a stronger link to UPS's global transportation network. Access to multi-modal services including ocean and air freight will improve customers' ability to ship across borders, boosting export trade lanes within Latin America and to the U.S.

We continue to grow our business organically in Mexico. We are well positioned with freight, domestic, international and distribution services. We opened ten new UPS Express centers in Mexico, located in strategic zones including Monterrey, Tijuana, Chihuahua, Veracruz, León, and Distrito Federal. These new centers are aimed at increasing our presence among small and medium enterprises and the retail sector.

We became the first global express delivery company to have a wholly-owned subsidiary in Vietnam, following our acquisition of the 49% interest held by VN Post Express in our express delivery joint venture. This change allows us to better connect Vietnam's rapidly expanding economy to world markets through the UPS network.

In February 2012, we broadened our European business-to-consumer service portfolio by acquiring Kiala S.A., a Belgium-based developer of a platform that enables e-commerce retailers to offer consumers the option of having goods delivered to a convenient retail location.


Supply Chain & Freight Reporting Segment

The Supply Chain & Freight segment consists of our forwarding and logistics services, our UPS Freight business, and our financial offerings through UPS Capital. Supply chain complexity creates demand for a global service offering that incorporates transportation, distribution and international trade and brokerage services, with financial and information services. We meet this demand by offering a broad array of supply chain services in over 195 countries and territories, which are described below.

The 2011 acquisition of Italy-based Pieffe Group ("Pieffe") supports our global health care strategy, which has enabled us to make investments to better serve our growing customer base in the pharmaceutical, biotech and medical device industries. Pieffe is a pharmaceutical logistics business with more than 35 years of experience offering high-quality storage, distribution and cold chain solutions to some of the world's leading pharmaceutical brands.

Our 2013 purchase of Hungary-based pharmaceutical logistics company, CEMELOG Zrt ("Cemelog"), is part of our ongoing global growth and investment strategy. This acquisition further strengthens UPS's health care reach and expertise in Europe, enabling comprehensive, compliant services to customers in the pharmaceutical, biotech, and medical device industries across the increasingly important markets of Central and Eastern Europe.

We expanded our presence in China with the addition of two new contract logistics facilities in Chengdu and Shanghai, bringing the total to more than 130 owned and agent contract logistics facilities, covering 87 cities. These facilities provide distribution and warehousing solutions to shippers who want to reach customers within China and demonstrate our continued commitment to serving China's emerging middle class. UPS also opened our new health care facility in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China; this move represents a significant expansion of our Asia health care distribution network. This state-of-the-art facility has industry-leading technology to maintain product safety and integrity and is designed to offer seamless, global solutions to health care companies looking to expand into, transport within, and export from China.

Freight Forwarding

UPS is one of the largest U.S. domestic air freight carriers and among the top international air freight forwarders globally. UPS offers a portfolio of guaranteed and non-guaranteed global air freight services. Additionally, as one of the world's leading non-vessel operating common carriers, UPS also provides ocean freight full-container load and less-than container load shipments between most major ports around the world.


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Customs Brokerage

UPS is among the world's largest customs brokers by both the number of shipments processed annually and by the number of dedicated brokerage employees worldwide. We provide our customers with customs clearance, trade management and international trade consulting services.

Logistics and Distribution

UPS Logistics offers the following:

Distribution Services: UPS's comprehensive distribution services are provided through a global network of distribution centers that manage the flow of goods from receiving to storage and order processing to shipment. UPS also provides many specialized services to streamline supply chains in the health care, high tech, retail and aerospace industries. Together, these services allow companies to save time and money by minimizing their capital investment and positioning products closer to their customers.

Post Sales: Post Sales services support goods after they have been delivered or installed in the field. The four core service offerings within Post Sales include: (1) Critical Parts Fulfillment; (2) Reverse Logistics; (3) Test, Repair, and Refurbish; and (4) Network and Parts Planning. We leverage our global distribution network of over 950 field stocking locations to ensure that the right type and quantity of our customers' stock is in the right locations to meet the needs of their end-customers. This service allows our customers to maximize service while reducing costs.

UPS Mail Innovations: UPS Mail Innovations offers an efficient, cost-effective method for sending lightweight parcels and flat mail to global addresses from the U.S. We pick up customers' domestic and international mail, and then sort, post, manifest and expedite the secured mail containers to the destination postal service for last-mile delivery.


UPS Freight

UPS Freight offers regional, inter-regional and long-haul less-than-truckload ("LTL") services, as well as full truckload services, in all 50 states, Canada, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Mexico. UPS Freight provides reliable LTL service backed by a day-definite, on-time guarantee at no additional cost. Additionally, many user-friendly small package technology offerings are available for freight. Applications such as UPS WorldShip, Billing Center, and Quantum View allow customers to process and track LTL shipments, create electronic bills of lading and reconcile billing.

UPS Capital

UPS Capital offers a range of services, including export and import financing to help improve cash flow, risk mitigation offerings to protect goods, as well as payment solutions that help speed the conversion cycle of payments.

Sustainability

UPS's business and corporate responsibility strategies pursue a common interest to increase the vitality and environmental sustainability of the global economy by aggregating the shipping activity of millions of businesses and individuals worldwide into a single, highly efficient logistics network. This provides benefits to:

UPS, by ensuring strong demand for our services.

The economy, by making global supply chains more efficient and less expensive.

The environment, by enabling our global customers to leverage UPS's carbon efficiency and thereby reduce the carbon intensity of their supply chains.

We pursue sustainable business practices worldwide through operational efficiency, fleet advances, facility engineering projects, and conservation-enabling technology and service offerings. We help our customers to do the same.

In 2013, we conducted our second corporate materiality assessment. We once again worked with the non-profit organization Business for Social Responsibility ("BSR") to evaluate significant sustainability issues (economic, environmental and social), and ranked each issue by importance based on multiple stakeholder feedback. We then worked with BSR to update our materiality matrix by mapping the issues on a grid with two axes: "Importance to Stakeholder" and "Influence on Business Success". The materiality matrix is used to aid in prioritizing our sustainability strategy.


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Sustainability highlights in 2013 include:

Recognized by Fortune Magazine as one of the "World's Most Admired" companies in 2013 .

One of Corporate Responsibility's "100 Best Corporate Citizens" for the 4th consecutive year.

Recognized by Ethisphere Institute as one of the "World's Most Ethical Companies".

Named to Interbrands "Best Global Brands" for the 9th consecutive year. We ranked in the Top 100 in brand value around the world (#27) and were the only company in the transportation sector to make the list in 2013 .

Recognized as a constituent of the Dow Jones Sustainability North America Index for the 9th consecutive year; in addition, we were included on the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for the first time since 2006.

Recognized as a constituent of the NASDAQ OMX and the STOXX NASDAQ OMX Global Sustainability Index for the 4th consecutive year.

One of America's Top Organizations for Multicultural Business Opportunities by DiversityBusiness.com.

Achieved a score of 99% in response to the Carbon Disclosure Project for the 3rd consecutive year.

More information on how UPS addresses its most significant sustainability issues is available in the UPS Corporate Sustainability Report and on the UPS Sustainability website.

Community

We believe that strong communities are vital to the success of our company. By combining our philanthropy with the volunteer time and talents of our employees, UPS helps drive positive change for organizations and communities in need across the globe. The highlights of our corporate citizenship efforts in 2013 include:

Local non-profits around the world received more than 1.8 million hours of volunteer service from UPS employees participating in our Neighbor-to-Neighbor program.

The UPS Foundation, which oversees corporate citizenship efforts for the company, invested $102 million in donations of both cash and in-kind services to global causes primarily in four focus areas-community safety, environmental sustainability, diversity and volunteerism.

UPS employees, both active and retired, contributed $51 million to United Way in 2013 which was matched by a corporate contribution of $8 million.

Through The UPS Foundation we have the opportunity to support our global communities to offset carbon, support clean water, reduce poverty and help individuals sustain their lives through the planting of trees. The UPS Global Tree Planting initiative is the signature program of The UPS Foundation's Environmental Focus area. In 2013, we supported the planting of 1.3 million trees worldwide.

UPS continued to aid communities impacted by disasters through our UPS Humanitarian Relief program, by providing our logistics expertise, skilled volunteers, capacity building support and in-kind services. In 2013, UPS coordinated more than 250 humanitarian relief shipments across 46 countries and provided funding and logistics support to strengthen long-term recovery efforts of communities impacted by Hurricane Sandy, the Oklahoma Tornados, Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, flooding in Colorado, Mexico and India as well as families displaced by the Syrian Refugee Crisis.

Thousands of teenagers and novice drivers in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and Germany participated in UPS Road Code. This safety program for new drivers features UPS employees as instructors – a role where they share driving knowledge and safety tips amassed over our long history of safe driving.

Reputation

Great brands require connecting with customers. In working to develop these connections, we have once again received high accolades from independent brand evaluations. In 2013 , we were pleased that UPS earned the top rating in our industry on Interbrand's Best Global Brands and Millward Brown's BrandZ Most Valuable Global Brands. UPS also was named to industry-leading positions in Fortune Magazine's Most Admired and Harris Interactive's Reputation Quotient surveys.


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Employees

The strength of our company is our people, working together with a common purpose. We had approximately 395,000 employees (excluding temporary seasonal employees) as of December 31, 2013 , of which 318,000 are in the U.S. and 77,000 are located internationally. Our global workforce includes approximately 71,000 management employees (37% of whom are part-time) and 324,000 hourly employees (48% of whom are part-time).

As of December 31, 2013 , we had approximately 253,000 employees employed under a national master agreement and various supplemental agreements with local unions affiliated with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters ("Teamsters"). In April 2013, we reached a tentative agreement with the Teamsters on two new national master agreements in the U.S. Domestic Package and UPS Freight business units, both of which are retroactive to August 1, 2013 and will remain effective through July 31, 2018. Before expiration of the existing national master agreements, the Company and the Teamsters agreed to extensions of both existing five-year national master agreements and all supplemental agreements. The extensions are open-ended and can be terminated by either party on thirty days' notice.

UPS Teamster-represented employees in the U.S. Domestic Package business unit subsequently voted to approve the new national master agreement in June 2013, while several local U.S. Domestic Package supplemental agreements require additional negotiation and approval before ratification occurs. As of February 2014, there were a total of six supplemental agreements that still have to be approved before ratification. We anticipate that the remaining agreements will be voted upon in the coming months.

The UPS Freight business unit ratified its national master agreement in January 2014.

We have approximately 2,600 pilots who are employed under a collective bargaining agreement with the Independent Pilots Association ("IPA"), which became amendable at the end of 2011 . In February 2014, UPS and the IPA requested mediation by the National Mediation Board for the ongoing contract negotiations.

Our airline mechanics are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Teamsters Local 2727, which became amendable on November 1, 2013 . In addition, approximately 3,100 of our ground mechanics who are not employed under agreements with the Teamsters are employed under collective bargaining agreements with the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers ("IAM"). Our agreement with the IAM runs through July 31, 2014 .

The experience of our management team continues to be an organizational strength. Nearly 37% of our full-time managers have more than 20 years of service with UPS.

We believe that our relations with our employees are good. We periodically survey all our employees to determine their level of job satisfaction. Areas of concern receive management attention as we strive to keep UPS the employer-of-choice among our employees. We consistently receive numerous awards and wide recognition as an employer-of-choice, resulting in part from our emphasis on diversity and corporate citizenship.

Safety

Health and Safety is a core value at UPS and an enduring belief that the wellbeing of our people, business partners, and the public is of utmost importance. We train our people to avoid injury to themselves and others in all aspects of their work. We do not tolerate unsafe work practices.

We use an all-encompassing Comprehensive Health and Safety Process ("CHSP") to prevent occupational illnesses, injuries, and auto crashes, as well as promote wellness through the development of workplace programs. The foundation of this process is our co-chaired employee and management health and safety committees. Together they conduct facility and equipment audits, perform work practice and behavior analysis, conduct training, and recommend work process and equipment changes.


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The components of CHSP are:

Personal Value - Which is the foundation and forms the base of our safety and wellness culture.

Management Commitment and Employee Involvement - Where employees take an active role in their own safety as well as their fellow workers and are supported by management.

Work Site Analysis - Which includes injury and auto crash data analysis, behavior observations, and facility and equipment audits to identify gaps and develop solutions. Our operations managers are responsible for their employees' safety results. We investigate every injury and auto crash and develop prevention activities.

Hazard Prevention and Control - Where solutions are developed and documented to ensure identified risks have been mitigated.

Safety Education and Training - Employees who are healthy and well-trained in proper methods are more safe and efficient in performing their jobs. Our approach starts with training the trainer. All trainers are certified to ensure that they have the skills and motivation to effectively instruct new employees. All new employees receive safety training during orientation and in the work area. In addition, each new driver receives extensive classroom and online instruction, as well as on-road training.

Other components to ensure the safety of our fleet include:

Recognition - We have a well-defined safe driving honor plan to recognize our drivers when they achieve accident-free milestones. We have more than 7,200 drivers enshrined in our coveted Circle of Honor for drivers who have driven 25 years or more without an avoidable auto crash.

Preventive Maintenance - We have a comprehensive Preventive Maintenance Program to ensure the safety of our fleet. Our fleet is managed and monitored electronically to ensure that each vehicle is serviced at a specific time to prevent malfunction or breakdown.

Competition

We are the largest package delivery company in the world, in terms of both revenue and volume. We offer a broad array of services in the package and freight delivery industry and, therefore, compete with many different local, regional, national and international companies. Our competitors include worldwide postal services, various motor carriers, express companies, freight forwarders, air couriers and others. Through our supply chain service offerings, we compete with a number of participants in the supply chain, financial services and information technology industries.

Competitive Strengths

Our competitive strengths include:

Integrated Global Network.     We believe that our integrated global ground and air network is the most extensive in the industry. We handle all levels of service (air, ground, domestic, international, commercial, residential) through a single pickup and delivery service network.

Our sophisticated engineering systems allow us to optimize our network efficiency and asset utilization on a daily basis. This unique, integrated global business model creates consistent and superior returns.

We believe we have the most comprehensive integrated delivery and information services portfolio of any carrier in Europe. In other regions of the world, we rely on both our own and local service providers' capabilities to meet our service commitments.

Global Presence.     UPS serves more than 220 countries and territories around the world. We have a presence in all of the world's major economies.

Leading-edge Technology.     We are a global leader in developing technology that helps our customers optimize their shipping and logistics business processes to lower costs, improve service and increase efficiency.

Technology powers virtually every service we offer and every operation we perform. Our technology offerings are initiated by our customers' needs. We offer a variety of online service options that enable our customers to integrate UPS functionality into their own businesses not only to send, manage and track their shipments conveniently, but also to provide their customers with better information services. We provide the infrastructure for an Internet presence that extends to tens of thousands of customers who have integrated UPS tools directly into their own web sites.


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Broad Portfolio of Services.     Our portfolio of services enables customers to choose the delivery option that is most appropriate for their requirements. Increasingly, our customers benefit from business solutions that integrate many UPS services in addition to package delivery. For example, our supply chain services-such as freight forwarding, customs brokerage, order fulfillment, and returns management-help improve the efficiency of the supply chain management process.

Customer Relationships.     We focus on building and maintaining long-term customer relationships. We serve 1.5  million pick-up customers and 7.9  million delivery customers daily. Cross-selling small package, supply chain and freight services across our customer base is an important growth mechanism for UPS.

Brand Equity.     We have built a leading and trusted brand that stands for quality service, reliability and product innovation. The distinctive appearance of our vehicles and the professional courtesy of our drivers are major contributors to our brand equity.

Distinctive Culture.     We believe that the dedication of our employees results in large part from our distinctive "employee-owner" concept. Our employee stock ownership tradition dates from 1927, when our founders, who believed that employee stock ownership was a vital foundation for successful business, first offered stock to employees. To facilitate employee stock ownership, we maintain several stock-based compensation programs.

Our long-standing policy of "promotion from within" complements our tradition of employee ownership, and this policy reduces the need for us to hire managers and executive officers from outside UPS. The majority of our management team began their careers as full-time or part-time hourly UPS employees, and have spent their entire careers with us. Many of our executive officers have more than 30 years of service with UPS and have accumulated a meaningful ownership stake in our company. Therefore, our executive officers have a strong incentive to effectively manage UPS, which benefits all our shareowners.

Financial Strength.     Our balance sheet reflects financial strength that few companies can match. Our financial strength gives us the resources to achieve global scale; to invest in employee development, technology, transportation equipment and facilities; to pursue strategic opportunities that facilitate our growth; to service our obligations; and to return value to our shareowners in the form of dividends and share repurchases.

Government Regulation

Air Operations

The U.S. Department of Transportation ("DOT"), the Federal Aviation Administration ("FAA"), and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, through the Transportation Security Administration ("TSA"), have regulatory authority over United Parcel Service Co.'s ("UPS Airlines'") air transportation services. The Federal Aviation Act of 1958, as amended, is the statutory basis for DOT and FAA authority and the Aviation and Transportation Security Act of 2001, as amended, is the basis for TSA aviation security authority.

The DOT's authority primarily relates to economic aspects of air transportation, such as discriminatory pricing, non-competitive practices, interlocking relations and cooperative agreements. The DOT also regulates, subject to the authority of the President of the United States, international routes, fares, rates and practices, and is authorized to investigate and take action against discriminatory treatment of U.S. air carriers abroad. International operating rights for U.S. airlines are usually subject to bilateral agreement between the U.S. and foreign governments. UPS Airlines has international route operating rights granted by the DOT and we may apply for additional authorities when those operating rights are available and are required for the efficient operation of our international network. The efficiency and flexibility of our international air transportation network is dependent on DOT and foreign government regulations and operating restrictions.

The FAA's authority primarily relates to safety aspects of air transportation, including aircraft operating procedures, transportation of hazardous materials, record keeping standards and maintenance activities, and personnel. In 1988, the FAA granted us an operating certificate, which remains in effect so long as we meet the safety and operational requirements of the applicable FAA regulations. In addition, we are subject to non-U.S. government regulation of aviation rights involving non-U.S. jurisdictions, and non-U.S. customs regulation.

FAA regulations mandate an aircraft corrosion control program, along with aircraft inspection and repair at periodic intervals specified by approved programs and procedures, for all aircraft. Our total expenditures under these programs for 2013 were not material. The future cost of repairs pursuant to these programs may fluctuate according to aircraft condition, age and the enactment of additional FAA regulatory requirements.


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The TSA regulates various security aspects of air cargo transportation in a manner consistent with the TSA mission statement to "protect the Nation's transportation systems to ensure freedom of movement for people and commerce." UPS Airlines, and specified airport and off-airport locations, are regulated under TSA regulations applicable to the transportation of cargo in an air network. In addition, personnel, facilities and procedures involved in air cargo transportation must comply with TSA regulations.

UPS Airlines, along with a number of other domestic airlines, participates in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet ("CRAF") program. Our participation in the CRAF program allows the U.S. Department of Defense ("DOD") to requisition specified UPS Airlines wide-body aircraft for military use during a national defense emergency. The DOD compensates us for the use of aircraft under the CRAF program. In addition, participation in CRAF entitles UPS Airlines to bid for military cargo charter operations.

Ground Operations

Our ground transportation of packages in the U.S. is subject to the DOT's and the states' jurisdiction with respect to the regulation of operations, safety, insurance and hazardous materials. We are subject to similar regulation in many non-U.S. jurisdictions.

The Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 created the U.S. Postal Service as an independent establishment of the executive branch of the federal government, and created the Postal Rate Commission, an independent agency, to recommend postal rates. The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of 2006 amended the 1970 Act to give the re-named Postal Regulatory Commission revised oversight authority over many aspects of the Postal Service, including postal rates, product offerings and service standards. We sometimes participate in the proceedings before the Postal Regulatory Commission in an attempt to secure fair postal rates for competitive services.


Customs

We are subject to the customs laws in the countries in which we operate, regarding the import and export of shipments, including those related to the filing of documents on behalf of client importers and exporters.

Environmental

We are subject to federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations across all of our business units. These laws and regulations cover a variety of processes, including, but not limited to: proper storage, handling, and disposal of hazardous and other waste; managing wastewater and stormwater; monitoring and maintaining the integrity of underground storage tanks; complying with laws regarding clean air, including those governing emissions; protecting against and appropriately responding to spills and releases; and communicating the presence of reportable quantities of hazardous materials to local responders. UPS has established site- and activity-specific environmental compliance and pollution prevention programs to address our environmental responsibilities and remain compliant. In addition, UPS has created numerous programs which seek to minimize waste and prevent pollution within our operations.

Other Regulations

We are subject to numerous other U.S. federal and state laws and regulations, in addition to applicable foreign laws, in connection with our package and non-package businesses in the countries in which we operate. These laws and regulations include those enforced by U.S. Customs and Border Protection and other agencies of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the U.S. Department of Treasury, the Federal Maritime Commission, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Where You Can Find More Information

UPS maintains a website at www.ups.com . Our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are made available through our website www.investors.ups.com as soon as reasonably practical after we electronically file or furnish the reports to the SEC. Also available on the Corporation's website are the Company's Corporate Governance Guidelines and Committee Charters. However, information on these websites is not incorporated by reference into this report or any other report filed with or furnished to the SEC.


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We have adopted a written Code of Business Conduct that applies to all of our directors, officers and employees, including our principal executive officer and senior financial officers. It is available in the governance section of the investor relations website, located at www.investors.ups.com . In the event that we make changes in, or provide waivers from, the provisions of the Code of Business Conduct that the SEC requires us to disclose, we intend to disclose these events in the governance section of our investor relations website.

Our Corporate Governance Guidelines and the charters for our Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are also available in the governance section of the investor relations website.

Our sustainability report, which describes our activities that support our commitment to acting responsibly and contributing to society, is available at www.sustainability.ups.com . We provide the addresses to our Internet sites solely for the information of investors. We do not intend for any addresses to be active links or to otherwise incorporate the contents of any website into this report.


Item 1A.

Risk Factors


You should carefully consider the following factors, which could materially affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. You should read these Risk Factors in conjunction with "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in Item 7 and our Consolidated Financial Statements and related notes in Item 8.

General economic conditions, both in the U.S. and internationally, may adversely affect our results of operations.

We conduct operations in over 220 countries and territories. Our U.S. and international operations are subject to normal cycles affecting the economy in general, as well as the local economic environments in which we operate. The factors that create cyclical changes to the economy and to our business are beyond our control, and it may be difficult for us to adjust our business model to mitigate the impact of these factors. In particular, our business is affected by levels of industrial production, consumer spending and retail activity, and our business, financial position and results of operations could be materially affected by adverse developments in these aspects of the economy.

We face significant competition which could adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations.

We face significant competition on a local, regional, national and international basis. Our competitors include the postal services of the U.S. and other nations, various motor carriers, express companies, freight forwarders, air couriers and others. Competition may also come from other sources in the future. Some of our competitors have cost and organizational structures that differ from ours and may offer services and pricing terms that we may not be willing or able to offer. If we are unable to timely and appropriately respond to competitive pressures, our business, financial position and results of operations could be adversely affected.

The transportation industry continues to consolidate and competition remains strong. As a result of consolidation, our competitors may increase their market share and improve their financial capacity, and may strengthen their competitive positions. Business combinations could also result in competitors providing a wider variety of services and products at competitive prices, which could adversely affect our financial performance.

Changes in our relationships with our significant customers, including the loss or reduction in business from one or more of them, could have an adverse impact on us.

No single customer accounts for 10% or more of our consolidated revenue. We do not believe the loss of any single customer would materially impair our overall financial condition or results of operations; however, collectively, some of these large customers might account for a relatively significant portion of the growth in revenue in a particular quarter or year. These customers can drive the growth in revenue for particular services based on factors such as: new customer product launches; the seasonality associated with the fourth quarter holiday season; business mergers and acquisitions; and the overall fast growth of a customer's underlying business. These customers could choose to divert all or a portion of their business with us to one of our competitors, demand pricing concessions for our services, require us to provide enhanced services that increase our costs, or develop their own shipping and distribution capabilities. If these factors drove some of our large customers to cancel all or a portion of their business relationships with us, it could materially impact the growth in our business and the ability to meet our current and long-term financial forecasts. 


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Our business is subject to complex and stringent regulation in the U.S. and internationally.

We are subject to complex and stringent aviation, transportation, environmental, security, labor, employment and other governmental laws and regulations, both in the U.S. and in the other countries in which we operate. In addition, our business is impacted by laws and regulations that affect global trade, including tariff and trade policies, export requirements, taxes and other restrictions and charges. Changes in laws, regulations and the related interpretations may alter the landscape in which we do business and may affect our costs of doing business. The impact of new laws and regulations cannot be predicted. Compliance with new laws and regulations may increase our operating costs or require significant capital expenditures. Any failure to comply with applicable laws or regulations in the U.S. or in any of the countries in which we operate could result in substantial fines or possible revocation of our authority to conduct our operations, which could adversely affect our financial performance.

Increased security requirements could impose substantial costs on us and we could be the target of an attack or have a security breach.

As a result of concerns about global terrorism and homeland security, governments around the world have adopted or may adopt stricter security requirements that will result in increased operating costs for businesses in the transportation industry. These requirements may change periodically as a result of regulatory and legislative requirements and in response to evolving threats. We cannot determine the effect that these new requirements will have on our cost structure or our operating results, and these rules or other future security requirements may increase our costs of operations and reduce operating efficiencies. Regardless of our compliance with security requirements or the steps we take to secure our facilities or fleet, we could be the target of an attack or security breaches could occur, which could adversely affect our operations or our reputation.

We may be affected by global climate change or by legal, regulatory or market responses to such a potential change.

Concern over climate change, including the impact of global warming, has led to significant federal, state and international legislative and regulatory efforts to limit greenhouse gas ("GHG") emissions. For example, in the past several years, the U.S. Congress has considered various bills that would regulate GHG emissions. While these bills have not yet received sufficient Congressional support for enactment, some form of federal climate change legislation is possible in the future. Even in the absence of such legislation, the Environmental Protection Agency, spurred by judicial interpretation of the Clean Air Act, may regulate GHG emissions, especially aircraft or diesel engine emissions, and this could impose substantial costs on us. These costs include an increase in the cost of the fuel and other energy we purchase and capital costs associated with updating or replacing our aircraft or vehicles prematurely. Until the timing, scope and extent of any future regulation becomes known, we cannot predict its effect on our cost structure or our operating results. It is reasonably possible that such legislation or regulation could impose material costs on us. Moreover, even without such legislation or regulation, increased awareness and any adverse publicity in the global marketplace about the GHGs emitted by companies in the airline and transportation industries could harm our reputation and reduce customer demand for our services, especially our air services.

Strikes, work stoppages and slowdowns by our employees could adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations.

A significant number of our employees are employed under a national master agreement and various supplemental agreements with local unions affiliated with the Teamsters. In addition, our airline pilots, airline mechanics, ground mechanics and certain other employees are employed under other collective bargaining agreements. Strikes, work stoppages and slowdowns by our employees could adversely affect our ability to meet our customers' needs, and customers may do more business with competitors if they believe that such actions or threatened actions may adversely affect our ability to provide services. We may face a permanent loss of customers if we are unable to provide uninterrupted service, and this could adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations. The terms of future collective bargaining agreements also may affect our competitive position and results of operations.


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We are exposed to the effects of changing prices of energy, including gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, and interruptions in supplies of these commodities.

Changing fuel and energy costs may have a significant impact on our operations. We require significant quantities of fuel for our aircraft and delivery vehicles and are exposed to the risk associated with variations in the market price for petroleum products, including gasoline, diesel and jet fuel. We mitigate our exposure to changing fuel prices through our indexed fuel surcharges and we may also enter into hedging transactions from time to time. If we are unable to maintain or increase our fuel surcharges, higher fuel costs could adversely impact our operating results. Even if we are able to offset the cost of fuel with our surcharges, high fuel surcharges may result in a mix shift from our higher-yielding air products to lower-yielding ground products or an overall reduction in volume. If fuel prices rise sharply, even if we are successful in increasing our fuel surcharge, we could experience a lag time in implementing the surcharge, which could adversely affect our short-term operating results. There can be no assurance that our hedging transactions will be effective to protect us from changes in fuel prices. Moreover, we could experience a disruption in energy supplies, including our supply of gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, as a result of war, actions by producers, or other factors beyond our control, which could have an adverse effect on our business.

Changes in exchange rates or interest rates may have an adverse effect on our results.

We conduct business across the globe with a significant portion of our revenue derived from operations outside the United States. Our operations in international markets are affected by changes in the exchange rates for local currencies, and in particular the Euro, British Pound Sterling, Canadian Dollar, Chinese Renminbi and Hong Kong Dollar.

We are exposed to changes in interest rates, primarily on our short-term debt and that portion of our long-term debt that carries floating interest rates. The impact of a 100-basis-point change in interest rates affecting our debt is discussed in the "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk" section of this report.

We monitor and manage our exposures to changes in currency exchange rates and interest rates, and make limited use of derivative instruments to mitigate the impact of changes in these rates on our financial position and results of operations; however, changes in exchange rates and interest rates cannot always be predicted or hedged.

If we are unable to maintain our brand image and corporate reputation, our business may suffer.

Our success depends in part on our ability to maintain the image of the UPS brand and our reputation for providing excellent service to our customers. Service quality issues, actual or perceived, even when false or unfounded, could tarnish the image of our brand and may cause customers to use other companies. Also, adverse publicity surrounding labor relations, environmental concerns, security matters, political activities and the like, or attempts to connect our company to these sorts of issues, either in the United States or other countries in which we operate, could negatively affect our overall reputation and acceptance of our services by customers. Damage to our reputation and loss of brand equity could reduce demand for our services and thus have an adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations, and could require additional resources to rebuild our reputation and restore the value of our brand.

A significant privacy breach or IT system disruption could adversely affect our business and we may be required to increase our spending on data and system security.

We rely on information technology networks and systems, including the Internet, to process, transmit and store electronic information, and to manage or support a variety of business processes and activities. In addition, the provision of service to our customers and the operation of our network involve the storage and transmission of proprietary information and sensitive or confidential data, including personal information of customers, employees and others. Our information technology systems, some of which are managed by third-parties, may be susceptible to damage, disruptions or shutdowns due to failures during the process of upgrading or replacing software, databases or components thereof, power outages, hardware failures, computer viruses, attacks by computer hackers, telecommunication failures, user errors or catastrophic events. Groups of hackers may also act in a coordinated manner to launch distributed denial of service attacks or other coordinated attacks that may cause service outages or other interruptions. In addition, breaches in security could expose us, our customers or the individuals affected to a risk of loss or misuse of proprietary information and sensitive or confidential data. Any of these occurrences could result in disruptions in our operations, the loss of existing or potential customers, damage to our brand and reputation, and litigation and potential liability for the company. In addition, the cost and operational consequences of implementing further data or system protection measures could be significant.


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Severe weather or other natural or manmade disasters could adversely affect our business.

Severe weather conditions and other natural or manmade disasters, including storms, floods, fires and earthquakes, may result in decreased revenues, as our customers reduce their shipments, or increased costs to operate our business, which could have an adverse effect on our results of operations for a quarter or year. Any such event affecting one of our major facilities could result in a significant interruption in or disruption of our business.

We make significant capital investments in our business of which a significant portion is tied to projected volume levels.

We require significant capital investments in our business consisting of aircraft, vehicles, technology, facilities and sorting and other types of equipment to support both our existing business and anticipated growth. Forecasting projected volume involves many factors which are subject to uncertainty, such as general economic trends, changes in governmental regulation and competition. If we do not accurately forecast our future capital investment needs, we could have excess capacity or insufficient capacity, either of which would negatively affect our revenues and profitability. In addition to forecasting our capital investment requirements, we adjust other elements of our operations and cost structure in response to adverse economic conditions; however, these adjustments may not be sufficient to allow us to maintain our operating margins in a weak economy.

We derive a significant portion of our revenues from our international operations and are subject to the risks of doing business in emerging markets.

We have significant international operations and while the geographical diversity of our international operations helps ensure that we are not overly reliant on a single region or country, we are continually exposed to changing economic, political and social developments beyond our control. Emerging markets are typically more volatile than those in the developed world, and any broad-based downturn in these markets could reduce our revenues and adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations.

We are subject to changes in markets and our business plans that have resulted, and may in the future result, in substantial write-downs of the carrying value of our assets, thereby reducing our net income.

Our regular review of the carrying value of our assets has resulted, from time to time, in significant impairments, and we may in the future be required to recognize additional impairment charges. Changes in business strategy, government regulations, or economic or market conditions have resulted and may result in further substantial impairments of our intangible, fixed or other assets at any time in the future. In addition, we have been and may be required in the future to recognize increased depreciation and amortization charges if we determine that the useful lives of our fixed assets are shorter than we originally estimated. Such changes could reduce our net income.

Employee health and retiree health and pension benefit costs represent a significant expense to us.

With approximately 395,000 employees, including approximately 318,000 in the U.S., our expenses relating to employee health and retiree health and pension benefits are significant. In recent years, we have experienced significant increases in some of these costs, largely as a result of economic factors beyond our control, including, in particular, ongoing increases in health care costs well in excess of the rate of inflation and the decreasing trend of discount rates that we use to value our pension liabilities. Continued increasing health care costs, volatility in investment returns and discount rates, as well as changes in laws, regulations and assumptions used to calculate retiree health and pension benefit expenses, may adversely affect our business, financial position, results of operations or require significant contributions to our pension plans. The new national master agreement with the Teamsters, which is subject to ratification, includes changes that are designed to mitigate certain of these health care expenses, but there can be no assurance that our efforts will be successful or that the failure or success of these efforts will not adversely affect our business, financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

We participate in a number of trustee-managed multiemployer pension and health and welfare plans for employees covered under collective bargaining agreements. Several factors could cause us to make significantly higher future contributions to these plans, including unfavorable investment performance, increases in health care costs, changes in demographics and increased benefits to participants. At this time, we are unable to determine the amount of additional future contributions, if any, or whether any material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity could result from our participation in these plans. 


17

Table of Contents


We may be subject to various claims and lawsuits that could result in significant expenditures.

The nature of our business exposes us to the potential for various claims and litigation related to labor and employment, personal injury, property damage, business practices, environmental liability and other matters. Any material litigation or a catastrophic accident or series of accidents could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position and results of operations.

We may not realize the anticipated benefits of acquisitions, joint ventures or strategic alliances.

As part of our business strategy, we may acquire businesses and form joint ventures or strategic alliances. Whether we realize the anticipated benefits from these transactions depends, in part, upon the successful integration between the businesses involved, the performance of the underlying operations, capabilities or technologies and the management of the acquired operations. Accordingly, our financial results could be adversely affected by our failure to effectively integrate the acquired operations, unanticipated performance issues, transaction-related charges or charges for impairment of long-term assets that we acquire.

Insurance and claims expenses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

We have a combination of both self-insurance and high-deductible insurance programs for the risks arising out of the services we provide and the nature of our global operations, including claims exposure resulting from cargo loss, personal injury, property damage, aircraft and related liabilities, business interruption and workers' compensation. Workers' compensation, automobile and general liabilities are determined using actuarial estimates of the aggregate liability for claims incurred and an estimate of incurred but not reported claims, on an undiscounted basis. Our accruals for insurance reserves reflect certain actuarial assumptions and management judgments, which are subject to a high degree of variability. If the number or severity of claims for which we are retaining risk increases, our financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected. If we lose our ability to self-insure these risks, our insurance costs could materially increase and we may find it difficult to obtain adequate levels of insurance coverage.

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments


Not applicable.

Item 2.

Properties


Operating Facilities

We own our headquarters, which is located in Atlanta, Georgia and consists of about 745,000 square feet of office space in an office campus, and our UPS Supply Chain Solutions group's headquarters, which is located in Alpharetta, Georgia, and consists of about 310,000 square feet of office space.

We also own our 29 principal U.S. package operating facilities, which have floor spaces that range from approximately 310,000 to 879,000 square feet. In addition, we have a 1.9 million square foot operating facility near Chicago, Illinois, which is designed to streamline shipments between East Coast and West Coast destinations, and we own or lease over 1,000 additional smaller package operating facilities in the U.S. The smaller of these facilities have vehicles and drivers stationed for the pickup of packages, and capacity for the sorting, transfer and delivery of packages. The larger of these facilities also service our vehicles and equipment, and employ specialized mechanical installations for the sorting and handling of packages.

We own or lease more than 800 facilities that support our international package operations. In addition, we own or lease more than 500 facilities, with a total of approximately 30.9 million square feet of floor space, that support our freight forwarding and logistics operations. We own and operate a logistics campus consisting of approximately 3.7 million square feet in Louisville, Kentucky.


UPS Freight operates 213 service centers with a total of 6.2 million square feet of floor space. UPS Freight owns 153 of these service centers, while the remainder are occupied under operating lease agreements. The main offices of UPS Freight are located in Richmond, Virginia and consist of about 217,000 square feet of office space.


18

Table of Contents


Our aircraft are operated in a hub and spoke pattern in the U.S., with our principal air hub, known as Worldport, located in Louisville, Kentucky. The Worldport facility consists of over 5.2 million square feet and the site includes approximately 596 acres. Between 2009 and 2010, we completed an expansion of our Worldport facility, which increased the sorting capacity to approximately 416,000 packages per hour. The expansion, which cost over $1 billion, involved the addition of two aircraft load / unload wings to the hub building, followed by the installation of high-speed conveyor and computer control systems.

We also have regional air hubs in Columbia, South Carolina; Dallas, Texas; Ontario, California; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Rockford, Illinois. These hubs house facilities for the sorting, transfer and delivery of packages. Our European air hub is located in Cologne, Germany, and we maintain Asia-Pacific air hubs in Shanghai, China; Shenzhen, China; and Hong Kong. Our regional air hub in Canada is located in Hamilton, Ontario, and our regional air hub for Latin America and the Caribbean is in Miami, Florida.

In the first quarter of 2014, we will complete the expansion of our European air hub in Cologne. The expansion project equips the existing facility with additional state-of-the-art technology and includes a major extension to the existing building. This extension is partially dedicated to processing larger freight shipments. Together, these initiatives will significantly increase the hub's package sorting capacity from 112,000 to 190,000 packages per hour. The total cost of the expansion is approximately $200 million.

Over the past several years, UPS has made a successful transition to become the first wholly-owned foreign express carrier in China. In 2008, we opened the UPS International Air Hub at Pudong International Airport, which was built on a parcel totaling 2.4 million square feet with a sorting capacity of 17,000 packages per hour. This hub links all of China via Shanghai to UPS's international network, with direct service to the Americas, Europe and Asia. It also connects points served in China by UPS through a dedicated service provided by Yangtze River Express, a Chinese all-cargo airline.

In February 2010, we opened a new intra-Asia air hub at Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport in China. The Shenzhen facility, which was built on a parcel of almost one million square feet and has a sorting capacity of 18,000 packages per hour, serves as our primary transit hub in Asia.

Our primary information technology operations are consolidated in a 443,600 square foot owned facility, the Ramapo Ridge facility, which is located on a 39-acre site in Mahwah, New Jersey. We also own a 175,000 square foot facility located on a 25-acre site in Alpharetta, Georgia, which serves as a backup to the main information technology operations facility in New Jersey. This facility provides production functions and backup capacity in the event that a power outage or other disaster incapacitates the main data center. It also helps to meet our internal communication needs.

We believe that our facilities are adequate to support our current operations.


Fleet

Aircraft

The following table shows information about our aircraft fleet as of December 31, 2013 :

Description

Owned and

Capital

Leases

Short-term

Leased or

Chartered

From

Others

On

Order

Under

Option

Boeing 747-400F

11


-


-


-


Boeing 747-400BCF

2


-


-


-


Boeing 757-200F

75


-


-


-


Boeing 767-300ERF

59


-


-


-


Boeing MD-11F

38


-


-


-


Airbus A300-600F

52


-


-


-


Other

-


388


-


-


Total

237


388


-


-


We maintain an inventory of spare engines and parts for each aircraft.


19

Table of Contents


All the aircraft we own meet Stage IV federal noise regulations and can operate at airports that have aircraft noise restrictions.

During 2013 , we took delivery of eight Boeing 767-300ERF aircraft. One Airbus A300-600F was destroyed in an accident. We currently do not have any commitments or options to purchase aircraft.

Vehicles

We operate a global ground fleet of approximately 103,000 package cars, vans, tractors and motorcycles. Our ground support fleet consists of 32,000 pieces of equipment designed specifically to support our aircraft fleet, ranging from non-powered container dollies and racks to powered aircraft main deck loaders and cargo tractors. We also have 33,000 containers used to transport cargo in our aircraft.

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings


For a discussion of legal proceedings affecting us and our subsidiaries, please see the information under the sub-caption "Contingencies" of the caption "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" included in this report.

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures


Not applicable.



20

Table of Contents


PART II


Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities


Our class A common stock is not listed on a national securities exchange or traded in an organized over-the-counter market, but each share of our class A common stock is convertible into one share of our class B common stock.

The following is a summary of our class B common stock price activity and dividend information for 2013 and 2012 . Our class B common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "UPS".

High

Low

Close

Dividends

Declared

2013:

First Quarter

$

85.92


$

75.03


$

85.90


$

0.62


Second Quarter

$

89.96


$

81.95


$

86.48


$

0.62


Third Quarter

$

92.10


$

85.18


$

91.37


$

0.62


Fourth Quarter

$

105.35


$

88.46


$

105.08


$

0.62


2012:

First Quarter

$

81.79


$

72.15


$

80.72


$

0.57


Second Quarter

$

80.97


$

72.19


$

78.76


$

0.57


Third Quarter

$

80.52


$

71.18


$

71.57


$

0.57


Fourth Quarter

$

76.20


$

69.56


$

73.73


$

0.57


As of February 4, 2014 , there were 155,789 and 18,243 record holders of class A and class B common stock, respectively.

The policy of our Board of Directors is to declare dividends out of current earnings. The declaration of dividends is subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on various factors, including our net income, financial condition, cash requirements, future prospects, and other relevant factors.

On February 13, 2014 , our Board declared a dividend of $ 0.67 per share, which is payable on March 11, 2014 to shareowners of record on February 24, 2014 . This represents an 8 % increase from the previous $0.62 quarterly dividend in 2013 .

On February 14, 2013 , the Board of Directors approved a share repurchase authorization of $ 10.0 billion, which replaced an authorization previously announced in 2012 . The new share repurchase authorization has no expiration date. We anticipate repurchasing approximately $2.7 billion of shares in 2014 .

A summary of repurchases of our class A and class B common stock during the fourth quarter of 2013 is as follows (in millions, except per share amounts):

Total Number

of Shares

Purchased(1)

Average

Price Paid

Per Share(1)

Total Number

of Shares Purchased

as Part of Publicly

Announced Program

Approximate Dollar

Value of Shares that

May Yet be Purchased

Under the Program

(as of month-end)

October 1-October 31

6.9


$

99.80


6.4


$

7,179


November 1-November 30

1.2


100.87


0.7


7,106


December 1-December 31

3.0


102.51


2.9


6,814


Total October 1-December 31

11.1


$

100.65


10.0


(1)

Includes shares repurchased through our publicly announced share repurchase program and shares tendered to pay the exercise price and tax withholding on employee stock options.



21

Table of Contents


Shareowner Return Performance Graph

The following performance graph and related information shall not be deemed "soliciting material" or to be "filed" with the SEC, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Exchange Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that the Company specifically incorporates such information by reference into such filing.

The following graph shows a five year comparison of cumulative total shareowners' returns for our class B common stock, the Standard & Poor's 500 Index, and the Dow Jones Transportation Average. The comparison of the total cumulative return on investment, which is the change in the quarterly stock price plus reinvested dividends for each of the quarterly periods, assumes that $100 was invested on December 31, 2008 in the Standard & Poor's 500 Index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average, and our class B common stock.

12/31/2008

12/31/2009

12/31/2010

12/31/2011

12/31/2012

12/31/2013

United Parcel Service, Inc.

$

100.00


$

107.75


$

140.39


$

145.84


$

151.44


$

221.91


Standard & Poor's 500 Index

$

100.00


$

126.45


$

145.49


$

148.55


$

172.30


$

228.09


Dow Jones Transportation Average

$

100.00


$

118.59


$

150.30


$

150.31


$

161.56


$

228.42




22

Table of Contents


Item 6.

Selected Financial Data

The following table sets forth selected financial data for each of the five years in the period ended December 31, 2013 (in millions, except per share amounts). This financial data should be read together with our consolidated financial statements and related notes, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, and other financial data appearing elsewhere in this report.

Years Ended December 31,

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Selected Income Statement Data

Revenue:

U.S. Domestic Package

$

34,074


$

32,856


$

31,717


$

29,742


$

28,158


International Package

12,429


12,124


12,249


11,133


9,699


Supply Chain & Freight

8,935


9,147


9,139


8,670


7,440


Total revenue

55,438


54,127


53,105


49,545


45,297


Operating expenses:

Compensation and benefits

28,557


33,102


27,575


26,557


25,933


Other

19,847


19,682


19,450


17,347


15,856


Total operating expenses

48,404


52,784


47,025


43,904


41,789


Operating profit:

U.S. Domestic Package

4,603


459


3,764


3,238


1,919


International Package

1,757


869


1,709


1,831


1,279


Supply Chain and Freight

674


15


607


572


310


Total operating profit

7,034


1,343


6,080


5,641


3,508


Other income (expense):

Investment income

20


24


44


3


10


Interest expense

(380

)

(393

)

(348

)

(354

)

(445

)

Income before income taxes

6,674


974


5,776


5,290


3,073


Income tax expense

2,302


167


1,972


1,952


1,105


Net income

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


$

3,338


$

1,968


Per share amounts:

Basic earnings per share

$

4.65


$

0.84


$

3.88


$

3.36


$

1.97


Diluted earnings per share

$

4.61


$

0.83


$

3.84


$

3.33


$

1.96


Dividends declared per share

$

2.48


$

2.28


$

2.08


$

1.88


$

1.80


Weighted average shares outstanding:

Basic

940


960


981


994


998


Diluted

948


969


991


1,003


1,004


As of December 31,

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

Selected Balance Sheet Data

Cash and marketable securities

$

5,245


$

7,924


$

4,275


$

4,081


$

2,100


Total assets

36,212


38,863


34,701


33,597


31,883


Long-term debt

10,824


11,089


11,095


10,491


8,668


Shareowners' equity

6,488


4,733


7,108


8,047


7,696




23

Table of Contents


Item 7.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations


Overview

The U.S. economic expansion continued at a slow to moderate pace in 2013. Continued growth in retail sales (particularly among e-commerce retailers) has provided for expansion in the overall U.S. small package delivery market; however, slowing export growth and industrial production have negatively impacted the growth in commercial shipments. Given these trends, our products most aligned with business-to-consumer shipments have experienced the strongest growth, while growth in our business-to-business volume has remained sluggish. This trend was particularly accentuated during the holiday season, when strong e-commerce growth was experienced during the compressed holiday shopping period.

Outside of the U.S., economic growth has remained slow largely due to fiscal austerity measures, particularly in Europe. This slower economic growth has created an environment in which customers are more likely to trade-down from premium express products to standard delivery products in both Europe and Asia. Additionally, the uneven nature of economic growth worldwide, combined with the trend towards more international trade being conducted regionally, has led to shifting trade patterns and resulted in overcapacity in certain trade lanes. These circumstances have led us to adjust our air capacity and cost structure in our transportation network to match the prevailing volume mix levels. Our broad portfolio of product offerings and the flexibilities inherent in our transportation network have helped us adapt to these changing trends.

While the worldwide economic environment remained challenging in 2013, we have continued to undertake initiatives to improve yield management, increase operational efficiency and contain costs across all segments. Continued deployment of technology improvements should lead to further gains in our operational efficiency, improve network flexibility and capacity, and enhance service reliability, thus restraining cost increases and improving margins. In our International Package segment, we have adjusted our transportation network and utilized newly expanded operating facilities to improve time-in-transit for shipments in each region. We have also continued to leverage the new air route authority we have gained over the last several years and to take full advantage of faster growing trade lanes.

Our consolidated results are presented in the table below:

Year Ended December 31,

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Revenue (in millions)

$

55,438


$

54,127


$

53,105


2.4

 %

1.9

 %

Operating Expenses (in millions)

48,404


52,784


47,025


(8.3

)%

12.2

 %

Operating Profit (in millions)

$

7,034


$

1,343


$

6,080


N/A


(77.9

)%

Operating Margin

12.7

%

2.5

%

11.4

%

Average Daily Package Volume (in thousands)

16,938


16,295


15,797


3.9

 %

3.2

 %

Average Revenue Per Piece

$

10.76


$

10.82


$

10.82


(0.6

)%

-

 %

Net Income (in millions)

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


N/A


(78.8

)%

Basic Earnings Per Share

$

4.65


$

0.84


$

3.88


N/A


(78.4

)%

Diluted Earnings Per Share

$

4.61


$

0.83


$

3.84


N/A


(78.4

)%

Items Affecting Comparability

The year-over-year comparisons of our financial results are affected by the following items (in millions):

Year Ended December 31,

2013

2012

2011

Operating Expenses:

Defined Benefit Plans Mark-to-Market Charge

$

-


$

4,831


$

827


TNT Termination Fee and Related Expenses

284


-


-


Gain Upon Liquidation of Foreign Subsidiary

(245

)

-


-


     Multiemployer Pension Plan Withdrawal Charge

-


896


-


Gains on Real Estate Transactions

-


-


(33

)

Income Tax Expense (Benefit) from the Items Above

(75

)

(2,145

)

(287

)


24

Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


These items have been excluded from comparisons of "adjusted" operating expenses, operating profit and operating margin in the discussion that follows.

TNT Termination Fee and Related Expenses

On January 30, 2013, the European Commission issued a formal decision prohibiting our proposed acquisition of TNT Express N.V. ("TNT Express"). As a result of the prohibition by the European Commission, the condition of our offer requiring European Union competition clearance was not fulfilled, and our proposed acquisition of TNT Express could not be completed. Given this outcome, UPS and TNT Express entered a separate agreement to terminate the merger protocol, and we withdrew our formal offer for TNT Express. We paid a termination fee to TNT Express of €200 million ($268 million) under this agreement, and also incurred transaction-related expenses of $16 million during the first quarter of 2013. The combination of these items resulted in a pre-tax charge of $284 million ($177 million after-tax), which impacted our International Package segment.

Gain Upon the Liquidation of a Foreign Subsidiary

Subsequent to the termination of the merger protocol, we liquidated a foreign subsidiary that would have been used to acquire the outstanding shares of TNT Express in connection with the proposed acquisition. Upon the liquidation of this subsidiary in the first quarter of 2013, we realized a pre-tax foreign currency gain of $245 million ($213 million after-tax), which impacted our International Package segment.

Defined Benefit Plans Mark-to-Market Charge

In 2012 and 2011, we incurred pre-tax mark-to-market losses of $4.831 billion and $827 million, respectively, on a consolidated basis ($3.023 billion and $527 million after-tax, respectively) on our pension and postretirement defined benefit plans related to the remeasurement of plan assets and liabilities recognized outside of a 10% corridor. No mark-to-market gain or loss was incurred in 2013, as the remeasurement of plan assets and liabilities only resulted in adjustments within the 10% corridor (and thus only impacted accumulated other comprehensive income). These mark-to-market losses in 2012 and 2011, which were recorded in compensation and benefits expense in our statements of consolidated income, impacted each of our three reporting segments in both years. The table below indicates the amounts associated with each component of the pre-tax mark-to-market loss, as well as the weighted-average actuarial assumptions used to determine our net periodic benefit costs, for each year:

Year Ended December 31,

Components of mark-to-market gain (loss) (in millions)

2013

2012

2011

Discount rates

$

-


$

(5,530

)

$

(911

)

Return on assets

-


708


84


Demographic assumptions

-


(9

)

-


     Total mark-to-market gain (loss)

$

-


$

(4,831

)

$

(827

)

Weighted-average actuarial assumptions used to determine net periodic benefit cost

2013

2012

2011

Expected rate of return on plan assets

8.69

%

8.71

%

8.61

%

Actual rate of return on plan assets

8.36

%

11.76

%

9.46

%

Discount rate used for net periodic benefit cost

4.38

%

5.58

%

5.93

%

Discount rate at measurement date

5.27

%

4.38

%

5.58

%

The $4.831 billion pre-tax mark-to-market loss for the year ended December 31, 2012 was comprised of the following components:

Discount Rates ( $5.530 billion pre-tax loss): The weighted-average discount rate for our U.S. pension and postretirement medical plans and our international pension plans declined from 5.58% at December 31, 2011 to 4.38% at December 31, 2012, due to two primary factors. The discount rate for our U.S. pension and postretirement medical plans is determined using a bond matching approach for a portfolio of corporate AA


25

Table of Contents

UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


bonds. In 2012, financial institutions comprised a smaller portion of our corporate AA bond portfolio relative to 2011, largely due to credit downgrades of several large financial institutions in 2012. Additionally, credit spreads on AA-rated 30-year bonds declined in 2012.  These changes in the composition of our bond portfolio mix and the compression in credit spreads were the primary factors resulting in the 120 basis point decline in the weighted-average discount rate in 2012 relative to 2011.

Return on Assets ( $708 million pre-tax gain): Our expected rate of return on U.S. pension and postretirement medical plan assets is developed taking into consideration: (1) historical plan asset returns over long-term periods, (2) current market conditions, and (3) the mix of asset classes in our investment portfolio. We review the expected rate of return on an annual basis and revise it as appropriate. In 2012, the actual rate of return on plan assets of 11.76% exceeded our expected rate of return of 8.71%, primarily due to strong gains in the world equity markets.

Demographic Assumptions ( $9 million pre-tax loss): This represents the difference between actual and estimated demographic factors, including items such as health care cost trends, mortality rates and compensation rate increases.

Multiemployer Pension Plan Withdrawal Charge

In 2012, we recognized an $896 million pre-tax charge ($559 million after-tax) for the establishment of a withdrawal liability related to our withdrawal from the New England Teamsters and Trucking Industry Pension Fund ("New England Pension Fund"), a multiemployer pension plan. This charge was recorded in compensation and benefits expense in our statements of consolidated income, and impacted our U.S. Domestic Package segment.

Gains on Real Estate Transactions

In 2011, we recognized a net $33 million pre-tax gain ($20 million after-tax) on a consolidated basis on certain real estate transactions (consisting of a $48 million pre-tax gain in our Supply Chain & Freight segment, and a $15 million pre-tax loss in our U.S. Domestic Package segment). The gains and losses associated with these transactions are recorded in other operating expenses in our statements of consolidated income.

Results of Operations-Segment Review

The results and discussions that follow are reflective of how our executive management monitors the performance of our reporting segments. We supplement the reporting of our financial information determined under generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") with certain non-GAAP financial measures, including operating profit, operating margin, pre-tax income, net income and earnings per share adjusted for the non-comparable items discussed previously. We believe that these adjusted measures provide meaningful information to assist investors and analysts in understanding our financial results and assessing our prospects for future performance. We believe these adjusted financial measures are important indicators of our recurring results of operations because they exclude items that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, our core operating results, and provide a better baseline for analyzing trends in our underlying businesses. Additionally, these adjusted financial measures are used internally by management for the determination of incentive compensation awards, business unit operating performance analysis, and business unit resource allocation.

As discussed in our "Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates", we recognize changes in the fair value of plan assets and net actuarial gains and losses in excess of a 10% corridor immediately as part of net periodic benefit cost. In our results of operations and the discussions that follow, we have presented adjusted operating expenses, adjusted operating profit and adjusted operating margin excluding the portion of net periodic benefit cost represented by the gains and losses recognized in excess of the 10% corridor. This adjusted net periodic benefit cost is comparable to the accounting for our defined benefit plans in our quarterly reporting under U.S. GAAP, and reflects assumptions utilizing the expected return on plan assets and the discount rate used for determining net periodic benefit cost (the non-adjusted net periodic benefit cost reflects the actual return on plan assets and the discount rate used for measuring the projected benefit obligation). We believe this adjusted net periodic benefit cost provides important supplemental information that reflects the anticipated long-term cost of our defined benefit plans, and provides a benchmark for historical defined benefit cost trends that can be used to better compare year-to-year financial performance without considering the short-term impact of changes in market interest rates, equity prices, and similar factors.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Certain operating expenses are allocated between our reporting segments based on activity-based costing methods. These

activity-based costing methods require us to make estimates that impact the amount of each expense category that is attributed

to each segment. Changes in these estimates will directly impact the amount of expense allocated to each segment, and

therefore the operating profit of each reporting segment. There were no significant changes in our expense allocation

methodology during 2013, 2012 or 2011.


U.S. Domestic Package Operations

Year Ended December 31,

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Average Daily Package Volume (in thousands):

Next Day Air

1,271


1,277


1,206


(0.5

)%

5.9

 %

Deferred

1,074


1,031


975


4.2

 %

5.7

 %

Ground

12,060


11,588


11,230


4.1

 %

3.2

 %

Total Avg. Daily Package Volume

14,405


13,896


13,411


3.7

 %

3.6

 %

Average Revenue Per Piece:

Next Day Air

$

20.12


$

19.93


$

20.33


1.0

 %

(2.0

)%

Deferred

12.70


13.06


13.32


(2.8

)%

(2.0

)%

Ground

7.96


7.89


7.78


0.9

 %

1.4

 %

Total Avg. Revenue Per Piece

$

9.39


$

9.38


$

9.31


0.1

 %

0.8

 %

Operating Days in Period

252


252


254


Revenue (in millions):

Next Day Air

$

6,443


$

6,412


$

6,229


0.5

 %

2.9

 %

Deferred

3,437


3,392


3,299


1.3

 %

2.8

 %

Ground

24,194


23,052


22,189


5.0

 %

3.9

 %

Total Revenue

$

34,074


$

32,856


$

31,717


3.7

 %

3.6

 %

Operating Expenses (in millions):

Operating Expenses

$

29,471


$

32,397


$

27,953


(9.0

)%

15.9

 %

Defined Benefit Plans Mark-to-Market Charge

-


(3,177

)

(479

)

Multiemployer Pension Plan Withdrawal Charge

-


(896

)

-


Gains (Losses) on Real Estate Transactions

-


-


(15

)

Adjusted Operating Expenses

$

29,471


$

28,324


$

27,459


4.0

 %

3.2

 %

Operating Profit (in millions) and Operating Margin:

Operating Profit

$

4,603


$

459


$

3,764


N/A


(87.8

)%

Adjusted Operating Profit

$

4,603


$

4,532


$

4,258


1.6

 %

6.4

 %

Operating Margin

13.5

%

1.4

%

11.9

%

Adjusted Operating Margin

13.5

%

13.8

%

13.4

%


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Revenue

The change in overall revenue was impacted by the following factors for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 , compared with the corresponding prior year periods:

Volume

Rates /

Product Mix

Fuel

Surcharge

Total

Revenue

Change

Revenue Change Drivers:

2013 / 2012

3.7

%

0.5

%

(0.5

)%

3.7

%

2012 / 2011

2.8

%

0.6

%

0.2

 %

3.6

%

Volume

2013 compared to 2012

Our overall volume increased in 2013 compared with 2012, largely due to continued solid growth in e-commerce and overall retail sales; however, the increase in volume was hindered by slow overall U.S. economic and industrial production growth. Business-to-consumer shipments, which represent over 40% of total U.S. Domestic Package volume, grew approximately 8% for the year and drove increases in both air and ground shipments. Growth accelerated during our peak holiday shipping season, as business-to-consumer volume grew over 11% in the fourth quarter of 2013, and business-to-consumer shipments exceeded 50% of total U.S. Domestic Package volume for the first time. Business-to-business volume increased slightly in 2013, largely due to increased shipping activity by the retail industry; however, business-to-business volume was negatively impacted by slowing industrial production.

Among our air products, volume increased in 2013 compared with 2012, as growth in our deferred products more than offset a small decline in our Next Day Air services. Solid air volume growth continued for those products most aligned with business-to-consumer shipping, including our residential Second Day Air package and residential Next Day Air Saver products. Next Day Air letter volume decreased approximately 7% for the year, and was negatively impacted by competitive losses and slowing growth in the financial services industry. Our business-to-business air volume continued to be impacted by sluggish economic conditions in the U.S., low levels of inventory replenishment among our customers and changes in our customers' supply chain networks. The combination of these factors influenced our customers' sensitivity towards the price and speed of shipments, and therefore the use of our premium air services.

The increase in ground volume in 2013 was primarily attributed to our traditional residential service offerings and SurePost. Demand for these residential products continues to be driven by business-to-consumer shipping activity from e-commerce retailers and other large customers. Business-to-business ground volume also showed a small increase, and was positively impacted by the overall expansion of the U.S. retail sector; however, continued weakness in industrial production hindered growth. The increased use of omni-channel retailing (including ship-from-store and ship-to-store models) by customers is also positively impacting volume growth for both our residential and commercial ground products.

2012 compared to 2011

Our overall volume increased in 2012 compared with 2011, largely due to continued solid growth in retail e-commerce and strong customer demand for our SurePost product. Business-to-consumer shipments, which represent slightly over 40% of total U.S. Domestic Package volume, grew rapidly and drove growth in both air and ground shipments; however, business-to-business volume remained relatively flat in 2012 compared with 2011. This can be attributed to multiple trends that have prevailed over the past few years, including the migration of traditional retail to online retail, the lack of growth in small and medium-size enterprises and reduced business investments attributed to policy uncertainty.

Among our air products, Next Day Air letter and package volume both experienced solid increases in 2012, with particular growth in our Next Day Air Saver products. The higher volume for our deferred air products, which increased 5.7% for the year, was primarily due to healthy demand for our residential package services. The overall growth in our air products was driven primarily by business-to-consumer shipments from e-commerce retailers, while our business-to-business air volume declined slightly.


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The increase in ground volume in 2012 was driven by our SurePost service offering, which targets low-cost, non-urgent residential deliveries. Volume for this product grew significantly, and accounted for approximately 40% of the total increase in ground shipments. Outside of our SurePost service offering, volume for our traditional ground residential services also experienced an increase in 2012. Overall ground volume growth continues to be driven by business-to-consumer shipping activity from e-commerce retailers, while our business-to-business ground volume was flat in 2012 compared with 2011.

Rates and Product Mix

2013 compared to 2012

Overall revenue per piece was relatively flat in 2013 compared with 2012, and was impacted by changes in base rates, customer and product mix, and fuel surcharge rates.

Revenue per piece for our ground and air products was positively impacted by an increase in base rates that took effect on December 31, 2012. We increased the base rates 6.5% on UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air and UPS 3 Day Select, and 5.9% on UPS Ground, while reducing our fuel surcharge indices. Other pricing changes included an increase in the residential surcharge, and an increase in the delivery area surcharge on certain residential and commercial services. These rate changes are customary and occur on an annual basis.

Revenue per piece increased for Next Day Air in 2013, and was positively impacted by the base rate increase and the loss of some lower-yielding letter volume. Revenue per piece for our deferred products declined, as the impact of the base rate increase was more than offset by declines in fuel surcharge rates and changes in customer and product mix. Revenue per piece for our air products was adversely impacted by the relatively stronger growth in our lower-yielding Next Day Air Saver and deferred products, compared with our premium Next Day Air services, as well as the faster growth in lighter-weight business-to-consumer shipments. Additionally, revenue per piece was negatively affected by the faster volume growth among our larger customers, which typically have a lower average yield than our smaller and middle-market customers.

Ground revenue per piece increased in 2013 compared with 2012, primarily due to the base rate increase; however, this was partially offset by customer and product mix changes, as a greater portion of our overall volume in 2013, relative to 2012, came from lighter-weight shipments and larger customers. Fuel surcharge rate changes adversely impacted ground revenue per piece growth in 2013 compared with 2012.

2012 compared to 2011

Overall revenue per piece increased 0.8% in 2012 compared with 2011, and was impacted by changes in base rates, product mix and fuel surcharge rates, as discussed below.

Revenue per piece for our Next Day Air and deferred products decreased in 2012 compared with 2011, as declines in fuel surcharge rates and product mix changes more than offset the impact of a base rate increase that took effect in early 2012. Changes in product mix negatively impacted revenue per piece for our air products, as our lightweight service offerings accounted for a larger portion of our overall air volume in 2012 compared with 2011, and our Next Day Air Saver volume continued to grow at a faster rate than our premium Next Day Air services.

Ground revenue per piece increased in 2012 compared with 2011, primarily due to a base rate increase that took effect in early 2012; however, this was partially offset by product mix changes, as strong volume growth in our lightweight service offerings resulted in these relatively lower-yielding products accounting for a greater portion of our overall volume in 2012, compared with 2011.

Revenue per piece for our ground and air products was positively impacted by an increase in base rates that took effect on January 2, 2012. We increased the base rates 6.9% on UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2nd Day Air and UPS 3 Day Select, and 5.9% on UPS Ground, while reducing our fuel surcharge indices. Other pricing changes included an increase in the residential surcharge, and an increase in the delivery area surcharge on certain residential and commercial services. These rate changes are customary and occur on an annual basis.



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Fuel Surcharges

UPS applies a fuel surcharge on our domestic air and ground services. The air fuel surcharge is based on the U.S. Department of Energy's ("DOE") Gulf Coast spot price for a gallon of kerosene-type jet fuel, while the ground fuel surcharge is based on the DOE's On-Highway Diesel Fuel Price. Based on published rates, the average fuel surcharge rates for domestic air and ground products were as follows:

Year Ended December 31,

% Point Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Next Day Air / Deferred

10.7

%

13.0

%

13.3

%

(2.3

)%

(0.3

)%

Ground

7.2

%

8.0

%

8.0

%

(0.8

)%

-

 %

In connection with our base rate increases on December 31, 2012 and January 2, 2012, we modified the fuel surcharge on air and ground services by reducing the index used to determine the fuel surcharge by 2% and 1%, respectively, each year. The 2013 decreases in the air and ground fuel surcharge rates were due to the decline in jet and diesel fuel prices, combined with the reductions in the index on both the air and ground surcharges. These factors resulted in a $178 million decline in fuel surcharge revenue in 2013. In 2012, the reductions to the index offset the increase in jet and diesel fuel prices, resulting in a small decrease in the average air fuel surcharge rate and no change in the average ground surcharge rate. Fuel surcharge revenue increased $54 million in 2012, primarily due to volume growth.

Operating Expenses

2013 compared to 2012

Adjusted operating expenses for the segment increased $1.147 billion in 2013 compared with 2012. This increase was primarily due to pick-up and delivery costs, which grew $772 million, as well as the cost of operating our domestic integrated air and ground network, which increased $290 million for the year. The growth in pick-up and delivery and network costs was largely due to increased volume and higher employee compensation costs, which were impacted by a union contractual wage increase (package driver wage rates rose 2.2%), an increase in average daily driver hours (up 2.2%) and an increase in employee pension and healthcare costs. Partially offsetting these cost increases was a reduction in worker's compensation expense, due to actuarial adjustments that were largely attributable to operational safety and claims management initiatives.

Cost increases have been mitigated as we adjust our air and ground networks to better match higher volume levels and utilize technology to increase package sorting and delivery efficiency. Improved pick-up and delivery densities, particularly for our residential products, have also contained increases in cost. These network efficiency improvements allowed us to process increased volume (up 3.7%) at a faster rate than the increase in average daily union labor hours (up 3.1%), aircraft block hours (down 0.6%) and miles driven (up 1.8%) in 2013 compared with 2012. As a result, the total adjusted cost per piece increased only 0.4% in 2013.

Several factors caused our fourth quarter operating expenses to significantly increase (adjusted operating expenses increased $553 million, or 7.3%, in the fourth quarter of 2013 compared with the same period of 2012). Higher-than-planned volume growth, combined with adverse weather conditions and the relatively compressed holiday shipping season in 2013 (there were six fewer days between the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays in 2013 relative to 2012), resulted in a significant increase in labor hours and the greater use of contract carriers to help meet our service commitments. Additionally, the much later-than-anticipated seasonal increase in volume during the fourth quarter strained our transportation network, resulting in lower productivity (total union labor hours increased 6.2%, while volume increased 5.6% in the fourth quarter).

2012 compared to 2011

Overall adjusted operating expenses for the segment increased $865 million in 2012 compared with 2011. This increase was primarily due to pick-up and delivery costs, which grew $682 million, as well as the cost of operating our domestic integrated air and ground network, which increased $238 million for the year. The growth in pick-up and delivery and network costs was largely due to increased volume and higher employee compensation costs, which were impacted by a union contractual wage increase (package driver wage rates rose 2.0%), an increase in driver hours (up 1.1%) and increased employee health care costs. These increases were partially offset by reductions in indirect operating costs of $79 million in 2012, largely due to a decrease in the expense for management incentive awards.


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Cost increases have been moderated as we adjust our air and ground networks to better match higher volume levels, and utilize technology to increase package sorting efficiency. Improved delivery densities, particularly for our residential products, have also contained increases in cost. These network improvements allowed us to process the 3.6% volume growth more efficiently. Some of the primary drivers of expense increased at a slower rate than the growth in volume, including average daily direct labor hours (up 1.1%), aircraft block hours (up 0.5%) and miles driven (up 1.3%), resulting in the total cost per piece increasing only 0.3%.


Operating Profit and Margin

2013 compared to 2012

Adjusted operating profit increased $71 million in 2013 compared with 2012, as the volume growth and productivity improvements discussed previously more than offset the pressure on revenue per piece and the adverse impact of fuel. Overall volume growth allowed us to better leverage our transportation network, resulting in greater productivity and better pick-up and delivery density; however, these factors were partially offset by changes in customer and product mix, which combined to pressure our revenue per piece. Additionally, the net impact of fuel adversely affected operating profit by $158 million in 2013 compared with 2012, as fuel surcharge revenue decreased at a faster rate than fuel expense.

Although annual adjusted operating profit improved in 2013, it declined by $178 million in the fourth quarter of 2013 compared with the fourth quarter of 2012. This decline in profitability was largely due to additional labor and purchased transportation costs, as heavier-than-anticipated volume, adverse weather conditions and a compressed holiday shipping season combined to result in approximately $125 to $150 million in extra costs in the fourth quarter of 2013. In addition, we incurred approximately $50 million in service refunds for unmet delivery commitments in the fourth quarter of 2013. The combination of these factors resulted in a 250 basis point decrease in our fourth quarter operating margin.

2012 compared to 2011

The increase in adjusted operating profit in 2012 compared with 2011 was largely due to the revenue growth and the achievement of significant operating leverage, but partially offset by the impact of having two less operating days during 2012. Overall volume growth allowed us to better leverage our transportation network, resulting in productivity improvements and better pick-up and delivery density, which favorably impacted our operating margins; however, these trends were somewhat offset by changes in customer and product mix, which combined to adversely affect our revenue per piece. Additionally, Hurricane Sandy negatively impacted operating profit by approximately $75 million in 2012.

These factors drove a 40 basis point increase in our adjusted operating margin in 2012, compared with 2011, resulting in a 6.4% increase in adjusted operating profit.


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International Package Operations

Year Ended December 31,

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Average Daily Package Volume (in thousands):

Domestic

1,499


1,427


1,444


5.0

 %

(1.2

)%

Export

1,034


972


942


6.4

 %

3.2

 %

Total Avg. Daily Package Volume

2,533


2,399


2,386


5.6

 %

0.5

 %

Average Revenue Per Piece:

Domestic

$

7.06


$

7.04


$

7.17


0.3

 %

(1.8

)%

Export

35.18


36.88


37.85


(4.6

)%

(2.6

)%

Total Avg. Revenue Per Piece

$

18.54


$

19.13


$

19.28


(3.1

)%

(0.8

)%

Operating Days in Period

252


252


254


Revenue (in millions):

Domestic

$

2,667


$

2,531


$

2,628


5.4

 %

(3.7

)%

Export

9,166


9,033


9,056


1.5

 %

(0.3

)%

Cargo

596


560


565


6.4

 %

(0.9

)%

Total Revenue

$

12,429


$

12,124


$

12,249


2.5

 %

(1.0

)%

Operating Expenses (in millions):

Operating Expenses

$

10,672


$

11,255


$

10,540


(5.2

)%

6.8

 %

TNT Termination Fee and Related Expenses

(284

)

-


-


Gain Upon Liquidation of Foreign Subsidiary

245


-


-


Defined Benefit Plan Mark-to-Market Charge

-


(941

)

(171

)

Adjusted Operating Expenses

$

10,633


$

10,314


$

10,369


3.1

 %

(0.5

)%

Operating Profit (in millions) and Operating Margin:

Operating Profit

$

1,757


$

869


$

1,709


102.2

 %

(49.2

)%

Adjusted Operating Profit

$

1,796


$

1,810


$

1,880


(0.8

)%

(3.7

)%

Operating Margin

14.1

%

7.2

%

14.0

%

Adjusted Operating Margin

14.5

%

14.9

%

15.3

%

Currency Translation Benefit / (Cost)-(in millions)*:

Revenue

$

(65

)

$

(231

)

Operating Expenses

(37

)

265


Operating Profit

$

(102

)

$

34


*

Net of currency hedging; amount represents the change compared to the prior year.


Revenue

The change in overall revenue was impacted by the following factors for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 , compared with the corresponding prior year periods:

Volume

Rates /

Product Mix

Fuel

Surcharge

Currency

Total

Revenue

Change

Revenue Change Drivers:

2013 / 2012

5.6

 %

(1.5

)%

(1.1

)%

(0.5

)%

2.5

 %

2012 / 2011

(0.2

)%

1.0

 %

0.1

 %

(1.9

)%

(1.0

)%


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Volume

2013 compared to 2012

Our overall average daily volume increased in 2013 compared with 2012, largely due to growth in key markets in Europe, as well as Canada and Mexico.

Export volume increased in 2013, and was driven by Europe (largely in the intra-European trade lanes) and the Americas (particularly in the Canada-to-U.S. and Mexico-to-U.S. trade lanes). Asian export volume grew at a moderate pace due to continued regional economic growth and expansion of our service offerings, but was negatively impacted by fewer technology product launches from our customers and a small number of competitive losses. Volume continued to shift towards our standard products, such as Transborder Standard and Worldwide Expedited, as compared with our premium express products, such as Worldwide Express. Our international customers continued to be impacted by economic pressures and changes in their supply chain networks, and the combination of these factors influenced their sensitivity towards the price and speed of shipments.

Domestic volume increased in 2013 compared to 2012, and was driven by solid volume growth in several key markets, including Italy, Canada, Poland and Turkey.

2012 compared to 2011

Our overall average daily volume increased slightly in 2012 compared with 2011, as the worldwide economic slowdown and the associated impact on global trade restrained the growth of the international small package market.

Export volume increased in 2012 compared with 2011, as growth was achieved in several key trade lanes. Asia to U.S. export volume increased, and was favorably impacted by new technology sector product launches from several customers. Intra-regional export volume increased in Europe and Asia, as more regional sourcing by customers led to growth in our Transborder products. U.S. export volume declined, particularly exports from the U.S. to Europe, as economic weakness within the European Union negatively impacted volume. Additionally, overall export volume continued to shift towards our less premium products, such as Transborder Standard and Worldwide Expedited, as compared with our premium express products, such as Worldwide Express, primarily due to the impact of the weaker economic conditions on our customers internationally.

Domestic volume decreased during 2012 compared with 2011, and was negatively impacted by economic weakness across Europe; however, this was partially offset by domestic volume growth in the U.K. and Canada.

Rates and Product Mix

2013 compared to 2012

Total average revenue per piece decreased 2.5% in 2013 on a currency-adjusted basis, and was impacted by changes in base rates, customer and product mix, and fuel surcharge rates.

On December 31, 2012, we increased the base rates 6.5% for international shipments originating in the United States (Worldwide Express, Worldwide Express Plus, UPS Worldwide Expedited and UPS International Standard service), while reducing fuel surcharge indices. Rate changes for shipments originating outside the U.S. are made throughout the year and vary by geographic market.

Currency-adjusted export revenue per piece decreased 3.7% in 2013, as the shift in product mix from our premium express products to our standard products more than offset the increase in base rates. Currency-adjusted export revenue per piece was also negatively affected by the faster growth among our larger customers, which tend to have a lower yield than middle market and smaller accounts. Additionally, currency-adjusted export revenue per piece was adversely impacted by shorter average trade lanes (due to faster growth in intra-regional shipments), as well as a small impact on pricing from overcapacity in the Asia outbound freight market.

Currency-adjusted domestic revenue per piece decreased 0.4% in 2013. Domestic revenue per piece was adversely impacted by the faster domestic volume growth in our lower-yielding standard service, as well as product and customer mix changes in several developed markets.


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2012 compared to 2011

Total average revenue per piece increased 1.5% in 2012 on a currency-adjusted basis, and was impacted by base rate increases, as well as changes in product mix and fuel surcharge rates, which are discussed below.

Currency-adjusted export revenue per piece decreased 1.3% for the year, as the shift in product mix from our premium express products to our standard products more than offset the increase in base rates. Additionally, currency-adjusted export revenue per piece was adversely impacted by a shortening of average trade lanes, as we experienced greater volume growth among our lower-yielding Transborder and Trade Direct products relative to our higher-yielding transcontinental volume.

Currency-adjusted domestic revenue per piece increased 3.8% for the year, largely due to base rate increases.

On January 2, 2012, we increased the base rates 6.9% for international shipments originating in the United States (Worldwide Express, Worldwide Express Plus, UPS Worldwide Expedited and UPS International Standard service), while reducing the fuel surcharge indices. Rate changes for shipments originating outside the U.S. are made throughout the year and vary by geographic market.

Fuel Surcharges

In connection with our base rate increases on December 31, 2012 and January 2, 2012, we modified the fuel surcharges on certain U.S.-related international air services by reducing the index used to determine the fuel surcharge by 2% in each of the two years. The fuel surcharges for air products originating outside the United States are indexed to the DOE's Gulf Coast spot price for a gallon of kerosene-type jet fuel, while the fuel surcharges for ground products originating outside the United States are indexed to fuel prices in the international region or country where the shipment takes place. Total international fuel surcharge revenue decreased by $135 million in 2013, largely due to declining fuel prices and the 2% reduction in the index; however, this was partially offset by increases in international air volume. Total international fuel surcharge revenue increased by $11 million in 2012, due to higher fuel surcharge rates caused by increased fuel prices as well as an increase in international air volume, but was partially offset by the 2% reduction in the index.

Operating Expenses

2013 compared to 2012

Overall adjusted operating expenses for the segment increased $319 million in 2013 compared with 2012. This increase was driven by the cost of pick-up and delivery, which increased $195 million for the year, largely due to higher package volume.

The cost of operating our international integrated air and ground network increased $111 million for the year, also largely due to higher package volume; however, network costs were mitigated by a 0.4% reduction in average daily aircraft block hours resulting from ongoing modifications to our air network. This was achieved even with a 6.4% increase in international export volume and several air product service enhancements that occurred during 2013.

The remaining increases in adjusted operating expenses for the year were largely due to the costs of package sorting, which was impacted by volume growth, and indirect operating costs, which were affected by increased expenses associated with aviation security.

Excluding the impact of currency exchange rate changes, the total adjusted cost per piece for the segment decreased 2.7% in 2013 compared with 2012.

2012 compared to 2011

Overall adjusted operating expenses for the segment decreased $55 million in 2012 compared with 2011. The largest component of this decrease related to the cost of operating our international integrated air and ground network, which decreased $117 million. This decrease primarily resulted from cost control initiatives, including a 1.8% reduction in average daily aircraft block hours resulting from ongoing modifications to our air network. The cost of pick-up and delivery decreased $53 million, largely due to the impact of currency exchange rate movements and in-country cost control initiatives.


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Partially offsetting these cost reductions was an increase in indirect operating costs, which increased $143 million in 2012 compared with 2011. This increase was impacted by our investment in enhanced security screening for our international locations and expenses associated with business acquisition activities, including our proposed acquisition of TNT Express N.V. (see note 15 to the consolidated financial statements) as well as the February 2012 acquisition of Kiala S.A.

Excluding the impact of currency exchange rate changes, the total cost per piece for the segment increased 2.3% in 2012 compared with 2011.

Operating Profit and Margin

2013 compared to 2012

Adjusted operating profit contracted by 0.8% in 2013 compared with 2012, while the adjusted operating margin decreased 40 basis points. The solid volume growth in 2013 was largely offset by reductions in revenue per piece, leading to only slight growth in revenue. The net impact of fuel (fuel surcharge revenue decreased at a faster rate than fuel expense) as well as currency remeasurement and translation losses combined to decrease operating profit by $219 million when comparing 2013 with 2012. The combination of low revenue growth and the adverse impact of fuel and currency led to the reduction in adjusted operating margin.

2012 compared to 2011

Adjusted operating margin declined 40 basis points in 2012 compared with 2011, as the product mix shift from our premium express products to our standard products in 2012 reduced margins in this segment. Additionally, the volume declines in certain key transcontinental trade lanes during portions of 2012 also adversely impacted margins, since these routes have a larger cost infrastructure (relative to the remainder of the International Package segment) to support the air express volume in each region. These factors were mitigated, however, from benefits derived from air network adjustments, cost containment programs and the positive impact from foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. As a result, we experienced a 3.7% decline in adjusted operating profit in 2012 compared with 2011.



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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS



Supply Chain & Freight Operations

Year Ended December 31,

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Freight LTL Statistics:

Revenue (in millions)

$

2,502


$

2,377


$

2,299


5.3

 %

3.4

 %

Revenue Per Hundredweight

$

22.05


$

21.73


$

21.17


1.5

 %

2.6

 %

Shipments (in thousands)

10,497


10,136


10,247


3.6

 %

(1.1

)%

Shipments Per Day (in thousands)

41.5


40.1


40.5


3.6

 %

(1.1

)%

Gross Weight Hauled (in millions of lbs)

11,348


10,939


10,858


3.7

 %

0.7

 %

Weight Per Shipment (in lbs)

1,081


1,079


1,060


0.2

 %

1.8

 %

Operating Days in Period

253


253


253


Revenue (in millions):

Forwarding and Logistics

$

5,492


$

5,977


$

6,103


(8.1

)%

(2.1

)%

Freight

2,882


2,640


2,563


9.2

 %

3.0

 %

Other

561


530


473


5.8

 %

12.1

 %

Total Revenue

$

8,935


$

9,147


$

9,139


(2.3

)%

0.1

 %

Operating Expenses (in millions):

Operating Expenses

$

8,261


$

9,132


$

8,532


(9.5

)%

7.0

 %

Defined Benefit Plans Mark-to-Market Charge

-


(713

)

(177

)

Gains on Real Estate Transactions

-


-


48


Adjusted Operating Expenses

$

8,261


$

8,419


$

8,403


(1.9

)%

0.2

 %

Operating Profit (in millions) and Operating Margins:

Operating Profit

$

674


$

15


$

607


N/A


(97.5

)%

Adjusted Operating Profit

$

674


$

728


$

736


(7.4

)%

(1.1

)%

Operating Margin

7.5

%

0.2

%

6.6

%

Adjusted Operating Margin

7.5

%

8.0

%

8.1

%

Currency Translation Benefit / (Cost)-(in millions)*:

Revenue

$

(31

)

$

(100

)

Operating Expenses

25


97


Operating Profit

$

(6

)

$

(3

)

*

Amount represents the change compared to the prior year.

Revenue

2013 compared to 2012

Forwarding and logistics revenue decreased $485 million in 2013 compared with 2012. Forwarding revenue decreased in 2013, primarily due to lower tonnage and rates charged to our customers in our international air forwarding business. The reduction in tonnage was caused by several factors, including weak overall market demand, competitive pressures, and our customer concentration among the technology and military sectors, as demand in these sectors was relatively weaker than the remainder of the air freight market. The reduction in rates was largely due to industry overcapacity in key trade lanes, particularly the Asia-outbound market. Revenue for our logistics products increased in 2013 compared with 2012, as we experienced solid growth in our mail services and healthcare distribution solutions; however, this was largely offset by revenue declines among our technology customers.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Freight revenue increased $242 million in 2013, driven by an increase in LTL revenue per hundredweight, tonnage and average daily LTL shipments. The increase in LTL revenue per hundredweight was largely due to our focus on yield management, as well as general rate increases averaging 5.9% that took effect on both July 16, 2012 and on June 10, 2013, covering non-contractual shipments in the United States, Canada and Mexico. LTL fuel surcharge revenue increased by $18 million in 2013 compared with the prior year, due to changes in diesel fuel prices and overall LTL shipment volume. In addition, our Truckload division experienced increased volume and revenue, primarily related to our dedicated and non-dedicated service offerings.

The other businesses within Supply Chain & Freight increased revenue by $31 million in 2013, primarily due to growth at UPS Capital, The UPS Store and UPS Customer Solutions.

2012 compared to 2011

Forwarding and logistics revenue decreased $126 million in 2012 compared with 2011. Forwarding revenue decreased in 2012, primarily due to lower rates in our air forwarding business and the adverse impact of foreign currency exchange rates; however, this was partially offset by improved tonnage in both our air and ocean forwarding businesses. The reduction in rates in the air forwarding business was largely due to industry overcapacity in key trade lanes, particularly the Asia-outbound market. In our logistics products, revenue increased in 2012 as we experienced robust growth in our mail services and health care solutions. The improved revenue in our health care solutions business was driven by organic growth as well as the December 2011 acquisition of Pieffe Group.

Freight revenue increased $77 million for the year, driven by an increase in LTL revenue per hundredweight and in gross weight hauled; however, these factors were somewhat offset by a decline in average daily LTL shipments. The increase in LTL revenue per hundredweight was largely due to our focus on yield management and profitable revenue growth, as well as a general rate increase averaging 5.9% that took effect on July 16, 2012, covering non-contractual shipments in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The decline in average daily LTL shipments in 2012 was impacted by increased competitiveness in the LTL market and the slowdown in the U.S. economy. Fuel surcharge revenue increased by $16 million for 2012 compared with the prior year, due to changes in diesel fuel prices and overall LTL shipment volume.

The other businesses within Supply Chain & Freight increased revenue by $57 million in 2012 compared with 2011, primarily due to growth at The UPS Store, UPS Customer Solutions and our contract to provide domestic air transportation services for the U.S. Postal Service.

Operating Expenses

2013 compared to 2012

Forwarding and logistics adjusted operating expenses decreased $388 million in 2013 compared with 2012, due to several factors. Purchased transportation expense declined by $236 million, primarily due to lower tonnage in our international air freight forwarding business. Compensation and benefits expense declined by $59 million, largely due to reduced payroll costs and lower expense for worker's compensation claims. The remaining decrease in expense resulted from lower fuel costs, bad debt expense, and various other items.

Freight adjusted operating expenses increased $234 million in 2013, while the total cost per LTL shipment increased 2.0%. The largest component of this increase related to the cost of operating our linehaul network, which grew by $62 million, as a result of a 3.7% average daily tonnage increase, coupled with wage and purchased transportation increases. Our Truckload division experienced a $48 million increase in costs for the year, largely related to the expansion of our dedicated and non-dedicated services. Pick-up and delivery costs increased $15 million as a result of higher volume and wage increases, but were partially offset by productivity improvements. The remaining increase in expense in 2013 was impacted by increases in pension expense and healthcare costs.

Adjusted operating expenses for the other businesses within Supply Chain & Freight decreased $4 million in 2013 compared with 2012.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


2012 compared to 2011

Forwarding and logistics adjusted operating expenses decreased $97 million in 2012 compared with 2011, due to several factors. Purchased transportation expense fell by $65 million in 2012, primarily due to lower rates charged to us by third-party transportation carriers (though this briefly reversed in the fourth quarter). Compensation and benefits expense declined by $28 million in 2012, largely due to reduced payroll and lower management incentive compensation costs. These factors were partially offset by a $10 million increase in depreciation and amortization, due to the amortization of intangible assets associated with our acquisition of Pieffe Group and the continued investment in technology and facilities in our health care logistics business.

Freight adjusted operating expenses increased $57 million in 2012, while the total cost per LTL shipment increased 3.8% for the year. The largest component of this increase related to the cost of operating our linehaul network, which grew by $40 million for the year, primarily as a result of an increase in tonnage, coupled with wage and purchased transportation increases. Pick-up and delivery costs increased $12 million for the year, largely due to the increase in tonnage as well as contractual driver wage increases of 3.5%. Rising diesel fuel prices increased the fuel expense for our fleet, as well as increased the fuel surcharge rates passed to us from third-party transportation carriers. These factors were, however, partially offset by productivity improvements.

Adjusted operating expenses for the other businesses within Supply Chain & Freight increased $56 million in 2012 compared with 2011.

Operating Profit and Margin

2013 compared to 2012

Adjusted operating profit for the forwarding and logistics unit decreased by $97 million in 2013 compared with 2012. This decrease was primarily due to reduced profitability in our international air forwarding business, which resulted from competitive pressures combined with weak overall air freight market demand due to continued economic weakness in Europe, slowing growth in China and a sluggish U.S. economy. Additionally, our customer concentration among the technology and military sectors negatively impacted our results, as demand in these sectors was relatively weaker than the remainder of the air freight market. This lower demand pressured the rates we charge to our customers, which more than offset the reduced rates we incur from third-party transportation carriers, and thereby led to a compression in our operating margin.

Adjusted operating profit for our freight unit increased $8 million in 2013 compared with 2012, as improvements in average daily LTL volume, yields and productivity measures (including gains in pick-up and delivery stops per hour, dock bills per hour and linehaul network utilization) more than offset an increase in wage and benefit expenses.

The combined adjusted operating profit for all of our other businesses in this segment increased $35 million in 2013 compared with 2012, primarily due to higher operating profit at UPS Capital and The UPS Store.

2012 compared to 2011

Adjusted operating profit for the forwarding and logistics unit decreased by $29 million in 2012 compared with 2011. This decrease was primarily due to reduced profitability in our international air forwarding business, as European economic uncertainty, slower growth in China and a sluggish U.S. economy all contributed to a reduction in overall air freight market demand. This lower demand pressured the rates we charge to our customers, which more than offset the reduced rates we incur from third-party transportation carriers, and thereby led to a decline in our operating margin. Operating profit for our logistics business declined in 2012 compared with 2011, largely due to increased depreciation expense resulting from the continued investment in technology and facilities for our global health care business.

Adjusted operating profit for our freight unit increased $20 million in 2012 compared with 2011, as gains in productivity (including pick-up and delivery stops per hour, dock bills per hour and linehaul network utilization) as well as improved yields, more than offset the overall decline in volume.

The combined adjusted operating profit for all of our other businesses in this segment increased $1 million in 2012 compared with 2011, largely due to growth from our contract to provide domestic air transportation services for the U.S. Postal Service.



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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Operating Expenses

Year Ended December 31,

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Operating Expenses (in millions):

Compensation and Benefits

$

28,557


$

33,102


$

27,575


(13.7

)%

20.0

 %

Defined Benefit Plans Mark-to-Market Charge

-


(4,831

)

(827

)

Multiemployer Pension Plan Withdrawal Charge

-


(896

)

-


Adjusted Compensation and Benefits

28,557


27,375


26,748


4.3

 %

2.3

 %

Repairs and Maintenance

1,240


1,228


1,286


1.0

 %

(4.5

)%

Depreciation and Amortization

1,867


1,858


1,782


0.5

 %

4.3

 %

Purchased Transportation

7,486


7,354


7,232


1.8

 %

1.7

 %

Fuel

4,027


4,090


4,046


(1.5

)%

1.1

 %

Other Occupancy

950


902


943


5.3

 %

(4.3

)%

Other Expenses

4,277


4,250


4,161


0.6

 %

2.1

 %

TNT Termination Fee and Related Expenses

(284

)

-


-


Gain Upon Liquidation of Foreign Subsidiary

245


-


-


Gains on Real Estate Transactions

-


-


33


Adjusted Other Expenses

4,238


4,250


4,194


(0.3

)%

1.3

 %

Total Operating Expenses

$

48,404


$

52,784


$

47,025


(8.3

)%

12.2

 %

Adjusted Total Operating Expenses

$

48,365


$

47,057


$

46,231


2.8

 %

1.8

 %

Currency Translation Cost / (Benefit)*

$

12


$

(362

)

*

Amount represents the change compared to the prior year.

Compensation and Benefits

2013 compared to 2012

Employee payroll costs increased $684 million in 2013 compared with 2012, largely due to contractual union wage rate increases, a 3.1% increase in average daily union labor hours, and a merit salary increase for management employees; however, this was partially offset by an overall reduction in the number of management personnel.

Adjusted benefits expense increased $498 million in 2013 compared with 2012, primarily due to higher pension expense, increased vacation, holiday and excused absence expense, and higher health and welfare costs; however, these items were partially offset by changes in the expense associated with our self-insurance for worker's compensation claims. These primary factors impacting expense are discussed further as follows:

Pension expense increased $300 million in 2013 compared with 2012, due to higher union contribution rates for multiemployer pension plans combined with increased service and interest costs for company-sponsored plans. The increase in service and interest costs for company-sponsored plans was largely due to continued service accruals and lower discount rates.

Vacation, holiday and excused absence expense increased $89 million in 2013 compared with 2012, due to increased vacation entitlements earned based on employees' years of service, higher wage rates and an increase in the overall number of employees during 2013.


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Health and welfare costs increased $182 million in 2013 compared with 2012, largely due to increased contribution rates to multiemployer plans, higher medical claims in UPS-sponsored plans, and the impact of several provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.

The expense associated with our self-insurance programs for worker's compensation claims decreased $131 million in 2013 compared with 2012. Insurance reserves are established for estimates of the loss that we will ultimately incur on reported worker's compensation claims, as well as estimates of claims that have been incurred but not reported, and take into account a number of factors including our history of claim losses, payroll growth and the impact of safety improvement initiatives. In 2013, we experienced favorable actuarial expense adjustments as the frequency and severity of claims was less than previously projected, due to the impact of ongoing safety improvement and claim management initiatives.

2012 compared to 2011

Employee payroll costs increased $183 million in 2012 compared with 2011, largely due to contractual union wage rate increases that took effect under our collective bargaining agreement with the Teamsters, as well as an increase in total union labor hours; however, this was partially offset by a decline in management payroll costs due to a reduction in incentive compensation expense.

Adjusted benefits expense increased $444 million in 2012 compared with 2011, primarily due to higher pension expense, increased health and welfare costs and changes in the expense associated with our self-insurance for workers' compensation claims, as follows:

Adjusted pension expense increased $200 million in 2012 compared with 2011, due to higher union contribution rates for multiemployer pension plans combined with increased service and interest costs for company-sponsored plans. The increase in service and interest costs for company-sponsored plans was largely due to continued service accruals and lower discount rates.

Health and welfare costs increased $157 million in 2012 compared with 2011, largely due to higher medical claims and the impact of several provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.

The expense associated with our self-insurance programs for workers' compensation claims increased $60 million in 2012 compared with 2011. The increase in expense in 2012 was largely impacted by increased payroll estimates, changes in state workers' compensation laws, and medical inflation.

Repairs and Maintenance

2013 compared to 2012

The increase in repairs and maintenance expense was largely due to increased vehicle maintenance costs in our global package and freight operations. These higher costs were impacted by the increase in miles driven in 2013 compared with 2012, as well as the overall increase in the size of our vehicle fleet in our U.S. Domestic Package and UPS Freight operations.

2012 compared to 2011

The decrease in repairs and maintenance expense was largely due to lower aircraft maintenance costs, which decreased $77 million in 2012 compared with 2011. This decrease resulted primarily from a 0.8% reduction in average daily aircraft block hours, and the conversion of an engine maintenance agreement with an outside vendor from a cost reimbursement approach to a fixed rate per flight hour. Additionally, aircraft maintenance expense declined due to a reduction in the number of scheduled maintenance checks for our Airbus A300-600F, Boeing 757-200F and Boeing MD-11F aircraft.


Depreciation and Amortization

2013 compared to 2012

The increase in depreciation and amortization expense in 2013, compared with 2012, was primarily due to a $62 million increase in depreciation expense on vehicles. This increase was driven by the replacement of older, fully-depreciated vehicles, technology upgrades on new vehicles and an overall increase in the size of our vehicle fleet. This increase was largely offset by several factors, including lower building and facility depreciation and capitalized software amortization.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


2012 compared to 2011

The increase in depreciation and amortization expense was primarily due to higher depreciation expense on vehicles of $57 million in 2012 compared with 2011, resulting from the replacement of older, fully-depreciated vehicles, technology upgrades on new vehicles and an overall increase in the size of our vehicle fleet in our U.S. Domestic package operations.

Purchased Transportation

2013 compared to 2012

The increase in purchased transportation expense charged to us by third-party air, ocean and truck carriers in 2013, compared with 2012, was driven by several factors:

Our U.S. Domestic Package segment incurred a $154 million expense increase for the year, primarily due to higher rates passed to us from rail carriers, and higher fees paid to the U.S. Postal Service associated with the volume growth in our SurePost product. This increase in expense was also impacted by the adverse weather conditions in the fourth quarter of 2013, as well as the significant increase in volume during the compressed timing of the holiday season.

Our International Package segment incurred a $144 million expense increase for the year, primarily due to international volume growth.

Our UPS Freight business incurred a $70 million increase for the year, largely due to growth in LTL volume and higher rates passed to us from rail carriers.

The purchased transportation expense for our forwarding & logistics business declined $236 million for the year, largely due to lower tonnage and reduced rates from third-party transportation carriers in our international air freight forwarding business.

2012 compared to 2011

The increase in purchased transportation expense charged to us by third-party air, ocean and truck carriers in 2012 compared with 2011 was impacted by several factors. We incurred a $187 million increase in purchased transportation expense for 2012 in our U.S. Domestic Package segment, primarily due to higher fees paid to the U.S. Postal Service associated with the strong volume growth in our SurePost product, and higher rates passed to us from rail carriers. This was partially offset by a $65 million decrease in expense in our freight forwarding business, largely as a result of lower rates charged to us by third-party air carriers.

Fuel

2013 compared to 2012

The decrease in fuel expense in 2013 was largely due to the decline in fuel prices (primarily jet-A fuel prices), which decreased expense by $77 million, net of hedging. This was partially offset by a $14 million increase in overall fuel usage, which was primarily due to lower vehicle fuel efficiency and an increase in miles driven.

2012 compared to 2011

The fuel expense increase in 2012 compared with 2011 was largely due to higher fuel prices, which increased expense by $116 million; however, this was partially offset by lower usage of fuel products, which decreased expense by $72 million. The lower fuel usage was largely due to the decrease in total aircraft block hours and vehicle miles driven.

Other Occupancy

2013 compared to 2012

The increase in other occupancy expense in 2013, compared with 2012, was primarily due to higher snow removal costs at our operating facilities, an increase in utility expenses, as well as higher real estate taxes. The relatively cold winter in the United States in 2013 compared with 2012 caused the increase in snow removal costs, while increased usage and higher prices of natural gas and electricity resulted in the increase in utility expenses.



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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


2012 compared to 2011

Other occupancy expense decreased in 2012 compared with 2011, primarily due to reductions in personal property and real estate taxes combined with a decrease in utilities expense. The relatively warm winter in the United States, combined with lower natural gas prices, helped to reduce heating and snow removal costs in our facilities during the early months of 2012.

Other Expenses

2013 compared to 2012

The decrease in adjusted other expenses in 2013 compared with 2012 was impacted by a number of factors, including decreases in bad debt expense, employee expense reimbursements, advertising costs, telecommunications expenses, and non-income based state and local taxes. These decreases in expense were partially offset by increases in auto liability insurance, transportation equipment rentals, and air cargo handling costs.

2012 compared to 2011

Adjusted other expenses increased in 2012 compared with 2011, primarily due to an increase in transportation equipment rentals, bad debt expense and auto liability insurance, as well as expenses incurred in 2012 related to the proposed TNT Express N.V. acquisition. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in employee relocation expenses and a decline in package claims expense. Additionally, 2012 adjusted other expenses were reduced by a $9 million gain on the sale of a distribution facility in our Supply Chain & Freight segment.

Investment Income and Interest Expense

The following table sets forth investment income and interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (in millions):

Year Ended December 31,

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Investment Income

$

20


$

24


$

44


(16.7

)%

(45.5

)%

Interest Expense

$

(380

)

$

(393

)

$

(348

)

(3.3

)%

12.9

 %

Investment Income

2013 compared to 2012

The decrease in investment income in 2013 compared with 2012 was primarily due to lower interest rates earned on invested assets, as well as a decline in the average balance of invested assets. These factors were partially offset by higher realized gains on the sales of securities in 2013 compared with 2012.

2012 compared to 2011

The decrease in investment income in 2012 compared with 2011 was primarily caused by an $8 million decline in fair value adjustments and a $25 million decline in realized gains on sales of investments. These declines were partially offset by an increase in interest income, largely due to having a higher average balance of interest-earning cash and investments in our portfolio in 2012 compared with 2011.

Interest Expense

2013 compared to 2012

Interest expense decreased in 2013 compared to 2012, largely due to three factors: (1) having a greater proportion of our debt swapped to lower-yielding variable rates, (2) a decrease in the interest rate indices underlying our variable-rate debt and swaps, and (3) a lower average balance of debt outstanding. These factors were partially offset by the imputation of interest expense on the multiemployer pension withdrawal liability related to the New England Pension Fund.


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2012 compared to 2011

Interest expense increased in 2012 compared with 2011, largely due to a higher average balance of debt outstanding, as well as a higher effective interest rate incurred on our debt. The higher effective interest rate largely resulted from two factors: (1) having a greater proportion of fixed-rate debt outstanding relative to lower-yielding variable rate debt and (2) an increase in the interest rate indices underlying our variable-rate debt and swaps in 2012. Additionally, interest expense increased in 2012 compared with 2011 due to unfavorable fair value adjustments on interest rate swaps that have not been designated as hedges, as well as the imputation of interest expense on the multiemployer pension withdrawal liability related to the New England Pension Fund.

Income Tax Expense

The following table sets forth income tax expense and our effective tax rate for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (in millions):

Year Ended December 31,    

% Change

2013

2012

2011

2013 / 2012

2012 / 2011

Income Tax Expense

$

2,302


$

167


$

1,972


N/A


(91.5

)%

Income Tax Impact of:

TNT Termination Fee and Related Expenses

107


-


-


Gain Upon Liquidation of Foreign Subsidiary

(32

)

-


-


Defined Benefit Plans Mark-to-Market Charge

-


1,808


300


Multiemployer Pension Plan Withdrawal Charge

-


337


-


Gain on Real Estate Transactions

-


-


(13

)

Adjusted Income Tax Expense

$

2,377


$

2,312


$

2,259


2.8

%

2.3

 %

Effective Tax Rate

34.5

%

17.1

%

34.1

%

Adjusted Effective Tax Rate

35.4

%

34.5

%

34.4

%

2013 compared to 2012

Our adjusted effective tax rate increased to 35.4% in 2013 from 34.5% in 2012, due to a decrease in U.S. Federal and state tax credits relative to total pre-tax income, and unfavorable changes in the proportion of our taxable income in certain U.S. and non-U.S. jurisdictions relative to total pre-tax income.

2012 compared to 2011

Our adjusted effective tax rate increased in 2012 compared with 2011 primarily due to the expiration of certain U.S. tax credit provisions at the end of 2011, and a decrease in the relative benefit of other deductions and tax credits that do not increase in proportion to increases in pre-tax income. Adjusted income tax expense increased in 2012 compared with 2011 primarily due to higher pre-tax income and the factors described above.


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Liquidity and Capital Resources

Operating Activities

The following is a summary of the significant sources (uses) of cash from operating activities (amounts in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Net income

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


Non-cash operating activities(a)

3,318


7,313


4,578


Pension and postretirement plan contributions (UPS-sponsored plans)

(212

)

(917

)

(1,436

)

Income tax receivables and payables

(155

)

280


236


Changes in working capital and other noncurrent assets and liabilities

121


(148

)

(12

)

Other operating activities

(140

)

(119

)

(97

)

Net cash from operating activities

$

7,304


$

7,216


$

7,073


(a)

Represents depreciation and amortization, gains and losses on derivative and foreign exchange transactions, deferred income taxes, provisions for uncollectible accounts, pension and postretirement benefit expense, stock compensation expense, impairment charges and other non-cash items.

Cash from operating activities remained strong throughout the 2011 to 2013 time period. Operating cash flow was favorably impacted in 2013, compared with 2012, by lower contributions into our defined benefit pension and postretirement benefit plans; however, this was partially offset by certain TNT Express transaction-related charges, as well as changes in income tax receivables and payables. We paid a termination fee to TNT Express of €200 million ($268 million) under the agreement to terminate the merger protocol in the first quarter of 2013. Additionally, the cash payments for income taxes increased in 2013 compared with 2012, and were impacted by the timing of current tax deductions.

Except for discretionary or accelerated fundings of our plans, contributions to our company-sponsored pension plans have largely varied based on whether any minimum funding requirements are present for individual pension plans.

In 2013, we did not have any required, nor make any discretionary, contributions to our primary company-sponsored pension plans in the U.S.

In 2012, we made a $355 million required contribution to the UPS IBT Pension Plan.

In 2011, we made a $1.2 billion contribution to the UPS IBT Pension Plan, which satisfied our 2011 contribution requirements and also approximately $440 million in contributions that would not have been required until after 2011.

The remaining contributions in the 2011 through 2013 period were largely due to contributions to our international pension plans and U.S. postretirement medical benefit plans.

As discussed further in the "Contractual Commitments" section, we have minimum funding requirements in the next several years, primarily related to the UPS IBT Pension, UPS Retirement and UPS Pension plans.

As of December 31, 2013 , the total of our worldwide holdings of cash and cash equivalents was $ 4.665 billion . Approximately 45%-55% of cash and cash equivalents was held by foreign subsidiaries throughout the year. The amount of cash held by our U.S. and foreign subsidiaries fluctuates throughout the year due to a variety of factors, including the timing of cash receipts and disbursements in the normal course of business. Cash provided by operating activities in the United States continues to be our primary source of funds to finance domestic operating needs, capital expenditures, share repurchases and dividend payments to shareowners. To the extent that such amounts represent previously untaxed earnings, the cash held by foreign subsidiaries would be subject to tax if such amounts were repatriated in the form of dividends; however, not all international cash balances would have to be repatriated in the form of a dividend if returned to the U.S. When amounts earned by foreign subsidiaries are expected to be indefinitely reinvested, no accrual for taxes is provided.



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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Investing Activities

Our primary sources (uses) of cash for investing activities were as follows (amounts in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Net cash used in investing activities

$

(2,114

)

$

(1,335

)

$

(2,537

)

Capital Expenditures:

Buildings and facilities

$

(483

)

$

(506

)

$

(373

)

Aircraft and parts

(478

)

(568

)

(598

)

Vehicles

(662

)

(672

)

(659

)

Information technology

(442

)

(407

)

(375

)

$

(2,065

)

$

(2,153

)

$

(2,005

)

Capital Expenditures as a % of Revenue

3.7

%

4.0

%

3.8

%

Other Investing Activities:

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

$

104


$

95


$

27


Net decrease in finance receivables

$

39


$

101


$

184


Net (purchases) sales of marketable securities

$

9


$

628


$

(413

)

Cash received (paid) for business acquisitions and dispositions

$

(22

)

$

(100

)

$

(73

)

Other investing activities

$

(179

)

$

94


$

(257

)

We have commitments for the purchase of vehicles, equipment and real estate to provide for the replacement of existing capacity and anticipated future growth. We generally fund our capital expenditures with our cash from operations. Future capital spending for anticipated growth and replacement assets will depend on a variety of factors, including economic and industry conditions. We anticipate that our capital expenditures for 2014 will be approximately $2.5 billion.

Capital spending on aircraft over the 2011 to 2013 period was largely due to scheduled deliveries of previous orders for the Boeing 767-300ERF and 747-400F aircraft. Capital spending on vehicles increased during the 2011 to 2013 period in our U.S. and international package businesses and our freight unit, due to vehicle replacements, technology enhancements and new vehicle orders to support volume growth. Capital expenditures on buildings and facilities in the 2011 to 2013 period included expansion and new construction projects at facilities in Europe and Asia, including a $200 million expansion at our European air hub in Cologne, Germany that began in 2011 and will be completed in the first quarter of 2014.

The proceeds from the disposal of property, plant and equipment were largely due to real estate and aircraft sales during the 2011 through 2013 period, as well as the proceeds from insurance recoveries in 2013. The net decline in finance receivables in the 2011 through 2013 period was primarily due to customer paydowns and loan sales activity, primarily in our commercial lending, asset-based lending and leasing portfolios. The purchases and sales of marketable securities are largely determined by liquidity needs and the periodic rebalancing of investment types, and will therefore fluctuate from period to period.

The cash paid for business acquisitions in the 2011 to 2013 period was largely due to the acquisitions of Pieffe Group in Italy (2011), Kiala S.A. in Belgium (2012) and Cemelog Ltd. in Hungary (2013), as well as other smaller acquisitions.

Other investing activities are impacted by changes in our restricted cash balance, the cash settlement of derivative contracts used in our currency hedging programs, and the timing of aircraft purchase contract deposits on our Boeing 767-300ERF and 747-400F aircraft orders. In 2013, we increased the restricted cash balance associated with our self-insurance requirements by $137 million (there were no changes in restricted cash in 2012 or 2011, other than earned interest). We received (paid) cash related to purchases and settlements of energy and currency derivative contracts used in our hedging programs of $(28), $41, and $(78) million during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.


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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Financing Activities

Our primary sources (uses) of cash for financing activities were as follows (amounts in millions, except per share data):

2013

2012

2011

Net cash used in financing activities

$

(7,807

)

$

(1,817

)

$

(4,862

)

Share Repurchases:

Cash expended for shares repurchased

$

(3,838

)

$

(1,621

)

$

(2,665

)

Number of shares repurchased

(43.2

)

(21.8

)

(38.7

)

Shares outstanding at year-end

923


953


963


Percent reduction in shares outstanding

(3.1

)%

(1.0

)%

(2.8

)%

Dividends:

Dividends declared per share

$

2.48


$

2.28


$

2.08


Cash expended for dividend payments

$

(2,260

)

$

(2,130

)

$

(1,997

)

Borrowings:

Net borrowings (repayments) of debt principal

$

(1,775

)

$

1,729


$

(95

)

Other Financing Activities:

Cash received for common stock issuances

$

491


$

301


$

290


Other financing activities

$

(425

)

$

(96

)

$

(395

)

Capitalization:

Total debt outstanding at year-end

$

10,872


$

12,870


$

11,128


Total shareowners' equity at year-end

6,488


4,733


7,108


Total capitalization

$

17,360


$

17,603


$

18,236


Debt to Total Capitalization %

62.6

 %

73.1

 %

61.0

 %

On February 14, 2013 , the Board of Directors approved a share repurchase authorization of $ 10.0 billion, which replaced an authorization previously announced in 2012. The share repurchase authorization has no expiration date. As of December 31, 2013 , we had $ 6.814 billion of this share repurchase authorization remaining. Share repurchases may take the form of accelerated share repurchases, open market purchases, or other such methods as we deem appropriate. The timing of our share repurchases will depend upon market conditions. Unless terminated earlier by the resolution of our Board, the program will expire when we have purchased all shares authorized for repurchase under the program. We anticipate repurchasing approximately $2.7 billion of shares in 2014 .

The declaration of dividends is subject to the discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend on various factors, including our net income, financial condition, cash requirements, future prospects, and other relevant factors. We expect to continue the practice of paying regular cash dividends. In February 2014, we increased our quarterly dividend payment from $0.62 to $ 0.67 per share, an 8 % increase.

Issuances of debt in 2013 consisted primarily of longer-maturity commercial paper. Issuances of debt in 2012 consisted primarily of senior fixed rate note offerings totaling $1.75 billion, the proceeds of which were used to repay the principal balance of our $1.75 billion notes that matured on January 15, 2013. In 2011, issuances of debt consisted primarily of commercial paper and five new aircraft leases.

Repayments of debt in 2013, 2012 and 2011 consisted primarily of the maturity of our $1.75 billion senior fixed rate notes that matured on January 15, 2013, paydowns of commercial paper, and scheduled principal payments on our capitalized lease obligations. We consider the overall fixed and floating interest rate mix of our portfolio and the related overall cost of borrowing when planning for future issuances and non-scheduled repayments of debt.

As of December 31, 2013 , our 3.875% senior notes with a principal balance of $ 1.0 billion due in April 2014 have been classified as a long-term liability, based on our intent and ability to refinance the debt.

We had no commercial paper outstanding at December 31, 2013 and 2012. The amount of commercial paper outstanding fluctuates throughout each year based on daily liquidity needs. The average commercial paper balance was $1.013 billion and the average interest rate paid was 0.07% in 2013 ($962 million and 0.07% in 2012, respectively).


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Cash received from common stock issuances to employees increased primarily due to additional stock option exercises in 2013 and 2012.

The cash outflows in other financing activities were impacted by several factors. Cash inflows (outflows) from the premium payments and settlements of capped call options for the purchase of UPS class B shares were $(93), $206 and $(200) million for 2013, 2012 and 2011, respectively. In 2013, we paid $70 million to purchase the noncontrolling interest in a joint venture that operates in the Middle East, Turkey and portions of the Central Asia region. In 2012, we settled several interest rate derivatives that were designated as hedges of the senior fixed-rate debt offerings that year, which resulted in a cash outflow of $70 million. The remaining cash outflows in other financing activities for 2013, 2012 and 2011 were related to the repurchase of shares to satisfy tax withholding obligations on vested employee stock awards.

Sources of Credit

We are authorized to borrow up to $ 10.0 billion under our U.S. commercial paper program. We also maintain a European commercial paper program under which we are authorized to borrow up to € 5.0 billion in a variety of currencies. No amounts were outstanding under these programs as of December 31, 2013 . The amount of commercial paper outstanding under these programs in 2014 is expected to fluctuate.

We maintain two credit agreements with a consortium of banks. One of these agreements provides revolving credit facilities of $ 1.5 billion, and expires on March 28, 2014 . Generally, amounts outstanding under this facility bear interest at a periodic fixed rate equal to LIBOR for the applicable interest period and currency denomination, plus an applicable margin. Alternatively, a fluctuating rate of interest equal to the highest of (1) JPMorgan Chase Bank's publicly announced prime rate, (2) the Federal Funds effective rate plus 0.50% , and (3) LIBOR for a one month interest period plus 1.00% , plus an applicable margin, may be used at our discretion. In each case, the applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on LIBOR is a percentage determined by quotations from Markit Group Ltd. for our 1 -year credit default swap spread, subject to a minimum rate of 0.10% and a maximum rate of 0.75% . The applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on the prime rate is 1.00% below the applicable margin for LIBOR advances (but not lower than 0.00% ). We are also able to request advances under this facility based on competitive bids for the applicable interest rate. There were no amounts outstanding under this facility as of December 31, 2013 .

The second agreement provides revolving credit facilities of $ 1.0 billion, and expires on March 29, 2018 . Generally, amounts outstanding under this facility bear interest at a periodic fixed rate equal to LIBOR for the applicable interest period and currency denomination, plus an applicable margin. Alternatively, a fluctuating rate of interest equal to the highest of (1) JPMorgan Chase Bank's publicly announced prime rate, (2) the Federal Funds effective rate plus 0.50% , and (3) LIBOR for a one month interest period plus 1.00% , plus an applicable margin, may be used at our discretion. In each case, the applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on LIBOR is a percentage determined by quotations from Markit Group Ltd. for our credit default swap spread, interpolated for a period from the date of determination of such credit default swap spread in connection with a new interest period until the latest maturity date of this facility then in effect (but not less than a period of one year). The applicable margin is subject to certain minimum rates and maximum rates based on our public debt ratings from Standard & Poor's Rating Service and Moody's Investors Service. The minimum applicable margin rates range from 0.100% to 0.375% , and the maximum applicable margin rates range from 0.750% to 1.250% per annum. The applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on the prime rate is 1.00% below the applicable margin for LIBOR advances (but not less than 0.00% ). We are also able to request advances under this facility based on competitive bids. There were no amounts outstanding under this facility as of December 31, 2013 .

Our existing debt instruments and credit facilities subject us to certain financial covenants. As of December 31, 2013 and for all prior periods presented, we have satisfied these financial covenants. These covenants limit the amount of secured indebtedness that we may incur, and limit the amount of attributable debt in sale-leaseback transactions, to 10% of net tangible assets. As of December 31, 2013 , 10 % of net tangible assets is equivalent to $ 2.612 billion ; however, we have no covered sale-leaseback transactions or secured indebtedness outstanding. We do not expect these covenants to have a material impact on our financial condition or liquidity.

Guarantees and Other Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have guarantees or other off-balance sheet financing arrangements, including variable interest entities, which we believe could have a material impact on financial condition or liquidity.


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Contractual Commitments

We have contractual obligations and commitments in the form of capital leases, operating leases, debt obligations, purchase commitments, and certain other liabilities. We intend to satisfy these obligations through the use of cash flow from operations. The following table summarizes the expected cash outflow to satisfy our contractual obligations and commitments as of December 31, 2013 (in millions):

Commitment Type

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

After 2018

Total

Capital Leases

$

67


$

65


$

58


$

58


$

53


$

422


$

723


Operating Leases

310


239


180


146


99


242


1,216


Debt Principal

1,009


107


6


377


750


8,030


10,279


Debt Interest

301


294


294


293


282


4,519


5,983


Purchase Commitments

333


100


50


11


-


-


494


Pension Fundings

-


687


1,137


1,082


1,055


2,259


6,220


Other Liabilities

58


43


23


10


5


-


139


Total

$

2,078


$

1,535


$

1,748


$

1,977


$

2,244


$

15,472


$

25,054


Our capital lease obligations relate primarily to leases on aircraft. Capital leases, operating leases, and purchase commitments, as well as our debt principal obligations, are discussed further in note 7 to our consolidated financial statements. The amount of interest on our debt was calculated as the contractual interest payments due on our fixed-rate debt, in addition to interest on variable rate debt that was calculated based on interest rates as of December 31, 2013 . The calculations of debt interest take into account the effect of interest rate swap agreements. For debt denominated in a foreign currency, the U.S. Dollar equivalent principal amount of the debt at the end of the year was used as the basis to calculate future interest payments.

Purchase commitments represent contractual agreements to purchase goods or services that are legally binding, the largest of which are orders for technology equipment and vehicles. As of December 31, 2013 , we have no open aircraft orders.

Pension fundings represent the anticipated required cash contributions that will be made to our qualified U.S. pension plans (these plans are discussed further in note 4 to the consolidated financial statements). The pension funding requirements were estimated under the provisions of the Pension Protection Act of 2006 and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, using discount rates, asset returns and other assumptions appropriate for these plans. In July 2012, federal legislation was signed into law that allows pension plan sponsors to use higher interest rate assumptions (based on a 25-year rate history) in valuing plan liabilities and determining funding obligations. As a result of this legislation, we are not subject to required contributions in 2014 for our domestic pension plans. The amount of any minimum funding requirement, as applicable, for these plans could change significantly in future periods, depending on many factors, including future plan asset returns and discount rates. A sustained significant decline in the world equity markets, and the resulting impact on our pension assets and investment returns, could result in our domestic pension plans being subject to significantly higher minimum funding requirements. To the extent that the funded status of these plans in future years differs from our current projections, the actual contributions made in future years could materially differ from the amounts shown in the table above.

As discussed in note 5 to our consolidated financial statements, we are not currently subject to any minimum contributions or surcharges with respect to the multiemployer pension and health and welfare plans in which we participate. Contribution rates to these multiemployer pension and health and welfare plans are established through the collective bargaining process. As we are not subject to any minimum contribution levels, we have not included any amounts in the contractual commitments table with respect to these multiemployer plans.

The contractual payments due for "other liabilities" primarily include commitment payments related to our investment in certain partnerships. The table above does not include approximately $ 235 million of liabilities for uncertain tax positions because we are uncertain if or when such amounts will ultimately be settled in cash. In addition, we also have recognized assets associated with uncertain tax positions in excess of the related liabilities such that we do not believe a net contractual obligation exists to the taxing authorities. Uncertain tax positions are further discussed in note 12 to the consolidated financial statements.


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As of December 31, 2013 , we had outstanding letters of credit totaling approximately $ 1.023 billion issued in connection with our self-insurance reserves and other routine business requirements. We also issue surety bonds as an alternative to letters of credit in certain instances, and as of December 31, 2013 , we had $ 627 million of surety bonds written. As of December 31, 2013 , we had unfunded loan commitments totaling $ 153 million associated with our financial business.

We believe that funds from operations and borrowing programs will provide adequate sources of liquidity and capital resources to meet our expected long-term needs for the operation of our business, including anticipated capital expenditures, for the foreseeable future.

Contingencies

We are involved in a number of judicial proceedings and other matters arising from the conduct of our business activities.

Although there can be no assurance as to the ultimate outcome, we have generally denied, or believe we have a meritorious defense and will deny, liability in all litigation pending against us, including (except as otherwise noted herein) the matters described below, and we intend to defend vigorously each case. We have accrued for legal claims when, and to the extent that, amounts associated with the claims become probable and can be reasonably estimated. The actual costs of resolving legal claims may be substantially higher or lower than the amounts accrued for those claims.

For those matters as to which we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss, we are not able to determine whether the loss will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations or liquidity. For matters in this category, we have indicated in the descriptions that follow the reasons that we are unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss.

Judicial Proceedings

We are a defendant in a number of lawsuits filed in state and federal courts containing various class action allegations under state wage-and-hour laws. At this time, we do not believe that any loss associated with these matters would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

UPS and our subsidiary Mail Boxes Etc., Inc. are defendants in a lawsuit in California Superior Court about the rebranding of The UPS Store franchises.  In the Morgate case, the plaintiffs are (1) 125 individual franchisees who did not rebrand to The UPS Store and (2) a certified class of all franchisees who did rebrand. With respect to the 125 individual franchisees described in (1) above, the trial court entered judgment against a bellwether individual plaintiff, which was affirmed in January 2012.  In March 2013, we reached a settlement in principle with the remaining individual plaintiffs who did not rebrand.  We believe this settlement will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.  The trial court granted our motion for summary judgment against the certified class described in (2) above, which was reversed in January 2012.  We have not reached a settlement with this class of franchisees, and the claims of the class remain pending.

There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from the remaining aspects of this case, including: (1) we are vigorously defending ourselves and believe we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; and (2) it remains uncertain what evidence of damages, if any, plaintiffs will be able to present. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from this matter or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

In AFMS LLC v. UPS and FedEx Corporation, a lawsuit filed in federal court in the Central District of California in August 2010, the plaintiff asserts that UPS and FedEx violated U.S. antitrust law by conspiring to refuse to negotiate with third-party negotiators retained by shippers and by individually imposing policies that prevent shippers from using such negotiators. UPS and FedEx have moved for summary judgment.  There has been no ruling on those motions.  The case does not have a trial date scheduled. The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice ("DOJ") has an ongoing civil investigation of our policies and practices for dealing with third-party negotiators. We are cooperating with this investigation. We deny any liability with respect to these matters and intend to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) we believe that we have a number of meritorious defenses; (2) the Court has not ruled on the pending dispositive motions; and (3) the DOJ investigation is pending. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.


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In Canada, four purported class-action cases were filed against us in British Columbia ( 2006 ); Ontario ( 2007 ) and Québec ( 2006 and 2013 ). The cases each allege inadequate disclosure concerning the existence and cost of brokerage services provided by us under applicable provincial consumer protection legislation and infringement of interest restriction provisions under the Criminal Code of Canada. The British Columbia class action was declared inappropriate for certification and dismissed by the trial judge. That decision was upheld by the British Columbia Court of Appeal in March 2010 , which ended the case in our favor. The Ontario class action was certified in September 2011 . Partial summary judgment was granted to us and the plaintiffs by the Ontario motions court. The complaint under the Criminal Code was dismissed. No appeal is being taken from that decision. The allegations of inadequate disclosure were granted and we are appealing that decision. The motion to authorize the 2006 Québec litigation as a class action was dismissed by the motions judge in October 2012 ; there was no appeal, which ended that case in our favor. The 2013 Québec litigation also has been dismissed. We deny all liability and are vigorously defending the one outstanding case in Ontario. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from this matter, including: (1) we are vigorously defending ourselves and believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; and (2) there are unresolved questions of law and fact that could be important to the ultimate resolution of this matter. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from this matter or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

Other Matters

On March 29, 2013, we entered into a Non-Prosecution Agreement ("NPA") with the United States Attorney's Office in the Northern District of California in connection with an investigation by the Drug Enforcement Administration of shipments by illicit online pharmacies. Under the NPA, we forfeited $40 million to the government, admitted to a Statement of Facts describing the conduct leading to the agreement, and agreed to implement an online pharmacy compliance program. The term of the NPA is two years, although we can petition the government to shorten that term in its discretion to one year. The NPA did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in 2013.

In August 2010 , competition authorities in Brazil opened an administrative proceeding to investigate alleged anticompetitive behavior in the freight forwarding industry. Approximately 45 freight forwarding companies and individuals are named in the proceeding, including UPS, UPS SCS Transportes (Brasil) S.A., and a former employee in Brazil. UPS will have an opportunity to respond to these allegations. In November 2012, the Commerce Commission of Singapore initiated an investigation with respect to similar matters.

We are cooperating with each of these investigations, and intend to continue to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) we are vigorously defending each matter and believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; (2) there are unresolved questions of law that could be of importance to the ultimate resolutions of these matters, including the calculation of any potential fine; and (3) there is uncertainty about the time period that is the subject of the investigations. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.


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In January 2008 , a class action complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York alleging price-fixing activities relating to the provision of freight forwarding services. UPS was not named in this case. In July 2009 , the plaintiffs filed a First Amended Complaint naming numerous global freight forwarders as defendants. UPS and UPS Supply Chain Solutions are among the 60 defendants named in the amended complaint. The plaintiffs filed a Second Amended Complaint in October 2010, which we moved to dismiss. In August 2012, the Court granted our motion to dismiss all claims relevant to UPS in the Second Amended Complaint, with leave to amend. The plaintiffs filed a Third Amended Complaint in November 2012. We filed another motion to dismiss. On September 20, 2013, the Magistrate Judge recommended to the Court that UPS be dismissed from one of the claims in the Third Amended Complaint, with prejudice, but recommended that UPS's motion to dismiss with respect to other claims in the Third Amended Complaint be denied. UPS and other defendants filed objections to the recommendations of the Magistrate Judge to the extent they recommended denial of UPS's motion to dismiss. Those objections are currently pending before the Court. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) the Court's pending review of the adequacy of the Third Amended Complaint; (2) the scope and size of the proposed class is ill-defined; (3) there are significant legal questions about the adequacy and standing of the putative class representatives; and (4) we believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

We are a defendant in various other lawsuits that arose in the normal course of business. We do not believe that the eventual resolution of these other lawsuits (either individually or in the aggregate), including any reasonably possible losses in excess of current accruals, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

Collective Bargaining Agreements

As of December 31, 2013, we had approximately 253,000 employees employed under a national master agreement and various supplemental agreements with local unions affiliated with the International Brotherhood of Teamsters ("Teamsters"). In April 2013, we reached a tentative agreement with the Teamsters on two new national master agreements in the U.S. Domestic Package and UPS Freight business units, both of which are retroactive to August 1, 2013 and will remain effective through July 31, 2018. Before expiration of the existing national master agreements, the Company and the Teamsters agreed to extensions of both existing five-year national master agreements and all supplemental agreements. The extensions are open-ended and can be terminated by either party on thirty days' notice.

UPS Teamster-represented employees in the U.S. Domestic Package business unit subsequently voted to approve the new national master agreement in June 2013, while several local U.S. Domestic Package supplemental agreements require additional negotiation and approval before ratification occurs. As of February 2014, there were a total of six supplemental agreements that still have to be approved before ratification. We anticipate that the remaining agreements will be voted upon in the coming months.

The UPS Freight business unit ratified its national master agreement in January 2014.

We have approximately 2,600 pilots who are employed under a collective bargaining agreement with the Independent Pilots Association ("IPA"), which became amendable at the end of 2011 . In February 2014, UPS and the IPA requested mediation by the National Mediation Board for the ongoing contract negotiations. Our airline mechanics are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with Teamsters Local 2727, which became amendable November 1, 2013. In addition, approximately 3,100 of our ground mechanics who are not employed under agreements with the Teamsters are employed under collective bargaining agreements with the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers ("IAM"). Our agreement with the IAM runs through July 31, 2014.

Tax Matters

In June 2011, we received an IRS Revenue Agent Report ("RAR") covering excise taxes for tax years 2003 through 2007, in addition to the income tax matters described in note 12 to the consolidated financial statements. The excise tax RAR proposed two alternate theories for asserting additional excise tax on transportation of property by air. We disagreed with these proposed excise tax theories and related adjustments. We filed protests and, in the third quarter of 2011, the IRS responded to our protests and forwarded the case to IRS Appeals.


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Beginning in the third quarter of 2012 and continuing through the first quarter of 2013, we had settlement discussions with the Appeals team. In the first quarter of 2013, we reached settlement terms for a complete resolution of all excise tax matters and correlative income tax refund claims for the 2003 through 2007 tax years. The final resolution of these matters did not materially impact our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

Multiemployer Benefit Plans

We contribute to a number of multiemployer defined benefit and health and welfare plans under terms of collective bargaining agreements that cover our union represented employees. Our current collective bargaining agreements set forth the annual contribution increases allotted to the plans that we participate in, and we are in compliance with these contribution rates. These limitations will remain in effect throughout the terms of the existing collective bargaining agreements.

In the third quarter of 2012, we reached an agreement with the New England Pension Fund, a multiemployer pension plan in which UPS is a participant, to restructure the pension liabilities for approximately 10,200 UPS employees represented by the Teamsters. The agreement reflects a decision by the New England Pension Fund's trustees to restructure the fund through plan amendments to utilize a "two pool approach", which effectively subdivides the plan assets and liabilities between two groups of beneficiaries. As part of this agreement, UPS agreed to withdraw from the original pool of the New England Pension Fund of which it had historically been a participant, and reenter the New England Pension Fund's newly-established pool as a new employer.

Upon ratification of the agreement by the Teamsters in September 2012, we withdrew from the original pool of the New England Pension Fund and incurred an undiscounted withdrawal liability of $2.162 billion to be paid in equal monthly installments over 50 years. The undiscounted withdrawal liability was calculated by independent actuaries employed by the New England Pension Fund, in accordance with the governing plan documents and the applicable requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. In the third quarter of 2012, we recorded a charge to expense to establish an $896 million withdrawal liability on our balance sheet, which represents the present value of the $2.162 billion future payment obligation discounted at a 4.25% interest rate. This discount rate represents the estimated credit-adjusted market rate of interest at which we could obtain financing of a similar maturity and seniority.

As part of this agreement, we believe that UPS, the New England Pension Fund and our affected employees have obtained several benefits, including:

The old pool of the New England Pension Fund has historically had, and would likely continue to have, funding challenges; this represented a risk to UPS of having to face higher future contribution requirements, as well as a risk to the security of the pension benefits of those UPS employees who participate in the New England Pension Fund. The 50 year fixed payment obligation should improve the funded status of the New England Pension Fund over time, while reducing the risk to UPS of significantly higher future contribution requirements.

The newly-established pool provides better protections for new participating employers. This pool uses a direct-attribution methodology for calculating any potential future withdrawal liabilities, which reduces our exposure to the liabilities of other participating employers. Additionally, this pool contains provisions designed to maintain a fully-funded status, including automatic benefit reductions and/or increased employee contributions in the event of an underfunded situation occurring.

As part of the agreement, we were able to freeze our hourly pension contribution rate to the newly-established pool of the New England Pension Fund for a period of 10 years, which provides cash flow visibility for both UPS and the New England Pension Fund.

The $896 million charge to expense recorded in the third quarter of 2012 is included in "compensation and benefits expense" in the statement of consolidated income, while the corresponding withdrawal liability is included in "other non-current liabilities" on the consolidated balance sheet. We will impute interest on the withdrawal liability using the 4.25% discount rate, while the monthly payments made to the New England Pension Fund will reduce the remaining balance of the withdrawal liability.

Our status in the newly-established pool of the New England Pension Fund is accounted for as the participation in a new multiemployer pension plan, and therefore we will recognize expense based on the contractually-required contribution for each period, and we will recognize a liability for any contributions due and unpaid at the end of a reporting period.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Rate Adjustments

In May 2013, our UPS Freight unit announced a general rate increase averaging 5.9%, covering non-contractual shipments in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The rate adjustment took effect on June 10, 2013, and applies to minimum charge, LTL and TL rates and accessorial charges.

In November 2013, we announced an average 4.9% net increase in base and accessorial rates that took effect December 31, 2013, and impacted the following services:

UPS Ground services;

UPS Next Day Air, UPS 2 nd Day Air, UPS 3 Day Select, and international air shipments originating in the United States (including Worldwide Express, Worldwide Express Plus, UPS Worldwide Expedited and UPS International Standard Service);

UPS Next Day Air Freight, UPS 2 nd Day Air Freight, and UPS 3 Day Freight shipments within and between the U.S., Canada, and Puerto Rico; and

UPS Express Freight shipments originating in the U.S.

These rate changes are customary and occur on an annual basis. Rate changes for shipments originating outside the U.S. are made throughout the year and vary by geographic market.

New Accounting Pronouncements

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued an Accounting Standards Update to disclosure requirements for fair value measurement. These amendments, which became effective for us in the first quarter of 2012, result in a common definition of fair value and common measurement and disclosure requirements between U.S. GAAP and IFRS. Consequently, the amendments change some fair value measurement principles and disclosure requirements. The implementation of this amended accounting guidance had an immaterial impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

In June 2011, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that increases the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income in the financial statements. This update requires companies to present comprehensive income in a single statement below net income or in a separate statement of comprehensive income immediately following the income statement. This requirement became effective for us beginning with the first quarter of 2012, and we have included the required presentation in all applicable filings since that date.

In December 2011, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that required entities disclose both gross and net information about instruments and transactions eligible for offset in the statement of financial position, as well as instruments and transactions subject to a master netting arrangement. In addition, the update requires disclosure of collateral received and posted in connection with master netting agreements or similar arrangements. This requirement became effective for us beginning with the first quarter of 2013. This update did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations, and we have included the required disclosures in all applicable filings since implementation.

In July 2012, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that added an optional qualitative assessment for determining whether an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. The objective of this update is to reduce the cost and complexity of performing an impairment test for indefinite-lived intangible assets by allowing an entity the option to make a qualitative evaluation about the likelihood of an intangible impairment to determine whether it should calculate the fair value of the asset. This accounting standards update also amends existing guidance by expanding upon the examples of events and circumstances that an entity should consider between annual impairment tests in determining whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the intangible asset is less than its carrying amount. We adopted this accounting standard update and applied its provisions to certain of our intangible assets for our annual impairment testing as of October 1, 2012.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


In February 2013, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that adds new disclosure requirements for items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income. This update requires that companies present either in a single note or parenthetically on the face of the financial statements, the effect of significant amounts reclassified from each component of accumulated other comprehensive income based on its source (e.g., the release due to cash flow hedges from interest rate contracts) and the income statement line items affected by the reclassification (e.g., interest income or interest expense). If a component is not required to be reclassified to net income in its entirety (e.g., the net periodic pension cost), companies would instead cross reference to the related note for additional information (e.g., the pension note). We adopted this accounting standard update in the first quarter of 2013 and have included the required presentation in all applicable filings since that date (see note 9 to the consolidated financial statements).

Other accounting pronouncements adopted during the periods covered by the consolidated financial statements had an immaterial impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Effective

Accounting pronouncements issued, but not effective until after December 31, 2013 , are not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. As indicated in note 1 to our consolidated financial statements, the amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, and expenses reported in our financial statements are affected by estimates and judgments that are necessary to comply with generally accepted accounting principles. We base our estimates on prior experience and other assumptions that we consider reasonable to our circumstances. Actual results could differ from our estimates, which would affect the related amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements. While estimates and judgments are applied in arriving at many reported amounts, we believe that the following matters may involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity.

Contingencies

As discussed in note 8 to our consolidated financial statements, we are involved in various legal proceedings and contingencies. The events that may impact our contingent liabilities are often unique and generally are not predictable. At the time a contingency is identified, we consider all relevant facts as part of our evaluation. We record a liability for a loss when the loss is probable of occurring and reasonably estimable. Events may arise that were not anticipated and the outcome of a contingency may result in a loss to us that differs from our previously estimated liability. These factors could result in a material difference between estimated and actual operating results. Contingent losses that are probable and estimable, excluding those related to income taxes and self-insurance which are discussed further below, were not material to our financial position or results of operations as of, and for the year ended, December 31, 2013 . In addition, we have certain contingent liabilities that have not been recognized as of December 31, 2013 , because a loss is not reasonably estimable.

Goodwill and Intangible Impairment

We perform impairment testing of goodwill for each of our reporting units on an annual basis. Our reporting units are comprised of the Europe, Asia, and Americas reporting units in the International Package reporting segment, and the Forwarding, Logistics, UPS Freight, MBE / The UPS Store and UPS Capital reporting units in the Supply Chain & Freight reporting segment. Our annual goodwill impairment testing date is October 1 st for each reporting unit. In assessing goodwill for impairment, we initially evaluate qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If the qualitative assessment is not conclusive and it is necessary to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit, then we utilize a two-step process to test goodwill for impairment. First, a comparison of the fair value of the applicable reporting unit with the aggregate carrying value, including goodwill, is performed. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, we perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of impairment loss. The second step includes comparing the implied fair value of the affected reporting unit's goodwill with the carrying value of that goodwill.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


We primarily determine the fair value of our reporting units using a discounted cash flow model ("DCF model"), and supplement this with observable valuation multiples for comparable companies, as applicable. The completion of the DCF model requires that we make a number of significant assumptions to produce an estimate of future cash flows. These assumptions include projections of future revenue, costs and working capital changes. In addition, we make assumptions about the estimated cost of capital and other relevant variables, as required, in estimating the fair value of our reporting units. The projections that we use in our DCF model are updated annually and will change over time based on the historical performance and changing business conditions for each of our reporting units. The determination of whether goodwill is impaired involves a significant level of judgment in these assumptions, and changes in our business strategy, government regulations, or economic or market conditions could significantly impact these judgments. We will continue to monitor market conditions and other factors to determine if interim impairment tests are necessary in future periods. If impairment indicators are present in future periods, the resulting impairment charges could have a material impact on our results of operations.

None of the reporting units incurred any goodwill impairment charges in 2013 , 2012 or 2011 . Changes in our forecasts could cause carrying values of our reporting units to exceed their fair values in future periods, potentially resulting in a goodwill impairment charge. A 10% decrease in the estimated fair value of our reporting units as of our most recent goodwill testing date (October 1, 2013 ) would not result in a goodwill impairment charge.


Licenses with a carrying value of $5 million as of December 31, 2013 are deemed to be indefinite-lived intangibles, and therefore are not amortized. Impairment tests for indefinite-lived intangibles are performed on an annual basis. All of our remaining recorded intangible assets are deemed to be finite-lived intangibles, and are thus amortized over their estimated useful lives. Impairment tests for these intangible assets are only performed when a triggering event occurs that indicates that the carrying value of the intangible may not be recoverable based on the undiscounted future cash flows of the intangible. If the carrying amount of the intangible is determined not to be recoverable, a write-down to fair value is recorded. Fair values are determined based on a DCF model. We incurred impairment charges on intangible assets of $13 million during 2013 , while there were no impairments of any indefinite-lived or finite-lived intangible assets in 2012 or 2011 .

Self-Insurance Accruals

We self-insure costs associated with workers' compensation claims, automotive liability, health and welfare and general business liabilities, up to certain limits. Insurance reserves are established for estimates of the loss that we will ultimately incur on reported claims, as well as estimates of claims that have been incurred but not yet reported. Recorded balances are based on reserve levels, which incorporate historical loss experience and judgments about the present and expected levels of cost per claim. Trends in actual experience are a significant factor in the determination of such reserves. We believe our estimated reserves for such claims are adequate, but actual experience in claim frequency and/or severity could materially differ from our estimates and affect our results of operations.

Workers' compensation, automobile liability and general liability insurance claims may take several years to completely settle. Consequently, actuarial estimates are required to project the ultimate cost that will be incurred to fully resolve the claims. A number of factors can affect the actual cost of a claim, including the length of time the claim remains open, trends in health care costs and the results of related litigation. Furthermore, claims may emerge in future years for events that occurred in a prior year at a rate that differs from previous actuarial projections. Changes in state legislation with respect to workers' compensation can affect the adequacy of our self-insurance accruals. All of these factors can result in revisions to prior actuarial projections and produce a material difference between estimated and actual operating results.

We sponsor a number of health and welfare insurance plans for our employees. These liabilities and related expenses are based on estimates of the number of employees and eligible dependents covered under the plans, anticipated medical usage by participants and overall trends in medical costs and inflation. Actual results may differ from these estimates and, therefore, produce a material difference between estimated and actual operating results.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Pension and Postretirement Medical Benefits

Our pension and other postretirement benefit costs are calculated using various actuarial assumptions and methodologies. These assumptions include discount rates, health care cost trend rates, inflation, compensation increase rates, expected returns on plan assets, mortality rates and other factors. The assumptions utilized in recording the obligations under our plans represent our best estimates, and we believe that they are reasonable, based on information as to historical experience and performance as well as other factors that might cause future expectations to differ from past trends.

Differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may affect our pension and other postretirement obligations and future expense. The primary factors contributing to actuarial gains and losses each year are (1) changes in the discount rate used to value pension and postretirement benefit obligations as of the measurement date and (2) differences between the expected and the actual return on plan assets.

We recognize changes in the fair value of plan assets and net actuarial gains or losses in excess of a corridor (defined as 10% of the greater of the fair value of plan assets or the plans' projected benefit obligations) in pension expense annually at December 31st each year. The remaining components of pension expense (herein referred to as "ongoing net periodic benefit cost"), primarily service and interest costs and the expected return on plan assets, are recorded on a quarterly basis.

The following sensitivity analysis shows the impact of a 25 basis point change in the assumed discount rate, return on assets, and health care cost trend rate for our pension and postretirement benefit plans, and the resulting increase (decrease) on our obligations and expense as of, and for the year ended, December 31, 2013 (in millions).

Pension Plans

25 Basis Point

Increase

25 Basis Point

Decrease

Discount Rate:

Effect on ongoing net periodic benefit cost

$

(62

)

$

63


Effect on net periodic benefit cost for amounts recognized outside the 10% corridor

(193

)

24


Effect on projected benefit obligation

(1,161

)

1,231


Return on Assets:

Effect on ongoing net periodic benefit cost (1)

(63

)

63


Effect on net periodic benefit cost for amounts recognized outside the 10% corridor (2)

(1

)

1


Postretirement Medical Plans

Discount Rate:

Effect on ongoing net periodic benefit cost

1


(1

)

Effect on net periodic benefit cost for amounts recognized outside the 10% corridor

-


-


Effect on accumulated postretirement benefit obligation

(101

)

105


Health Care Cost Trend Rate:

Effect on ongoing net periodic benefit cost

1


(1

)

Effect on accumulated postretirement benefit obligation

13


(14

)

(1)

Amount calculated based on 25 basis point increase / decrease in the expected return on assets.

(2)

Amount calculated based on 25 basis point increase / decrease in the actual return on assets.


Expense is expected to decrease in 2014 compared with 2013, due primarily to the increase in the weighted-average discount rate used to determine ongoing net periodic benefit cost from 4.38% for 2013 to 5.27% for 2014 (These discount rates represent the combined weighted-average discount rates for our U.S. and international pension plans, as well as our U.S. postretirement medical plans).


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Depreciation, Residual Value and Impairment of Fixed Assets

As of December 31, 2013 , we had $ 17.961 billion of net fixed assets, the most significant category of which is aircraft. In accounting for fixed assets, we make estimates about the expected useful lives and the expected residual values of the assets, and the potential for impairment based on the fair values of the assets and the cash flows generated by these assets.

In estimating the lives and expected residual values of aircraft, we have relied upon actual experience with the same or similar aircraft types. Subsequent revisions to these estimates could be caused by changes to our maintenance program, changes in the utilization of the aircraft, governmental regulations on aging aircraft and changing market prices of new and used aircraft of the same or similar types. We periodically evaluate these estimates and assumptions, and adjust the estimates and assumptions as necessary. Adjustments to the expected lives and residual values are accounted for on a prospective basis through depreciation expense.

We review long-lived assets for impairment when circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable based on the undiscounted future cash flows of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset is determined not to be recoverable, a write-down to fair value is recorded. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, discounted cash flows or external appraisals, as applicable. We review long-lived assets for impairment at the individual asset or the asset group level for which the lowest level of independent cash flows can be identified. The circumstances that would indicate potential impairment may include, but are not limited to, a significant change in the extent to which an asset is utilized, a significant decrease in the market value of an asset and operating or cash flow losses associated with the use of the asset. In estimating cash flows, we project future volume levels for our different air express products in all geographic regions in which we do business. Adverse changes in these volume forecasts, or a shortfall of our actual volume compared with our projections, could result in our current aircraft capacity exceeding current or projected demand. This situation would lead to an excess of a particular aircraft type, resulting in an aircraft impairment charge or a reduction of the expected life of an aircraft type (thus resulting in increased depreciation expense).

In 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , there were no indicators of impairment in our property, plant and equipment, and no impairment charges were recorded in any period.

Fair Value Measurements

In the normal course of business, we hold and issue financial instruments that contain elements of market risk, including derivatives, marketable securities, finance receivables, other investments and debt. Certain of these financial instruments are required to be recorded at fair value, principally derivatives, marketable securities, pension assets and certain other investments. Fair values are based on listed market prices, when such prices are available. To the extent that listed market prices are not available, fair value is determined based on other relevant factors, including dealer price quotations. Certain financial instruments, including over-the-counter derivative instruments, are valued using pricing models that consider, among other factors, contractual and market prices, correlations, time value, credit spreads and yield curve volatility factors. Changes in the fixed income, equity, foreign exchange and commodity markets will impact our estimates of fair value in the future, potentially affecting our results of operations. A quantitative sensitivity analysis of our exposure to changes in commodity prices, foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and equity prices is presented in the "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk" section of this report.

Income Taxes

We make certain estimates and judgments in determining income tax expense for financial statement purposes. These estimates and judgments occur in the calculation of income by legal entity and jurisdiction, tax credits, benefits, and deductions, and in the calculation of certain tax assets and liabilities, which arise from differences in the timing of recognition of revenue and expense for tax and financial statement purposes, as well as the interest and penalties related to these uncertain tax positions. Significant changes to these estimates may result in an increase or decrease to our tax provision in a subsequent period.

We assess the likelihood that we will be able to recover our deferred tax assets. If recovery is not likely, we must increase our provision for taxes by recording a valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets that we estimate will not ultimately be recoverable. We believe that we will ultimately recover a substantial majority of the deferred tax assets recorded on our consolidated balance sheets. However, should there be a change in our ability to recover our deferred tax assets, our tax provision would increase in the period in which we determined that the recovery was not likely.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


The calculation of our tax liabilities involves dealing with uncertainties in the application of complex tax regulations. We recognize liabilities for uncertain tax positions based on a two-step process. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. Once it is determined that the position meets the recognition threshold, the second step requires us to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement. It is inherently difficult and subjective to estimate such amounts, as we have to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. We reevaluate these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, effectively settled issues under audit, and new audit activity. Such a change in recognition or measurement could result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an additional charge to the tax provision.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

Losses on accounts receivable are recognized when they are incurred, which requires us to make our best estimate of the probable losses inherent in our customer receivables at each balance sheet date. These estimates require consideration of historical loss experience adjusted for current conditions, trends in customer payment frequency, and judgments about the probable effects of relevant observable data, including present economic conditions and the financial health of specific customers and market sectors. Our risk management process includes standards and policies for reviewing major account exposures and concentrations of risk. Deterioration in macroeconomic variables could result in our ultimate loss exposures on our accounts receivable being significantly higher than what we have currently estimated and reserved for in our allowance for doubtful accounts. Our total allowance for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $ 122 and $ 127 million, respectively. Our total provision for doubtful accounts charged to expense during the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 was $ 129 , $ 155 and $ 147 million, respectively.

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk


We are exposed to market risk from changes in certain commodity prices, foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates and equity prices. All of these market risks arise in the normal course of business, as we do not engage in speculative trading activities. In order to manage the risk arising from these exposures, we utilize a variety of commodity, foreign exchange and interest rate forward contracts, options and swaps. A discussion of our accounting policies for derivative instruments and further disclosures are provided in note 14 to the consolidated financial statements.


Commodity Price Risk

We are exposed to changes in the prices of refined fuels, principally jet-A, diesel and unleaded gasoline, as well as changes in the price of natural gas. Currently, the fuel surcharges that we apply to our domestic and international package and LTL services are the primary means of reducing the risk of adverse fuel price changes. Additionally, we periodically use a combination of option, forward and futures contracts to provide partial protection from changing fuel and energy prices. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , however, we had no commodity option contracts outstanding.

Foreign Currency Exchange Risk

We have foreign currency risks related to our revenue, operating expenses and financing transactions in currencies other than the local currencies in which we operate. We are exposed to currency risk from the potential changes in functional currency values of our foreign currency-denominated assets, liabilities and cash flows. Our most significant foreign currency exposures relate to the Euro, the British Pound Sterling, Canadian Dollar, Chinese Renminbi and Hong Kong Dollar. We use a combination of purchased and written options to hedge forecasted cash flow currency exposures. These derivative instruments generally cover forecasted foreign currency exposures for periods of 12 to 24 months. We also utilize forward contracts to hedge portions of our anticipated cash settlements of intercompany transactions subject to foreign currency remeasurement. Additionally, we utilize cross-currency interest rate swaps to hedge the currency risk inherent in the interest and principal payments associated with foreign currency denominated debt obligations. The terms of these swap agreements are commensurate with the underlying debt obligations.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS


Interest Rate Risk

We have issued debt instruments, including debt associated with capital leases, that accrue expense at fixed and floating rates of interest. We use a combination of interest rate swaps as part of our program to manage the fixed and floating interest rate mix of our total debt portfolio and related overall cost of borrowing. The notional amount, interest payment and maturity dates of the swaps match the terms of the associated debt. We also utilize forward starting swaps and similar instruments to lock in all or a portion of the borrowing cost of anticipated debt issuances. Our floating rate debt and interest rate swaps subject us to risk resulting from changes in short-term (primarily LIBOR) interest rates.

We also are subject to interest rate risk with respect to our pension and postretirement benefit obligations, as changes in interest rates will effectively increase or decrease our liabilities associated with these benefit plans, which also results in changes to the amount of pension and postretirement benefit expense recognized in future periods.

We have investments in debt securities, as well as cash-equivalent instruments, some of which accrue income at variable rates of interest. Additionally, we hold a portfolio of finance receivables that accrue income at fixed and floating rates of interest.

Equity Price Risk

We hold investments in various common equity securities that are subject to price risk. These securities are primarily in the form of equity index funds.

Sensitivity Analysis

The following analysis provides quantitative information regarding our exposure to commodity price risk, foreign currency exchange risk, interest rate risk and equity price risk embedded in our existing financial instruments. We utilize valuation models to evaluate the sensitivity of the fair value of financial instruments with exposure to market risk that assume instantaneous, parallel shifts in exchange rates, interest rate yield curves and commodity and equity prices. For options and instruments with non-linear returns, models appropriate to the instrument are utilized to determine the impact of market shifts.

There are certain limitations inherent in the sensitivity analyses presented, primarily due to the assumption that exchange rates change in a parallel fashion and that interest rates change instantaneously. In addition, the analyses are unable to reflect the complex market reactions that normally would arise from the market shifts modeled. While this is our best estimate of the impact of the specified interest rate scenarios, these estimates should not be viewed as forecasts. We adjust the fixed and floating interest rate mix of our interest rate sensitive assets and liabilities in response to changes in market conditions. Additionally, changes in the fair value of foreign currency derivatives and commodity derivatives are offset by changes in the cash flows of the underlying hedged foreign currency and commodity transactions.

  Shock-Test Result  

As of December 31,

(in millions)

2013

2012

Change in Fair Value:

Currency Derivatives (1)

$

(291

)

$

(1

)

Change in Annual Interest Expense:

Variable Rate Debt (2)

$

7


$

7


Interest Rate Derivatives (2)

$

101


$

106


Change in Annual Interest Income:

Marketable Securities (3)

$

15


$

10


(1)

The potential change in fair value from a hypothetical 10% weakening of the U.S. Dollar against local currency exchange rates across all maturities.

(2)

The potential change in annual interest expense resulting from a hypothetical 100 basis point increase in short-term interest rates, applied to our variable rate debt and swap instruments (excluding hedges of anticipated debt issuances).

(3)

The potential change in interest income resulting from a hypothetical 100 basis point increase in short-term interest rates, applied to our variable rate investment holdings.

The sensitivity of our pension and postretirement benefit obligations to changes in interest rates is quantified in "Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates". The sensitivity in the fair value and interest income of our finance receivables due to changes in interest rates was not material as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 .


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Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

61

Consolidated Balance Sheets

62

Statements of Consolidated Income

63

Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income

63

Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows

64

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

65

Note 1-Summary of Accounting Policies

65

Note 2-Cash and Investments

69

Note 3-Property, Plant and Equipment

73

Note 4-Company-Sponsored Employee Benefit Plans

73

Note 5-Multiemployer Employee Benefit Plans

82

Note 6-Business Acquisitions, Goodwill and Intangible Assets

85

Note 7-Debt and Financing Arrangements

87

Note 8-Legal Proceedings and Contingencies

91

Note 9-Shareowners' Equity

93

Note 10-Stock-Based Compensation

98

Note 11-Segment and Geographic Information

100

Note 12-Income Taxes

102

Note 13-Earnings Per Share

105

Note 14-Derivative Instruments and Risk Management

106

Note 15-Termination of TNT Transaction

111

Note 16-Subsequent Events

111

Note 17-Quarterly Information

112


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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

Board of Directors and Shareowners

United Parcel Service, Inc.

Atlanta, Georgia

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of United Parcel Service, Inc. and subsidiaries (the "Company") as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , and the related statements of consolidated income, consolidated comprehensive income, and consolidated cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013 . These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of United Parcel Service, Inc. and subsidiaries at December 31, 2013 and 2012 , and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2013 , in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We have also audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the Company's internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2013 , based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (1992) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 28, 2014 expressed an unqualified opinion on the Company's internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ Deloitte & Touche LLP

Atlanta, Georgia

February 28, 2014


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions)

December 31,

2013

2012

ASSETS

Current Assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

4,665


$

7,327


Marketable securities

580


597


Accounts receivable, net

6,502


6,111


Deferred income tax assets

684


583


Other current assets

956


973


Total Current Assets

13,387


15,591


Property, Plant and Equipment, Net

17,961


17,894


Goodwill

2,190


2,173


Intangible Assets, Net

775


603


Investments and Restricted Cash

444


307


Derivative Assets

323


535


Deferred Income Tax Assets

110


684


Other Non-Current Assets

1,022


1,076


Total Assets

$

36,212


$

38,863


LIABILITIES AND SHAREOWNERS' EQUITY

Current Liabilities:

Current maturities of long-term debt and commercial paper

$

48


$

1,781


Accounts payable

2,478


2,278


Accrued wages and withholdings

2,325


1,927


Self-insurance reserves

719


763


Other current liabilities

1,561


1,641


Total Current Liabilities

7,131


8,390


Long-Term Debt

10,824


11,089


Pension and Postretirement Benefit Obligations

7,051


11,068


Deferred Income Tax Liabilities

1,244


48


Self-Insurance Reserves

2,059


1,980


Other Non-Current Liabilities

1,415


1,555


Shareowners' Equity:

Class A common stock (212 and 225 shares issued in 2013 and 2012)

2


3


Class B common stock (712 and 729 shares issued in 2013 and 2012)

7


7


Additional paid-in capital

-


-


Retained earnings

6,925


7,997


Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(460

)

(3,354

)

Deferred compensation obligations

69


78


Less: Treasury stock (1 share in 2013 and 2012)

(69

)

(78

)

Total Equity for Controlling Interests

6,474


4,653


Noncontrolling Interests

14


80


Total Shareowners' Equity

6,488


4,733


Total Liabilities and Shareowners' Equity

$

36,212


$

38,863



See notes to consolidated financial statements.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME

(In millions, except per share amounts)

Years Ended December 31,

2013

2012

2011

Revenue

$

55,438


$

54,127


$

53,105


Operating Expenses:

Compensation and benefits

28,557


33,102


27,575


Repairs and maintenance

1,240


1,228


1,286


Depreciation and amortization

1,867


1,858


1,782


Purchased transportation

7,486


7,354


7,232


Fuel

4,027


4,090


4,046


Other occupancy

950


902


943


Other expenses

4,277


4,250


4,161


Total Operating Expenses

48,404


52,784


47,025


Operating Profit

7,034


1,343


6,080


Other Income and (Expense):

Investment income

20


24


44


Interest expense

(380

)

(393

)

(348

)

Total Other Income and (Expense)

(360

)

(369

)

(304

)

Income Before Income Taxes

6,674


974


5,776


Income Tax Expense

2,302


167


1,972


Net Income

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


Basic Earnings Per Share

$

4.65


$

0.84


$

3.88


Diluted Earnings Per Share

$

4.61


$

0.83


$

3.84



STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(In millions)

Years Ended December 31,

2013

2012

2011

Net income

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


Change in foreign currency translation adjustment, net of tax

(260

)

294


(92

)

Change in unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities, net of tax

(7

)

-


(6

)

Change in unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax

67


(82

)

35


Change in unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax

3,094


(463

)

(405

)

Comprehensive income

$

7,266


$

556


$

3,336



See notes to consolidated financial statements.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

Years Ended December 31,

2013

2012

2011

Cash Flows From Operating Activities:

Net income

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

1,867


1,858


1,782


Pension and postretirement benefit expense

1,115


5,753


1,660


Pension and postretirement benefit contributions

(212

)

(917

)

(1,436

)

Self-insurance reserves

34


156


53


Deferred tax expense

(246

)

(2,083

)

314


Stock compensation expense

513


547


524


Other (gains) losses

35


1,082


245


Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effect of acquisitions:

Accounts receivable

(515

)

(124

)

(657

)

Other current assets

(13

)

10


107


Accounts payable

218


(58

)

249


Accrued wages and withholdings

416


98


339


Other current liabilities

(140

)

206


186


Other operating activities

(140

)

(119

)

(97

)

Net cash from operating activities

7,304


7,216


7,073


Cash Flows From Investing Activities:

Capital expenditures

(2,065

)

(2,153

)

(2,005

)

Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment

104


95


27


Purchases of marketable securities

(2,948

)

(2,357

)

(4,903

)

Sales and maturities of marketable securities

2,957


2,985


4,490


Net decrease in finance receivables

39


101


184


Cash received (paid) for business acquisitions and dispositions

(22

)

(100

)

(73

)

Other investing activities

(179

)

94


(257

)

Net cash used in investing activities

(2,114

)

(1,335

)

(2,537

)

Cash Flows From Financing Activities:

Net change in short-term debt

-


-


(183

)

Proceeds from long-term borrowings

100


1,745


279


Repayments of long-term borrowings

(1,875

)

(16

)

(191

)

Purchases of common stock

(3,838

)

(1,621

)

(2,665

)

Issuances of common stock

491


301


290


Dividends

(2,260

)

(2,130

)

(1,997

)

Other financing activities

(425

)

(96

)

(395

)

Net cash used in financing activities

(7,807

)

(1,817

)

(4,862

)

Effect Of Exchange Rate Changes On Cash And Cash Equivalents

(45

)

229


(10

)

Net Increase (Decrease) In Cash And Cash Equivalents

(2,662

)

4,293


(336

)

Cash And Cash Equivalents:

Beginning of period

7,327


3,034


3,370


End of period

$

4,665


$

7,327


$

3,034


Cash Paid During The Period For:

Interest (net of amount capitalized)

$

409


$

381


$

248


Income taxes

$

2,712


$

1,988


$

1,527


See notes to consolidated financial statements.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

NOTE 1. SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Financial Statements and Business Activities

The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP"), and include the accounts of United Parcel Service, Inc., and all of its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively "UPS" or the "Company"). All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.

UPS concentrates its operations in the field of transportation services, primarily domestic and international letter and package delivery. Through our Supply Chain & Freight subsidiaries, we are also a global provider of specialized transportation, logistics, and financial services.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the reported amounts of revenues and expenses and the disclosure of contingencies. Estimates have been prepared on the basis of the most current and best information, and actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Revenue Recognition

U.S. Domestic and International Package Operations -Revenue is recognized upon delivery of a letter or package.

Forwarding and Logistics -Freight forwarding revenue and the expense related to the transportation of freight are recognized at the time the services are performed. Material management and distribution revenue is recognized upon performance of the service provided. Customs brokerage revenue is recognized upon completing documents necessary for customs entry purposes.

Freight -Revenue is recognized upon delivery of a less-than-truckload ("LTL") or truckload ("TL") shipment.

We utilize independent contractors and third-party carriers in the performance of some transportation services. In situations where we act as principal party to the transaction, we recognize revenue on a gross basis; in circumstances where we act as an agent, we recognize revenue net of the cost of the purchased transportation.

Financial Services -Income on loans and direct finance leases is recognized on the effective interest method. Accrual of interest income is suspended at the earlier of the time at which collection of an account becomes doubtful or the account becomes 90 days delinquent. Income on operating leases is recognized on the straight-line method over the terms of the underlying leases.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into cash. We consider securities with maturities of three months or less, when purchased, to be cash equivalents. The carrying amount of these securities approximates fair value because of the short-term maturity of these instruments.


Investments

Marketable securities are classified as available-for-sale and are carried at fair value, with related unrealized gains and losses reported, net of tax, as accumulated other comprehensive income ("AOCI"), a separate component of shareowners' equity. The amortized cost of debt securities is adjusted for amortization of premiums and accretion of discounts to maturity. Such amortization and accretion is included in investment income, along with interest and dividends. The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method; realized gains and losses resulting from such sales are included in investment income.

We periodically review our investments for indications of other than temporary impairment considering many factors, including the extent and duration to which a security's fair value has been less than its cost, overall economic and market conditions and the financial condition and specific prospects for the issuer. Impairment of investment securities results in a charge to income when a market decline below cost is other than temporary.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Accounts Receivable

Losses on accounts receivable are recognized when they are incurred, which requires us to make our best estimate of the probable losses inherent in our customer receivables at each balance sheet date. These estimates require consideration of historical loss experience, adjusted for current conditions, trends in customer payment frequency, and judgments about the probable effects of relevant observable data, including present economic conditions and the financial health of specific customers and market sectors. Our risk management process includes standards and policies for reviewing major account exposures and concentrations of risk.

Our total allowance for doubtful accounts as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $ 122 and $ 127 million, respectively. Our total provision for doubtful accounts charged to expense during the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 was $ 129 , $ 155 and $ 147 million, respectively.

Inventories

Jet fuel, diesel, and unleaded gasoline inventories are valued at the lower of average cost or market. Fuel and other materials and supplies inventories are recognized as inventory when purchased, and then charged to expense when used in our operations. Total inventories were $ 403 and $ 393 million as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively, and are included in "other current assets" on the consolidated balance sheet.

Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost. Depreciation and amortization are provided by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which are as follows: Vehicles- 6 to 15 years; Aircraft- 12 to 30 years; Buildings- 20 to 40 years; Leasehold Improvements-lesser of asset useful life or lease term; Plant Equipment- 6 to 8.25 years; Technology Equipment- 3 to 5 years. The costs of major airframe and engine overhauls, as well as routine maintenance and repairs, are charged to expense as incurred.

Interest incurred during the construction period of certain property, plant and equipment is capitalized until the underlying assets are placed in service, at which time amortization of the capitalized interest begins, straight-line, over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Capitalized interest was $ 14 , $ 18 and $ 17 million for 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 , respectively.

We review long-lived assets for impairment when circumstances indicate the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable based on the undiscounted future cash flows of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset is determined not to be recoverable, a write-down to fair value is recorded. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, discounted cash flows, or external appraisals, as applicable. We review long-lived assets for impairment at the individual asset or the asset group level for which the lowest level of independent cash flows can be identified.

Goodwill and Intangible Assets

Costs of purchased businesses in excess of net identifiable assets acquired (goodwill), and indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment at least annually, unless changes in circumstances indicate an impairment may have occurred sooner. We are required to test goodwill on a "reporting unit" basis. A reporting unit is the operating segment unless, for businesses within that operating segment, discrete financial information is prepared and regularly reviewed by management, in which case such a component business is the reporting unit.

In assessing goodwill for impairment, we initially evaluate qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. We consider several factors, including macroeconomic conditions, industry and market conditions, overall financial performance of the reporting unit, changes in management, strategy or customers, and relevant reporting unit specific events such as a change in the carrying amount of net assets, a more likely than not expectation of selling or disposing all, or a portion, of a reporting unit, and the testing for recoverability of a significant asset group within a reporting unit. If this qualitative assessment results in a conclusion that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit exceeds the carrying value, then no further testing is performed for that reporting unit.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


If the qualitative assessment is not conclusive and it is necessary to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit, then we utilize a two-step process to test goodwill for impairment. First, a comparison of the fair value of the applicable reporting unit with the aggregate carrying value, including goodwill, is performed. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its calculated fair value, then the second step is performed, and an impairment charge is recognized for the amount, if any, by which the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value. We primarily determine the fair value of our reporting units using a discounted cash flow model, and supplement this with observable valuation multiples for comparable companies, as applicable.

Finite-lived intangible assets, including trademarks, licenses, patents, customer lists, non-compete agreements and franchise rights are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets, which range from 2 to 22 years. Capitalized software is amortized over 5 years.

Self-Insurance Accruals

We self-insure costs associated with workers' compensation claims, automotive liability, health and welfare, and general business liabilities, up to certain limits. Insurance reserves are established for estimates of the loss that we will ultimately incur on reported claims, as well as estimates of claims that have been incurred but not yet reported. Recorded balances are based on reserve levels, which incorporate historical loss experience and judgments about the present and expected levels of cost per claim.

Pension and Postretirement Benefits

We incur certain employment-related expenses associated with pension and postretirement medical benefits. These pension and postretirement medical benefit costs for company-sponsored benefit plans are calculated using various actuarial assumptions and methodologies, including discount rates, expected returns on plan assets, health care cost trend rates, inflation, compensation increase rates, mortality rates, and other factors. Actuarial assumptions are reviewed on an annual basis, unless circumstances require an interim remeasurement date for any of our plans.

We recognize changes in the fair value of plan assets and net actuarial gains or losses in excess of a corridor (defined as 10% of the greater of the fair value of plan assets or the plans' projected benefit obligations) in pension expense annually at December 31st each year. The remaining components of pension expense, primarily service and interest costs and the expected return on plan assets, are recorded on a quarterly basis.

We participate in a number of trustee-managed multiemployer pension and health and welfare plans for employees covered under collective bargaining agreements. Our contributions to these plans are determined in accordance with the respective collective bargaining agreements. We recognize expense for the contractually required contribution for each period, and we recognize a liability for any contributions due and unpaid (included in "other current liabilities").

Income Taxes

Income taxes are accounted for on an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our consolidated financial statements or tax returns. In estimating future tax consequences, we generally consider all expected future events other than proposed changes in the tax law or rates. Valuation allowances are provided if it is more likely than not that a deferred tax asset will not be realized.

We recognize liabilities for uncertain tax positions based on a two-step process. The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. Once it is determined that the position meets the recognition threshold, the second step requires us to estimate and measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is more likely than not to be realized upon ultimate settlement. It is inherently difficult and subjective to estimate such amounts, as we have to determine the probability of various possible outcomes. We reevaluate these uncertain tax positions on a quarterly basis. This evaluation is based on factors including, but not limited to, changes in facts or circumstances, changes in tax law, effectively settled issues under audit, and new audit activity. Such a change in recognition or measurement could result in the recognition of a tax benefit or an additional charge to the tax provision.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Foreign Currency Translation

We translate the results of operations of our foreign subsidiaries using average exchange rates during each period, whereas balance sheet accounts are translated using exchange rates at the end of each period. Balance sheet currency translation adjustments are recorded in AOCI. Currency transaction gains and losses, net of hedging, included in other operating expenses were pre-tax gains (losses) of $ 76 , $ 10 and $ (1) million in 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

Stock-Based Compensation

All share-based awards to employees are measured based on their fair values and expensed over the period during which an employee is required to provide service in exchange for the award (the vesting period). We issue employee share-based awards under the UPS Incentive Compensation Plan that are subject to specific vesting conditions; generally, the awards cliff vest or vest ratably over a three or five year period, "the nominal vesting period," or at the date the employee retires (as defined by the plan), if earlier. Compensation cost is recognized immediately for awards granted to retirement-eligible employees, or over the period from the grant date to the date retirement eligibility is achieved, if that is expected to occur during the nominal vesting period.

Fair Value Measurements

Our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis have been categorized based upon a fair value hierarchy. Level 1 inputs utilize quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are based on other observable market data, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities, and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable, such as interest rates and yield curves. Level 3 inputs are developed from unobservable data reflecting our own assumptions, and include situations where there is little or no market activity for the asset or liability.

Certain non-financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, including property, plant, and equipment, goodwill and intangible assets. These assets are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis; however, they are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances, such as when there is evidence of an impairment. A general description of the valuation methodologies used for assets and liabilities measured at fair value, including the general classification of such assets and liabilities pursuant to the valuation hierarchy, is included in each footnote with fair value measurements present.

Derivative Instruments

All financial derivative instruments are recorded on our consolidated balance sheets at fair value. Derivatives not designated as hedges must be adjusted to fair value through income. If a derivative is designated as a hedge, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in its fair value that are considered to be effective, as defined, either offset the change in fair value of the hedged assets, liabilities or firm commitments through income, or are recorded in AOCI until the hedged item is recorded in income. Any portion of a change in a hedge's fair value that is considered to be ineffective, or is excluded from the measurement of effectiveness, is recorded immediately in income.


Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In May 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued an Accounting Standards Update to disclosure requirements for fair value measurement. These amendments, which became effective for us in the first quarter of 2012, result in a common definition of fair value and common measurement and disclosure requirements between U.S. GAAP and IFRS. Consequently, the amendments change some fair value measurement principles and disclosure requirements. The implementation of this amended accounting guidance had an immaterial impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

In June 2011, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that increases the prominence of items reported in other comprehensive income in the financial statements. This update requires companies to present comprehensive income in a single statement below net income or in a separate statement of comprehensive income immediately following the income statement. This requirement became effective for us beginning with the first quarter of 2012, and we have included the required presentation in all applicable filings since that date.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


In December 2011, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that required entities disclose both gross and net information about instruments and transactions eligible for offset in the statement of financial position, as well as instruments and transactions subject to a master netting arrangement. In addition, the update requires disclosure of collateral received and posted in connection with master netting agreements or similar arrangements. This requirement became effective for us beginning with the first quarter of 2013. This update did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations, and we have included the required disclosures in all applicable filings since implementation.

In July 2012, the FASB issued an Accounting Standards Update that added an optional qualitative assessment for determining whether an indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. The objective of this update is to reduce the cost and complexity of performing an impairment test for indefinite-lived intangible assets by allowing an entity the option to make a qualitative evaluation about the likelihood of an intangible impairment to determine whether it should calculate the fair value of the asset. This accounting standards update also amends existing guidance by expanding upon the examples of events and circumstances that an entity should consider between annual impairment tests in determining whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of the intangible asset is less than its carrying amount. We adopted this accounting standard update and applied its provisions to certain of our intangible assets for our annual impairment testing as of October 1, 2012.

In February 2013, the FASB issued an accounting standards update that adds new disclosure requirements for items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income. This update requires that companies present either in a single note or parenthetically on the face of the financial statements, the effect of significant amounts reclassified from each component of accumulated other comprehensive income based on its source (e.g., the release due to cash flow hedges from interest rate contracts) and the income statement line items affected by the reclassification (e.g., interest income or interest expense). If a component is not required to be reclassified to net income in its entirety (e.g., the net periodic pension cost), companies would instead cross reference to the related note for additional information (e.g., the pension note). We adopted this accounting standard update in the first quarter of 2013 and have included the required presentation in all applicable filings since that date (see note 9).

Other accounting pronouncements adopted during the periods covered by the consolidated financial statements had an immaterial impact on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Effective

Accounting pronouncements issued, but not effective until after December 31, 2013 , are not expected to have a significant impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations.

Changes in Presentation

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on our financial position or results of operations.

NOTE 2. CASH AND INVESTMENTS

The following is a summary of marketable securities classified as available-for-sale at December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in millions):

Cost

Unrealized

Gains

Unrealized

Losses

Estimated

Fair Value

2013

Current marketable securities:

U.S. government and agency debt securities

$

355


$

-


$

(1

)

$

354


Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

76


1


(2

)

75


Corporate debt securities

146


1


(1

)

146


U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

2


-


-


2


Other debt and equity securities

3


-


-


3


Total marketable securities

$

582


$

2


$

(4

)

$

580




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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



Cost

Unrealized

Gains

Unrealized

Losses

Estimated

Fair Value

2012

Current marketable securities:

U.S. government and agency debt securities

$

236


$

2


$

-


$

238


Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

171


3


-


174


Corporate debt securities

158


5


-


163


U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

15


-


-


15


Other debt and equity securities

7


-


-


7


Total marketable securities

$

587


$

10


$

-


$

597


The gross realized gains on sales of marketable securities totaled $ 11 , $ 15 and $ 49 million in 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 , respectively. The gross realized losses totaled $ 6 , $ 6 and $ 20 million in 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 , respectively. There were no impairment losses recognized on marketable securities during 2013 , 2012 or 2011 .

Investment Other-Than-Temporary Impairments

We have concluded that no other-than-temporary impairment losses existed as of December 31, 2013 . In making this determination, we considered the financial condition and prospects of the issuer, the magnitude of the losses compared with the investments' cost, the probability that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the security, the credit rating of the security and our ability and intent to hold these investments until the anticipated recovery in market value occurs.


Unrealized Losses

The following table presents the age of gross unrealized losses and fair value by investment category for all securities in a loss position as of December 31, 2013 (in millions):

Less Than 12 Months

12 Months or More

Total

Fair Value

Unrealized Losses

Fair Value

Unrealized Losses

Fair Value

Unrealized Losses

U.S. government and agency debt securities

$

183


$

(1

)

$

-


$

-


$

183


$

(1

)

Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

50


(2

)

4


-


54


(2

)

Corporate debt securities

47


(1

)

-


-


47


(1

)

U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

-


-


-


-


-


-


Other debt and equity securities

-


-


-


-


-


-


Total marketable securities

$

280


$

(4

)

$

4


$

-


$

284


$

(4

)

The unrealized losses for the U.S. government and agency debt securities, mortgage and asset-backed debt securities, corporate debt securities and other debt securities primarily relate to holdings of various fixed income securities, and are primarily due to changes in market interest rates. We have both the intent and ability to hold the securities contained in the previous table for a time necessary to recover the cost basis.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Maturity Information

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of marketable securities at December 31, 2013 , by contractual maturity, are shown below (in millions). Actual maturities may differ from contractual maturities because the issuers of the securities may have the right to prepay obligations without prepayment penalties.

Cost

Estimated

Fair Value

Due in one year or less

$

33


$

33


Due after one year through three years

432


432


Due after three years through five years

21


21


Due after five years

93


91


579


577


Equity securities

3


3


$

582


$

580


Non-Current Investments and Restricted Cash

Restricted cash is associated with our self-insurance requirements. We entered into an escrow agreement with an insurance carrier to guarantee our self-insurance obligations. This agreement requires us to provide cash collateral to the insurance carrier, which is reported in "Investments and Restricted Cash" on our consolidated balance sheets. Additional cash collateral provided is reflected in other investing activities in the statements of consolidated cash flows. This restricted cash is invested in money market funds and similar cash equivalent type assets. As of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , we had $ 425 and $ 288 million in restricted cash, respectively.

We held a $ 19 million investment in a variable life insurance policy to fund benefits for the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan at December 31, 2013 and 2012 . This investment is classified as "Investments and Restricted Cash" in the consolidated balance sheets with the quarterly change in investment value recognized in investment income on the statements of consolidated income.

Fair Value Measurements

Marketable securities utilizing Level 1 inputs include active exchange-traded equity securities and equity index funds, and most U.S. Government debt securities, as these securities all have quoted prices in active markets. Marketable securities utilizing Level 2 inputs include non-auction rate asset-backed securities, corporate bonds and municipal bonds. These securities are valued using market corroborated pricing, matrix pricing or other models that utilize observable inputs such as yield curves.

We maintain holdings in certain investment partnerships that are measured at fair value utilizing Level 3 inputs (classified as "other investments" in the tables below, and as "Other Non-Current Assets" in the consolidated balance sheets). These partnership holdings do not have quoted prices, nor can they be valued using inputs based on observable market data. These investments are valued internally using a discounted cash flow model with two significant inputs: (1) the after-tax cash flow projections for each partnership, and (2) a risk-adjusted discount rate consistent with the duration of the expected cash flows for each partnership. The weighted-average discount rates used to value these investments were 8.65% and 7.75% as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively. These inputs and the resulting fair values are updated on a quarterly basis.


The following table presents information about our investments measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized to determine such fair value (in millions):



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Quoted Prices in

Active Markets

for Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

Significant

Other Observable

Inputs

(Level 2)

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

Total

2013

Marketable securities:

U.S. government and agency debt securities

$

353


$

1


$

-


$

354


Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

-


75


-


75


Corporate debt securities

-


146


-


146


U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

-


2


-


2


Other debt and equity securities

-


3


-


3


Total marketable securities

353


227


-


580


Other investments

19


-


110


129


Total

$

372


$

227


$

110


$

709


Quoted Prices in

Active Markets 

for Identical

Assets

(Level 1)

Significant Other

Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

Significant

Unobservable

Inputs

(Level 3)

Total

2012

Marketable securities:

U.S. government and agency debt securities

$

237


$

1


$

-


$

238


Mortgage and asset-backed debt securities

-


174


-


174


Corporate debt securities

-


163


-


163


U.S. state and local municipal debt securities

-


15


-


15


Other debt and equity securities

-


7


-


7


Total marketable securities

237


360


-


597


Other investments

19


-


163


182


Total

$

256


$

360


$

163


$

779



The following table presents the changes in the above Level 3 instruments measured on a recurring basis for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in millions).

Marketable

Securities

Other

Investments

Total

Balance on January 1, 2012

$

-


$

217


$

217


Transfers into (out of) Level 3

-


-


-


Net realized and unrealized gains (losses):

Included in earnings (in investment income)

-


(54

)

(54

)

Included in accumulated other comprehensive income (pre-tax)

-


-


-


Purchases

-


-


-


Settlements

-


-


-


Balance on December 31, 2012

$

-


$

163


$

163


Transfers into (out of) Level 3

-


-


-


Net realized and unrealized gains (losses):

Included in earnings (in investment income)

-


(53

)

(53

)

Included in accumulated other comprehensive income (pre-tax)

-


-


-


Purchases

-


-


-


Settlements

-


-


-


Balance on December 31, 2013

$

-


$

110


$

110



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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


NOTE 3. PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT

Property, plant and equipment, including both owned assets as well as assets subject to capital leases, consists of the following as of December 31 (in millions):

2013

2012

Vehicles

$

6,762


$

6,344


Aircraft

15,772


15,164


Land

1,163


1,122


Buildings

3,260


3,138


Building and leasehold improvements

3,116


3,049


Plant equipment

7,221


7,010


Technology equipment

1,569


1,675


Equipment under operating leases

44


69


Construction-in-progress

244


470


39,151


38,041


Less: Accumulated depreciation and amortization

(21,190

)

(20,147

)

$

17,961


$

17,894



We continually monitor our aircraft fleet utilization in light of current and projected volume levels, aircraft fuel prices and other factors. Additionally, we monitor our other property, plant and equipment categories for any indicators that the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. In 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , there were no indicators of impairment in our property, plant and equipment, and no impairment charges were recorded in any period presented.

NOTE 4. COMPANY-SPONSORED EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

We sponsor various retirement and pension plans, including defined benefit and defined contribution plans which cover our employees worldwide.

U.S. Pension Benefits

In the U.S. we maintain the following single-employer defined benefit pension plans: UPS Retirement Plan, UPS Pension Plan, UPS IBT Pension Plan and the UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan, a non-qualified plan.

The UPS Retirement Plan is noncontributory and includes substantially all eligible employees of participating domestic subsidiaries who are not members of a collective bargaining unit, as well as certain employees covered by a collective bargaining agreement. This plan generally provides for retirement benefits based on average compensation levels earned by employees prior to retirement. Benefits payable under this plan are subject to maximum compensation limits and the annual benefit limits for a tax qualified defined benefit plan as prescribed by the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS").

The UPS Excess Coordinating Benefit Plan is a non-qualified plan that provides benefits to certain participants in the UPS Retirement Plan for amounts that exceed the benefit limits described above.

The UPS Pension Plan is noncontributory and includes certain eligible employees of participating domestic subsidiaries and members of collective bargaining units that elect to participate in the plan. This plan generally provides for retirement benefits based on service credits earned by employees prior to retirement.

The UPS IBT Pension Plan is noncontributory and includes employees that were previously members of the Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Fund ("Central States Pension Fund"), a multiemployer pension plan, in addition to other eligible employees who are covered under certain collective bargaining agreements. This plan generally provides for retirement benefits based on service credits earned by employees prior to retirement.



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


U.S. Postretirement Medical Benefits

We also sponsor postretirement medical plans in the U.S. that provide health care benefits to our retirees who meet certain eligibility requirements and who are not otherwise covered by multiemployer plans. Generally, this includes employees with at least 10 years of service who have reached age 55 and employees who are eligible for postretirement medical benefits from a Company-sponsored plan pursuant to collective bargaining agreements. We have the right to modify or terminate certain of these plans. These benefits have been provided to certain retirees on a noncontributory basis; however, in many cases, retirees are required to contribute all or a portion of the total cost of the coverage.

International Pension Benefits

We also sponsor various defined benefit plans covering certain of our international employees. The majority of our international obligations are for defined benefit plans in Canada and the United Kingdom. In addition, many of our international employees are covered by government-sponsored retirement and pension plans. We are not directly responsible for providing benefits to participants of government-sponsored plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

We also sponsor several defined contribution plans for all employees not covered under collective bargaining agreements, and for certain employees covered under collective bargaining agreements. The Company matches, in shares of UPS common stock or cash, a portion of the participating employees' contributions. Matching contributions charged to expense were $ 90 , $ 83 and $ 80 million for 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

Contributions are also made to defined contribution money purchase plans under certain collective bargaining agreements. Amounts charged to expense were $ 80 , $ 80 and $ 76 million for 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

Net Periodic Benefit Cost

Information about net periodic benefit cost for the company-sponsored pension and postretirement benefit plans is as follows (in millions):

U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International

Pension Benefits

2013

2012

2011

2013

2012

2011

2013

2012

2011

Net Periodic Cost:

Service cost

$

1,349


$

998


$

870


$

103


$

89


$

89


$

47


$

41


$

34


Interest cost

1,449


1,410


1,309


185


208


207


44


41


39


Expected return on assets

(2,147

)

(1,970

)

(1,835

)

(33

)

(18

)

(16

)

(55

)

(47

)

(43

)

Amortization of:

Transition obligation

-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


-


Prior service cost

172


173


171


4


5


7


2


2


1


Actuarial (gain) loss

-


4,388


736


-


374


-


-


69


91


Other

-


-


-


-


-


-


(5

)

(10

)

-


Net periodic benefit cost

$

823


$

4,999


$

1,251


$

259


$

658


$

287


$

33


$

96


$

122



Actuarial Assumptions

The table below provides the weighted-average actuarial assumptions used to determine the net periodic benefit cost.

U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International

Pension Benefits

2013

2012

2011

2013

2012

2011

2013

2012

2011

Discount rate

4.42

%

5.64

%

5.98

%

4.21

%

5.47

%

5.77

%

4.00

%

4.63

%

5.36

%

Rate of compensation increase

4.16

%

4.50

%

4.50

%

N/A


N/A


N/A


3.03

%

3.58

%

3.57

%

Expected return on assets

8.75

%

8.75

%

8.75

%

8.75

%

8.75

%

8.75

%

6.90

%

7.20

%

7.31

%


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The table below provides the weighted-average actuarial assumptions used to determine the benefit obligations of our plans.

U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International

Pension Benefits

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

Discount rate

5.32

%

4.42

%

5.14

%

4.21

%

4.40

%

4.00

%

Rate of compensation increase

4.29

%

4.16

%

N/A


N/A


3.30

%

3.03

%

A discount rate is used to determine the present value of our future benefit obligations. To determine our discount rate for our U.S. pension and postretirement benefit plans, we use a bond matching approach to select specific bonds that would satisfy our projected benefit payments. We believe the bond matching approach reflects the process we would employ to settle our pension and postretirement benefit obligations. For our international plans, the discount rate is determined by matching the expected cash flows of a sample plan of similar duration to a yield curve based on long-term, high quality fixed income debt instruments available as of the measurement date. These assumptions are updated each measurement date, which is typically annually.

As of December 31, 2013 , the impact of each basis point change in the discount rate on the projected benefit obligation of the pension and postretirement medical benefit plans are as follows (in millions):

Increase (Decrease) in the Projected Benefit Obligation

Pension Benefits

Postretirement Medical Benefits

One basis point increase in discount rate

$

(46

)

$

(4

)

One basis point decrease in discount rate

$

49


$

4


An assumption for expected return on plan assets is used to determine a component of net periodic benefit cost for the fiscal year. This assumption for our U.S. plans was developed using a long-term projection of returns for each asset class, and taking into consideration our target asset allocation. The expected return for each asset class is a function of passive, long-term capital market assumptions and excess returns generated from active management. The capital market assumptions used are provided by independent investment advisors, while excess return assumptions are supported by historical performance, fund mandates and investment expectations. In addition, we compare the expected return on asset assumption with the average historical rate of return these plans have been able to generate.

For plans outside the U.S., consideration is given to local market expectations of long-term returns. Strategic asset allocations are determined by plan, based on the nature of liabilities and considering the demographic composition of the plan participants.

Health care cost trends are used to project future postretirement benefits payable from our plans. For year-end 2013 U.S. plan obligations, future postretirement medical benefit costs were forecasted assuming an initial annual increase of 7.0% , decreasing to 5.0% by the year 2018 and with consistent annual increases at those ultimate levels thereafter.


Assumed health care cost trends can have a significant effect on the amounts reported for our postretirement medical plans. A one-percent change in assumed health care cost trend rates would have had the following effects on 2013 results (in millions):

1% Increase

1% Decrease

Effect on total of service cost and interest cost

$

3


$

(3

)

Effect on postretirement benefit obligation

$

50


$

(64

)




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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Funded Status

The following table discloses the funded status of our plans and the amounts recognized in our balance sheet as of December 31 (in millions):

U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International

Pension

 Benefits

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

Funded Status:

Fair value of plan assets

$

26,224


$

24,941


$

355


$

460


$

931


$

801


Benefit obligation

(29,508

)

(31,868

)

(4,046

)

(4,412

)

(1,076

)

(1,089

)

Funded status recognized at December 31

$

(3,284

)

$

(6,927

)

$

(3,691

)

$

(3,952

)

$

(145

)

$

(288

)

Funded Status Amounts Recognized in our Balance Sheet:

Other non-current assets

$

-


$

-


$

-


$

-


$

47


$

26


Other current liabilities

(16

)

(14

)

(97

)

(108

)

(3

)

(3

)

Pension and postretirement benefit obligations

(3,268

)

(6,913

)

(3,594

)

(3,844

)

(189

)

(311

)

Net liability at December 31

$

(3,284

)

$

(6,927

)

$

(3,691

)

$

(3,952

)

$

(145

)

$

(288

)

Amounts Recognized in AOCI:

Unrecognized net prior service cost

$

(1,286

)

$

(1,318

)

$

(79

)

$

(79

)

$

(9

)

$

(13

)

Unrecognized net actuarial gain (loss)

1,233


(3,187

)

(29

)

(441

)

(7

)

(86

)

Gross unrecognized cost at December 31

(53

)

(4,505

)

(108

)

(520

)

(16

)

(99

)

Deferred tax asset at December 31

20


1,694


41


196


2


26


Net unrecognized cost at December 31

$

(33

)

$

(2,811

)

$

(67

)

$

(324

)

$

(14

)

$

(73

)

The accumulated benefit obligation for our pension plans as of the measurement dates in 2013 and 2012 was $ 28.586 and $ 30.350 billion, respectively.

Benefit payments under the pension plans include $ 16 million paid from employer assets in both 2013 and 2012 . Benefit payments (net of participant contributions) under the postretirement medical benefit plans include $ 108 and $ 110 million paid from employer assets in 2013 and 2012 , respectively. Such benefit payments from employer assets are also categorized as employer contributions.

At December 31, 2013 and 2012 , the projected benefit obligation, the accumulated benefit obligation, and the fair value of plan assets for pension plans with benefit obligations in excess of plan assets were as follows (in millions):

Projected Benefit Obligation

Exceeds the Fair Value of  Plan

Assets

Accumulated Benefit Obligation

Exceeds the Fair Value of  Plan

Assets

2013

2012

2013

2012

U.S. Pension Benefits

Projected benefit obligation

$

29,508


$

31,868


$

29,508


$

31,868


Accumulated benefit obligation

27,623


29,382


27,623


29,382


Fair value of plan assets

26,224


24,941


26,224


24,941


International Pension Benefits

Projected benefit obligation

$

764


$

1,028


$

361


$

678


Accumulated benefit obligation

658


917


301


606


Fair value of plan assets

580


723


184


388


The accumulated postretirement benefit obligation exceeds plan assets for all of our U.S. postretirement medical benefit plans.



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Benefit Obligations and Fair Value of Plan Assets

The following table provides a reconciliation of the changes in the plans' benefit obligations and fair value of plan assets as of the respective measurement dates in each year (in millions).

U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International

Pension

Benefits

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

Benefit Obligations:

Projected benefit obligation at beginning of year

$

31,868


$

24,386


$

4,412


$

3,836


$

1,089


$

841


Service cost

1,349


998


103


89


47


41


Interest cost

1,449


1,410


185


208


44


41


Gross benefits paid

(813

)

(774

)

(258

)

(233

)

(21

)

(20

)

Plan participants' contributions

-


-


17


16


4


4


Plan amendments

140


(2

)

4


1


-


-


Actuarial (gain)/loss

(4,485

)

5,850


(417

)

495


(55

)

112


Foreign currency exchange rate changes

-


-


-


-


(26

)

24


Curtailments and settlements

-


-


-


-


(6

)

(5

)

Other

-


-


-


-


-


51


Projected benefit obligation at end of year

$

29,508


$

31,868


$

4,046


$

4,412


$

1,076


$

1,089


U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International

Pension

Benefits

2013

2012

2013

2012

2013

2012

Fair Value of Plan Assets:

Fair value of plan assets at beginning of year

$

24,941


$

22,663


$

460


$

174


$

801


$

613


Actual return on plan assets

2,082


2,684


28


19


81


56


Employer contributions

14


368


108


475


90


74


Plan participants' contributions

-


-


17


16


1


1


Gross benefits paid

(813

)

(774

)

(258

)

(233

)

(21

)

(20

)

Foreign currency exchange rate changes

-


-


-


-


(20

)

20


Curtailments and settlements

-


-


-


-


(1

)

(4

)

Other

-


-


-


9


-


61


Fair value of plan assets at end of year

$

26,224


$

24,941


$

355


$

460


$

931


$

801


Pension and Postretirement Plan Assets

The applicable benefit plan committees establish investment guidelines and strategies, and regularly monitor the performance of the funds and portfolio managers. Our investment guidelines address the following items: governance, general investment beliefs and principles, investment objectives, specific investment goals, process for determining/maintaining the asset allocation policy, long-term asset allocation, rebalancing, investment restrictions/prohibited transactions, portfolio manager structure and diversification (which addresses limits on the amount of investments held by any one manager to minimize risk), portfolio manager selection criteria, plan evaluation, portfolio manager performance review and evaluation and risk management (including various measures used to evaluate risk tolerance).


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Our investment strategy with respect to pension assets is to invest the assets in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. The long-term primary objectives for our pension assets are to: (1) provide for a reasonable amount of long-term growth of capital, with prudent exposure to risk; and protect the assets from erosion of purchasing power; (2) provide investment results that meet or exceed the plans' expected long-term rate of return; and (3) match the duration of the liabilities and assets of the plans to reduce the potential risk of large employer contributions being necessary in the future. The plans strive to meet these objectives by employing portfolio managers to actively manage assets within the guidelines and strategies set forth by the benefit plan committees. These managers are evaluated by comparing their performance to applicable benchmarks.

Fair Value Measurements

Pension assets utilizing Level 1 inputs include fair values of equity investments, corporate debt instruments, and U.S. government securities that were determined by closing prices for those securities traded on national stock exchanges, while securities traded in the over-the-counter market and listed securities for which no sale was reported on the valuation date are valued at the mean between the last reported bid and asked prices.

Level 2 assets include certain bonds that are valued based on yields currently available on comparable securities of other issues with similar credit ratings, mortgage-backed securities that are valued based on cash flow and yield models using acceptable modeling and pricing conventions, and certain investments that are pooled with other investments held by the trustee in a commingled employee benefit trust fund. The investments in the commingled funds are valued by taking the percentage owned by the respective plan in the underlying net asset value of the trust fund, which was determined in accordance with the paragraph above.

Certain investments' estimated fair value is based on unobservable inputs that are not corroborated by observable market data and are thus classified as Level 3. These investments include commingled funds comprised of corporate and government bonds, hedge funds, real estate investments and private equity funds. The fair values may, due to the inherent uncertainty of valuation for those alternative investments, differ significantly from the values that would have been used had a ready market for the alternative investments existed, and the differences could be material. These investments are described further below:

Commingled Stock Funds: We maintain plan assets invested in commingled stock funds, which hold U.S. and international public market securities. These commingled funds are valued using net asset values, adjusted, as appropriate, for investment fund specific inputs determined to be significant to the valuation. Our plans maintain the right to liquidate positions in these commingled stock funds at any time, subject only to a brief notification period. No unfunded commitments existed with respect to these commingled stock funds at December 31, 2013 .

Hedge Funds: We maintain plan assets invested in hedge funds that pursue multiple strategies to diversify risk and reduce volatility. Investments in hedge funds are valued using reported net asset values as of December 31 . These assets are primarily invested in a portfolio of diversified, direct investments and funds of hedge funds. Most of these funds allow redemptions either quarterly or semi-annually after a two to three month notice period, while other funds allow for redemption after only a brief notification period with no restriction on redemption frequency. No unfunded commitments existed with respect to these hedge funds as of December 31, 2013 .

Real Estate and Private Equity Funds: We maintain plan assets invested in limited partnership interests in various private equity and real estate funds. These private equity and real estate investment funds are valued using fair values per the most recent partnership audited financial reports, adjusted as appropriate for any lag between the date of the financial reports and December 31 . The real estate investments consist of U.S. and non-U.S. real estate investments and are broadly diversified. Limited provision exists for the redemption of these interests by the general partners that invest in these funds until the end of the term of the partnerships, typically ranging between 12 and 18 years from the date of inception. An active secondary market exists for similar partnership interests, although no particular value (discount or premium) can be guaranteed. At December 31, 2013 , unfunded commitments to such limited partnerships totaling approximately $ 858 million are expected to be contributed over the remaining investment period, typically ranging between three and six years.





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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The fair values of U.S. and international pension and postretirement benefit plan assets by asset category as of December 31, 2013 are presented below (in millions), as well as the percentage that each category comprises of our total plan assets and the respective target allocations.

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Assets

Percentage of

Plan Assets -

2013

Target

Allocation

2013

Asset Category (U.S. Plans):

Cash and cash equivalents

$

112


$

514


$

-


$

626


2.3

%

0-5

Equity Securities:

U.S. Large Cap

2,264


1,948


-


4,212


U.S. Small Cap

457


50


-


507


Emerging Markets

1,247


120


-


1,367


Global Equity

2,154


-


-


2,154


International Equity

1,397


825


-


2,222


Total Equity Securities

7,519


2,943


-


10,462


39.4


25-55

Fixed Income Securities:

U.S. Government Securities

3,746


615


-


4,361


Corporate Bonds

7


2,550


223


2,780


Global Bonds

-


681


-


681


Municipal Bonds

-


55


-


55


Total Fixed Income Securities

3,753


3,901


223


7,877


29.6


15-35

Other Investments:

Hedge Funds

-


-


3,738


3,738


14.1


8-15

Private Equity

-


-


1,397


1,397


5.3


3-10

Real Estate

285


21


1,091


1,397


5.3


3-10

Structured Products (1)

-


326


-


326


1.2


0-5

Other (2)

-


-


756


756


2.8


1-10

Total U.S. Plan Assets

$

11,669


$

7,705


$

7,205


$

26,579


100.0

%

Asset Category (International Plans):

Cash and cash equivalents

$

11


$

17


$

-


28


3.0


0-5

Equity Securities:

Local Markets Equity

122


97


-


219


U.S. Equity

17


-


-


17


Emerging Markets

19


-


-


19


International / Global Equity

88


79


-


167


Total Equity Securities

246


176


-


422


45.3


50-65

Fixed Income Securities:

Local Government Bonds

68


-


-


68


Corporate Bonds

86


85


-


171


Total Fixed Income Securities

154


85


-


239


25.7


15-35

Other Investments:

Real Estate

-


63


-


63


6.8


0-17

Structured Products (1)

-


-


55


55


5.9


0-10

Other

-


124


-


124


13.3


0-20

Total International Plan Assets

$

411


$

465


$

55


$

931


100.0

%

Total Plan Assets

$

12,080


$

8,170


$

7,260


$

27,510


(1) Represents mortgage and asset-backed securities.

(2) Represents global balanced-risk commingled funds, consisting primarily of equity, bonds, and some currencies and commodities.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS



The fair values of U.S. and international pension and postretirement benefit plan assets by asset category as of December 31, 2012 are presented below (in millions), as well as the percentage that each category comprises of our total plan assets and the respective target allocations. This table has been revised from our 2012 Form 10-K filing to include international plan assets in conformity with the 2013 presentation of international plan assets.

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Assets

Percentage of

Plan Assets -

2012

Target

Allocation

2012

Asset Category (U.S. Plans):

Cash and cash equivalents

$

103


$

139


$

-


$

242


0.9

%

0-5

Equity Securities:

U.S. Large Cap

2,548


2,162


-


4,710


U.S. Small Cap

450


31


-


481


Emerging Markets

1,160


123


-


1,283


Global Equity

2,242


-


-


2,242


International Equity

442


694


-


1,136


Total Equity Securities

6,842


3,010


-


9,852


38.8


35-55

Fixed Income Securities:

U.S. Government Securities

4,008


443


-


4,451


Corporate Bonds

9


3,113


138


3,260


Global Bonds

-


457


-


457


Municipal Bonds

-


83


-


83


Total Fixed Income Securities

4,017


4,096


138


8,251


32.5


25-35

Other Investments:

Hedge Funds

-


-


2,829


2,829


11.1


5-15

Private Equity

-


-


1,416


1,416


5.6


1-10

Real Estate

177


23


1,039


1,239


4.9


1-10

Structured Products (1)

-


210


-


210


0.8


0-5

Other (2)

-


-


1,362


1,362


5.4


1-10

Total U.S. Plan Assets

$

11,139


$

7,478


$

6,784


$

25,401


100.0

%

Asset Category (International Plans):

Cash and cash equivalents

$

5


$

17


$

-


22


2.8


0-5

Equity Securities:

Local Markets Equity

118


79


-


197


U.S. Equity

14


-


-


14


International / Global Equity

71


59


-


130


Total Equity Securities

203


138


-


341


42.6


50-65

Fixed Income Securities:

Local Government Bonds

64


-


-


64


Corporate Bonds

85


70


-


155


Total Fixed Income Securities

149


70


-


219


27.3


15-35

Other Investments:

Real Estate

-


46


-


46


5.7


0-17

Structured Products (1)

-


-


49


49


6.1


0-10

Other

-


124


-


124


15.5


0-20

Total International Plan Assets

$

357


$

395


$

49


$

801


100.0

%

Total Plan Assets

$

11,496


$

7,873


$

6,833


$

26,202


(1) Represents mortgage and asset-backed securities.

(2) Represents global balanced-risk commingled funds, consisting primarily of equity, bonds, and some currencies and commodities.


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The following table presents the changes in the Level 3 instruments measured on a recurring basis for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in millions). The information presented for 2012 has been revised to include international plan assets in conformity with the 2013 presentation of international plan assets.

Corporate

Bonds

Hedge

Funds

Real

Estate

Private

Equity

Other

Total

Balance on January 1, 2012

$

80


$

2,132


$

948


$

1,354


$

644


$

5,158


Actual Return on Assets:

Assets Held at End of Year

1


59


85


163


159


467


Assets Sold During the Year

(3

)

5


4


-


-


6


Purchases

71


1,300


144


184


608


2,307


Sales

(11

)

(667

)

(142

)

(285

)

-


(1,105

)

Settlements

-


-


-


-


-


-


Transfers Into (Out of) Level 3

-


-


-


-


-


-


Balance on December 31, 2012

$

138


$

2,829


$

1,039


$

1,416


$

1,411


$

6,833


Actual Return on Assets:

Assets Held at End of Year

(1

)

229


81


71


(93

)

287


Assets Sold During the Year

-


5


54


153


54


266


Purchases

165


1,676


145


143


1


2,130


Sales

(79

)

(1,001

)

(228

)

(386

)

(562

)

(2,256

)

Settlements

-


-


-


-


-


-


Transfers Into (Out of) Level 3

-


-


-


-


-


-


Balance on December 31, 2013

$

223


$

3,738


$

1,091


$

1,397


$

811


$

7,260


There were no UPS class A or B shares of common stock directly held in plan assets as of December 31, 2013 or December 31, 2012 .

Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

The estimated amounts of prior service cost in AOCI expected to be amortized and recognized as a component of net periodic benefit cost in 2014 are as follows (in millions):

U.S. Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International Pension

Benefits

Prior service cost / (benefit)

$

169


$

4


$

1


Expected Cash Flows

Information about expected cash flows for the pension and postretirement benefit plans is as follows (in millions):

U.S.

Pension Benefits

U.S. Postretirement

Medical Benefits

International Pension

Benefits

Employer Contributions:

2014 (expected) to plan trusts

$

-


$

-


$

77


2014 (expected) to plan participants

16


100


3


Expected Benefit Payments:

2014

$

885


$

239


$

24


2015

981


253


26


2016

1,081


270


27


2017

1,188


286


30


2018

1,306


300


32


2019 - 2023

8,502


1,610


199



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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Our funding policy for U.S. plans is to contribute amounts annually that are at least equal to the amounts required by applicable laws and regulations, or to directly fund payments to plan participants, as applicable. International plans will be funded in accordance with local regulations. Additional discretionary contributions may be made when deemed appropriate to meet the long-term obligations of the plans. Expected benefit payments for pensions will be primarily paid from plan trusts. Expected benefit payments for postretirement medical benefits will be paid from plan trusts and corporate assets.

NOTE 5. MULTIEMPLOYER EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

We contribute to a number of multiemployer defined benefit plans under the terms of collective bargaining agreements that cover our union-represented employees. These plans generally provide for retirement, death and/or termination benefits for eligible employees within the applicable collective bargaining units, based on specific eligibility/participation requirements, vesting periods and benefit formulas. The risks of participating in these multiemployer plans are different from single-employer plans in the following aspects:

Assets contributed to the multiemployer plan by one employer may be used to provide benefits to employees of other participating employers.

If a participating employer stops contributing to the multiemployer plan, the unfunded obligations of the plan may be borne by the remaining participating employers.

If we choose to stop participating in some of our multiemployer plans, we may be required to pay those plans an amount based on the underfunded status of the plan, referred to as a withdrawal liability. However, cessation of participation in a multiemployer plan and subsequent payment of any withdrawal liability is subject to the collective bargaining process.

The discussion that follows sets forth the financial impact on our results of operations and cash flows for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 from our participation in multiemployer benefit plans. Several factors could cause us to make significantly higher future contributions to these plans, including unfavorable investment performance, changes in demographics and increased benefits to participants. However, all surcharges are subject to the collective bargaining process. At this time, we are unable to determine the amount of additional future contributions, if any, or whether any material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity would result from our participation in these plans.

The number of employees covered by our multiemployer plans has remained consistent over the past three years, and there have been no significant changes that affect the comparability of 2013 , 2012 and 2011 contributions. We recognize expense for the contractually-required contribution for each period, and we recognize a liability for any contributions due and unpaid at the end of a reporting period.

Multiemployer Pension Plans

The following table outlines our participation in multiemployer pension plans for the periods ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , and sets forth our calendar year contributions into each plan. The "EIN/Pension Plan Number" column provides the Employer Identification Number ("EIN") and the three-digit plan number. The most recent Pension Protection Act zone status available in 2013 and 2012 relates to the plans' two most recent fiscal year-ends. The zone status is based on information that we received from the plans' administrators and is certified by each plan's actuary. Among other factors, plans certified in the red zone are generally less than 65% funded, plans certified in the orange zone are both less than 80% funded and have an accumulated funding deficiency or are expected to have a deficiency in any of the next six plan years, plans certified in the yellow zone are less than 80% funded, and plans certified in the green zone are at least 80% funded. The "FIP/RP Status Pending/Implemented" column indicates whether a financial improvement plan ("FIP") for yellow/orange zone plans, or a rehabilitation plan ("RP") for red zone plans, is either pending or has been implemented. As of December 31, 2013 , all plans that have either a FIP or RP requirement have had the respective FIP or RP implemented.

Our collectively-bargained contributions satisfy the requirements of all implemented FIPs and RPs and do not currently require the payment of any surcharges. In addition, minimum contributions outside of the agreed upon contractual rate are not required. For the plans detailed in the following table, the expiration date of the associated collective bargaining agreements was July 31, 2013 (see Note 16), with the exception of the Automotive Industries Pension Plan and the IAM National Pension Fund / National Pension Plan which both have a July 31, 2014 expiration date. For those plans covered by the collective bargaining agreement that expired on July 31, 2013, we have accrued a liability for the estimated contributions (which are included in the following table) under our new collective bargaining agreement that has been approved, but not yet ratified (see note 16). For all plans detailed in the following table, we provided more than 5% of the total plan contributions from all employers for 2013 , 2012 and 2011 (as disclosed in the Form 5500 for each respective plan).


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Certain plans have been aggregated in the "All Other Multiemployer Pension Plans" line in the following table, as the contributions to each of these individual plans are not material.

EIN / Pension

Plan

Pension

Protection Act

Zone Status

FIP/RP Status

Pending/

(in millions)

UPS Contributions and Accruals

Surcharge

Pension Fund

Number

2013

2012

Implemented

2013

2012

2011

Imposed

Alaska Teamster-Employer Pension Plan

92-6003463-024

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

$

5


$

4


$

4


No

Automotive Industries Pension Plan

94-1133245-001

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

4


4


4


No

Central Pennsylvania Teamsters Defined Benefit Plan

23-6262789-001

Green

Yellow

Yes/Implemented

30


29


27


No

Employer-Teamsters Local Nos. 175 & 505 Pension Trust Fund

55-6021850-001

Green

Green

No

9


9


8


No

Hagerstown Motor Carriers and Teamsters Pension Fund

52-6045424-001

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

5


5


5


No

I.A.M. National Pension Fund / National Pension Plan

51-6031295-002

Green

Green

No

27


24


25


No

International Brotherhood of Teamsters Union Local No. 710 Pension Fund

36-2377656-001

Green

Green

No

88


75


74


No

Local 705, International Brotherhood of Teamsters Pension Plan

36-6492502-001

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

68


46


58


No

Local 804 I.B.T. & Local 447 I.A.M.-UPS Multiemployer Retirement Plan

51-6117726-001

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

88


87


84


No

Milwaukee Drivers Pension Trust Fund

39-6045229-001

Green

Green

No

29


26


26


No

New England Teamsters & Trucking Industry Pension Fund

04-6372430-001

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

102


124


124


No

New York State Teamsters Conference Pension and Retirement Fund

16-6063585-074

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

72


65


57


No

Teamster Pension Fund of Philadelphia and Vicinity

23-1511735-001

Yellow

Yellow

Yes/Implemented

46


44


41


No

Teamsters Joint Council No. 83 of Virginia Pension Fund

54-6097996-001

Yellow

Yellow

Yes/Implemented

49


44


41


No

Teamsters Local 639-Employers Pension Trust

53-0237142-001

Green

Green

No

41


36


33


No

Teamsters Negotiated Pension Plan

43-6196083-001

Yellow

Red

Yes/Implemented

26


24


22


No

Truck Drivers and Helpers Local Union No. 355 Retirement Pension Plan

52-6043608-001

Yellow

Yellow

Yes/Implemented

14


14


12


No

United Parcel Service, Inc.-Local 177, I.B.T. Multiemployer Retirement Plan

13-1426500-419

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

68


62


57


No

Western Conference of Teamsters Pension Plan

91-6145047-001

Green

Green

No

553


520


476


No

Western Pennsylvania Teamsters and Employers Pension Fund

25-6029946-001

Red

Red

Yes/Implemented

23


24


21


No

All Other Multiemployer Pension Plans

49


59


44


Total Contributions

$

1,396


$

1,325


$

1,243


In 2012, we reached an agreement with the New England Teamsters and Trucking Industry Pension Fund ("NETTI Fund"), a multiemployer pension plan in which UPS is a participant, to restructure the pension liabilities for approximately 10,200 UPS employees represented by the Teamsters. The agreement reflected a decision by the NETTI Fund's trustees to restructure the NETTI Fund through plan amendments to utilize a "two pool approach", which effectively subdivided the plan assets and liabilities between two groups of beneficiaries. As part of this agreement, UPS agreed to withdraw from the original pool of the NETTI Fund, of which it had historically been a participant, and reenter the NETTI Fund's newly-established pool as a new employer.

Upon ratification of the agreement by the Teamsters in September 2012, we withdrew from the original pool of the NETTI Fund and incurred an undiscounted withdrawal liability of $2.162 billion to be paid in equal monthly installments over 50 years. The undiscounted withdrawal liability was calculated by independent actuaries employed by the NETTI Fund, in accordance with the governing plan documents and the applicable requirements of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. In 2012, we recorded a charge to expense to establish an $896 million withdrawal liability on our consolidated balance sheet, which represents the present value of the $2.162 billion future payment obligation discounted at a 4.25% interest rate. This discount rate represents the estimated credit-adjusted market rate of interest at which we could obtain financing of a similar maturity and seniority. As this agreement is not a contribution to the plan, the amounts reflected in the previous table do not include this $896 million non-cash transaction.

The $896 million charge to expense recorded in 2012 is included in "compensation and benefits" expense in the statements of consolidated income, while the corresponding withdrawal liability is included in "other non-current liabilities" on the consolidated balance sheet. We impute interest on the withdrawal liability using the 4.25% discount rate, while the monthly payments made to the NETTI Fund reduce the remaining balance of the withdrawal liability.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Our status in the newly-established pool of the NETTI Fund is accounted for as the participation in a new multiemployer pension plan, and therefore we recognize expense based on the contractually-required contribution for each period, and we recognize a liability for any contributions due and unpaid at the end of a reporting period.

Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for long-term financing of a similar maturity, the fair value of the NETTI withdrawal liability as of December 31, 2013 was $783 million . We utilized Level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy of valuation techniques to determine the fair value of this liability.

Multiemployer Health and Welfare Plans

We also contribute to several multiemployer health and welfare plans that cover both active and retired employees. Health care benefits are provided to participants who meet certain eligibility requirements as covered under the applicable collective bargaining unit. The following table sets forth our calendar year plan contributions and accruals. For those plans covered by the collective bargaining agreement that expired on July 31, 2013, we have accrued a liability for the estimated contributions (which are included in the following table) under our new collective bargaining agreement that has been approved, but not yet ratified (see note 16). Certain plans have been aggregated in the "All Other Multiemployer Health and Welfare Plans" line in the table, as the contributions to each of these individual plans are not material.

(in millions)

UPS Contributions and Accruals

Health and Welfare Fund

2013

2012

2011

Bay Area Delivery Drivers

$

29


$

28


$

27


Central Pennsylvania Teamsters Health & Pension Fund

20


19


18


Central States, South East & South West Areas Health and Welfare Fund

505


471


452


Delta Health Systems-East Bay Drayage Drivers

24


24


17


Employer-Teamster Local Nos. 175 & 505

9


8


8


Joint Council #83 Health & Welfare Fund

24


25


25


Local 191 Teamsters Health Fund

9


9


9


Local 401 Teamsters Health & Welfare Fund

6


6


6


Local 804 Welfare Trust Fund

67


62


58


Milwaukee Drivers Pension Trust Fund-Milwaukee Drivers Health and Welfare Trust Fund

31


29


28


Montana Teamster Employers Trust

6


6


6


New York State Teamsters Health & Hospital Fund

46


44


41


North Coast Benefit Trust

8


7


7


Northern California General Teamsters (DELTA)

84


75


73


Northern New England Benefit Trust

35


33


32


Oregon / Teamster Employers Trust

28


27


27


Teamsters 170 Health & Welfare Fund

12


12


12


Teamsters Benefit Trust

38


32


29


Teamsters Local 251 Health & Insurance Plan

11


10


10


Teamsters Local 404 Health & Insurance Plan

6


6


6


Teamsters Local 638 Health Fund

32


29


28


Teamsters Local 639-Employers Health & Pension Trust Funds

24


22


22


Teamsters Local 671 Health Services & Insurance Plan

13


12


13


Teamsters Union 25 Health Services & Insurance Plan

37


36


34


Teamsters Union Local 677 Health Services & Insurance Plan

8


8


8


Truck Drivers and Helpers Local 355 Baltimore Area Health & Welfare Fund

13


13


12


Utah-Idaho Teamsters Security Fund

18


16


15


Washington Teamsters Welfare Trust

35


32


30


All Other Multiemployer Health and Welfare Plans

44


55


50


Total Contributions

$

1,222


$

1,156


$

1,103



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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


NOTE 6. BUSINESS ACQUISITIONS, GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

The following table indicates the allocation of goodwill by reportable segment (in millions):

U.S. Domestic

Package

International

Package

Supply Chain &

Freight

Consolidated

Balance on January 1, 2012

$

-


$

361


$

1,740


$

2,101


Acquired

-


67


-


67


Currency / Other

-


2


3


5


Balance on December 31, 2012

$

-


$

430


$

1,743


$

2,173


Acquired

-


3


20


23


Currency / Other

-


(13

)

7


(6

)

Balance on December 31, 2013

$

-


$

420


$

1,770


$

2,190


Business Acquisitions

2013 Acquisitions:

The goodwill acquired in the Supply Chain & Freight segment was related to our July 2013 acquisition of Cemelog Ltd. ("Cemelog"), a Hungary-based medical logistics provider that operates in Central and Eastern Europe. The goodwill acquired in the International Package segment was largely related to our October 2013 acquisition of the assets and operations of two Costa Rican-based companies: (1) Union Pak de Costa Rica, S.A., a small package delivery company, and (2) SEISA Brokerage, a customs brokerage company. Both companies have long-standing relationships with UPS as authorized service contractors.

2012 Acquisitions:

The goodwill acquired in the International Package segment was related to our February 2012 acquisition of Kiala S.A. ("Kiala"), a Belgium-based developer of a platform that enables e-commerce retailers to offer their shoppers the option of having goods delivered to a convenient retail location. Kiala currently operates in Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Spain.

Pro forma results of operations have not been presented for these acquisitions in 2013 and 2012, because the effects of these transactions were not material in either period. The results of operations of these acquired companies have been included in our statements of consolidated income from the date of acquisition.

The remaining change in goodwill for both the International Package and Supply Chain & Freight segments was due to the impact of changes in the value of the U.S. Dollar on the translation of non-U.S. Dollar goodwill balances.

Goodwill Impairment

We test our goodwill for impairment annually, as of October 1st , on a reporting unit basis. Our reporting units are comprised of the Europe, Asia, and Americas reporting units in the International Package reporting segment, and the Forwarding, Logistics, UPS Freight, MBE / The UPS Store, and UPS Capital reporting units in the Supply Chain & Freight reporting segment.

In assessing our goodwill for impairment, we initially evaluate qualitative factors to determine if it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount. If the qualitative assessment is not conclusive and it is necessary to calculate the fair value of a reporting unit, then we utilize a two-step process to test goodwill for impairment. First, a comparison of the fair value of the applicable reporting unit with the aggregate carrying value, including goodwill, is performed. We primarily determine the fair value of our reporting units using a discounted cash flow model, and supplement this with observable valuation multiples for comparable companies, as applicable. If the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds the reporting unit's fair value, we perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of impairment loss. The second step includes comparing the implied fair value of the affected reporting unit's goodwill with the carrying value of that goodwill.



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


In 2013, we utilized a qualitative assessment to determine that it was more likely than not that the reporting unit fair value exceeded the carrying value for our Europe, Asia, Americas and MBE / The UPS Store reporting units. For the remaining reporting units, we utilized the two-step process to test goodwill for impairment. We did not have any goodwill impairment charges in 2013 , 2012 or 2011 . Cumulatively, our Supply Chain & Freight reporting segment has recorded goodwill impairment charges of $ 622 million, while our International and U.S. Domestic Package segments have not recorded any impairment charges.

Intangible Assets

The following is a summary of intangible assets at December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in millions):

Gross Carrying

Amount

Accumulated

Amortization

Net Carrying

Value

Weighted-

Average

Amortization

Period

(in years)

December 31, 2013

Trademarks, licenses, patents, and other

$

257


$

(108

)

$

149


6.2

Customer lists

118


(62

)

56


12.8

Franchise rights

117


(70

)

47


20.0

Capitalized software

2,420


(1,897

)

523


5.0

Total Intangible Assets, Net

$

2,912


$

(2,137

)

$

775


6.0

December 31, 2012

Trademarks, licenses, patents, and other

$

163


$

(80

)

$

83


Customer lists

131


(79

)

52


Franchise rights

117


(64

)

53


Capitalized software

2,197


(1,782

)

415


Total Intangible Assets, Net

$

2,608


$

(2,005

)

$

603


Licenses with a carrying value of $ 5 million as of December 31, 2013 are deemed to be indefinite-lived intangibles, and therefore are not amortized. Impairment tests for indefinite-lived intangibles are performed on an annual basis. All of our other recorded intangible assets are deemed to be finite-lived intangibles, and are thus amortized over their estimated useful lives. Impairment tests for these intangible assets are only performed when a triggering event occurs that indicates that the carrying value of the intangible may not be recoverable. We incurred impairment charges on intangible assets of $13 million during 2013 , while there were no impairments of any finite-lived or indefinite-lived intangible assets in 2012 or 2011 .

Amortization of intangible assets was $ 185 , $ 244 and $ 228 million during 2013 , 2012 or 2011 , respectively. Expected amortization of finite-lived intangible assets recorded as of December 31, 2013 for the next five years is as follows (in millions): 2014 -$ 239 ; 2015 -$ 196 ; 2016 -$ 140 ; 2017 -$ 90 ; 2018 -$ 46 . Amortization expense in future periods will be affected by business acquisitions, software development, licensing agreements, sponsorships and other factors.



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


NOTE 7. DEBT AND FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

The following table sets forth the principal amount, maturity or range of maturities, as well as the carrying value of our debt obligations, as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in millions). The carrying value of these debt obligations can differ from the principal amount due to the impact of unamortized discounts or premiums and valuation adjustments resulting from interest rate swap hedging relationships.

Principal

Carrying Value

Amount

Maturity

2013

2012

Commercial paper

$

-



$

-


$

-


Fixed-rate senior notes:

4.50% senior notes

1,750


2013

-


1,751


3.875% senior notes

1,000


2014

1,007


1,033


1.125% senior notes

375


2017

367


373


5.50% senior notes

750


2018

821


851


5.125% senior notes

1,000


2019

1,079


1,140


3.125% senior notes

1,500


2021

1,579


1,655


2.45% senior notes

1,000


2022

913


996


6.20% senior notes

1,500


2038

1,481


1,480


4.875% senior notes

500


2040

489


489


3.625% senior notes

375


2042

367


367


8.375% Debentures:

8.375% debentures

424


2020

479


512


8.375% debentures

276


2030

283


284


Pound Sterling Notes:

     5.50% notes

110


2031

105


103


     5.125% notes

750


2050

714


699


Floating rate senior notes

374


2049 – 2053

370


374


Capital lease obligations

473


2014 – 3004

473


440


Facility notes and bonds

320


2015 – 2036

320


320


Other debt

25


2014 - 2022

25


3


Total debt

$

12,502


10,872


12,870


Less: current maturities

(48

)

(1,781

)

Long-term debt

$

10,824


$

11,089


Commercial Paper

We are authorized to borrow up to $ 10.0 billion under our U.S. commercial paper program. We also maintain a European commercial paper program under which we are authorized to borrow up to € 5.0 billion in a variety of currencies. No amounts were outstanding under these programs as of December 31, 2013 . The amount of commercial paper outstanding under these programs in 2014 is expected to fluctuate.


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Fixed Rate Senior Notes

We have completed several offerings of fixed rate senior notes. All of the notes pay interest semiannually, and allow for redemption of the notes by UPS at any time by paying the greater of the principal amount or a "make-whole" amount, plus accrued interest. We subsequently entered into interest rate swaps on several of these notes, which effectively converted the fixed interest rates on the notes to variable LIBOR-based interest rates. The average interest rate payable on these notes, including the impact of the interest rate swaps, for 2013 and 2012 , respectively, were as follows:

Principal

Average Effective Interest Rate

Value

Maturity

2013

2012

4.50% senior notes

1,750


2013

2.43

%

2.51

%

3.875% senior notes

1,000


2014

0.97

%

1.14

%

1.125% senior notes

375


2017

0.64

%

0.57

%

5.50% senior notes

750


2018

2.53

%

2.71

%

5.125% senior notes

1,000


2019

2.01

%

2.20

%

3.125% senior notes

1,500


2021

1.11

%

1.28

%

2.45% senior notes

1,000


2022

0.86

%

0.86

%

On January 15, 2013, our $ 1.75 billion 4.50% senior notes matured and were repaid in full. We have classified our 3.875% senior notes with a principal balance of $ 1.0 billion due in April 2014 as a long-term liability, based on our intent and ability to refinance the debt as of December 31, 2013 .

8.375 % Debentures

The 8.375 % debentures consist of two separate tranches, as follows:

$ 276 million of the debentures have a maturity of April 1, 2030 . These debentures have an 8.375% interest rate until April 1, 2020 , and, thereafter, the interest rate will be 7.62% for the final 10 years. These debentures are redeemable in whole or in part at our option at any time. The redemption price is equal to the greater of 100% of the principal amount and accrued interest or the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payout of principal and interest thereon discounted to the date of redemption at a benchmark treasury yield plus five basis points plus accrued interest.

$ 424 million of the debentures have a maturity of April 1, 2020 . These debentures are not subject to redemption prior to maturity.

Interest is payable semiannually on the first of April and October for both debentures and neither debenture is subject to sinking fund requirements. We subsequently entered into interest rate swaps on the 2020 notes, which effectively converted the fixed interest rates on the notes to variable LIBOR-based interest rates. The average interest rate payable on the 2020 notes, including the impact of the interest rate swaps, for 2013 and 2012 was 5.03% and 5.73% , respectively.

Floating Rate Senior Notes

The floating rate senior notes bear interest at one-month LIBOR less 45 basis points. The average interest rate for 2013 and 2012 was 0.00% for both years. These notes are callable at various times after 30 years at a stated percentage of par value, and putable by the note holders at various times after 10 years at a stated percentage of par value. The notes have maturities ranging from 2049 through 2053 . In 2013 and 2012 , we redeemed notes with a principal value of $ 4 and $ 2 million, respectively, after put options were exercised by the note holders.



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Capital Lease Obligations

We have certain property, plant and equipment subject to capital leases. Some of the obligations associated with these capital leases have been legally defeased. The recorded value of our property, plant and equipment subject to capital leases is as follows as of December 31 (in millions):

2013

2012

Vehicles

$

49


$

63


Aircraft

2,289


2,282


Buildings

181


65


Plant Equipment

2


2


Technology Equipment

-


3


Accumulated amortization

(727

)

(611

)

$

1,794


$

1,804


These capital lease obligations have principal payments due at various dates from 2014 through 3004 .

Facility Notes and Bonds

We have entered into agreements with certain municipalities to finance the construction of, or improvements to, facilities that support our U.S. Domestic Package and Supply Chain & Freight operations in the United States. These facilities are located around airport properties in Louisville, Kentucky; Dallas, Texas; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Under these arrangements, we enter into a lease or loan agreement that covers the debt service obligations on the bonds issued by the municipalities, as follows:

Bonds with a principal balance of $ 149 million issued by the Louisville Regional Airport Authority associated with our Worldport facility in Louisville, Kentucky. The bonds, which are due in January 2029 , bear interest at a variable rate, and the average interest rates for 2013 and 2012 were 0.09% and 0.15% , respectively.

Bonds with a principal balance of $ 42 million and due in November 2036 issued by the Louisville Regional Airport Authority associated with our air freight facility in Louisville, Kentucky. The bonds bear interest at a variable rate, and the average interest rates for 2013 and 2012 were 0.08% and 0.15% , respectively.

Bonds with a principal balance of $ 29 million issued by the Dallas / Fort Worth International Airport Facility Improvement Corporation associated with our Dallas, Texas airport facilities. The bonds are due in May 2032 and bear interest at a variable rate, however the variable cash flows on the obligation have been swapped to a fixed 5.11% .

Bonds with a principal balance of $ 100 million issued by the Delaware County, Pennsylvania Industrial Development Authority associated with our Philadelphia, Pennsylvania airport facilities. The bonds, which are due in December 2015 , bear interest at a variable rate, and the average interest rates for 2013 and 2012 were 0.07% and 0.13% , respectively.

Pound Sterling Notes

The Pound Sterling notes consist of two separate tranches, as follows:

Notes with a principal amount of £66  million accrue interest at a 5.50% fixed rate, and are due in February 2031 . These notes are not callable.

Notes with a principal amount of £ 455  million accrue interest at a 5.125% fixed rate, and are due in February 2050 . These notes are callable at our option at a redemption price equal to the greater of 100% of the principal amount and accrued interest, or the sum of the present values of the remaining scheduled payout of principal and interest thereon discounted to the date of redemption at a benchmark U.K. government bond yield plus 15 basis points and accrued interest.

We maintain cross-currency interest rate swaps to hedge the foreign currency risk associated with the bond cash flows for both tranches of these bonds. The average fixed interest rate payable on the swaps is 5.79% .


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Contractual Commitments

We lease certain aircraft, facilities, land, equipment and vehicles under operating leases, which expire at various dates through 2038 . Certain of the leases contain escalation clauses and renewal or purchase options. Rent expense related to our operating leases was $ 575 , $ 619 and $ 629 million for 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

The following table sets forth the aggregate minimum lease payments under capital and operating leases, the aggregate annual principal payments due under our long-term debt, and the aggregate amounts expected to be spent for purchase commitments (in millions).

Year

Capital

Leases

Operating

Leases

Debt

Principal

Purchase

Commitments

2014

$

67


$

310


$

1,009


$

333


2015

65


239


107


100


2016

58


180


6


50


2017

58


146


377


11


2018

53


99


750


-


After 2018

422


242


8,030


-


Total

723


$

1,216


$

10,279


$

494


Less: imputed interest

(250

)

Present value of minimum capitalized lease payments

473


Less: current portion

(39

)

Long-term capitalized lease obligations

$

434


As of December 31, 2013 , we had outstanding letters of credit totaling approximately $ 1.023 billion issued in connection with our self-insurance reserves and other routine business requirements. We also issue surety bonds as an alternative to letters of credit in certain instances, and as of December 31, 2013 , we had $ 627 million of surety bonds written.

Available Credit

We maintain two credit agreements with a consortium of banks. One of these agreements provides revolving credit facilities of $ 1.5 billion, and expires on March 28, 2014 . Generally, amounts outstanding under this facility bear interest at a periodic fixed rate equal to LIBOR for the applicable interest period and currency denomination, plus an applicable margin. Alternatively, a fluctuating rate of interest equal to the highest of (1) JPMorgan Chase Bank's publicly announced prime rate, (2) the Federal Funds effective rate plus 0.50% , and (3) LIBOR for a one month interest period plus 1.00% , plus an applicable margin, may be used at our discretion. In each case, the applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on LIBOR is a percentage determined by quotations from Markit Group Ltd. for our 1 -year credit default swap spread, subject to a minimum rate of 0.10% and a maximum rate of 0.75% . The applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on the prime rate is 1.00% below the applicable margin for LIBOR advances (but not lower than 0.00% ). We are also able to request advances under this facility based on competitive bids for the applicable interest rate. There were no amounts outstanding under this facility as of December 31, 2013 .

The second agreement provides revolving credit facilities of $ 1.0 billion, and expires on March 29, 2018 . Generally, amounts outstanding under this facility bear interest at a periodic fixed rate equal to LIBOR for the applicable interest period and currency denomination, plus an applicable margin. Alternatively, a fluctuating rate of interest equal to the highest of (1) JPMorgan Chase Bank's publicly announced prime rate, (2) the Federal Funds effective rate plus 0.50% , and (3) LIBOR for a one month interest period plus 1.00% , plus an applicable margin, may be used at our discretion. In each case, the applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on LIBOR is a percentage determined by quotations from Markit Group Ltd. for our credit default swap spread, interpolated for a period from the date of determination of such credit default swap spread in connection with a new interest period until the latest maturity date of this facility then in effect (but not less than a period of one year). The applicable margin is subject to certain minimum rates and maximum rates based on our public debt ratings from Standard & Poor's Rating Service and Moody's Investors Service. The minimum applicable margin rates range from 0.100% to 0.375% , and the maximum applicable margin rates range from 0.750% to 1.250% per annum. The applicable margin for advances bearing interest based on the prime rate is 1.00% below the applicable margin for LIBOR advances (but not less than 0.00% ). We are also able to request advances under this facility based on competitive bids. There were no amounts outstanding under this facility as of December 31, 2013 .


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Debt Covenants

Our existing debt instruments and credit facilities subject us to certain financial covenants. As of December 31, 2013 and for all prior periods presented, we have satisfied these financial covenants. These covenants limit the amount of secured indebtedness that we may incur, and limit the amount of attributable debt in sale-leaseback transactions, to 10% of net tangible assets. As of December 31, 2013 , 10 % of net tangible assets is equivalent to $ 2.612 billion ; however, we have no covered sale-leaseback transactions or secured indebtedness outstanding. We do not expect these covenants to have a material impact on our financial condition or liquidity.

Fair Value of Debt

Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for long-term debt with similar terms and maturities, the fair value of long-term debt, including current maturities, is approximately $ 11.756 and $ 14.658 billion as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 , respectively. We utilized Level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy of valuation techniques to determine the fair value of all of our debt instruments.

NOTE 8. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS AND CONTINGENCIES

We are involved in a number of judicial proceedings and other matters arising from the conduct of our business activities.

Although there can be no assurance as to the ultimate outcome, we have generally denied, or believe we have a meritorious defense and will deny, liability in all litigation pending against us, including (except as otherwise noted herein) the matters described below, and we intend to defend vigorously each case. We have accrued for legal claims when, and to the extent that, amounts associated with the claims become probable and can be reasonably estimated. The actual costs of resolving legal claims may be substantially higher or lower than the amounts accrued for those claims.

For those matters as to which we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss, we are not able to determine whether the loss will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations or liquidity. For matters in this category, we have indicated in the descriptions that follow the reasons that we are unable to estimate the possible loss or range of loss.

Judicial Proceedings

We are a defendant in a number of lawsuits filed in state and federal courts containing various class action allegations under state wage-and-hour laws. At this time, we do not believe that any loss associated with these matters would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

UPS and our subsidiary Mail Boxes Etc., Inc. are defendants in a lawsuit in California Superior Court about the rebranding of The UPS Store franchises.  In the Morgate case, the plaintiffs are (1) 125 individual franchisees who did not rebrand to The UPS Store and (2) a certified class of all franchisees who did rebrand. With respect to the 125 individual franchisees described in (1) above, the trial court entered judgment against a bellwether individual plaintiff, which was affirmed in January 2012.  In March 2013, we reached a settlement in principle with the remaining individual plaintiffs who did not rebrand.  We believe this settlement will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.  The trial court granted our motion for summary judgment against the certified class described in (2) above, which was reversed in January 2012.  We have not reached a settlement with this class of franchisees, and the claims of the class remain pending.

There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from the remaining aspects of this case, including: (1) we are vigorously defending ourselves and believe we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; and (2) it remains uncertain what evidence of damages, if any, plaintiffs will be able to present. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from this matter or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.


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In AFMS LLC v. UPS and FedEx Corporation, a lawsuit filed in federal court in the Central District of California in August 2010, the plaintiff asserts that UPS and FedEx violated U.S. antitrust law by conspiring to refuse to negotiate with third-party negotiators retained by shippers and by individually imposing policies that prevent shippers from using such negotiators. UPS and FedEx have moved for summary judgment.  There has been no ruling on those motions.  The case does not have a trial date scheduled. The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice ("DOJ") has an ongoing civil investigation of our policies and practices for dealing with third-party negotiators. We are cooperating with this investigation. We deny any liability with respect to these matters and intend to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) we believe that we have a number of meritorious defenses; (2) the Court has not ruled on the pending dispositive motions; and (3) the DOJ investigation is pending. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.


In Canada, four purported class-action cases were filed against us in British Columbia ( 2006 ); Ontario ( 2007 ) and Québec ( 2006 and 2013 ). The cases each allege inadequate disclosure concerning the existence and cost of brokerage services provided by us under applicable provincial consumer protection legislation and infringement of interest restriction provisions under the Criminal Code of Canada. The British Columbia class action was declared inappropriate for certification and dismissed by the trial judge. That decision was upheld by the British Columbia Court of Appeal in March 2010 , which ended the case in our favor. The Ontario class action was certified in September 2011 . Partial summary judgment was granted to us and the plaintiffs by the Ontario motions court. The complaint under the Criminal Code was dismissed. No appeal is being taken from that decision. The allegations of inadequate disclosure were granted and we are appealing that decision. The motion to authorize the 2006 Québec litigation as a class action was dismissed by the motions judge in October 2012 ; there was no appeal, which ended that case in our favor. The 2013 Québec litigation also has been dismissed. We deny all liability and are vigorously defending the one outstanding case in Ontario. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from this matter, including: (1) we are vigorously defending ourselves and believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; and (2) there are unresolved questions of law and fact that could be important to the ultimate resolution of this matter. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from this matter or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

Other Matters

On March 29, 2013, we entered into a Non-Prosecution Agreement ("NPA") with the United States Attorney's Office in the Northern District of California in connection with an investigation by the Drug Enforcement Administration of shipments by illicit online pharmacies. Under the NPA, we forfeited $ 40 million to the government, admitted to a Statement of Facts describing the conduct leading to the agreement, and agreed to implement an online pharmacy compliance program. The term of the NPA is two years, although we can petition the government to shorten that term in its discretion to one year. The NPA did not have a material impact on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity in 2013.

In August 2010 , competition authorities in Brazil opened an administrative proceeding to investigate alleged anticompetitive behavior in the freight forwarding industry. Approximately 45 freight forwarding companies and individuals are named in the proceeding, including UPS, UPS SCS Transportes (Brasil) S.A., and a former employee in Brazil. UPS will have an opportunity to respond to these allegations. In November 2012, the Commerce Commission of Singapore initiated an investigation with respect to similar matters.

We are cooperating with each of these investigations, and intend to continue to vigorously defend ourselves. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) we are vigorously defending each matter and believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses; (2) there are unresolved questions of law that could be of importance to the ultimate resolutions of these matters, including the calculation of any potential fine; and (3) there is uncertainty about the time period that is the subject of the investigations. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.


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In January 2008 , a class action complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York alleging price-fixing activities relating to the provision of freight forwarding services. UPS was not named in this case. In July 2009 , the plaintiffs filed a First Amended Complaint naming numerous global freight forwarders as defendants. UPS and UPS Supply Chain Solutions are among the 60 defendants named in the amended complaint. The plaintiffs filed a Second Amended Complaint in October 2010, which we moved to dismiss. In August 2012, the Court granted our motion to dismiss all claims relevant to UPS in the Second Amended Complaint, with leave to amend. The plaintiffs filed a Third Amended Complaint in November 2012. We filed another motion to dismiss. On September 20, 2013, the Magistrate Judge recommended to the Court that UPS be dismissed from one of the claims in the Third Amended Complaint, with prejudice, but recommended that UPS's motion to dismiss with respect to other claims in the Third Amended Complaint be denied. UPS and other defendants filed objections to the recommendations of the Magistrate Judge to the extent they recommended denial of UPS's motion to dismiss. Those objections are currently pending before the Court. There are multiple factors that prevent us from being able to estimate the amount of loss, if any, that may result from these matters including: (1) the Court's pending review of the adequacy of the Third Amended Complaint; (2) the scope and size of the proposed class is ill-defined; (3) there are significant legal questions about the adequacy and standing of the putative class representatives; and (4) we believe that we have a number of meritorious legal defenses. Accordingly, at this time, we are not able to estimate a possible loss or range of loss that may result from these matters or to determine whether such loss, if any, would have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

We are a defendant in various other lawsuits that arose in the normal course of business. We do not believe that the eventual resolution of these other lawsuits (either individually or in the aggregate), including any reasonably possible losses in excess of current accruals, will have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

Tax Matters

In June 2011, we received an IRS Revenue Agent Report ("RAR") covering excise taxes for tax years 2003 through 2007, in addition to the income tax matters described in note 12 to the consolidated financial statements. The excise tax RAR proposed two alternate theories for asserting additional excise tax on transportation of property by air. We disagreed with these proposed excise tax theories and related adjustments. We filed protests and, in the third quarter of 2011, the IRS responded to our protests and forwarded the case to IRS Appeals.

Beginning in the third quarter of 2012 and continuing through the first quarter of 2013, we had settlement discussions with the Appeals team. In the first quarter of 2013, we reached settlement terms for a complete resolution of all excise tax matters and correlative income tax refund claims for the 2003 through 2007 tax years. The final resolution of these matters did not materially impact our financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.



NOTE 9. SHAREOWNERS' EQUITY

Capital Stock, Additional Paid-In Capital, and Retained Earnings

We maintain two classes of common stock, which are distinguished from each other by their respective voting rights. Class A shares of UPS are entitled to 10 votes per share, whereas class B shares are entitled to one vote per share. Class A shares are primarily held by UPS employees and retirees, as well as trusts and descendants of the Company's founders, and these shares are fully convertible into class B shares at any time. Class B shares are publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") under the symbol "UPS." Class A and B shares both have a $ 0.01 par value, and as of December 31, 2013 , there were 4.6 billion class A shares and 5.6 billion class B shares authorized to be issued. Additionally, there are 200  million preferred shares authorized to be issued, with a par value of $ 0.01 per share; as of December 31, 2013 , no preferred shares had been issued.



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The following is a rollforward of our common stock, additional paid-in capital, and retained earnings accounts (in millions, except per share amounts):

2013

2012

2011

Shares

Dollars

Shares

Dollars

Shares

Dollars

Class A Common Stock

Balance at beginning of year

225


$

3


240


$

3


258


$

3


Common stock purchases

(8

)

(1

)

(9

)

-


(7

)

-


Stock award plans

9


-


8


-


7


-


Common stock issuances

4


-


3


-


3


-


Conversions of class A to class B common stock

(18

)

-


(17

)

-


(21

)

-


Class A shares issued at end of year

212


$

2


225


$

3


240


$

3


Class B Common Stock

Balance at beginning of year

729


$

7


725


$

7


735


$

7


Common stock purchases

(35

)

-


(13

)

-


(31

)

-


Conversions of class A to class B common stock

18


-


17


-


21


-


Class B shares issued at end of year

712


$

7


729


$

7


725


$

7


Additional Paid-In Capital

Balance at beginning of year

$

-


$

-


$

-


Stock award plans

554


444


388


Common stock purchases

(768

)

(943

)

(475

)

Common stock issuances

307


293


287


Option Premiums Received (Paid)

(93

)

206


(200

)

Balance at end of year

$

-


$

-


$

-


Retained Earnings

Balance at beginning of year

$

7,997


$

10,128


$

10,604


Net income attributable to controlling interests

4,372


807


3,804


Dividends ($2.48, $2.28 and $2.08 per share)

(2,367

)

(2,243

)

(2,086

)

Common stock purchases

(3,077

)

(695

)

(2,194

)

Balance at end of year

$

6,925


$

7,997


$

10,128


For the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , we repurchased a total of 43.2 , 21.8 and 38.7  million shares of class A and class B common stock for $ 3.846 billion, $ 1.638 billion and $ 2.669 billion, respectively. On February 14, 2013 , the Board of Directors approved a new share repurchase authorization of $ 10.0 billion, which replaced the 2012 authorization. This new share repurchase authorization has no expiration date. As of December 31, 2013 , we had $ 6.814 billion of this share repurchase authorization remaining.

From time to time, we enter into share repurchase programs with large financial institutions to assist in our buyback of company stock. These programs allow us to repurchase our shares at a price below the weighted average UPS share price for a given period. During the fourth quarter of 2013, we entered into an accelerated share repurchase program, which allowed us to repurchase $ 600 million of shares ( 5.9 million shares). The program was completed in December 2013.

In order to lower the average cost of acquiring shares in our ongoing share repurchase program, we periodically enter into structured repurchase agreements involving the use of capped call options for the purchase of UPS class B shares. We pay a fixed sum of cash upon execution of each agreement in exchange for the right to receive either a pre-determined amount of cash or stock. Upon expiration of each agreement, if the closing market price of our common stock is above the pre-determined price, we will have our initial investment returned with a premium in either cash or shares (at our election). If the closing market price of our common stock is at or below the pre-determined price, we will receive the number of shares specified in the agreement. As of December 31, 2013 , we paid net premiums of $ 100 million on options for the purchase of 1.1 million shares with a strike price of $88.54 per share that will settle in the first quarter of 2014. During 2013 , we settled options that resulted in $ 7 million in premiums (in excess of our initial investment). During 2012 , we did not pay premiums on options for the purchase of shares; however, we received $ 206 million in premiums for options that were entered into during 2011 that expired during 2012.


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Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

We incur activity in AOCI for unrealized holding gains and losses on available-for-sale securities, foreign currency translation adjustments, unrealized gains and losses from derivatives that qualify as hedges of cash flows and unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs. The activity in AOCI is as follows (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Foreign currency translation gain (loss):

Balance at beginning of year

$

134


$

(160

)

$

(68

)

Reclassification to earnings (no tax impact in either period)

(161

)

-


-


Translation adjustment (net of tax effect of $(5), $(9) and $11)

(99

)

294


(92

)

Balance at end of year

(126

)

134


(160

)

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities, net of tax:

Balance at beginning of year

6


6


12


Current period changes in fair value (net of tax effect of $(3), $4 and $11)

(4

)

6


18


Reclassification to earnings (net of tax effect of $(2), $(3) and $(14))

(3

)

(6

)

(24

)

Balance at end of year

(1

)

6


6


Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges, net of tax:

Balance at beginning of year

(286

)

(204

)

(239

)

Current period changes in fair value (net of tax effect of $1, $(25) and $(16))

1


(43

)

(26

)

Reclassification to earnings (net of tax effect of $39, $(24) and $37)

66


(39

)

61


Balance at end of year

(219

)

(286

)

(204

)

Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs, net of tax:

Balance at beginning of year

(3,208

)

(2,745

)

(2,340

)

Reclassification to earnings (net of tax effect of $67, $1,876 and $378)

111


3,135


628


Net actuarial gain (loss) and prior service cost resulting from remeasurements of plan assets and liabilities (net of tax effect of $1,786, $(2,151) and $(622))

2,983


(3,598

)

(1,033

)

Balance at end of year

(114

)

(3,208

)

(2,745

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at end of year

$

(460

)

$

(3,354

)

$

(3,103

)


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Detail of the gains (losses) reclassified from AOCI to the statements of consolidated income for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 is as follows (in millions):

2013 Amount Reclassified from AOCI

2012 Amount Reclassified from AOCI

2011 Amount Reclassified from AOCI

Affected Line Item in the Income Statement

Foreign currency translation gain (loss):

Liquidation of foreign subsidiary

$

161


$

-


$

-


Other expenses

Income tax (expense) benefit

-


-


-


Income tax expense

Impact on net income

161


-


-


Net income

Unrealized gain (loss) on marketable securities:

Realized gain (loss) on sale of securities

5


9


38


Investment income

Income tax (expense) benefit

(2

)

(3

)

(14

)

Income tax expense

Impact on net income

3


6


24


Net income

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges:

Interest rate contracts

(22

)

(22

)

(19

)

Interest expense

Foreign exchange contracts

18


24


13


Interest expense

Foreign exchange contracts

(53

)

61


(101

)

Revenue

Commodity contracts

(48

)

-


9


Fuel expense

Income tax (expense) benefit

39


(24

)

37


Income tax expense

Impact on net income

(66

)

39


(61

)

Net income

Unrecognized pension and postretirement benefit costs:

Prior service costs

(178

)

(5,011

)

(1,006

)

Compensation and benefits

Income tax (expense) benefit

67


1,876


378


Income tax expense

Impact on net income

(111

)

(3,135

)

(628

)

Net income

Total amount reclassified for the period

$

(13

)

$

(3,090

)

$

(665

)

Net income


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Deferred Compensation Obligations and Treasury Stock

We maintain a deferred compensation plan whereby certain employees were previously able to elect to defer the gains on stock option exercises by deferring the shares received upon exercise into a rabbi trust. The shares held in this trust are classified as treasury stock, and the liability to participating employees is classified as "deferred compensation obligations" in the shareowners' equity section of the consolidated balance sheets. The number of shares needed to settle the liability for deferred compensation obligations is included in the denominator in both the basic and diluted earnings per share calculations. Employees are generally no longer able to defer the gains from stock options exercised subsequent to December 31, 2004 . Activity in the deferred compensation program for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 is as follows (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Shares

Dollars

Shares

Dollars

Shares

Dollars

Deferred Compensation Obligations

Balance at beginning of year

$

78


$

88


$

103


Reinvested dividends

4


3


4


Options exercise deferrals

-


-


-


Benefit payments

(13

)

(13

)

(19

)

Balance at end of year

$

69


$

78


$

88


Treasury Stock

Balance at beginning of year

(1

)

$

(78

)

(2

)

$

(88

)

(2

)

$

(103

)

Reinvested dividends

-


(4

)

-


(3

)

-


(4

)

Options exercise deferrals

-


-


-


-


-


-


Benefit payments

-


13


1


13


-


19


Balance at end of year

(1

)

$

(69

)

(1

)

$

(78

)

(2

)

$

(88

)


Noncontrolling Interests

We have noncontrolling interests in certain consolidated subsidiaries in our International Package and Supply Chain & Freight segments, primarily in international locations. The activity related to our noncontrolling interests is presented below (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Noncontrolling Interests

Balance at beginning of period

$

80


$

73


$

68


Purchase of noncontrolling interests

(66

)

7


5


Dividends attributable to noncontrolling interests

-


-


-


Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

-


-


-


Balance at end of period

$

14


$

80


$

73


In January 2013, we repurchased the noncontrolling interest in our joint venture that operates in the Middle East, Turkey, and portions of the Central Asia region for $70 million . After this transaction, we own 100% of this entity.



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NOTE 10. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

The UPS Incentive Compensation Plan permits the grant of nonqualified and incentive stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock and stock units, and restricted performance shares and units, to eligible employees. The number of shares reserved for issuance under the Incentive Compensation Plan is 27 million. Each share issued pursuant to an option and each share issued subject to the exercised portion of a stock appreciation right will reduce the share reserve by one share. Each share issued pursuant to restricted stock and stock units, and restricted performance shares and units, will reduce the share reserve by one share. As of December 31, 2013 , stock options, restricted performance units and restricted stock units had been granted under the Incentive Compensation Plan. We had 22  million shares available to be issued under the Incentive Compensation Plan as of December 31, 2013 .

There are three primary awards granted to eligible employees under the UPS Incentive Compensation program, including the Management Incentive Award, Long-Term Incentive Performance Award and Non-Qualified Stock Option Award. These awards are discussed in the following paragraphs. The total expense recognized in our income statement under all stock compensation award programs was $513 , $547 and $ 524 million during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. The associated income tax benefit recognized in our income statement was $ 190 , $ 201 and $ 192 million during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. The cash income tax benefit received from the exercise of stock options and the lapsing of restricted units was $ 286 , $ 265 and $ 235 million during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

Management Incentive Award

Non-executive management earning the right to receive Management Incentive Awards are determined annually by the Salary Committee, which is comprised of executive officers of the Company. Awards granted to executive officers are determined annually by the Compensation Committee of the UPS Board of Directors. Our Management Incentive Awards program provides, with certain exceptions, that one-half to two-thirds of the annual Management Incentive Award will be made in Restricted Units (depending upon the level of management involved), which generally vest over a five -year period. The other one-third to one-half of the award is in the form of cash or unrestricted shares of class A common stock, and is fully vested at the time of grant.

Upon vesting, Restricted Units result in the issuance of the equivalent number of UPS class A common shares after required tax withholdings. Except in the case of death, disability, or retirement, Restricted Units granted for our Management Incentive Awards and previous Long-Term Incentive Program generally vest over a five year period with approximately 20% of the award vesting at each anniversary date of the grant. The entire grant is expensed on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period. All Restricted Units granted are subject to earlier cancellation or vesting under certain conditions. Dividends earned on Restricted Units are reinvested in additional Restricted Units at each dividend payable date.

Long-Term Incentive Performance Award

We also award Restricted Units in conjunction with our Long-Term Incentive Performance Awards program to certain eligible employees. The Restricted Units ultimately granted under the Long-Term Incentive Performance Awards program will be based upon the achievement of certain performance measures, including growth in consolidated revenue and operating return on invested capital, each year during the performance award cycle, and other measures, including growth in consolidated earnings per share, over the entire three year performance award cycle. The Restricted Units granted under this program vest at the end of the three year performance award cycle.

As of December 31, 2013 , we had the following Restricted Units outstanding, including reinvested dividends, that were granted under our Management Incentive Award and Long-Term Incentive Performance Award:

Shares

(in thousands)

Weighted

Average

Grant Date

Fair Value

Weighted Average Remaining

Contractual Term

(in years)

Aggregate Intrinsic

Value (in millions)

Nonvested at January 1, 2013

14,644


$

68.71


Vested

(7,577

)

64.73


Granted

5,461


80.18


Reinvested Dividends

437


N/A


Forfeited / Expired

(217

)

72.12


Nonvested at December 31, 2013

12,748


$

74.60


1.47

$

1,340


Restricted Units Expected to Vest

12,330


$

74.57


1.45

$

1,296



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The fair value of each Restricted Unit is the NYSE closing price of class B common stock on the date of grant. The weighted-average grant date fair value of Restricted Units granted during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 was $ 80.18 , and $ 77.21 and $ 69.53 , respectively. The total fair value of Restricted Units vested was $ 510 , $ 627 and $ 557 million in 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. As of December 31, 2013 , there was $ 506 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested Restricted Units. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of three years.

Nonqualified Stock Options

We maintain fixed stock option plans, under which options are granted to purchase shares of UPS class A common stock. Stock options granted in connection with the Incentive Compensation Plan must have an exercise price at least equal to the NYSE closing price of UPS class B common stock on the date the option is granted.

Executive officers and certain senior managers annually receive non-qualified stock options of which the value is determined as a percentage of salary. Options granted generally vest over a five year period with approximately 20% of the award vesting at each anniversary date of the grant. All options granted are subject to earlier cancellation or vesting under certain conditions. Option holders may exercise their options via the tender of cash or class A common stock, and new class A shares are issued upon exercise. Options granted to eligible employees will be granted annually during the first quarter of each year.

The following is an analysis of options to purchase shares of class A common stock issued and outstanding:

Shares

(in thousands)

Weighted

Average

Exercise

Price

Weighted Average Remaining

Contractual Term

(in years)

Aggregate Intrinsic

Value (in millions)

Outstanding at January 1, 2013

10,595


$

72.04


Exercised

(5,524

)

70.85


Granted

178


82.93


Forfeited / Expired

(37

)

63.34


Outstanding at December 31, 2013

5,212


$

73.73


3.00

$

163


Options Vested and Expected to Vest

5,212


$

73.73


3.00

$

163


Exercisable at December 31, 2013

4,759


$

73.52


2.53

$

150



The fair value of each option grant is estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The weighted average assumptions used, by year, and the calculated weighted average fair values of options, are as follows:

2013

2012

2011

Expected dividend yield

2.75

%

2.77

%

2.77

%

Risk-free interest rate

1.38

%

1.63

%

2.90

%

Expected life in years

7.5


7.5


7.5


Expected volatility

24.85

%

25.06

%

24.26

%

Weighted average fair value of options granted

$

15.50


$

14.88


$

15.92


Expected volatilities are based on the historical returns on our stock and the implied volatility of our publicly-traded options. The expected dividend yield is based on the recent historical dividend yields for our stock, taking into account changes in dividend policy. The risk-free interest rate is based on the term structure of interest rates at the time of the option grant. The expected life represents an estimate of the period of time options are expected to remain outstanding, and we have relied upon a combination of the observed exercise behavior of our prior grants with similar characteristics, the vesting schedule of the grants, and an index of peer companies with similar grant characteristics in estimating this variable.

We received cash of $ 292 , $ 122 and $ 92 million during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively, from option holders resulting from the exercise of stock options. The total intrinsic value of options exercised during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 was $92 , $39 and $31 million, respectively. As of December 31, 2013 , there was $ 2 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested options. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3 years and 4  months.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding and exercisable at December 31, 2013 :

Options Outstanding

Options Exercisable

Exercise Price Range

Shares

(in thousands)

Average Life

(in years)

Average

Exercise

Price

Shares

(in thousands)

Average

Exercise

Price

$50.01 - $60.00

185


5.35

$

55.83


150


$

55.83


$60.01 - $70.00

144


6.35

67.18


97


67.18


$70.01 - $80.00

3,380


2.68

71.70


3,170


71.43


$80.01 - $90.00

1,503


3.10

81.13


1,342


80.91


5,212


3.00

$

73.73


4,759


$

73.52


Discounted Employee Stock Purchase Plan

We maintain an employee stock purchase plan for all eligible employees. Under this plan, shares of UPS class A common stock may be purchased at quarterly intervals at 95% of the NYSE closing price of UPS class B common stock on the last day of each quarterly period. Employees purchased 1.1 , 1.2 and 1.3 million shares at average prices of $79.74 , $72.17 and $66.86 per share during 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. This plan is not considered to be compensatory, and therefore no compensation cost is measured for the employees' purchase rights.

NOTE 11. SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

We report our operations in three segments: U.S. Domestic Package operations, International Package operations and Supply Chain & Freight operations. Package operations represent our most significant business and are broken down into regional operations around the world. Regional operations managers are responsible for both domestic and export operations within their geographic area.

U.S. Domestic Package

Domestic Package operations include the time-definite delivery of letters, documents and packages throughout the United States.

International Package

International Package operations include delivery to more than 220 countries and territories worldwide, including shipments wholly outside the United States, as well as shipments with either origin or destination outside the United States. Our International Package reporting segment includes the operations of our Europe, Asia and Americas operating segments.

Supply Chain & Freight

Supply Chain & Freight includes our forwarding and logistics operations, UPS Freight and other aggregated business units. Our forwarding and logistics business provides services in more than 195 countries and territories worldwide, and includes supply chain design and management, freight distribution, customs brokerage, mail and consulting services. UPS Freight offers a variety of LTL and TL services to customers in North America. Other aggregated business units within this segment include Mail Boxes Etc. (the franchisor of Mail Boxes Etc. and The UPS Store) and UPS Capital.

In evaluating financial performance, we focus on operating profit as a segment's measure of profit or loss. Operating profit is before investment income, interest expense and income taxes. The accounting policies of the reportable segments are the same as those described in the summary of accounting policies (see note 1), with certain expenses allocated between the segments using activity-based costing methods. Unallocated assets are comprised primarily of cash, marketable securities, and certain investment partnerships.



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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Segment information as of, and for the years ended, December 31 is as follows (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Revenue:

U.S. Domestic Package

$

34,074


$

32,856


$

31,717


International Package

12,429


12,124


12,249


Supply Chain & Freight

8,935


9,147


9,139


Consolidated

$

55,438


$

54,127


$

53,105


Operating Profit:

U.S. Domestic Package

$

4,603


$

459


$

3,764


International Package

1,757


869


1,709


Supply Chain & Freight

674


15


607


Consolidated

$

7,034


$

1,343


$

6,080


Assets:

U.S. Domestic Package

$

19,648


$

19,934


$

19,300


International Package

8,463


11,248


6,729


Supply Chain & Freight

6,624


6,610


6,588


Unallocated

1,477


1,071


2,084


Consolidated

$

36,212


$

38,863


$

34,701


Depreciation and Amortization Expense:

U.S. Domestic Package

$

1,229


$

1,220


$

1,154


International Package

473


475


474


Supply Chain & Freight

165


163


154


Consolidated

$

1,867


$

1,858


$

1,782


Revenue by product type for the years ended December 31 is as follows (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

U.S. Domestic Package:

Next Day Air

$

6,443


$

6,412


$

6,229


Deferred

3,437


3,392


3,299


Ground

24,194


23,052


22,189


Total U.S. Domestic Package

34,074


32,856


31,717


International Package:

Domestic

2,667


2,531


2,628


Export

9,166


9,033


9,056


Cargo

596


560


565


Total International Package

12,429


12,124


12,249


Supply Chain & Freight:

Forwarding and Logistics

5,492


5,977


6,103


Freight

2,882


2,640


2,563


Other

561


530


473


Total Supply Chain & Freight

8,935


9,147


9,139


Consolidated

$

55,438


$

54,127


$

53,105




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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Geographic information as of, and for the years ended, December 31 is as follows (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

United States:

Revenue

$

41,772


$

40,428


$

39,347


Long-lived assets

$

15,651


$

16,262


$

16,085


International:

Revenue

$

13,666


$

13,699


$

13,758


Long-lived assets

$

6,297


$

5,312


$

5,220


Consolidated:

Revenue

$

55,438


$

54,127


$

53,105


Long-lived assets

$

21,948


$

21,574


$

21,305


Long-lived assets include property, plant and equipment, pension and postretirement benefit assets, long-term investments, goodwill, and intangible assets.

No countries outside of the United States, nor any individual customers, provided 10% or more of consolidated revenue for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 or 2011 .

NOTE 12. INCOME TAXES

The income tax expense (benefit) for the years ended December 31 consists of the following (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

Current:

U.S. Federal

$

2,181


$

1,901


$

1,371


U.S. State and Local

205


182


121


Non-U.S.

162


167


166


Total Current

2,548


2,250


1,658


Deferred:

U.S. Federal

(242

)

(1,871

)

262


U.S. State and Local

(22

)

(201

)

44


Non-U.S.

18


(11

)

8


Total Deferred

(246

)

(2,083

)

314


Total

$

2,302


$

167


$

1,972


Income before income taxes includes the following components (in millions):

2013

2012

2011

United States

$

6,040


$

384


$

5,309


Non-U.S.

634


590


467


$

6,674


$

974


$

5,776



A reconciliation of the statutory federal income tax rate to the effective income tax rate for the years ended December 31 consists of the following:

2013

2012

2011

Statutory U.S. federal income tax rate

35.0

 %

35.0

 %

35.0

 %

U.S. state and local income taxes (net of federal benefit)

2.1


-


2.0


Non-U.S. tax rate differential

(1.3

)

(6.1

)

(0.4

)

Nondeductible/nontaxable items

(0.2

)

(0.4

)

(0.1

)

U.S. federal tax credits

(1.2

)

(7.4

)

(1.7

)

Other

0.1


(4.0

)

(0.7

)

Effective income tax rate

34.5

 %

17.1

 %

34.1

 %


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


Our effective tax rate increased to 34.5% in 2013 , compared with 17.1% in 2012 , primarily due to an increase in total pre-tax income and the decrease in U.S. Federal and state tax credits relative to total pre-tax income. The impact of these factors was partially offset by a portion of the gain from liquidating a foreign subsidiary in early 2013 not being taxable (see note 15).

Beginning in 2012, we were granted a tax incentive for certain of our non-U.S. operations, which is effective through December 31, 2017 and may be extended through December 31, 2022 if additional requirements are satisfied. The tax incentive is conditional upon our meeting specific employment and investment thresholds. The impact of this tax incentive decreased non-U.S. tax expense by $ 20 million ($ 0.02 per share) and $ 22 million ($ 0.02 per share) for 2013 and 2012 , respectively.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are comprised of the following at December 31 (in millions):

2013

2012

Property, plant and equipment

$

(3,613

)

$

(3,624

)

Goodwill and intangible assets

(1,116

)

(1,035

)

Other

(651

)

(617

)

Deferred tax liabilities

(5,380

)

(5,276

)

Pension and postretirement benefits

3,086


4,608


Loss and credit carryforwards (non-U.S. and state)

279


258


Insurance reserves

765


737


Vacation pay accrual

224


209


Stock compensation

70


159


Other

709


708


Deferred tax assets

5,133


6,679


Deferred tax assets valuation allowance

(251

)

(220

)

Deferred tax asset (net of valuation allowance)

4,882


6,459


Net deferred tax asset (liability)

$

(498

)

$

1,183


Amounts recognized in the consolidated balance sheets:

Current deferred tax assets

$

684


$

583


Current deferred tax liabilities (included in other current liabilities)

(48

)

(36

)

Non-current deferred tax assets

110


684


Non-current deferred tax liabilities

(1,244

)

(48

)

Net deferred tax asset (liability)

$

(498

)

$

1,183


The valuation allowance increased by $ 31 , $ 15 and $ 2 million during the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively.

We have U.S. state and local operating loss and credit carryforwards as follows (in millions):

2013

2012

U.S. state and local operating loss carryforwards

$

546


$

608


U.S. state and local credit carryforwards

$

42


$

61


The operating loss carryforwards expire at varying dates through 2033 . The state credits can be carried forward for periods ranging from three years to indefinitely.


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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


We also have non-U.S. loss carryforwards of approximately $ 956 million as of December 31, 2013 , the majority of which may be carried forward indefinitely . As indicated in the table above, we have established a valuation allowance for certain non-U.S. and state carryforwards, due to the uncertainty resulting from a lack of previous taxable income within the applicable tax jurisdictions.

Undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries amounted to approximately $ 4.130 billion at December 31, 2013 . Those earnings are considered to be indefinitely reinvested and, accordingly, no deferred income taxes have been provided thereon. Upon distribution of those earnings in the form of dividends or otherwise, we would be subject to income taxes and withholding taxes payable in various jurisdictions, which could potentially be offset by foreign tax credits. Determination of the amount of unrecognized deferred income tax liability is not practicable because of the complexities associated with its hypothetical calculation.


The following table summarizes the activity related to our unrecognized tax benefits (in millions):

Tax

Interest

Penalties

Balance at January 1, 2011

$

284


$

95


$

7


Additions for tax positions of the current year

13


-


-


Additions for tax positions of prior years

17


6


-


Reductions for tax positions of prior years for:

Changes based on facts and circumstances

(50

)

(9

)

(2

)

Settlements during the period

(11

)

(19

)

(1

)

Lapses of applicable statute of limitations

(1

)

-


(1

)

Balance at December 31, 2011

252


73


3


Additions for tax positions of the current year

13


-


-


Additions for tax positions of prior years

7


9


1


Reductions for tax positions of prior years for:

Changes based on facts and circumstances

(22

)

(18

)

-


Settlements during the period

(3

)

(7

)

-


Lapses of applicable statute of limitations

(15

)

(4

)

-


Balance at December 31, 2012

232


53


4


Additions for tax positions of the current year

15


-


-


Additions for tax positions of prior years

20


9


2


Reductions for tax positions of prior years for:

Changes based on facts and circumstances

(67

)

(23

)

(1

)

Settlements during the period

(8

)

1


-


Lapses of applicable statute of limitations

(1

)

-


(1

)

Balance at December 31, 2013

$

191


$

40


$

4


The total amount of gross unrecognized tax benefits as of December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 that, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate was $ 185 , $ 224 and $ 247 million, respectively. We also had gross recognized tax benefits of $ 281 , $ 280 and $ 291 million recorded as of December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively, associated with outstanding refund claims for prior tax years. Therefore, we had a net receivable recorded with respect to prior years' income tax matters in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Additionally, we have recognized a receivable for interest of $ 25 , $ 23 and $ 27 million for the recognized tax benefits associated with outstanding refund claims as of December 31, 2013 , 2012 and 2011 , respectively. Our continuing practice is to recognize interest and penalties associated with income tax matters as a component of income tax expense.

We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, most U.S. state and local jurisdictions, and many non-U.S. jurisdictions. We have substantially resolved all U.S. federal income tax matters for tax years prior to 2005 .


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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


In June 2011 , we received an IRS Revenue Agent Report (RAR) covering income taxes for tax years 2005 through 2007 , in addition to the excise tax matters described in note 8. The income tax RAR proposed adjustments related to the value of acquired software and intangibles, research credit expenditures, and the amount of deductible costs associated with our British Pound Sterling Notes exchange offer completed in May 2007 . Receipt of the RAR represents only the conclusion of the examination process. We disagree with some of the proposed adjustments related to these matters. Therefore, we filed protests and, in the third quarter of 2011 , the IRS responded to our protests and forwarded the case to IRS Appeals.

In July 2013, we began resolution discussions with IRS Appeals on the income tax matters. We expect the resolution discussions to be concluded within the next twelve months. It should be noted, however, that the ultimate resolution of these matters will result in a refund to UPS, even according to the adjustments proposed by the IRS.

At this time, we do not believe the ultimate resolution of these income tax matters will have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or liquidity.

A number of years may elapse before an uncertain tax position is audited and ultimately settled. It is difficult to predict the ultimate outcome or the timing of resolution for uncertain tax positions. It is reasonably possible that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits could significantly increase or decrease within the next twelve months. Items that may cause changes to unrecognized tax benefits include the timing of interest deductions and the allocation of income and expense between tax jurisdictions. These changes could result from the settlement of ongoing litigation, the completion of ongoing examinations, the expiration of the statute of limitations or other unforeseen circumstances. At this time, an estimate of the range of the reasonably possible change cannot be made.


NOTE 13. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share (in millions, except per share amounts):

2013

2012

2011

Numerator:

Net income attributable to common shareowners

$

4,372


$

807


$

3,804


Denominator:

Weighted average shares

937


957


977


Deferred compensation obligations

1


1


2


Vested portion of restricted shares

2


2


2


Denominator for basic earnings per share

940


960


981


Effect of dilutive securities:

Restricted performance units

7


8


9


Stock options

1


1


1


Denominator for diluted earnings per share

948


969


991


Basic earnings per share

$

4.65


$

0.84


$

3.88


Diluted earnings per share

$

4.61


$

0.83


$

3.84


Diluted earnings per share for the years ended December 31, 2013 , 2012 , and 2011 exclude the effect of 0.1 , 2.6 and 7.4  million shares, respectively, of common stock that may be issued upon the exercise of employee stock options because such effect would be antidilutive.



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UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS


NOTE 14. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND RISK MANAGEMENT

Risk Management Policies

We are exposed to market risk, primarily related to foreign exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates. These exposures are actively monitored by management. To manage the volatility relating to certain of these exposures, we enter into a variety of derivative financial instruments. Our objective is to reduce, where it is deemed appropriate to do so, fluctuations in earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency rates, commodity prices and interest rates. It is our policy and practice to use derivative financial instruments only to the extent necessary to manage exposures. As we use price sensitive instruments to hedge a certain portion of our existing and anticipated transactions, we expect that any loss in value for those instruments generally would be offset by increases in the value of those hedged transactions. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Credit Risk Management

The forward contracts, swaps and options discussed below contain an element of risk that the counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of the agreements. However, we minimize such risk exposures for these instruments by limiting the counterparties to banks and financial institutions that meet established credit guidelines, and monitoring counterparty credit risk to prevent concentrations of credit risk with any single counterparty.

We have agreements with all of our active counterparties (covering the majority of our derivative positions) containing early termination rights and/or zero threshold bilateral collateral provisions whereby cash is required based on the net fair value of derivatives associated with those counterparties. Events such as a counterparty credit rating downgrade (depending on the ultimate rating level) could also allow us to take additional protective measures such as the early termination of trades. At December 31, 2013 , we held cash collateral of $ 161 million under these agreements.

In connection with the agreements described above, we could also be required to provide additional collateral or terminate transactions with certain counterparties in the event of a downgrade of our debt rating. The amount of collateral required would be determined by the net fair value of the associated derivatives with each counterparty. At December 31, 2013 , we were required to post $ 35 million in collateral with our counterparties. At December 31, 2013 , there were no instruments in a net liability position that were not covered by the zero threshold bilateral collateral provisions.

We have not historically incurred, and do not expect to incur in the future, any losses as a result of counterparty default.

Accounting Policy for Derivative Instruments

We recognize all derivative instruments as assets or liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and, further, on the type of hedging relationship. For those derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as hedging instruments, a company must designate the derivative, based upon the exposure being hedged, as a cash flow hedge, a fair value hedge or a hedge of a net investment in a foreign operation.

A cash flow hedge refers to hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a cash flow hedge, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is reported as a component of AOCI, and reclassified into earnings in the same period during which the hedged transaction affects earnings. The remaining gain or loss on the derivative instrument in excess of the cumulative change in the present value of future cash flows of the hedged item, or hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness, are recognized in the statements of consolidated income during the current period.

A fair value hedge refers to hedging the exposure to changes in the fair value of an existing asset or liability on the consolidated balance sheets that is attributable to a particular risk. For derivative instruments that are designated and qualify as a fair value hedge, the gain or loss on the derivative instrument is recognized in the statements of consolidated income during the current period, as well as the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged item.

A net investment hedge refers to the use of cross currency swaps, forward contracts or foreign currency denominated debt to hedge portions of our net investments in foreign operations. For hedges that meet the effectiveness requirements, the net gains or losses attributable to changes in spot exchange rates are recorded in the cumulative translation adjustment within AOCI. The remainder of the change in value of