General Growth Properties Inc (GGP) SEC Annual Report (10-K) for 2010

GGP 2011 10-K
GGP 2011 10-K

Washington, D.C. 20549





For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010




For the transition period from                                to                               


(f/k/a New GGP, Inc.)
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)

110 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, IL
(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

(312) 960-5000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

         Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class: Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered:
Common Stock, $.01 par value New York Stock Exchange

         Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ý     No  o

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  o     No  ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes  ý     No  o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  ý     No  o

         Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.     o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of "accelerated filer" and "large accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer  ý Accelerated filer  o Non-accelerated filer  o
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company  o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes  o     No  ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant, the registrant's predecessor or its subsidiaries have filed all reports required to be filed by section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes  ý     No  o

         On June 30, 2010, the last business day of the most recently completed second quarter of the registrant's predecessor, the aggregate market value of the shares of common stock held by non-affiliates of such predecessor registrant was $4.2 billion based upon the closing price of the common stock on such date.

         As of February 28, 2011, there were 964,138,156 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding.


         Portions of the proxy statement for the annual stockholders meeting to be held on April 27, 2011 are incorporated by reference into Part III.

Annual Report on Form 10-K
December 31, 2010


Item No.


Part I





Risk Factors



Unresolved Staff Comments






Legal Proceedings


Part II


Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities



Selected Financial Data



Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk



Financial Statements and Supplementary Data



Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure



Controls and Procedures



Other Information


Part III


Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance



Executive Compensation



Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters



Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence



Principal Accountant Fees and Services


Part IV


Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules




Consolidated Financial Statements


Consolidated Financial Statement Schedule


Exhibit Index





        All references to numbered Notes are to specific footnotes to the Consolidated Financial Statements of General Growth Properties, Inc. ("GGP", the "Successor" or the "Company") as included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Annual Report"). The descriptions (and definitions, if not otherwise defined) included in such Notes are incorporated into the applicable Item response by reference. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with such Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes. The terms "we," "us" and "our" may also be used to refer to GGP and its subsidiaries.


        GGP is a Delaware corporation, incorporated on July 1, 2010 as New GGP, Inc., and the successor registrant (the "Successor") by merger on November 9, 2010 (the "Effective Date") to GGP, Inc. ("Old GGP" or the "Predecessor"), which had operated as a self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust, referred to as a "REIT" since 1986. We are principally a real estate developer and operator of regional malls with, at December 31, 2010, an ownership interest in 180 regional shopping malls (including "Special Consideration Properties" as defined below) in 43 states as well as ownership interests in other rental properties as more fully described below. As discussed in Note 7, the Successor will elect REIT status for its 2010 tax year and intends to maintain this status in future periods.

        The Company began over 50 years ago as the owner of a single retail property in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Through organic growth and strategic acquisitions, we now own some of the highest quality retail assets in the United States with many of our properties located in the fastest growing regions of the country. Our portfolio includes ownership interests in more than 169 million total square feet of regional mall retail. We also own stand-alone office properties, community shopping centers and hybrid mixed-use properties. A summary of our asset portfolio is presented in "Item 2-Properties."

        Substantially all of our business is conducted through GGP Limited Partnership ("the Operating Partnership" or "GGPLP") in which we hold, through certain intermediate partnerships, a 1% general partnership interest and an approximate 98% limited partnership interest. We own 100% of many of our properties and a majority or controlling interest of certain others. As a result, these properties are consolidated under generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America ("GAAP") and we refer to them as our "Consolidated Properties." Some properties are held through joint venture entities in which we own a non-controlling interest ("Unconsolidated Real Estate Affiliates") and we refer to those properties as our "Unconsolidated Properties." Collectively, we refer to the Consolidated Properties and Unconsolidated Properties as our "Company Portfolio."

        We make all key strategic decisions for our Consolidated Properties. We are also the asset manager for most of our Company Portfolio, executing the strategic decisions and performing the day-to-day property management functions, operations, leasing, redevelopment, maintenance, accounting, marketing and promotional services. In connection with the Unconsolidated Properties, such strategic decisions are made jointly with the joint venture partners. With respect to jointly owned properties, we generally conduct the management activities through General Growth Management, Inc. ("GGMI"), one of our taxable REIT subsidiaries ("TRS") which manages, leases, and performs various services for the majority of the properties owned by our Unconsolidated Real Estate Affiliates. However, 20 of our properties owned by Unconsolidated Real Estate Affiliates (two of our regional malls and three of our community centers, located in the United States, and all of the 15 operating retail properties owned through our Brazil joint ventures) are unconsolidated and are managed by our joint venture partners.



        On April 16, 2009, Old GGP and certain of its domestic subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the United States Code ("Chapter 11"). On April 22, 2009 (collectively with April 16, 2009, the "Petition Date"), certain additional domestic subsidiaries of Old GGP (collectively with Old GGP and the subsidiaries that sought Chapter 11 protection on April 16, 2009, the "Debtors") also filed voluntary petitions for relief (collectively, the "Chapter 11 Cases") in the bankruptcy court of the Southern District of New York (the "Bankruptcy Court"). However, none of GGMI, certain of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, nor any of our joint ventures, (collectively, the "Non-Debtors") either consolidated or unconsolidated, sought such protection. A total of 388 Debtors with approximately $21.83 billion of debt filed for Chapter 11 protection.

        During the remainder of 2009 and to the Effective Date, the Debtors operated as "debtors in possession" under the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court and the applicable provisions of Chapter 11 (Note 1). In general, as debtors in possession, we were authorized under Chapter 11 to continue to operate as an ongoing business, but could not engage in transactions outside the ordinary course of business without the prior approval of the Bankruptcy Court.

        The bankruptcy petitions triggered defaults on substantially all debt obligations of the Debtors. However, under section 362 of Chapter 11, the filing of a bankruptcy petition automatically stays most actions against the debtor's estate. The Chapter 11 Cases provided the protections necessary for the Debtors to develop and execute a restructuring of the Debtors to extend mortgage maturities, reduce corporate debt and overall leverage and establish a sustainable long-term capital structure.

        The first step of our reorganization was to extend our mortgage maturities by restructuring our property-level secured mortgage debt. During the period in 2010 prior to the Effective Date, 149 Debtors owning 96 properties with $10.23 billion of secured mortgage debt emerged from bankruptcy, while 113 Debtors owning 50 properties with $4.66 billion secured debt had emerged from bankruptcy as of December 31, 2009 (collectively, the "Emerged Debtors"). In addition, as the result of consensual agreements reached with lenders of certain of our corporate debt, Old GGP recognized $131.4 million of additional interest expense for the period in 2010 prior to the Effective Date. The plans of reorganization for such Emerged Debtors provided for, in exchange for payment of certain extension fees and cure of previously unpaid amounts due on the applicable mortgage loans (primarily, principal amortization otherwise scheduled to have been paid since the Petition Date), the extension of the secured mortgage loans at previously existing non-default interest rates. As a result of the extensions, none of these loans will mature prior to January 1, 2014. As of December 31, 2010 the weighted average remaining term of our corporate debt, including our ownership share of the debt of our Unconsolidated Real Estate Affiliates, is approximately 4.6 years. In conjunction with these extensions, certain financial and operating covenants and guarantees were created or reinstated, all effective with the bankruptcy emergence of the remaining Debtors (the "TopCo Debtors") on the Effective Date.

        The second step of our reorganization was to establish a sustainable long-term capital structure by reducing our corporate debt and overall leverage. The key element of this step was entering into agreements (collectively, as amended and restated, the "Investment Agreements") with REP Investments LLC, an affiliate of Brookfield Asset Management Inc. (the "Brookfield Investor"), an affiliate of Fairholme Funds, Inc. ("Fairholme") and an affiliate of Pershing Square Capital Management, L.P. ("Pershing Square" and together with the Brookfield Investor and Fairholme, the "Plan Sponsors"), pursuant to which Old GGP would be divided into two companies, GGP and The Howard Hughes Corporation ("HHC"), a newly formed real estate company, and the Plan Sponsors would invest in the Company's standalone emergence plan. As a result of the Investment Agreements, Old GGP obtained equity commitments for $6.55 billion ($6.30 billion for New GGP, Inc. and $250 million for HHC) subject to the conditions set forth in such agreements. In addition, the Plan Sponsors entered into an agreement with The Blackstone Group ("Blackstone") whereby Blackstone


subscribed for approximately 7.6% of the New GGP and HHC shares to be issued to the Plan Sponsors and received a pro rata portion of each Plan Sponsors' Permanent Warrants (as defined below). Finally, on September 21, 2010 we entered into a $300.0 million senior secured revolving facility (the "Facility") commencing on the Effective Date. This Facility, which was amended in February 2011 to provide for revolving loans of up to approximately $720 million (which may be increased, under certain conditions up to $1 billion) has not, as of March 7, 2010, been drawn upon.

        On August 17, 2010, Old GGP filed with the Bankruptcy Court its third amended and restated disclosure statement and the plan of reorganization, supplemented on September 30, 2010 and on October 21, 2010 (the "Plan") for the 126 TopCo Debtors. On October 21, 2010, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order confirming the Plan. Pursuant to the Plan, on the Effective Date, Old GGP merged with a wholly-owned subsidiary of New GGP, Inc. and New GGP, Inc. was re-named General Growth Properties, Inc. Also pursuant to the Plan, prepetition creditor claims were satisfied in full and equity holders received newly issued common stock in New GGP, Inc. and in HHC. After such distribution, HHC became a publicly-held company, majority-owned by Old GGP's previous stockholders. GGP does not have any ownership interst in HHC as of, or subsequent to, the Effective Date. HHC assets, all formerly owned by Old GGP, on the Effective Date consisted primarly of the following:

• four master planned communities;
• nine mixed-use development opportunities;
• four mall developmental projects;
• seven redevelopment-opportunity retail malls; and
• interests in eleven other real estate assets or projects.

        Pursuant to the Investment Agreements, the Plan Sponsors and Blackstone purchased, on the Effective Date, $6.3 billion of GGP common stock at $10.00 per share and $250.0 million of HHC stock at $47.61904 per share. In addition, pursuant to an agreement with the Teachers Retirement System of Texas ("Texas Teachers"), Texas Teachers purchased on the Effective Date $500.0 million of GGP common stock at $10.25 per share.

        In lieu of the fees that would be customary in similar transactions, pursuant to the Investment Agreements, interim warrants were issued to the Brookfield Investor and Fairholme to purchase approximately 103 million shares of Old GGP at $15.00 per share (the "Interim Warrants") on May 10, 2010. The Interim Warrants vested: 40% upon issuance and the remaining were scheduled to vest in installments thereafter to December 31, 2010. The Interim Warrants could only be exercised if the Brookfield Investor or Fairholme Investment Agreements were not consummated. The Investment Agreements further provided that all Interim Warrants (whether vested or not) would be cancelled and warrants to purchase equity of HHC and New GGP, Inc. would be issued to the Plan Sponsors (the "Permanent Warrants") upon consummation of the Investment Agreements. As the Investment Agreements were consummated and the Interim Warrants cancelled, no expense has been recognized for the issuance of the Interim Warrants. With respect to the Permanent Warrants (including the Permanent Warrants issued to Blackstone), eight million warrants to purchase equity of HHC at an exercise price of $50.00 per share and 120 million warrants to purchase equity of New GGP, Inc. at an exercise price of $10.75 per share, in the case of the Brookfield Investor, and an exercise price of $10.50, in the case of Fairholme and Pershing Square, were issued and with respect to Blackstone, one-half of its Permanent Warrants were issued at $10.50 per share and the remaining were issued at $10.75 per share. The estimated $861.6 million fair value of the Permanent Warrants was recognized as a liability on the Effective Date. Subsequent to the Effective Date, changes in the fair value of the Permanent Warrants have been recognized in earnings and adjustments to the exercise price and conversion ratio of the Permanent Warrants have been made as of a result of stock dividends.


        As the Bankruptcy Court had approved the final set of plans of reorganization for the TopCo Debtors that remained in bankruptcy, the TopCo Debtors emerged from bankruptcy on the Effective Date. The structure of the Plan Sponsors' investments triggered the application of the acquisition method of accounting, as the Plan and the consummation of the Investment Agreements and the Texas Teachers investment agreement constituted a "transaction or event" in which an acquirer obtains control of one or more "businesses" or a "business combination" requiring such application. New GGP, Inc. is the acquirer that obtains control as it obtains all of the common stock of Old GGP (a business for purposes of applying the acquisition method of accounting) in exchange for issuing its stock to the Old GGP common stockholders on a one-for-one basis (excluding fractional shares).

        On the Effective Date, the Plan Sponsors, Blackstone and Texas Teachers owned a majority of the outstanding common stock of GGP. The Old GGP common stockholders held approximately 317 million shares of GGP common stock at the Effective Date; whereas, the Plan Sponsors, Blackstone, Texas Teachers held approximately 644 million shares of GGP common stock on such date. Notwithstanding such majority ownership, the Plan Sponsors entered into certain agreements that limited their discretion with respect to affiliate, change of control and other stockholder transactions or votes.

        The Investment Agreements with Fairholme and Pershing Square permitted us to repurchase (within 45 days of the Effective Date) up to 155 million shares in the aggregate issued to such investors at a price of $10.00 per share. We had a similar right to repurchase up to 24.4 million shares issued to Texas Teachers at a price of $10.25 per share (collectively, the "Clawback"). Pursuant to such rights, on October 11, 2010, we gave notice to Fairholme, Pershing Square and Texas Teachers of our election to reserve the eligible shares under the Clawback and agreed to pay on the Effective Date, as provided by the Investment Agreements, $38.75 million to Fairholme and Pershing Square for such reservation. No such fee was required to be paid to Texas Teachers. On November 19, 2010 (and November 23, 2010 with respect to the underwriters option to purchase additional shares), we sold an aggregate of approximately 154.9 million common shares to the public at $14.75 per share and repurchased an equal number of shares from Fairholme and Pershing Square as permitted under the Clawback. We also used a portion of the offering proceeds to repurchase approximately 24.4 million shares from Texas Teachers, as permitted under the Clawback. In addition, in January 2011, in a transaction valued at approximately $15.10 per share, the Brookfield Investor purchased substantially all of Fairholme's common share holding in GGP, with Fairholme retaining its share of the Permanent Warrants originally issued to them.

        The emergence from bankruptcy by Old GGP and the substantial equity investment and restructuring pursuant to the Investment Agreements and the Plan constitutes a new beginning for the Company. Our current business plan contemplates the continued ownership and operation of most of our retail shopping centers and divestiture of non-core assets. It also contemplates the transfer of certain non-performing retail assets to applicable lenders in satisfaction of secured mortgage debt.

        During 2008 and 2009, we were focused on preservation of capital and maintenance of occupancy levels at our retail and other rental properties to stabilize our business and maintain the profitability of our operating properties. We were able to consensually modify and extend certain of our mortgage debt and we entered into the Investment Agreements as described above to facilitate our bankruptcy emergence. Prior to 2008, development projects and acquisitions were a key contributor to our growth. In such regard, we acquired The Rouse Company in November 2004 (the "TRC Merger") and in July 2007 the fifty percent interest owned by New York State Common Retirement Fund ("NYSCRF") in the GGP/Homart I portfolio of 19 regional shopping malls, one community center and three regional shopping malls owned with NYSCRF. As these acquisitions and other activities were largely funded through debt, the resulting capital structure was not, in hindsight, flexible enough to withstand the 2008 and 2009 credit crisis.



        Reference is made to Note 15 for information regarding our segments.


Retail and Other Segment

        After the Effective Date, we operate in a single segment, which we term the Retail and Other segment, which consists of retail centers, office and industrial buildings and mixed-use and other properties. Our portfolio of regional malls and other rental properties represents a collection of retail offerings that are targeted to a range of market sizes and consumer tastes. The tables below summarize certain information with respect to our rental properties as of December 31, 2010 and 2009, excluding de minimis properties and other corporate non-property interests. In addition, malls classified as held for sale or disposition, principally the eleven Special Consideration Properties held at December 31, 2010 (as defined below), have also been excluded from these tables. As our new management team believes that categorizing the remaining malls into groups (or "Tiers") based on criteria, such as tenant sales, NOI or GLA, does not provide meaningful incremental information for investors, such presentation below reflects a change from our previous categorization or presentation of our portfolio:


Number of
(In Thousands)
Average Annual
Tenant Sales
Per Square
($ thousands)
Occupancy(5) Average Rent &
Common Area
Costs Per
Square Foot(6)

Regional Malls

167 67,237 $ 446 $ 2,160,433 92.9 % $ 55.09

Third Party Managed and International Properties(1)

17 6,182 n/a 35,282 97.3 % n/a

Stand Alone Community Centers and Office Buildings

54 6,884 $ 216 56,354 88.6 % $ 22.28


238 80,303 $ 2,252,069


Number of
(In Thousands)
Average Annual
Tenant Sales
Per Square
($ thousands)
Occupancy(5) Average Rent &
Common Area
Costs Per
Square Foot(6)

Regional Malls

167 66,343 $ 419 $ 2,205,553 92.9 % $ 54.11

Third Party Managed and International Properties(1)

17 6,182 n/a 33,457 95.3 % n/a

Stand Alone Community Centers and Office Buildings

54 6,884 $ 200 62,372 89.9 % $ 22.42


238 79,409 $ 2,301,382

(1) These properties are owned by certain of our Unconsolidated Real Estate Affiliates and are managed by the respective venture partners, including two regional malls in the United States.
(2) Includes the gross leasable area ("GLA") of mall shop and freestanding retail locations (locations that are not attached to the primary complex of buildings that comprise a shopping center), and excludes anchor stores.